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He cried Wolf, They Thought 

PC Boss Alberto Ramos had 
been taking Nueva Ecija Gov. 
Juan O. Chioco’s importunations 
for constabulai’y reinforcements to 
his Huk^plagued province like the 
stor^^-book child’s cries of “wolf.” 
Nobody listened to Chioco, not ’ 
even the President. 

Last week, they realized the j 
wolf was real. Mrs. Aurora Ara- j 
gon.Vda. de Quezon, heading a 
long motorcade made up of top- I 
bracket government officials and j 
prominent members of the com- , 
munity on the way to Baler to : 
lay the cornerstone of the marker 
honoring her late husbands ran 
smack into a well-laid ‘ambush, 
some three kilometers from Ba- 
ler. The ambuscade claimed a 
death toll that reads like a “Who’s 
"^who.” ) 

Dead were Mrs. Quezon, daugli- 
ter Maria Aurora (Baby) Quezon, ; 
son-in-law Philip Buencamino III, 
Quezon City Mayor Ponciano Ber- 
nardo, Maj. Primitive San Agus- 
tin, Jr., lit. Col. Antonio San 
Agustin, Lt. Joaquin Lasam, Lt. 
Juan Molina, Lt. D. Marabejo, 
Cpl. Brigido Valdez and Pedro j 
Payamo. Quezon family cook. ! 
Among the wounded was retired ( 
Maj. Gen. Rafael Jalandoni. 

The tragedy shook the nation ; 
and many parts of the world. 
After the shock wore off, the ac- 
counting for whom to blame 
cropped up. That the ambushers 
were given the opportunity to 
stage the mass-killing aftej; and 
in spite of Chioco’s alarums drew 
attention immediately to the neg- 
ligence of the Constabulary- ; 

At week’s enc? i 

PC troops were still hide- ; 

and^seek. ! 



H ardly two weeks after President Quuino an- 
noimced that peace and order had been restor- 
ed— an “achievement” of bis administration, Mrs. 
Aurora Aragon de Quezon, her da«g»\ter her son-m- 
law and nine others were massacred m the most 
shocking tragedy the Philippines has eiqjerienced. 
The ambuscade, all the more barbarous because of 
the dignity and innocence of its victims, was-nevei- 
IhLsf only one of a series of recent daring, succes- 
sive and similar raid hy Huk bands on civilian trave- 
lers. It is only too evident, and increasingly so, that 
there is no peace and certainly no order. 

Editorial writers, national leaders, government of- 
ficials and even the little man on the street have laid 
the blame squarely at the door of the administration. 
And in the very last analysis one can reach under the 
circumstances, after all the emoting, the reproaches 
and regrets, the if-only’s and the what-might-have- 
been’s— after all that, it remains that the govern- 
ment has failed, and with what revolting consequent 


ces, in giving the Filipino citizens what their coil- 
^titution raarantees: protection to life and property. ^ 

It to(dc the death of the Quezons and their com-| 
panions in death to jolt the government, and the na-| 
tion with it, out of its egotistic politicking, out of jB 
its smug and blind complacency, out of its hay-mak-g 
iiig escapism, out of its cowardly refusal to recognize.! 
that the Huks are still here, stronger if anything. Ini 
spite of amnesty, all-out campaign, firm assurance | 
from general and department secretary and 
ident, it has become painfully apparent everything im 
not all right, that the demon of Huklandia will notv 
he exorcised by the incantation that “all is quiet,” ^ 
nor appeased b> ineffectual government crop loansi ; 
seedlings and irrigation systems nor annihilated by 
PC and AFP homhardments. 

Neither is it enough for the administration to 
claim now shamefacedly, in the face of such terrible/ 
proof of failure, that it has done its best. But has : i 
Or if it has, isn’t it undeniable that its best is 
from being good enough? 

I Plea For Peace Among Last 

I Acts Of Mrs* Quezon 

1 • ' 

I A lest testement of the great lady who suffered death from 

I the hands of the ones for whom she and her husband labored. 

A n Appeal for “peace, charity and good 
will, as well as respect for the 
law, amongst our own beloved people/’ 
was made by Mrs, Aurora Aragon de 
Quezon only a few days before she was 
ambushed and killed by Huks. 

The plea, which was her last, was 
directed to the Catholic world. It found ’ 
ready response from local leading Ca- 
tholics and prominent citizens but failed 
to penetrate passion-swept, blood-crazed 
Ruklandia. She fell victim to this latest 
of Huk outrages, killed by her “own 
beloved people”, whom her husband, the 
late Prcsidetil Manuel Quezon had serv- 
ed SO' well when he w'as living. 

Mrs. Quezon’s appeal and those who 
responded to it follows: 

The undersigned Catholics, mostly re- 
sidents ill the Archdiocese of Manila, 
with the object of having special devo- 
tions, prayers, and sacrifices offered 
by our brethren during the month of 
May, in honor of our Blessed Mother 
Mary, Mediatrix of All Graces, to im- 
plore her powerful intercession for the 
protection of our holy religion, which is 
being so cruelly persecuted in many 
countries at the present time; to beseech 
through her powerful intercession world 
peace, which is threatened at the present 
time by another devastating war; and 
finally 'and very specially, to obtain 
peace and charity and good will, amongst 
our own beloved people in the Philip- 
pine Islands. 

“Encouraged by our kind reception, 
during which the Archbishop, speaking 
for his own Archdiocese, promised to 
moperate. we now approach each and 
all of the members of the Hierarchy witli 
a similar petition, promising that in all 
things the wishes of the Ordinary in 
each ecclesiastical jurisdiction will be 
• promptly and exactly obeyed. During 
this coming month of May we suggest a 
special celebration in honor of Our Lady 
Mediatrix of all Graces which will oc- 
cur on the 31st of May. We believe that 
a national novena beginning on Sunday, 
May 22nd, and ending on Monday, May 

30th, to be crowned by a great general^ 
communion all over the Islands on May 
31st, the feast of our Lady as Mediatrix 
of ail graces, would make a most power- 
ful appeal to Almighty God, especiMly 
when offered by a whole nation in ho- 
nor of the Queen of Heaven. 

“Of course, in all these things, we 
must follow the le^d of Your Excellen- 
cies and be obedient to whatever condi- 
tions may be imposed in your diocese, 
but, may we beg the Archbishops, Bis- 
hops and Prefects Apostolic of the Phil- 
ippine Hierarch 3 ^ to initiate a movement 
in ^our respective diocese for special de- 
votions and daily mortifications during 
this coming month of May. May we go 
further and ask for, first, the family 
rosary in all Catholic homes; second, 
mortifications, sacrifices, visits to the 
Most Blessed Sacrament and Stations 
of the Cross, to be offered according to 
the devotion and convenience of our 
brethren ; and third, perhaps pilgrimages 
to the different shrines of Our Lady, 
such as Antipolo, Pehafrancia, and Ma- 
nawag, etc., etc. 

“We offer our filial obedience and 
cooperation to the Hierarchy for the ful- 
fillment of such a program, in case it 
should be approved, for a May dedicated 
solemnly to Our Lady with prayers and 
mortifications for the safety of the 
Church and its Supreme Pontiff, as well 
as for peace in the whole world, and 
especially in our own land.” 

The appeal carried jibe folowing sign- 

Dha. Aurora A. Quezon 

Mariano J. Cuenco, President, Philii>- 
pine Senate; Don Luis Ablaza, Bamon 
J. Araneta; Salvador Araneta; Manuel 
Moran, Chief Justice, Supreme Court; 
Mrs. Victoria L. de Araneta, Holder of 
Papal Medal; Santiago Artiaga, Jr., 
Student Catholic Action; Elia.s M. Barce- 
do; Antonio Avecilla, Emeterio Barce- 
lon, Papal Knight; Eite Baumann, 
Comptroller. Cath. Welfare Org., P. 
Borromeo, Francisco R. Coquia, Gau- Gruel, Miguel Cuenco, Andres De- 

cepida, Legion of Mary; P?istor Enden- 
cia, Head, Confrere of St. V. de Paul; 
Jose E restain,’ Gregorio Santos Espiritu; 
Mrs. Josefa G. Estrada, Advisory Couh-. 
cil of the CathoHc Action;^ Justice Feli- 
cisimo Feria, Papal Knight; Miss Ma- 
nuela Gay, Pres. Catholic Women’s 
League; Miss Pilar A. Gonzales, Paxr 
Legion of Mary; Eusebio Gutierrez, 
Pi'es. Nocturnal Adoration ; Francisco 
J. Joaquin, Knight of St. Sylvester; 
Alty. Carlos Hilado; Alex Katigbak, 
Dr. Pedro Lantin, Gabriel La 0, Papal 
Knight; Ricardo Ledesma, Justice Ma- 
nuel Lim, Grand Knight, K. of C; Celso 
Lobregat; Mrs. Maria Clara L. de Lo- 
bregat; Justo Lopez, Papal Knight; Mrs. 
Luisa R. de Lorenzo, 1st Vice Pres., 
C.W.L.; Pablo Lorenzo, Papal Knight; 
Andres Y. Luarca, President, 2nd Sun- 
ejay RecoUeotion; Enrique Fernandez 
Lumba; Manuel Manosa, Papal Knight; 
Vicente Marasigan; Norberto Mayo, Jose 
Meily Jr., Pax Romana; Salvador Men- 
doza, Pres. Senatus, Legion of Mary; 
\\ntonio M. Molina, Pres. Central Coun- 
cil, SC A; Fr. Mariano M. Montero, 
OFM Dir. Pis nion de S. Antonio; Dr. 
Sleno Olaquivel, Knight of St. Gregory; 
.Atty. Francisco Ortigas, Jr.; Sabino 
Padilla, Secretary of Justice; Miss Ma- 
ria Patmeinio Paez, Advisory Council 
of the Catholic Action, Domingo B. Pa- 
guirigan, Congressman for I.sabela; 
Commander Chick Parsons, Atty. Jesu.s 
Paredes, Jr., Executive Sec. CEAP; 
Juan A. Pastor, Papal Knight; Mi*s. 
Marina R..Pelaez, Narciso Pimentel, Si- 
gismundo Pniouwer, Antonio. Prieto, H. 
B. Reyes, President; Francisco Pastor 
Salazar, Papal Knight; Paulino Miran- 
da Sampedro, Delegado de la Soberana 
Orden Militar de Malta; Jose P. Sande- 
jas, Secretary, K. of C; Ramon San Jose, 
Prior Order Tercera de Sto. Domingo; 
Mariano J. Santos, Pres. Apostolado dc 
Oracion; Fernando E. V. Sison; 
Justice Luis P. Torres; Mrs. L. L. de 
Ubaldo, National Treasurer, C.W.L. 
Bishop Mariano Madriaga of Lingayen; 
Msgr. William Brasseur,. Mt. Province. 


That the Philippines has received and is receiving from 
to which it is our duty to respond; 

That the Blessed Virgin Mary is inviting the whole world 
to a life of prayer and penance, so that peace throughout the 
world may be truly attained. 


By joining every day during the month of May t}ie Ra- 
dio Family Rosary that will be broadcast over Station DZPI 
from 6:15 to 6:30 a. m. 

By performing daily acts of mortification and penance; 

By attending the novena in honor of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary in our respective parish churches from Sunday, May 
22 to Monday, May 30; ' ‘ 

By receiving the Blessed Sacrament on May 31st, the 
Feast of Our Lhdy Mediatrix of all Graces, and by partici- 
pating on that day in the diocesan consecration to Our Lady; 

By going on a Pilgrimage to one of the shrines of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary; 

By making every day of our lives more selfless, more 
sympathetic to those less fortunate, and more in conformity 
with the ways of true Christianity. 

• Watch for announcements of Philippine Ave 
Maria Radio Programs. 

• Read the daily columns ‘‘The Lipa Road” in 
the Manila Times, “The Mary-Go-Round” in 
the Manila Chronicle-, “May GambHs” in the 
Evening News, “The vSign in the Sky” in the 
Evening Chronicle,- and “Ang Daang Lipa” in 
the Bagong^uhay. 

® Spread the movement among your friends; 
write your suggestions to fimth^r the camnaign 
to “Laymen’s Committee, May Devotions,” c/o 
Catholic Welfare Organization, 260 San Rafael, 

This space is sponsored by: 


343 Ecliague, Manila 
Tel. 3-25-25 


iJalandoni Gives 
.PC Escort Version 

_ Maj. Gen. Rafael Jalandoni, re- 
tired chief of staff* AFP, last night 
said he had nothing to do with the 
PC escort accompanying the Que- 
zon party a week ago in which 
Mrs. Quezon and 11 other mem- 
bers of her party were massacred 
by dissidents in Bongabon. 

In giving the statement he was 
aiming at refuting statement at- 
tributed to Lt. Col. Macario Asis- 
tio, PC G-2 officer, allegedly blam- 
ing Jalandoni for the Quezon kill- 
ing. The PC officer testifed Tites- 
day before the house committee 
on appropriations. 

The officer in charge of tlie es- 
cort group in the Quezon party, 
Gen. Jalandoni averred, was Maj. 
Pedro Alcantara, a PC officer and 
a nephew of Mrs. Quezon. Instruc- 
tions^ on escort duties were direct- 
ly transmitted- to Maj. Alcantara 
by. the PC command, Jalandoni 

Jalandoni' said he joined the 
Quezon party as a “guest” and hs^d 
nothing to do with official secu- 
rity extended by the PC to 'the 
, Quezon part 3 ^ 

j The retired AFP chief of staff | 

I added had the PC combed the : - 
area earlier previous to the pas- 1 
sage of the Quezon party on the! 
Bongabon road, the constabulary I 
would have known about the Huk' 
detention of people 'who passed by 
the same place earlier in the morn- 
ing of the ambush. 

Jalandoni said he had given the 
facts of the incident before the 
cabinet. General Ramos, PC chief, 
he said, was in complete agree- 


Callers keep on ppuring at the 
Quezon home on Gilmore Avenue 
and there Is hardly a minute that 
.\lnl Q. Biiencaiiiino and Noiiong 
are without visitors to condole with 
them or keep them company, as 
the case may he. In fact, some 
.very family friends have de-l 
ciderl to ^stay for Che duration of I 
the May rtovena... Dona! 
Arroyo and Nena Fabella Paiiiin - 1 
tiian, to mention a few. Dona Con-j 
snclo Ciiyiigan, on one hand, com-' 
mutes every dav between her home , 
in Baclaran 3nd Gilmore... she 
spends the whole day till after the 
novena in the evening at the latter. 
The J(»e Yulos make it a point to 
attend the evening prayers and so 
I does the younger set of friends of | 
Nini which includes Unding Alu- 
nan, Chito Madrigal, Gin Mata,! 

Rnby Roxas, etc Previous nove- 

nas have been held upstairs in the 
living room but now that the shock . 
and confusion as a result ‘of the tooj 
sudden, too stunning news has ! 
more or less subsided and the cha-| 
pel of the late beloved Dona An-i 
rora downstairs on the first floor' 
has been tidied up, the devout con- 1 
gregation of friends and relatives 
will assemble there from then on! 
In the evenings. | 

Passing an eye over the altar, one ; 
can not help but notice three pic- 
tures of the miraculous Lady of 
Mediatrix accommodated in there 
• . . they were all gifts to the grand 
lady, we understand. Dona Aurora 
was one big-hearted lady who ap- 
preciated every single little gift 
given her and that she showed by 
finding somehow, somewhere a 
place for it in her home. The 
altar is as good a portion of her 
bedroom, or the other way around 
... at any rate, the two follow a 
room scheme of one broad sweep 
of space with a very light parti- 
tion between. 

From the altar, one goes into the 
' living room which Is simply fumr 
ished with rattan furniture. Here, 
one notes as if nothing had hap- 
i pened, as if it was any^ ordinary 
day d.iring the life of Dona Aurora 
when shoes of Bongbong... that’s 
how Nini’s boy — Philip Iv — is in- 
variably called... would just be 
splattered all over, on the sofa, (m 
the rug — every where else. Dona 
Aurora was so much attached toi 
this first grandchild whom she 
wanted so much to stay with her 
for the most part of the day on 
the ground floor, and no rug was i 
too costly to be soiled by him... 
this grandson first before any con- 
sideration for any exacting *%ome 
beautiful” thought. 

One notices, too, in the sala a 
picture of the late President Quezon 
! that must have been given many 
Years ago to Phil III, Here is the 
dedication on it; “To Phil Buenca-I 
! mlno Jrd — With my best wishes for | 

' a successful career and in recognl- j 
tion of a brilliant beginning.” A. 

' huge oil portrait of Nini and Baby 
in Filipina dress hangs on one wall. 
Other pictures that occupy choice 
{places in the livingroom, on the 
’ piano and on side tables are those 
of Frank Murphy, Mrs. FJ^anor 
Roosevelt, and the late Franklin 
Delano Roosevelt— all with declica- , 
tions showing intimate and close I 
friendship with the Quezons. ! 
I There is not yet a very definite' 
plan for disposal of the things of 
’Baby Quezon, although it Is one 
I thing sure that all will go to the ; 

1 poor. . . one gesture which Nini he* | 
ilieves would be in accordance wiih', 
the devotion that Baby had kept for { 
! the poor. The things may he given: 
' through some charitable institu*; 
I fnns. sav the leper colony, or some. 
o;her...‘ Nini hasn’t made up her 
mind through which. ^ 

Quezon Ambush May Speed Up Arms Aid to P.l, 


'NN'ca.ilter |[oaeraUy Taiii' -warra vilh 
partly cloudy ‘.o r»ccflisi«o»inlly cloudy ikle* 
willt poktible tcath««iL*od '.Itatvora or Ihunder- 
itormi- Maxim jua tomparatart ihii afttrw 
noon %vill be around 30.0 ''C, v96.8 ^F.). 



10 Centavos 


Congress Inquiry Will Try 
To Fix Responsibility For 
Massacre of Quezon Party 


.X. (’onpri '^--ional inquiry into ihe slaying: of llio Qnt>zons 
limy l>*i c ondui .od liofoi e the , rurreni ^o.saion. adjourn, ii was 
loarncd last niifhi. The main purpoae of the invcsUifalion wnild 
I ]»e lo hare all Ihe facts lelaiing: to the crime and deloimimi 
if any of the i mneiu agencies in charge of law and order 
enforcement should lie blamed for it. 

^ It was pointed out that PC 
•nu. wu, rev<M,l.-,l by iwc, ot „,ai„arily give bp a clm,e 

,he nlbo autb.Ms of a le.oU, .on dissident 

in tbo 10,0, ■ hoHso. »hl. i, ; ,,,omoni ' jook v. foK« in mountain 
demands the immcdi.'ile lesignu- , The mcnihers nium- 

lion of J^».-et elMry ol I niei lor S<>- limt a “toURlw'r” PC com- 

li io llaluyut and Iti iKudier (Jon- should he lu signed to 

erul \lhnriti llaimoi, iiiof of ilio ( l.uxon. No names how- 

I '-uisi.iliMhn > . .itil- | nienlioiiod as to Avho 

,„f. ,M r.Mtoie mid m ilni.ilii |l•Ml.■lJ i^nd the irovrrnment foiv- 

rtml Older. ni.M.Un . ,,„siuk il.e j, , against the 

of Hiifiu Auiotn, liur 

,lnu*'.hl«o H.ilo (.)i.MXuii, leolipe 
Hiieip amlno Ml mid nine ollim 






OrlKlnal authors of the reso- 
lution whhh was Introduced In 
Ihe lower house lust Tuesday 
woie: Toll Ki men .1 ii;U iiiiano 

Moniano 1 vli .> i , liomliii.o 
VoIoBO (la-T.eylnl. S li.'^'lan 
Moll. Jr. ( I.-Camm lu'' ’ Siiri, 
JORft Uov ( l.-'l’.u '.»<• ' J^'ltl Oui- 
hra A niUtiluiK'ia iI.Siilu* 

This resolution liddi 
lai j ItuluyuL and nrlr. idler « o- 
nerul Ranios rospon dl'l'i for llio 
UlllliilC of tl.e HM.'rnii *. ' S'l' li 
nmlnnul irmw"!'" ulionld ii" "f 
hitvo liappcncd hid ,ii, 
hul’iyut mid Hii ■. i'li< i < •neioi 
. ’oniion of ibis <.i>iihiiIi- itmiios pm I’ol ni 'd fiHlifiill- 

l,\i-ii loMOM* Uie i-niioiMi Ion WHS 
\nUIi till! l'oU"i¥ tOliniiltletd 
,, i.\i.ioii of ItiA'j. [uiir olllut 
;i.i’u lo'i M of the lowor houne 

1 til'd III'’ ’ olin loii. 1)1 ' le.liig 
loll' lino o .mi 'ioi 

pine I on; i '' .mmiimi J u a n 
^^,,1 i t I. Iloilo . lisndeto lo Do- 
inri 'ln i l•-llollo,i , Tlbur do I.u- 
.,, o I I* Iloilo I mid Manaluo Mln- 
.liiliilio '1.1 aiiun I Ml.'/.imd ' ’ l «- 


,11 rposo 

1 1 ,, lowfi iioinn may ' ern 

I, ,< i» i‘, “oi. JI.I > ! ln-f iiUiultiUi ( a- 

oil loi» also ibo lop bitinn of lb« 
j!|,illpphie < on i biilsrv , • it Aui 
,,oilii"d out lis -0 lilj-lll. 

'I'be ' vvo of tbt' Mine ttu'boi'i 
^ In, ' pi ' for I bu ,1 eiM lot) 
,||M , oMHii I i t i»i« pi I'fei red in 

,,, ,iii itnidi II' in«'il iiiull milon 

I , I, I’ll ' III i .ifo ' noon 

• ii'iii Iv and 
I VI .11 II duty under 

tl'.elv iholr 
lie luv- 

,(.'1 iitd I liiii i hu , cnohii Ion 

lii* ■ !'*• 'Mi' iided 111 opi’ii iiid UMIliii', 

loll In '• V. Mi li>, f.i, r , hill .,Ti 
.• ’ I' I ‘II ■' 'oI tiled. I hu I ,• !m1i| lU.l 

dot Ml, I p,.,\,do ,1! 

I • It' • on. Mi l; , CM I o iM* , I t 

. ' ' 'I If • 'Ml r I f I I |>ii I |,i, u. I 

.11 • inr I '!«• iiiiMK of 

'J lio n.'5o|unoii till 'li"i ' li." - 
,<-s i'>ir'ii>'i( mid ItiiiiKi- liti li.i 
. Ilf; I.Ti*'.'d •" '"M ' I tv III' li- 

iilU an. I t dilif.ill . 'he I. ul .1- 
M.i' l•m III • Mil I al i.ii/<>ii 

III Miopiii.u i ,,i i||(< 

•l lloll 0 dl > ; ■ >(mI (’ll jlr liiml 
n .r or of ,i . .nir i «• ilon ' • in 

• II' lllOll Ot' (he IIIMMi pIo 

I'lo" ' iild , Ii ii Ml, li 

IK id-Mii >. ill, i. Ii ) I ,ii , I , , ,,,t 

l••nul 'i;i •' 'll :■ 1 i-,i , I O I., I i! 

IlMon, 'hould lie |||1,* 

I. i’lllv. 

The (Jill Scouts of ilie Phil will offer a requiem mass 
for the 1 :te Marla Aurora Que- 
zon. charier meaiber and chair- 
man Of the central committee, 
IJSI’, on Friday niornins: next at 
the Atoneo chapel at i> a. in. All 
Cirl Scoutn who c ui possibly do 
so are requested to mtond tii 

Jalandoni Lays 
Blame on P.C. 

' .Major tJenoial Rafael Jalan- 
duni. letirc'l chief of staff of the 
J’hilippinc Army, yesterday do- 
I nied having given the oidei to 
‘ the constabulary escort of Mim*. 

Aurora Quezon to fall back be- 
i hind the cars it was convoyinK 
in the fatal ambush in which 
Mr.-i. Quezon and eleven othois 
wcie alum. 

“I chHlh‘n}?-o Col. Marui'o 
Asisiio of I’(J CJ-2 to name the 
oi'ficci or enlisted nun in the ea- 
I coi l to w ln»m I KHve .^uch i»n oi - 
d.M,” liciicral Jalandoni declnr- 
•id. “I um a lei ud nrmy ulficcr 
and liav<? no nuilmiity lo I ’v,' or- 
ders nn.' "' 0 !i* in the first idaco." 

In 1. ' ; ! i v ing yc.siciday morii- 
ing hi'ime the appropriat ion.s 
cuinmii-o. of Iho Hoiim* of R.*- 
pi e^" iil 111 i v>M lo eyplain •■••ilaiiif' 
• I'.mi.H in ‘hi: biidj;, « of ilic Pliil- ’ 
j ippine Coii'dnhiilnrv. Colonel | 

1 A-:is'io, who i.s chief of PC ipiel- ' 

I Hr’ 'ncc. poini <1 out dial I ho P(' 
1,1 1 for Mis. Quezon hIiuuM 
M'»i he blamed for the mn imre. 

, lie shibvl lliiil Iho oiigitiul plan 
' UP- 1..I I U 1 PC h* p ' . p; , .1 
I In ciil it ;h^, Qiii-.;,'' • :.||i 
I I til I a' .Ijiiandom Ui : i . d ' 1 m m 
Ii inll iH i II .1. 

*'lf till i • «,. luhuJm >, !!i MiiiiMij 
by c.-i rv I . u., for ‘lie la.m n(;d Ic 


Americans Feel 

No. 14 

Quezon Ambush 
Shocks NE Huks 

Special to the ('hroiiii le 

CARAKATITAX, .May 4 — S-e- 
veral lluka were Raid to hava 
been shocked upon learning of 
ho tragic death of Mrs. Aurora 
Qiiezou and 11 iiiemlieis of her 
]iarty In a blood> anibu.scailo 
along tho baler Ihmjrnbon high, 
way last April 2 8. 

This revelation wa.i made by 
an unidentified ITulc who waa 
captured by govern ineut trooii- 
er.s after a pitched battle wl ti 
the dissidents in barrio CAnibi- 
lala, Itlzal thhs rnorulng. The 
Huk informant w.ns serlouslv 
wounded l i the ini ■''iislfled cam- 
ji.ilgn of th<» uiivoniment aol- 
dlroM in the RIzai ar'^a and may 
(llo nionientarUy. l''oiir nnlden- 
iiried links were round slain hv 
I’C P \ gunfiro 

Tlu‘ ll'il.s < l.ii? 'cii with I’ov 
•M ill I Mil old; . ,•>(! be l.i p.|. 

irlaio Ahaiiiavii .‘-la i l mg 8iii« e 
I:> I III; h , . link I -t ii.i 1 1 ii*s HI 
rnoiini iM“ In Im' " .i l,c of lli»* 
. II, -III;: li.i,'!' wliiili coniUiiied 

iiuiii i>i > I'.iiu lod’' V. 

I*( licmlrinarti' ’ :iii| i hat (h«i 
" oil ’ .n - si.ifi' i 
nil liiwilr rci i c.n ilno 
w iM 1 lor iM| It 1 piii>*ii I .uid 
(Ml : of til.* p*' 'nimeni 

IliilM a = 

uiii " ii.i: 
M 111- 
■ildl I 
.Vhll !•- 

r lift ;u liMiciii. was sent 

‘ I c .lu* I a I ii tliis morn- 
iMc 111 M-di-- lo intei'cept ri*- 
licMh.,g 11 m!.- tovaid.”' tl-c .Sicr- 
,.i \ 11*1 (* m.>U:itai'i>. Tile 11 1':, 
who w:i;.; cajitiircd in a dying 
I o d ' icii ;saM Cmt tlm amh-M- 
• , !,* \v:\a p'aiiniMl fni- Pi.'sid'nt 
Qiiir I'o, \va> cxp>'ci(*d lo 

MMii the QiM-7Mn parly lo Hal'^r. 
II, :‘td tlia* .Ml’. (Quezon \vi;s 
■I f '•■i d ,M »h,‘ IP ! .s, huvinpf 
I, i ill ;. rumciital in the giv ng 
of Pi-1 C m--’ relief 10 the dis- j 
. -lent:.. 

1 oil* 1 C- 1 P(' and P.A troop- 
i , ■ mr ob i -i , 1 U plftneH 

cii, 1 iiiMi" l i pi.M! •( link piisi- j 

iiii .,,1 in R'-.'l ‘i.ea. 'I'he jfov * 
•nillcl t . .. UI 0 li* lievod n 

=' name ham! 
f i V 1 • *hl' * 

wh.c’r 9 girl 
Ruard woiMj 

! (ling "( Imi ^.••..lul ..m 
M !o 'I 'INV «*. , Ii.. q. .cIliiM 

UC "i'*" 'Mil ..f I b, ,|,f 

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,, Ml 'iM (• I|( I ,, I^bi 

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. i» ' I' ' ''ll'/. .1 1. 1 , II. 

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^ • ■' 

0( rprino 

I or "lialiN ' 

1 Ji| '< il A1 

lia’.l th.v 

j 1 i.idd !,• 1 

ill; : 

! C' ■v:,.i 

ttiiibn 1 0(1 

l‘U‘? llil 1, 

lit k ' 0 o J 

' w! J '(• 

il that ■;i*'a 

)TI/U.. * lil , 


i' in;: 1 ki d. 


niio clv! Ian 

Tin pi 

(lal adiloti 

1 L’:: ’ It. .,'. 

7:cri Aiiir 

1 Rumne* 

'illOW; win 

|-Ji-.« Ihc t 

i,'-r for C 

10 t’ < oi t 1.,* 

i ■ 

. 1 . .‘;iiRol 1 . 

fn » l-.'o 

• lie gM'. ; 


p; * . 

in'inl comma 

.f,.*,tinn III 

ins IMipoi t 

to the f 

;iid :i.-: jic V 

t Mil i uTiii it coni ri»<l '• 

,hC‘-t.i'! rln.rn rim I 

?=j 7 If a Hanoi, 

.. of -he 
I ‘ iir.h a run 
Ki'ic , Qiu /.Mil Hi _!ipply rho 
who have 
diiigncna to 
I iiMumi 

■' ii ak ops- 

C.o •!-:- li of 

I ... ti.'.l 11* 

Oil I <1 1 i r 0 I < U u 

, ...,f H in Ml© . . 

•; til lo av' i K.i 
vi.rf. Qu.zon j'ld party 

Col. j 

! .irs'dj ■‘t flMIlii'iIr V. ’th ■ 

c - M ul'Ui^' lilt yrcjt*-;it 1 

'Mo '7 7"^ ft-) IviP, 1,,^ f 

r'r hi tjl7. fi/ifiJ Cfil'fr'dr.H, II 'xj 

' ;-rn'rn:fft ('he i- i 

.'tii It I m; rdouM'ijcE ' , , '■! 

; P,’fp.iU,, e|i|nf *if ' • f ‘ i-.', 

1 1 ■ [ ' iho hrt I I ■ I I 

:r h hdij. 4 

fii* fA «h!l Wl 

> Hi'? *■ 

Huk Activities 

WASH INI. VOX. May 4 (UP. 
— .Mlllii: > - I tervera npactilui 1 1 
:hat aiii - a,d :o iho » ♦« 

would riLLd or fall liirgiiy 
1. .‘onlii g U) whether Coiigi ou 
Apprmes cr j educes tho pi »- 
,»osed J I .-JCc.i I'O.OOO appropr i i- 
ion to 1.'^ f .'meign natmuu f » - 
:Ifr theiif. t.ies against cotmmih- 
ui 101. 

These- .1, reivers guesami lUtt 
fhe Phi M'l*‘,^« might liopo Pi 
;et np \o 3C(.000,U'iO In nilll- 
lary t^ui ) .Ae If Cmigress 
‘he anc‘ b. i uralterod Inil 
If It ectict jj Ize*. But they i*c- 
ii'L-SM'd ri.f, f'jilniou fliii. (Ill 
:u <'ier wv.'d I m l her d'^p ui 1 
foiDO feMur on iho Kil.iii.ii di- 
ll -e of 'i( .uiumiinUi Uii M' 

) Ihe n ..ppineg us <nnpi' »1 
^i'U ... ..JiUles ollgiblo i*)- 

St. lie c.;;(e8 siiggciioil , li » . 
^Irg. An t.ii Q.iezon’s acMCiloa- 
tloii e a.i roiiHt.ind iblnk- 

iig Ilia' Ti.e i 'iikbal'ih i(( rn i.'j- 
•i-rnt ci*nnri.,ta as a i ial i >.n- 
uiinl’t ih,eai lo PhlII|»plM4 ,o-i- 
'dlliy and .ir . i,i jty, 

Ccngi { c.- • tal ijiiarler.i p,>Iur:- 
out lliat Ih« QiiOZOU iri,;i.|y 

i'irred ii,m^ <ommeat from 
< M'l'o! fl)!] ihan uiiy Plifllpiiln i 
b ilid death of p .i,|- 
, ' ' ' ) Koias a ye.n mg i 

‘ 'I I some con r. . iM>-n liu 
Kill Si, fan of NH»i -1 |,i 

I'K IC-ai ney of .V, •.•. 'i ir 
I “il iltat ill 'y vmiiM , 

h • of t;ivln:.- Mi * riili 

pill ' ■Mvermncni tool ( . ,m 
h-.' th.-v ,i ,,m ...inh 

h'*i link di.s-^ld.'iit s. 

' h ' -r oh.servci c-:p • 

I ’ 1 ■•i-|, ji.wiii i| •: I I. ii 

' ' h' ill ; boinc to ( on V. 

Ml.:i,| |•|•|)Ublii .-.Il ;(lc,| 

' ’ ' ■"■hi r coimniiiil f 

Th -V <;,i.i iiirti j |,p r ,, I I,.., 

' C mo\,. in (• ,|„ , . 

'»! ‘""Ill ‘Uily ihc Piikii 
lii'i'ii-. n- ,-i I |ia,p*i ,, {p.„|, 

Ml • l’’ar Kii-it 

I’liilliiidne ij'Ml,*-. h 

I* ‘ ' l iii,! rc|iiibl|.' V, on! I 
;'"1 'll, fir.ilv „f 
"ppli ■ . -dored a V.,v in i m • 

*' ■■■' d.'poi r! :iri-,|- II,.. . . 

‘"•■""dlv. .1. I - i. Hfllll.* .M . 

liWfi Offers Heffuipm 

PjlaHH for 

The Cniholls: U'-mi-ii *i 
TV'Il R Axpium Ilia 

111; . Afrror:- Or: . i.. hmioravy 

r; '' tf »' hTiPiu*. her 

dii f i . • “1 rd ■' (Cir M M find her 

I udip I q nrnndno^ 

ill itiji.o'-v. jrii.M.iH' Majf H flkl 

7 *■ ■ orU Sil (hr fiiili 

M maa« l,i> rrffHnftfld 

M ■ UF in ■ . \ h'i Ilf)* Cgi'pn 
vE 't, i ' N , .t s;j>j iadvlii 

r'i..ihf** gnb of 

I.nd „q„ j'hfl. 

»’"Vd.Mnv lnv!lfi!!ll in 

WSr n,, 


Pttl>lUK«d ET«rj Thursday at a Stctiou of tha Manila Chromcio 

Osmena bads 

Cebu Mouriiiag 

Far Oueiois 

Led by former President Ser- 
r!^ ’ and People of the 

ed profound grief over the un- 
^mely death of Mrs. Aurora A. 
Phi1fn"R .’^^’^^hter Baby, 

m rnhers of her party. 

news of the 

Coh.^ o°n th^r reached 

i 'i ®** evening of tha day 
of the ambuscade. With a mix- 
ed feeling of anger, and grief, 
citizens of the city and nrovinca 
condemned the ambush as the 
worst crime that the ambushers 
had committed. 

Upon being- told of the news, 
px-Pvesident Osmeha in his 
statement said, **I am shocked by 
the tragedy that has befallen 
Mrs. Quezon, -her children and 
friends. I join the nation in 
mourning their untimely pass- 

tiovernor Manuel Cuenco de- 
clared that the assailants of 
Mrs. Quezon should be made to 
pay for their atrocious acts. The 
governor wired his condolence to 
Mrs. Zienaida Quezon Buencami- 
no ^‘for the untimely death of 
Doha Aurora, Baby and Philip.” 

Tn his message of condolence 
to Mrs. Buencamino, Mayor Mi- 
guel Raffihan said that “the 
manner of their untimely end has 
deeply shocked and angered the 
Cebuano people who cherish the 
memory of yoiir father and mo- 
ther as well as the members of 
your immediate family with ut- 
most respect and reverence.” 

Municipal Board President 
Floreiicio Urot in his statement 
declared that the violent death 
of Mrs. Quezon in the hands of 
irresponsible elements should 
spur the government to run re- 
lentlessly after the perpetrators 
of the crime. 




[ CXP0N£M7 



fHItlPPIME P«5cB ?^Ir^ 



Men And Events ' 


In Today^s News i 



Surviving Members 
Of Quezon Family 
Receive Threats 



•The Philippine constabulary and 
Quezon City police adopted secu- 
rity measures upon receipt of re- 
ports that the surviving members 
of the Quezon family were, being 
threatened with harm by “un- 
known elements.” 

Reports on the threats were re- 
layed to the police authorities by 
Dr. Luis Alandy, a friend of the 
Quezon family and survivor of the 
Huk ambuscade on the Bongabon- 
Baler road which claimed the lives 
of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, her 
daughter Baby, her son-in-law 
Philip Buencamino III and nine 

Both the constabulary and the 
Quezon City police were under- 
stood to have maintained a con- 
stant patrol* of the area and to 
have taken other steps to safe- 
guard the life and security of peo- 
ple residing in the Quezon home 
on Gilmore Avenue, Quezon City. 



President Quirino will delive 
the principal eulogy in the necro 
logical ceremonies honoring Mrs 
Aurora A. Quezon, departed Phil 
ippine National Red Cross chair 

man, at 8 to 9 p.m. Monday at the 
Malacaiian social hall, it was an- 

nounced yesterday. 

Dr. Manuel Lim, acting PNRC 
j chairman, and Mrs. Trinidad F 
Legarda, president of the National’ 
Federation of Women’s Clubs also 
I will speak at the service which is 
I being sponsored by the PNRC 
board of governors. 

Outlaw Band Trapped Off 
Pantabangan Is Shelled; 
Furious Battle Raging 

(Special to the Bulletin) 
least five Hukbalahaps are known 
to have been killed as government 
; forces pounded the main body of 
ambushers of Mrs. Aurora Quezon 
and members of her party, Jiocated 
since last night between barrios 
Cambitala and San Juan, outlying 
districts of Pantabangan, Nueva 

Freedom Speaks 

« * 


Wasliington,' b. C 
April 2 8,' 11)49 

Rites Set May 9 
For Mrs. Quezon 

Early this morning the p-hone 
rang, and at lb© other end of 
the wire was Mrs. Koinuio 
telling us the shocking news of 
Doha Aurora’s death. The re- 
port has been coming in over 
the radio every half-hour and 
we have been receiving calks 
from friends of the Qnezons 
who wanted tc check up with 
Embassy people about the vc- 
: racity of the report. Being 
j this far away from home it is 
I really rather hard not to know 
i what really happened. The 
I first news broadcasts mentioned 
j Doha .Aurora, her daughter 
Maria Aurora, Mayor Bernardo 
and ten others were killed. 

I had an me ladies clapping for 
Then another report mention- 
ed Doha Aurora, her daughter 
and her son-in-law were killed, 
and the teletype in the office 
mentioned Doha Aurora, her 
daughter and her grandson. It 
was all very confusing, but so^ 
very tragic At last this nodh 
we got an official cable from 
Manila to the Embassy saying 
definitely it was Doha Aurora, 
Baby, and Philip who had died 
in the ambush. The Embassy 
was ordered closed for the rest 
of the day by the Ambassador, 
as a sign of respect and mohrn- 
ing. Filipino priests at Wood- 
stock College MayJand have 
offered to say reipiiem masses. 
Oiir deepest sympathies go to 
Nini, and the Biiencaminos. 


President Elpidio Quirino will 
deliver the . principal eulogy in 
the necrological ceremonies ho- 
noring Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, 
departed Philippine National Red 
Cross chairman, at 8 to 9 p.m., 
Monday, May 9, at the Malaca- 
nan social hall. Monday’s rites, 
sponsored by the PNRC board 
of governors, also include D,r. 
Manuel Lim, acting PNRC chair- 
man and Mrs. Trinidad F, Le- 
garda, president of the National 
federation of Women’s Clubs 
as speakers. 

President Quirino, when in- 
formed in Baguio through long 
distance by Dr. Manuel Lim last 
Tuesday evening of the proposed 
rites, said that he would only be 
too glad to take time out from 
the pressing affair of state tol 
deliver the principal tribute to 
Mrs. Quezon. 

Mrs. Quezon, in September 27 
194G, was chairman of the 
Central E.vecutive Committee 
'then the governing body of the 
Philippine Red Cross when still 
under the Amm^an Red Cross 
She took the pT^ of Gen. Basi- 
lio J. Valdes who resigned. 

The members of the board oj 
directors ot the U. P. Alumn: 
Engineers, composed of Pres- 
ident Antonio Albert .Vice-Pres- 
ident An-^-es O. HIzoii, Secretary 
A. C. Kayanau and. Directors Fi- 
lemon Rodriguez and Cesar H 
Condo, paid their last respect^ 
to their departed fellow alum- 
nus. Mayor Ponciaao Bernardo 
of Quezon City, wlio died with 
s^ral members of tha Quezon 

Party which was ambushed 're- i 
ceutly near Baler. Dean Herme- >' 
negildo R. Reyes, twice pres- I 
ident of the U.P. Alumni Engine- j 
ers (UPAE), accompanied the* 
group to the Quezon City Hall. • 
The late Mayor Bernardo was 
also a member of the Board of 
Directors of tha Association. 

^ ^ - - -- -• 

[ ^ncurngj^eroje; 

. * FINAL EDMffl 

VOL IV, NO. 189 


Quezon Ambuscade Stirs Washington, Report; 
May Influence hS To Give Arms Aid To PI 


WASHINGTON. May 4 (UP). — Military observers speculated that 
I arms aid to the Philippines would stand or fall largely according to 
j whether congress approves or reduces the proposed $1,450,000,000 ap- 
propriation to help foreign nations forj;.ify themselves against com- 

These observers guessed that the Philippines might hope to get 
up to $30,000,000 in military supplies if congress passes tlie arms 
bill unaltered but less if it economizes. But they expressed the opi- 
nion that the matter would further depend to some extent on the 
relative degree of the communist threat to the Philippines as com- 
pared wih other countries eligible for aid. 

Senate Foreign Committee 

Chairman Tom Connally of Te- 
xas said recently that the island 
republic was among the countries 
qualified to share the $320,000,- 
000 arms aid proposed for non- 
Atlantic pact nations. He said 
these eligibles included Greece, 
Turkey, Iran, Korea, the Philip- 
pines and others. 

Observers believed that conti- 
nuation of the present Greek-Tur- 
kish aid program would absorb the 
bulk of this $320,000,000. 

They further speculated that 
congress might divide the remain- 
der on the basis of whether Iran, 
for example, or Korea or the Phil- 
ippines appeared most currently 
pressed by communists either 
within or along its r borders. 

Some sources carried the idea 
one step further. They suggest- 
ed that Mrs. Aurora Quezon^s 
assassination might start con- 
gress thinking that the Hukba- 
lahap mo%'ement continues as a 
real communist thread to Philip- 
pine stability and security. 

Congressional quarters pointed 
out that the Quezon tragedy stir- 
red more comment from Capitol 
Hill than any Philippine event 
since the death of President Ma- 
nuel Roxas a year ago. And 
some congressmen like Karl Ste- 
fan of Nebraska and Pat Kear- 
ney of New York, indicated that 
they would support the idea of 
giving the Philippine govern- 
ment tools to wipe out what they 
called communist-led Huk dissi- 

democracy in the Far East. 

Philippine circles believed that 
any United States aid to the is- 
land republic w^ould take the form, 
firstly, of unused supplies stored 
away in United States depots after 
the war; and, secondly, service- 
able equipment made surplus by 
the current demobilization of the 
Philippine scouts. 

Stefan told the United Press 
that he believed there was enough 
sentiment in the house to carry 
such measure. He said that he 
felt it should be part of the gen- 
eral foreign arms aid program 
rather than separate legislation. 

Other observers expected the 
red sweep toward South China to 
bring home to congi*ess the island 
republic’s strategic position facing 
communist Asia'. They said that 
the farther south reds move in 
China, the more prominently the 
Philippines looms as a citadel of 


These words and this our deep 
grief are hopelessly futile and 
inadequate to express the great 
loss that we have suffered from 
Doha Aurora’s tragic death. 
She was our ideal Filipina 
mother, the personification of- 
everything that Was sublime 
and noble in- Filipino woman- 
hood. Her devotion to her fa- 
mily, her solicitude over the 
poor, her indefatigable efforts 
at social amelioration, her 
exemplary self-effacement, the 
soothing influence of her ra- 
diant and pleasing personal- 
ity. — all of these qualities will 
forever enshrine her in our 
hearts. The death of Mrs. Que- 
zon and Baby- Quezon completes 
the martyrdom of the Quezons 
for the cause of the masses. It 
is for us the living to emulate 
Doha Aurora’s glorious exam- 
ple, for her life truly made her 
the greatest teacher of us all! 
— The Philippine Public School 
Teachers’ Association (By Mar. 
celino Bautista, Executive Sec- • 
retary-Treasurer) . 

Quirino To Speak At Quezon Rites 

President Quirino will deliver 
tlie principal eulogy in the necro- 
logical ceremonies honoring Mrs. 
Aurora A. Quezon, departed Red 
Cross chairman, at 8 to* 9 p.m., 
Monday, May 9, at the Malacahan 
. social hall. At Monday’s rites, 
sponsored by the PNRC board of 
governors. Dr. Manuel Lim, acting 
PNRC chairman, and Mrs. Tri- 
nidad F. Legarda, president of the 
National Federation of Women’s 
Club, will also speak. 

president Quirino, when inform- 
ed in Baguio through long dis- 
tance telephone by Dr. Manuel 
Lim last Tuesday evening of the 
proposed rites, said that he would 
only be too glaki to take time from 
the pressing affairs of state to de- 
liver the principal tribute to Mrs. 


Mrs. Quezon, on September 27, 
1946, was chairman* of the Central 
Executive .committee, then the 
governing body of the Philippine 
Rod Cross when still under the 
American Red Cross. She took 
the place of Gren. Basilio J. Val- 
des who resign^. 

On April 21. 1947, six days after 
the Philippine National Red Cross 
was declared an independent Na- 
tional Red Cross society, Mrs. Que- 
zon was elected chairman by the 
board of governors. Since then, 
the widow of the late President 
Manuel Quezon devoted her full 
time and effort to Red Cross work 
and was commended by other Red 
Cross societies for the strides the 
organization has made. 

Hawaiian' Orchids 
Placed On Quezon Tombs 

The Polynesian orchids rushed 
to Manila from Honolulu by PAL 
-plane from the Filipinos in Ha- 
waii for Mrs. Aurora Quezon, Ma- 
ria Aurora Quezon and Philip 
Buencamino III, were placed yes- 
terday on their graves by a ladies 
committee of the department of 
foreign affairs designated by Un- 
dersecretary Felino Neri. 

TLie flowers, choice cattleyas of 
the Hawaiian islands, purchased 
from voluntaiy contributions of 
countrymen and the Philippine 
consulate general staff in Hono- 
lulu, reached Manila Tuesday j 
night, and were taken the next | 
morning to the Quezon mausoleum 
at the North cemetery by Mrs. 
Rafaelita H. Soriano, Misses Fe 
Palma and Julia Palarca. 

Dedicate May As Month 
Of Prayer, Catholics Urge 

Prominent Catholics of the | 
Philippines, in appeals addressed 
to the Christian world, have dedi- 
cated the month of May as a 
month of prayer. 

The prayer, which was signed | 
by a group headed by the late Mrs. : 
Aurora A. Quezon, Chief Justice 
Manuel V. Moran, Senate Presi- 
dent Jesus Mariano Cuenco, Dr. 
Salvador Araneta, and many oth- 
ers, asks that “special devotions, 
prayers, and sacrifices be offered 
^ by all our brethren during the 
j month of May, in honor of our 
Blessed. Mother Mai*y, Mediatrix 
of all Graces, to implore her po- 
werful intercession for the pro- 
tection of our holy religion, which 
is being cruelly persecuted in 
many countries at the present 
time; to beseech through her po- 
werful intercession world peace, 
which is ^ threatened at the pre- 
’ sent time^ by another devastating 
war; and finally and very special- 
ly, to obtain peace and charity 
and good will, as well as precent 
for the law’’ in the Philippines. 

The “spiritual testament” was 
one of the last acts of Mrs. .Que- 

Dr. Salvador Araneta, in indors- 
ing the month of -May as a month 
of prayer, said: 

“Now that she has become the 
pure and innocent victim of our 
fratricidal hatreds, this appeal of 
Dona Aurora for a month of May 
dedicated to prayers and penan- 
ces, acquire a very significant 
meaning. More than ever, we 
must realize that in the Philip- 
pines, we are facing a great na- 
tional crisis and that prayers and 
penances must take more of our 
life, if our country has to be 

Pilgrimages to the different 
shrines of Our Lady, such as Anti- ! 
polo, Pehafrancia, and Manawag,” 
have been recommended by the 
committee which signed the “tes- 

padded Jor WIrd. Qu 

Philip^ Pianned 

A series of Requiem Masses have 
been set by various organizations 
in memory of Mrs. Aurora Aragon 
Quezon, Miss Maria Aurora (Baby) 
Quezon and Philip Buencamino 
m. Tomorrow, May 6, the Girl 
Scouts of the Philippines will offer 
a Requiem Mass for Baby Quezon 
at the Ateneo Chapel. Baby Que- 
zon was a charter member of the 
organization and chairman of the 
central committee. The GSP will 
attend the ceremonies in uniform. 

The YLAC’s offering of Requiem 
Masses will be at 7 o’clock each, 
morning on Monday, Tuesday and 1 
Wednesday, at the Singalong Pa- ' 
ris church. The masses will be of- 
red for the souls of Mrs. Quezon 
her daughter Baby, and her son- 
in-law Philip. 



Requiem Mass for Mrs. Quezon Set 
For Saturday at San Miguel Church 

last April 28 in the ambiiscade^Ilong 

The requiem mass will hei^* 

officiated by Father RuCino San-' , « 

tos, auxiliary bishop of Manila. I ’yii ItihilH if' ^ * 

Father Forbes J. Monaghan. S.J. A 1 ilJlJl'LC I <41.vl. ! 

will deliver the eulogy. Spon-; 
soring the requiem mass is the: 
Philippine National Red Cross 
Roard of Governors, of which 
IXJrs. Quezon was the chairman 
until the time of her death. | 
Meanwhile, necrological ser- 
vices for Mrs. Quezon will be 
held at S to 9 p.m.. Monday. 
May 9, at th.e Malacanan social 
hall. President Elpidio Quirino 
will deliver the principal eulogy 
during the necrological ceremo- 
nies, with Dr. Manuel Lim, act- 
ing PNHC chairman, and Mrs. 
Trinidad F. Legarda. NPWC 
president, as speakers. Monday’s 
rites are under the ausT/Ices of 
the Philippine National Red 

Requiem Masses 

Requiem masses will be said 
on May 9, 10, and 11 at 7 a.m. 
at the Singalong church for the 
repose of the souls of Mrs. Au- 
rora A. Quezon. Maria Aurora 
Quezon and Philip Buencamino 
III. These masses are sponsored 
by the Singalong Ylac Unit. 

In Tarlac Rites 

Special to tlie diroiiicle 

TARLAC, Tarlac; May 5 — Ne- 
crological services honoring th» 
late Mrs. Aurora Quezon, war© | 
held at the assembly hall of the ' 
Tarlac high school here last Wed-j 
nesday morning under the aiia - 1 
pices of the board of directors ^ 
and personnel of the Tarlac chap- 
ter of the Philippine National 
Red Cross. 

Tarlac Mayor Arsenio Lug;ay. 
j who delivered an oration in pb- 
j presentation of the inunicipal- 
I ity's participation in the servi- 
ces, recounted the different acts 
of kindness of Mrs. Quezon of 
j which Tarlac town was the di- 
I rect heneficiary. 

I In his..^oration, Arturo E. Ila- 
I gaii. chairman of the board of di- 
! rectors of the Tarlac chapter, 
PNRC. compared Mrs. Quezon’s 
passing with such national catas- 
trophes as the fall of Bataan, the 
surrender of Corregidor, and the 
deaths of President Quezon and 

Board member Ricardo Y. Na- 
V^rio, speaking for Governor An- ; 
tonio E. Lopez, who was absent, I 
extolled the exemplary life that 
Mrs. Quezon lived. 

Miss Isabel Ignacio, chapter 
administrator in this province 
for the Philippine National Red 
Cross, who delivered the res- 
, ponse. said that only by pushing 
through the objectives and ideals 
of service laid down by Mrs. 
Quezon can we truly venerate 
and pay fitting tribute to 

■. 1 ' 

' To give way for the 
of ihe necrological service.s in 
honor of the late Mrs. Aurora A. 
Quezon, to be held at Malacanan 
Boeial Hall on Monday evening, 
P. Pellieer. the sponsor of 
111 '’! Verbena-Povil .Amateur 
Hour, has consented to move 
his program to 7 p.m. for this 
day. The Y<‘rbena-Povil Amateur 
Hour features Pugo. Togo and 
Tfopila as emcees. 

requiem mass 

for the late 


Chairman, Philippine National Red CroM 

to be held 

on Saturday morning, May the seventh 
nineteen hundred and forly-nme 
at 7:30 o’clock 

San Miguel Pro-Cathedral 

under the auspices of 

Philippine National Red Cross 

Most Rev. Rufino J. Santos, 

Auxiliary Bishop of Manila, Officiating 

Eulogy — ^R.ev. Forbes J. Monaghan, S.J. 



<^jid th^ general are 

'•dially invited to attend. 

(Space donated by- 

- . - - 

C lirQini cIe PuHications) 


The family and relatives of the late 


who died April 28, 1949 wish to 
express their profound gradtnde to 
those who in ©me way ©r anothier have 
shared wifE '^thein In lEelr Uour ©f 



Fall Of Strong 
Huk Fort Pends 

Contact With Ambush 
Group Soon Expected 

Special to The MAMLA TIMES 

FORCES. May 5.-— A Huk ?irone- 
hoM in Thp lush jungles of Mu 
Giiiniat 'he town of- Rlzal 

N'uP’.-q f»xpP‘"’fed to fsu^in- 

to rho h^nriK of government. 

InteUigenco repmMs incLicated 
that among the rtis^Mems who 
have retreated to the jagged moun- 
tain peak probably for a last-ditch 
stand, were those who took part in 
the infamous ambush of the Que- 
zon party in Bongahnn a week ago. ; 

PC artillery continues shelling i 
the heights of the mountain. Smell ■ 
of decayed flesh pervades thej 
slopes of the mountain indicating! 
considerable Huk casualties from; 
the heavy barrar^e of guns. i 

For the pasi few days, state 
troops took time to dispose of the 
bodies of slain dissidents, but the 1 
process has to be suspended tem- 
porarily .since the start of intensi- 
fied operations in the vicinity ofj 
the mountain. 

Around 150 buri hats popularly; 
knorvvn as “sahutan,” of Baler ori- 
gin, were captured by advance PC 
patrols. It is believed the hats 
were those worn by Quezon am- 
bushers. A number of similar hats 
were found two days ago near Dig- 
mala following a clash. 

Huk morale is .reported to have 
been considerably weakened in the 
face of continuous shelling from 
government battery units "D” and 

Battle-seasoned troops of the 1st 
Hea\w Weapons Company, the 12th, 
and the 9th PC companies, and Col. 
Valeriano’s famed 1st PC Combat 
Battalion with special jungle equip- 
ment are fast closing in on the en- 
trenched Huk strongpoint * while 
spotter planes keep spotting for 
fleeing Huks. 

May^r Jovino Tienzo of Lupao 
this morning told the Times his 
town has been alerted simce yes- 
terday afternoon against a possi- 
ble Huk attack from the direction 
of the northern hills. The alarm 
was sounded following intelligence 
reports that a large Huk band most- 
13 ’’ composed of 1 ^ 3 * ear-olds drafted 
into the Huk “ArmV of Liberation^’ 
was seen the other morning head- 
ing for Mt. Amurong on the Nueva 
Ecija-Pangasinan border. — G. 

Special io The MANILA TIMES 
MALOLOS, Bulacan, May 5.- 

PC companies under the person- 
al direction of Major Crispino M. 
de CaStro, provincial commander, i 
continued to operate against the i 
•dissidents todav’. | 


Card of Thanks 

The families of ihe late 





wish to acknowledge with grateful appreciation and thanks the kind 
expressions of sympathy extended to them by their reletives and friends 
during f heir hour of bereavement. 


Hunt Mush Group 

for the late 


Choirman, Philippine National Red Cross 
to be held 

on Saturday morning, May the seventh 
nineteen hundred add forty-nine 
at 7:30 o’clock 

San Miguel Pro-Cathedral 

under the auspices of 

Philippine National Red Cross 

Most Rev, Rufino J. Santos, D.D. 
Auxiliary Bishop of Manila, Officiating 
Eulogy — Rev. Forbes J. Monaghan, SJc 

Friends and the public in general are 
cordially invited to attend. 

Special to The MANILA TLMES 

PARIS, Ma,v o — Philippine Con- 
gressman Jose Topacio Nueno ftro- 
mised to organize and lead a gue- 
rilla army to hunt the sla 3 ''ers of 
the Quezon part 3 -, in a meeting in 
Paris following the memorial ser- 
vices for the Qiiezons held at the 
Notre Dame cathedral yesterday. 

. A resolution of condolence for 
the victims of the Bongabon inci- 
dent was passed in the same meet- 
ing in which Filipinos composing 
the Junior Chambei’ of Commerce 

Congressman Nueno, now on an 
observation tour of governments 
has been the recipient of banquets 
and receptions from prominent 
French political leaders, diplomats, 
and members of the nobility. 

Great adPmiration was expressed 
in these circles for the valor and 
courage displa 3 ’ed by Filipinos in 
the last war for democracy. French | 
businessmen showed keen interest 
in the way the Philippine budget 
has been -balanced and in business 
ventures generall 3 \ 

Nueno left for Spain and Italy ! 
to, continue his mission of study , 
of governments and general condi-J 
tions in Europe and America. ^ 

I daAdmated 

Swedish Minister Sends Condolences 


j A message of condolence to the 
I bereaved family of Mr.s. Quezon 
‘ was received by the Department 
of Foreign Affairs the other day 
from the Minister of Sweden to 
the Philippines, His Excellency, 
Torsten Haniarstrom, who is at 

present at his Shanghai office. 

The cable reads: “Deeply shock- 
ed by Ihe news of the tragic death 
of Madame Quezon I beg leave to 
convej^ to your Excellency my 
heartfelt sympathy in the berea- 
vement suffered by the entire 
Philippine nation.’* 

Hawaii Orchids Arrive 
i For Quezon Graves 

The polencsian orchids rushed 
to Manila from Plonolulu by PAL 
plane by the Filipinos in Ilawaii 
for Mrs. Aurora Quezon, Maria 
Aurora and Philip Buencamino Til, 
victims of a recent ambuscade by 
flis.sidcnt element.^, were this mor- 
ning plac-ed on the graves of the 
wife of the first president of the 
Philippines, her daughter and her 
son-in-law by a ladies committee of 
the department of foreign affairs 
' designated by Undersecretary Fe- 
’ lino. Neri. 

j The flowers, choice catleyas of 
I the Hawaiian islands, purchased 
: from voluntary contributions of 
. countrymen and the Philippine 
I consulate general staff in Honolu- 
lu, I’eachcd Manila last night, and 
were taken this morning to the 
Quezon mausoleum at the North 
Cemetery by three foreign affairs j 
ladies, namely. Mr?. Rafat'lita H. 
Soriano. Misses Fe Palma and Julia 
I'nlai ^ 

TOP (/Da 

A requiem mass will be offer- 
ed by the College of Lavr, Class 
1947, Uni versit}” of Santo Tomas, 
for the departed souls of thelrl 
classmate Atty. Maria Aurora’ 
.Quezqn, her mother, Doha Auro- 
xa. Arai^on Quezon and her bro-j 
IJh^Mn-law Philip Buencamino i 
III at the UST Chapel on Ma}^ 15, i 
lift-19, at 8 o’clock a.m. 

All members of the 'class, rela 

tivas and friends of the late Baby V 
QU€ton are Invited to attend the ^ 

- 1 

Imass^ , 

' Atty Marconi I. Puiiiarada, Pre-^' ' 

jsldentrof the class has announced'^" 
I that a . motorcadie from -the U.S.T.'^ 
j Chapel' to the North Cemeter}’* wilL - ■ 
take place after the mass in or- • 
ider to make floral offerings and' 
and hold, fitting ceremonies to ho- X 
nor the memory of their latef'^ 
^classamate. Father Jose Blanco.' ' 
Regent of the College of Law du^ 
ring • Babv'<’s university davs, has 
accepted the invitation t6 sing the ■ 
rfequiem mass. Former professors ; 
of the class , also have shown will- ■ 
giness to attend the scheduled' 

111 order tb discuss further de-i 
tails, the members of the class i 
I ■Will hold a niieeting at the resld-' 
ence of Atty. Eddie MagsaUn at I 
‘530 Quezon Boulevard, on Satur-i 
day, May 7 at 4:00 in the after-* 
noon. All members of the Cln? 3 .- 
1047. College of Law U.S.T.. are 
Iherefore requested to attenri. 


THt txyowgwa 


associated press 





European Newspapers Played Up 
Mrs. Quezon^ s Death, Arrivals Say 


j European newspapers carried on 
: the front page a full account of 
tlie tragic death of Mrs. Aurora 
A. Quezon, according to pas.sen- 
gers on the PAL DC-4 which ar- 
rived 3 'esterday noon from Madrid 
and Rome. They said they read 
. the news on the day following the 

I Heading the arrivals were six 
: members of an original 11-man 
' group of Catholic priests who 
went on a pilgrimage to Rome 
iand to attend the Golden Jubilee 
« of the Pope. They said they. werQ 
I about to board the plane in Paris 
j for Rome when (hey read the ac- 
' count of Mrs. Quezon’s fate in 
the morning papers. 

Immediately after reaching 
Rome the next day, the pilgrims 
each said mass at the Picta 
. chapel in honor of Mrs. Quezon. 

I Another passenger on the same 
plane was IMiss Leonor Pablo, who j 
] returned after a six-month tour 
; of the United States and Europe. 
Miss Pablo recounted how the 
Filipino community in Rome at 
first would not believe the infor- 
mation received by the legation.! 
i Philip Buencamino III, one of the • 
victims of the ambuscade and 
Mrs. Quczon’.s son-in-law, was a 
popular member of the Filipino 
set in Rome while he was still 
connected with the legation. Pablo traveled on a United 
Nations fellowship for study and 
observation on mcdico-lcgal and 
.social welfare community organ- 
ization in various univei'sities of 
the United Slates. She received 
also a grant to visit - more than 
I 14 countries in Europe. She took 
j post-graduate course in the New 
■ York School of Social Service. ! 

! her children while they were^tra- 
j veiling in Spain with the late Pres- 
j ident Quezon. This was dis- 
I closed by a number of prominent 
i members of the local Spanls|-i com- 
: munity who returned after spend- 
i ing the Holy Week in Sevilla and 
01 her Spanish cities. 

! Jose Razon Got. head of the 
I sugar section of the Tabacalera, 
returned to the Philippines with 
his bride. Mrs. Maria Dolores 
Pradera-Got, whom he married in 
Madrid a week ago. 

Joseph H. Compton, official of*,, 
the local Westinghouse agency, 
who was on the same plane, re- 
turned from a two-month business 
tour of Ca lcutta. 


Choly, Fely and Teresa Rabe- 
las, daughters of Mr. and Mrs. 
Protacio Rabelas of Calauag, 
Quezon, are offering a requiem 
mass for the repose of the souls 
of Dona Aurora Aragon Quezon, 
her daughter Baby Quezon, and 
son-in-law Philip Buencamino III, 
at the Paco Catholic church this 

Rev. Father German Martin 
will officate at the ceremony. 
The mass will be offered by the 
Rabelas sisters in behalf of their 
parents who were friends of the 
Quezon family. 


for the fate 


Choirman, Philippine Nafionai Red Cross 
to be heid 

on Saturday morning, May the seventh 
nineteen hundred and forty-nine 
«t 7:30 e'cieck 

Son Miguei Pro-Cothedrai 

• V 

under the auspices of 


Philippine National Red Cross 

Most Rev. Rufino J. Santos, D.D. 

Auxiliary Bishop of Manila. Officiating 

Eulogy — Rev. Forbes J. Monaghan, S. J. 

• - 

Friends and the pubKc in general are 
cordially invited to attend. 


('Space donated by Ma/nila DaAly Bulletin) 

I Spanish newspapers likewise 
I carried a complete account of 
; Mr.s. Quezon’s death together 
with her pCicture on the front page 
and more pictures of her and 



i / 1 it V \ I ’ . 



The family and relatives of the late 


who died April 28, 1949 wish to 
express their profound gratitude to 
those who in one way or another have 
shared with them in their hour of 
hereavenienL ", 

the late 


Chairman^ Philippine National Red Cro3» 

to be held 

on Saturday morning, May the seventh 
nineteen hundred and forty-nine 
at 7:30 o’clock 

San Miguel Pro-Cathedral 

under the auspices of 

PhilippiiAe National Red Cross 

Most Rev- Rufino J. Santos, D.D. 
Auxiliary Bishop of Manila, Officiating 

Eulogy — ReVo Forbes J. Monaghan, S.J. 


Friends and the public in gerieral are 
cordially invited to attend. 

(Space donated by — | 

Cibronicle Publicatiop-o) | 



VOL . IV. NO. 190 

FRIDAY, MAY 6. 1949 


lal Rites 

all Filipinos regardless of politi- 
cal affiliation to unite for the 
preservation of peace and order 
!— WP 

LEGASPI CITY, May 6 (ENS) . i 

The Albay-Catanduanes chapter 

of the Philippine Red Cross spon- 
sored a requiem mass at the old 
Albay parish church on May 2 
in memciy of Mrs. Quezon. Gov- 
ernment officials and prominent 
citizens attended. — ^PAS 

LUCENA, Quezon Province, May 
6 (ENS). — Requiem mass will be 
celebrated in the towin Catholic 
church Saturday in memory of the 
victims of the Quezon ambuscade. 
Government officials and mem- 
bers of civic organizations led by 
Governor Gregorio Santayana will 
attend the services. Father Conti 
and two other priests will offi- 
ciate. — A 

’ CEBU CITY, May 6 (ENS). — 
Classes of the University of Vi- 
sayas were suspended recently in 
deference to the death of Mis. 
Quezon end members of her par- 
j ty. President Gullas of the luu- 
i versity issued a public statement 
condemning the crime and m-^ng 

Mass For Mrs. Quezon 

Gabriel La O, president of the 
Papal Knights association and 
Paulino M. Sampedro, delegate of 
the Sovereign Military Order of 
Malta sponsored a requiem mass 
and response for the soul of Mrs. 
Aurora A. Quezon. The mass was 
said by Rev. Dr. Rufino J. San- 
tos, auxiliary bishop of Manila at 
7 p.m., M»ay 2, at the chapel of 
the Archbishop’s Palace at Villa 
San Miguel, Mandaluyong. 

Mass For Mrs' Quezon ! 
Set At Pro-Cathedral 

A requiem mass in honor of Mrs. 
Aurora A. Quezon will be held at 
7:30 a.m. tomorrow at the San 
Miguel Pro-Cathedral. 

The mass will be officiated by 
Rev. Fr. Rufino Santos, auxiliary 
bishop of Manila. Rev. Fr. Forbes 
J. Monaghan, S.J. will deliver the 
eulogy. Sponsoring the requiem 
mass is the PNRC board of gover- 
nors, of which Mrs. Quezon was 
the chairman until the time of her 

Meanwhile, necrological services 
for Mrs. Quezon will be held at 8 
to 9 p.m. Monday, at the Malaca- 
han social hall. President Elpidio 
Quirino will deliver the principal 
eulogy during the necrological ce- 
remonies, with Dr. Manuel Lim, 
acting PNRC chairman, and Mrs. 
Trinidad F. Legarda, NFWC pre- 
sident, as speakers. Monday’s rites 
j are under the auspices of the Phil- 
ippine National Red Cross. 

Elude Conibiiied 
Troops’ Cordon 

^Pet iai to the rhroiiie|«, 

■tile burned Quezou killera iei 
liy* Commander Alexandex' Vier- 
nea have reportedly fanned out 
the battle zones to the 
lovvlands. despite intensified as- 
?^ulis of combined gfoverix- 
meut troopers and planes to 
euoirole the Hiiks along tUa 
^i^rra Madre wild lands in the 
•bongaboiig-Kizai sectors. 

Col. Napoleon Valeriauo, wtio 
assumed over-all command of 
j «9 Huk operation in IVueya 
^cija launched a four-pronged 
ana.k against the elusive Unit 
Killers. The government troop- 
srs concentrated their drive to- 
wards the lowlands in order to 
■larass the escaping dissidents 
com the doomed battle zoiias 
yong the Sierra .Madre .moun- 


^ reporra said 

i ^nat Commander Viernes suc- 
^ 9 ded in leading around 700 
Huks out of the fi.ghtin.g fronts. 


i'o fonceal the 
Quezon killers. 

Meanwhile, two commando 
"nits shelled the Hnlc lai., 
Bnnitahong and Ri.;','' 
where around 300 Huks are 
being eiitreiiohed. “ 

'o PC oooording 

-5 PC reports, succeeded iu dls- niree ways toward, 
source said 

p P 8 vs""'“' towards 

^ *r>a.'a oon-^isfpd malrilv of 
w-tneu and wounded Huk.,, 

iti.d fi.ghfing .since the infs ■ 
nous Quezon ambuscade i 

eavy fighting between the 
government troopers and the 
dissidents was reported In the 
vicinity of Mt. Guiniat, 14 kilo! 
meters northeast of R 
where two P.v battery units 
ed i)v the veteran “Nenita unit” 

oounTed dear* 

•mJ'pm''"'-'' blasted Huk 

sawmill where the Huks are 

Themin'* ’’''^noncked. 

Tim government soldiers are re 

portedly lad by two civRIans 
who escaped as Huk captives In 

n ,hi bastion 

la this area. 

ore starving in their la|c. 
Maiiantan, R was found ouf 
oscaued from .the Nueva Kelt 
provincial jail. — g.a.c, 

"S|>oclal to the Chronicle 
; TsUCRNA, quezon, May 3 / 

' reorn includias i 

comniander. were killed la a ^ 
Herce but brief encounter h*-- ‘ 
t^een the di.ssiaentg and 4 ^ 

The encounter was the first 

«Bice the Quezon PC headi 

quarters renewed their cam- 

of Bongabong ambuscade 
Of Mrs. .Aurora .A. Quezon 



associated press 

The exchange of fire lasted 
iTni which the 

i lift'll ??*’ •'' fled and i 

dead H^i .?oods. Three , 

dead Hiilcs were also found by 

I t lie PC forces. One of ' 

I the dead was Identified as Com- 
■ lander Pablo Varga. Report* 
reaching the office of the pr^ 

round! that 30 

carM^ ammunition, one 
carbine and one ,45 caliber pte- 

‘■"‘P'dred by the sol- 

— u — - -- ■ - ^ r~* 

Say Mass Today 
For Mrs. Queioi 

A requiem mass in memory of 
Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon will be 
said in the San Miguel Pro-Ca- 
thadral at 7 :30 o’doclc this 
morning, sponsored by the Phil-| 
ippine National Ked Cross board 
of governors. Mrs Zenaida Que- ! 
7.on-Buencamino and Nonongl 
Quezon will be in attendance' 
^lo.ig ,/ith relatives, friends and 
co-workers of Mrs. Quez?on in 
the PNRC. 

The Rev. Rufino J. Santos, 
bishop of Manila, will 
officiate, while the Rev. Fr. For- 

hr-*i -T 1\4 w, 1 T 

cjuiem iVLasses 

AT.^ honor oi 

Mis Aurora Aragon .Quezon 

HI a Aurora Quezon and Philiii 
Buencammo III will be held a! 
Sunday morning. May s 

d!s/'‘c Miguel Pro-Ca^tl,e- 

Sponsoring the mass is 

;l"C. M„, Sri 

tres.g-adviser of the high (.ouii- 
c»l,and xMisg Quezon, pre.siderit. 
Mean\vhile, a series of re 


dinf vr''°’ Alhav. Occl- 

Cehu «"■' 

A novena will also be held i. 


TYjuie Liie i\,ev. rr. jor- 4 

has J. Monaghan will deliver the at „ 

®ulogy. ‘i!® San Marcelino clinrcl 

President Quirino wilt deliver r nn"*^ Tuesday, niay Ip a 
the principal eulogy at the nec- , hv ®’m'>sorp( 

rological services for Mrs. Quo- ^Aii organization, 

zon which will be held at that tmni sponsors and pa 

,.oi.i h.ii 

ed be Offer- 

Ident A?r hquorary pres- 
nn U’ 7 Aurora A. Quezon 

Beds ch Bia San 

I.eda church, at S;00 a.m All 

tend^fh? “’’® '■®huested to at- 
this mass. 



Requiem Mass 
For Mrs. Quezon 
This Morning ' 

— Page 4 


As American Editors See Us 


„ . Americans who 

TRAGEDY respect the me- 

mory of Manuel 
PHILIPPINES L. Quezon, first 
. president of the 

Philippines, and symbol of the 

dauntless fight which his country- 
men waged against the Japanese 
invaders, will be shocked at the 
brutal slaying of his widow, his 
daughter and his son-in-law in the 
mountains north of Manila. The 
tragedy seems so wanton and 
pointless, whatever the motives of 
the killers; as a political act of 
the communist-led hukhalahaps, 
as is now charged, it can only 
intensify the determination of the 
government to suppress the move- 
ment which caused the crime. 

Mrs. Aurora Quezon has been 
active in many fields of endeavor, 1 
and her charitable work, her ef- j 
forts on behalf of the women of j 
her country, have her many claims ! 
upon the gratitude and affection ' 
of the Filipinos. The great crowd 
of mourners which gathered for 
her funeral procession was an elo- 
quent testimony to her position in 
the hearts of her people, just as 
the night-long battle with her kill- 

ers- told the reality of the danger 
which her assassination repre- 
sented. The United States will 
share in the sorrow of the Philip- 
pines, and hope that the young re- 
public will soon be able to stamp 
out the forces which threaten it. 
— New York Herald-Tribune. 


A requiem mass in honor of 
Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, late Phil- 
ippine National Red Cross chair- 
man who died in an ambuscade 
last April 28 along the Bongabon- 
Baler road, will be said by Mon- 
signor Rufino J. Santos, auxiliary 
bishop of Manila, at the San Mi- 
guel pro-cathedral thi.s morning at 
7:30 o'clock. 

The Rev. Fr. Forbes J. Monag- 
han, S.J., will deliver the eulogy. 

Government officials, foreign 
diplomats, business executives, so- 
cial and civic leaders, and otlier 
ppmiiient persons have been in- 
vited ,to hear the mass which is 
being sponsored by the PNRC 

■ board of directors. Also in at- 

■ tendance will be Mrs. I^eneida 
Quezon Buencamino and Manuel 
Quezon, Jr., surviving members of 
the Quezon family. 

Following this requiem mass, 
another will be said at the same 
church at 9:45 a. m. This is be- 
ing offered by the YLAC, of which 
Mrs. Quezon was a directress-ad- 
viser and her daughter, Ma- 
ria Aurora “Baby" Quezon, was 
the president. IMiss Quezon also 
was a victim in the ambuscade. 

Twenty-one YLAC units also 
will give a series of requiem 
masses starting Monday until 
Ma}' 31 in various parishes of Ma- 
nila, Iloilo, Negros, Laguna and 


Necrological services for Mrs. = 
Quezon will be held from 8 to 9 . 
p. m. Monday at the Malagahan ; 
social hall. President Quirino will 
deliver the principal eulogy dur- i 
ing the necrological ceremonies, 
with Justice Manuel Lim, acting ^ 
PNRC chairman, and Mrs. Ti'ini- = 
dad F. Legarda, NFWC president, 
as speakers. Monday’s rites will 
be also under the auspices of the 
Philippine National Red Cross. 

Also on Monday at 8 a. m., the 
club Damas de • Manila will offer 
a mass at the San Beda church. 
Members are requested to attend. 

The De la Salle . college and 
board of directors of the La Salle 
‘alumni association also are offer- 
ing a mass in honor of the ambus- 
cade victims on Monday at 8 a. m. 
in the college chapel. 

NEW YORK, May 6 (UP).— An i . 
estimated 500 Filipinos attended 
the requiem mass in St. Patrick’s 
cathedral yesterday for Mrs. Au- . 
mra A. Quezon and others killed ' 
in last week's ambush in Nueva : 
Ecija province. 

HONGKONG, May 6 (UP)— 
Msgr. Henry Valtorta, bishop of 
, Hongkong, officiated at a re- 
quiem mass for Dona Aurora A. ‘ 
Quezon and other members of her 
.family who were massacred by 
outlaws in the Philippines last; 
week. ! 

After the mass this morning, | 
jValtorta recalled his long ac- ! 
quaintance with Mrs. Quezon who 
was married 31 years ago in the 
Catholic cathedral here. 

A large group of Filipinos an^ 
others attended the mass. 


imU Autbrs 
Eiude Combisid 
Troops’ Cordon 

J io the i’hioniHe 

CABAXATrAX. May tf._ 
A tie hunied Quezon killers iei 
iyy Commander Alexander Viar- 
nes have reportedly fanned one 
poin the battle zones to the 
lowlands, despite intensified us- 
?aulis of combined govern- 
Tnent troopers and planes tc 
^»‘*ircle the Hnks along Uia 
^leria AJadre wild lauds in the 
•i^ongabong-Rizal sectors. 

as Hnks carried out th* i T, 

with the government mp r a captured 

soldiers as diversionary moves hord^^^ Quezon' killers 

to fonoeal the escape tn! srl ^ ''Issidents 

Manantan, It was found 


to conceal the 
uezon killer 

!^its she; 

Bonsahoug and Rlzal sectors 
■^^liere around 300 HuIch 

entrenched. ^ ^ 

The Quezon killers, accordlnir to the ClironicU 

091-dn 3 »<'<’eeded in dts- ■' ^-UCENA, queson, aiay 4 

Lii-ah ^7i ’'■ays towards ! alleged Huks, lncludtu« 

area,' •; 'vere killed fn f 

' lit thosl ZV f ^"counter be- 

Pantv! ''.''«<iing towards t«>a dissidents and -ov 

women ‘■“''“'"''■'I mainly of “'■"“■ent forces at barrio St^ 

• >nien and wounded Huks 1 ^a?®l. Mauban at in i 

" 'iVr.r'""’ «mmlng. ’ ° 

•’•fled fight, „g sinpg j,,g I 

•nous Quezon ambuscade 
Heavy fighting between the 

i f"‘m'i'iler was the first 

since the Quezon PC head- 
quarters renewed their cam- 

of a/,-^ /'OUitabong ambuscade 
oe Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon. 

The exchange of fire lasted 

Hukr ba iT"' ‘’‘"'1”* ‘f** 

lii-V 1' '■'’nted, fled and i 

left behind several sacks of 

I ^lie attacking Pc forces. One of 
tile dead was Identified as Com- 
I niander Pablo Varga. Reno^t. 

-roundi »9 

carbine s a ammunition. one 
carbine and one .45 caliber pte- 
to| ware captured by the foT- 

assumed over-all command of 
rua Huk operation in Nueva 
^Cija laum-hed a four-prongea 
Attack; against the elusive Huir 

Mlers. The government troopV bhasted ' Ar’'"'^ 

er, con,|eutrated their drive to- 15 ffuks haCalread/ h- 
^ lowlands in order to counted dead, ' 

Vicinity of ^rt. rruin!aru\ o 
meters northeast of R 

riT "m-ta at^ 


h-ifo "luor uj 

pat ass The escaj.-ing dmidents 
^rom the doomed battle zones 
yongr tlie Sierra Madre .nioun- 

iulelligenoe reports said 
that Commander Vierne.s suc- 

Milltary planes blasted Huk 
.msitloiis near the nigmala 
sawmill where the Hukrare 
believed to have blvuoacked 
The government soldiers are re 

...a.a 3 T.”.' 

uks out Of the fi.ghting fronts. assault of the Huk bastion I 

In this area. 



associated press 

Say Mass Today 
For Mrs. Quezon 

requiem mass in memory of 
Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon will be 
said in the San Miguel Pro-Ca- 
tliedral at 7 :30 o’clock this 

morning, sponsored by the Phil- ”'' 1 ''“ iiiemners of her 

ippine National Red Cross board killed in the 

of governors. Mrs Zenaida Que - 1 oA ambuscade last April 
zou-Bueneamino and Nonong i .,,® 7®^* ^ons. Anselmo La- 
Quezon will be in attendance officiate. Governor Boro- 

■ilo-ig ./ith relatives, fi*iends and Provincial officials 

day May 0, from 8 to 9 p.m. 

Hj j chairman, and Mrs. Tri- 
nidad P. Legarda, NFWC pres- 
ident, will also speak in the rites i 
also sponsored by the PNRC. ’! 

k *'®‘l"mm mass will be i 

held today at San Fernando, La 
Untor for Mrs. Quezon 'and 
eleven others members of her 

co-workers of Mrs. Que27on iu 
the PNRC. 

The Rev. Rufino J. Santos, 
auxiliary bishop of Manila, will 
officiate, while the Rev. Fr. For- 
bes J. Monaghan will deliver the 

President Quirino will deliver 

?nd PNRC workers of the ^rov- 
ince will attend. ^ 

The YLAC high council and 
central committee will sponsor a 
requiei^ mass for Mrs. Quezon, 

TO president, 

and Fehpe Buencamino IJI, to 

the principal eulogy at the nec- j the * San 
rological services for Mrs. Qua- fro, i ' -JS nvwi, “^^'^^^I'hedral 
zon which will be held at the I fa" ° ' 

Malacanan social hall on Mon-| ^ ' 



For Mn 
This M 



As American Editors See Us 


I utt ^iinjtr^oa l><Xi3 

sjoiftrjoj JO JSJI poAojddv 

un suit otiM ApoqAinf oj .rvSna 
nos oj ifinujM Sf uoijiuodjoo 
^UDoiUdoAoH on^ jmii s.cwg 

aoin.iiijt puoii vaxvaa »mx 

TUoo oqi ui '^iio .|jof ‘A14110J0.1 pjos VHXVUa 
ipiq.u s’Suq 000‘0Zt oq’> ui 
ojuqs H 40S piiioo Aori4 podoq 
pwq oq.\i[uop ouidiij^ oqx 
VilXVHj }o .Viddns 
0[oqAV otj4 A'liq 04 oiq« sum 
dOH iiiiyi ‘Aoiioipoil.Yo 0[diizfs 
sim OUM JO 

uwiuioad « r;ui*jv>« ‘saoit;v>*J ovij 
xlioaj uiov;v jx^Hiioq oo^ «»!'H 
s 54%H| ODO^OTi •*!Oq4 jo i>l<u{ 
joa saoiwop .inoj osoifT s« uoo« 


OR PA'r'Trc saoiwop .inoj osolO uoo« 

® IrALylLb— sw juiu pioa oq> \i\ ^t\o 


^ Americans who 

TRAGEDY respect the me- 
IN THE mory of Manuel 
PHILIPPINES L. Quezon, first 
^. ... . president of the 

Philippines, and symbol of the 
dauntless fight which his country- 
men waged against the Japanese 
invaders, will be shocked at the 
brutal slaying of his widow, his 
daughter and his son-in-law in the 
mountains north of Manila. The 
tragedy seems so wanton and 
pointless, whatever the motives of 
the killers; as a political act of 
the communist-led hukbalahaps, 
as is now charged, it can only 
j intensify the determination of the 
government to suppress the move- 
ment which caused the crime. 

Mrs. Aurora Quezon has been 
j active in many fields of endeavor, | 
! and her charitable work, her ef - ' 
j forts on behalf of the women of I 
j her country, have her many claims 
; upon the gratitude and affection ' 
j of the Filipinos. The great crowd 
I of mourners which gathered for 
' her funeral procession was an elo- 
quent testimony to her position in 
the hearts of her people, just as 
the night-l(H4g battle with her kiU- 

" q'>«» 04 

^ *****^"^ * p. m. Monday 000‘u iqos os|w V4«op|.\o 

R/IDC AITr'JAM OFT social hall. Prei «is|4i.ioa«j sj} oq«m 

ers told the reality of the danger ^*^0. QUEZON SET ■ f ^ucuu-^m Am 

wmen nei assassination repre- A requiem in honor of with Justice Ma P*^l^ 4so4i?i oqj uj 

sented. The United States will M^s. Aurora A. Quezon, late Phil- PNRC chairman -ViuTdiuo,) 4uq4 qjjj ^voq 

share in the sorrow of the Philip- National Red Cross chair- dad F- Legarda, ou ‘Xuuduioj uoqu uw 

pines, and hone that thP vnimtT ro ambuscade as speakers. M< -*01 auisBqo.uui oq4 su 

Dublic will Ki ^ f along the Bongabon- be also under th 4 snf 4ou pmr ‘sjulmp 

ont thp able to stanip Baler road, will be said by Mon- Philippine Natioi ^ <>»!diii^ Amu-ioioid 

—New York it. signor Rufino J. Santos, auxiliary Also on Monday at 8 a. m., the 

JSew York HeraU-Trihune. bishop of Manila, at the San Mi- club Damas de Manila will offer 

gucl pro-cathedral this morning at a mass at the San Beda church. 

7:30 o’clock. Members are requested to attend. 

The Rev. Fr. Forbes J. Monag- ^ Salle college and 

ban, S.J., will deliver the eulogy. °o^^d of directors of the La Salle 
Government officials, foreign association also are offer- 

diplomats, business executives, so- ^ mass in honor of the ambus- 
cial and civic leaders, and other victims on Monday at 8 a. m. 
prominent persons have been in- college chapel. 

bdng '‘Unsored ^EW YORli;^ 6 (UP).-An . 
b^rd of dfrecTors lllo fn aL attended 

; tendance will be Mrel 2 eneida ‘he requiem mass in St. Patrick’s 

Quezon Buencamino and Manuel rora^A^^Ouezon^ln^ -n ’ 

Quezon, Jr., surviving members of fn la.T wrpk’. 
the Quezon family. Ecijf province. ' 

Following this requiem mass, 

another will be said at the same HONGKONG, May 6 (UP) 

church at 9:45 a. m. This is be- Msgr. Henry Valtorta, bishop of • 
ing offered by the YLAC, of which , Hongkong, officiated at a re- 
Mrs. Quezon was a directress-ad- quiem mass for Dona Aurora A. ‘ 
viser and her daughter, Ma- Quezon and other members of her 
ria Aurora “Baby" Quezon, was .family who were massacred by 
the president. I\ Quezon also outlaws in the Philippines last - 
was a victim in the ambuscade, week. f 

Twenty-one YLAC units also After the mass this morning, , 
will give a series of requiem i Valtorta recalled his long ac- ■ 
ma.sses starting Monday until iQuaintance with Mrs. Quezon who 
. May 31 in various parishes of Ma- . 'was married 31 years ago in the 
j nila, Iloilo, Negros, Laguna and Catholic cathedral here. ; 

; Cebu. . A large group of Filipinos 

■•f'-J, -Hi 

- ^ . 

Others attended the mass. 

Honors Mrs, Quezon 

U'CKNA. Quezon 'I-a times 

board ' 5'-'?“'} and. her daughter was 

wuezon provincisT h ®~ '^’he 

>de Saturdav a, S h 

for the repose of prayer 

; oa Aurora A. Quezo^%® 
and other mem^ Q^^ezon 

vvno met a violenf ^ 

- or ‘Ull 

■ offorS”? „»i .V^'*. >>r„v,„o. », 


^'er^-i<5e sponsored bv 
i go\'ernment officials o , P^'^^'^ncial 
rwill be held at rhlf ? ^ nip loves 

- church. TheVw-m Catholic 

: ^Vhigh reqifem*m^3"” '=Pf«'<-ns. 


treatment for arthritis a? the ^qh 

A/r^ I'eqiiiem mass in honor of 
last’ "a Quezon, who died 

atoL"^?r^ ambuscade 

f i sxw-jrso 

SS^JXJ; “ “" •“ 

offered Thursday morning at St. 
Patrick’s Cathedral in New York. 

Mrs. 'Quezon, widow of the first 
president of the Philippines, her 
daughter and several other persons 
were killed in an ambush-attack 
hy unindentified bandits last week 
in Northern Luzom 

Thursday’s .service has been ar- 
ranged by official Philippifie agen- 
cies here and by American-Phi lip- 
pine societies in the city, accord- 
ing to Jose P. Melencio, Philippine 
consul general. 

Among those who attended be- 
sides Melencio and his wife, Avere 
Ambassador Carlos P. Romulo, 
chief of the Philippine delegation 
to the United) Nations'" Assembh^i 
and Mrs. Joaquin M. Elizalde, Avifei 
of the Philippine ambassador to 
the United States.' 

A requiem high mass for Mrs. 
Que^zon Avas held at St. MattheAv’s 
Cathedral in Washington Tuesday 
uiorning. ^ 

ro-cathedral.. . - 

Officiated by Bemardo Requiem 

, hev. Rufino Santos, auxil- kA^,. c l la 

wry bishop of Manila. Rev. Fr Set May 11 

i M ^^onaghan. S. J. wili *^ass will be said for the repose 

' ^ulogA\ Sponsoring soul of the late Ma\^or Pon- 

^ the Philip- ciano A. Bernardo on Wednesday. 

pine National Red Cross Board May 1 U at 8 o’clock a.m. at the 

- ot Xrovernors, of Avhich Mrs. Kamuning Parish Church on 9th 

wuezon AA^as the chairman until Street, corner H. A\^enue 

MeaTv^hUe. "'""'nem-orogical serw 

• I r nV se,rv- 

! a?®8 to University of'Se'' PMlS: 

I at 9 P-m-. Monday. May 9, pines, and friends of Mavor Be^ 

* ^Jalacanan social hall, nardo are invited to attend fho. 

dJlTvar^^ti, " ill mass which is under the TuspiSs 

, deliAer^the piincipal eulog^'^ dur- of the Caoital Pltv Pia^nincy 
; uig the necrological ceremonies, mission ^ Planning Com- 

j Avith Dr. Manuel Dim, acting 

; PXRC chairman, and Mrs. Trini- 

dad F. Degarda, NFWC president. 

as speaker. Monday’s rites are 
, under the auspices of the Phil- 
ippin.e , National Red Cross. 



A requiem mass for Mrs. Auro- 




] Duc ia. n;ne A ears old and her con 

After a Avhile nicy became hun- 
gTA- and ate their lunch. They knelt 

_ g,, jr a. AW avc iiicrii AUilVU, 1 , 

1115 Francisco and Jacint^ AA'ere recited the Rosary. J.ucia does 

he chosen Instruments of God, in remember Avhcther they .said 

he apparition of the Virgin Ma^ all of it,- or merely the skeleton i’zerl, 
n Fatima, Portugal in 1917. The “Hail Mary... Our Father! .She 

n raimiii, jt v.^i -w rrau .vjcuy... Our Father! .She 

Apparitions of the virgin Averc pre- ^oes recall, hoAvever, that Avhen 
-erled by that of the Angel of Peace fini.shed, the rain stopped 

3f which very UtMe lin.s l>een read gg .suddenly as it had begun, and 

n the Philippine.s. 

.«v.vt I 1 . 11 C imii o\.\j 

as .suddenly as it had begun,' and 

^ . r-. presently the sun wa.«=? .shining 

^rhe folloAving excerpt#* from the again, fierce and wliite, in a soretLe 
,ook “O ir j”nd^ of F«lDa" by Wll- sky. She and the olh<Ts beg.-m to 
■ 'rh,.ma.! give a vivid throw stones into the valley below. 

i'^''!,rfiitfon ot the three apparllioii.s They had enjoyed this .sport only 
les-eiuptfon of me ri without, 

,f the .-Vngel of Feace. ,varning, a strong wind began to I 

Ducia, BT’ancisco and Jacinta fol- blow' across the tops of the pines, j 
owed their sheep as u.^^ual over the ^yhich SAvaAie<i and moaned as nev(‘r ' 
;AA’orv hills, w'atched the rebirth of before. Slai-tlod by this. th<‘ three 
he world, and sang and diunoed off ca.sting stone.s, and looked 

iTTWAnc the rocks. about to see A\hat tlie cause might 

were still amusing them- be. Then they saw a liglit far 
in. the middle of the o\*er the tops of the trees, it Avas 

^ TvVien the sky become sudden- nioving over the \allev from (‘ 
V neii y .. ^ ^ scud- an - ^ ^ 

irr \^’hen tne 

and a fine mist scud- we.^^t. and coming in their direc- 

down on one of those u .seemed ind»‘fd to l>e whol- 

^ from the in\’’isible oiade im of a 

breezes from the inAU.sible jy rnade u{) of a radianee rnoio 

. Ibe .northw’est. They re- -white than ^now; and Uii.s time it 

tbe half-cave at Cabeco, brew so near that when it wa.s ju.^t 

■temb ^ v.ockv crest of the slope <^>ver a squarish nn-k at the en- 

var i,ne ^ rrr*avinp-! ..r 

- — 7 »ockv ci esL UL -itv; Qvpi- ^ S 4 UC 1 I i.-'ii HM K at uie en- 

"sheep Avere grazing; fi*ance of the “cave”, it liccame <li.>v- 
\ whic 3 s possible they (jnguishabie the form of “a 

fbpm "up the gradual in- transparent young man” of almut 
•odnea <-eeing them huddled fourteen or fifteen ^seari; of age 

ine until, •- ■ ^.UrtUoT- nP .some lirilli.-mi th;m a rwv.. 

shelter of isome 

pacpfuiiy p‘:',-aied lyv 

•ees, pn tiie ^ourhern brow ■ - - 

r ir)ie hill • ♦ • 

mm*e hrilliam than a crsstal, pen- 

the ra\.s of the .-^u.n,” 

Pi^ laicia (ie>criiw s it — or “like snow 
fhar the sun shmo.s Ur-ough un» il 
}: becomes crAatarilim*.’' And now 


had features! 
like th^e of a human being, and' 
^as indescribably beautiful. 

Stupefied, speeohles.s, thev .stood' 
reprdmg him. 

“Hon’t be afraid,” he said. “I 
am the Angod of TVaoe. JVay with 


kneeling on the ground, he. 
pioMiated himself until hl.s fore- 
I head touched It. saying: 

^ believe.°i adore, I 
^ ^ ^ heg pardon 

^ ou lor those who do not be- 
e\ e, do not aclore. do not hope 
and do not love You! 

... jime.s he .spoke tlie .same 

, Adonis, Avhich the childrem, as in a 
;daze. repeated them after liim. 

■ ilien, ari.sing he .said: 

thus. 1'ho hearts of Jesus , 
and Mary are attentive to the A’oice 
of your supplications.” 

^Y^th that he disappeared, as if j 
he had been di.ssoh’ed in sunlight. I 
The children remained kneeling! 
for a long time under the influence I 
perhap.s of some supernatural state j 
of ecslacy or suspen.sion of bodily: 
powers, .such a.s many .saints have' 
de.scribed. ‘Mt was .so,”! 
wrote Lucia, “that Ave Avere 
unaware of our own existence for! 
a long .space of time.” They kept' 
saying the Angel’s prayer over and! 
over. Not that there Avas any dan- 
ger of forgetting it, for the words 
had lieen impressed Indelibly upon i 
their mind.s; but it .seemed the only 
Ihing to do. ! 

‘‘My God, I belieye, I adore, 1! 
hope, and 1 love You! 1 beg pardon 
of ^ ou for those who do not be- 
lieve, do not adore, do not hope, 
and do not love You.” 

laicia and .lacinia Avere still 
kneeling and repealing these 
( words, when the\' lieeame aware 
of the voice of Krancisco: 

“[ can’t stay this wav as long 
as you can. it hurt.s mv hark .so 
much I can’t do it.” 

Ue had .stopped kneeling and AA’as 
sitting on the ground, exliau.sted 
All of them, in fact, felt Aveak and i 
dazetl. Gradually they pulled them- 
selves together 'and ihen began to 
collect the scattered sheep, for the 
day Avaa far spent and it Avas near- 
ly time for sup])er. None of them 
Iclt Idee talking on the wav to 

.lu.-(L before they parted, kucia 
warned the others to sav nothin" 
of what they had seen and heanf. 
Why she did this she doe.s not know’ 
even to 111 is day. “it seemed tlie 
right thing to do” she told nu*. 
“There was somerhi ng infcmselv in- 
timate about It. It was just some- 
tlung you couldn’t talk about;’ 
Whether it, Avas splendid Michael 
that the children saw' at Gabeco. or 
one of the other .six Avho stand be- 
fore the throne of God, the effect i 

I upon them Avas profound and iast- 
1 lug. 'I’he world could never be the 
aame after such an experience. Ikit 
this was not all. For the Aii'^el 
appeared again to them not me- 
rely (mce. hut twice. 

’I'he .second apparition was a few’ 
weeks after the first. It w’a.s one 
(Of the (lays of that summer 
'riicy had tak.-n their -s'hecp home 
at noon to inclose them during the 
bJazing hours of the siesta, and 
were spending the time playing lis- 
temn.g at the well in the .^hacle of 
the fig trees behind the Ahobora 
cottage, apparently wifh no thought 
of what was about to liappen 
when they looked up and saw hiin 
there beside them. 

What are you doing? he demand- 
ed. “Pray! f»ray a great deal! The 
hearts of .Jesus and of Marv have 
merciful designs for yon.‘ Offer 
prayers and sacrifices constant !v to 
tlie High.” 

“How must ue sacrifice?” a^k^d 

“With all your power offer a 
.sacrilice as an act of i-eparalion for 
the .sinnoj-s by whom He is offend- 
ed. and of siqiplication for the con- 
version of sinners. Thus draw^ 
peace upon your country. I am its . 
Guardian Angel, the Angel of Por- ] 
tugal. Above all accept and endure 
with submission llie suffering 
vvliich the Lord wdll .send you.” 

He was gone. And again Hie 
children remained for a long time 
in a .sort of ec.siacy or exultation 
of spirit, adoi’ing Hie Lord God 
, w^hose messenger had been revealed 
j lo them. When this gradually fell 
.away and they began to feel more 
like their oi-dinary selves, Lucia 
discovered that Francisco had 
Ilea rd nol.hing of what Hie Angel 
liad said, although, as before, ho 
I liad seen him plainly. 

“Oid you speak Avith the Angel*;”! 
he asked. ‘‘What did he .say to' 
you?” ‘ I 

‘‘Oidn’t .you hear?” | 

“:Vo. 1 saw that you were speak- i 
ing w'ith somchfKiy. 1 heard Avhat' 
you said to', lait T don’t know 
w'hat lie said.” 

'I’he n-o.xt day Francisco said lo 
lii.s sister: 

“Jacinta, tell me*Avhal the Angel 

“I’ll tell you tomoiTOAA’,” said the' 
little girl. “Today 1 can’t speak.”! 

On the following day he .sought 
out l.ucia again and .said: I 

“Hid you sleep night? ij 

was thinking all the time of the 
Angel and Avhat it might be he 

She then repeated the Angel’s 
Avords on both occasions. ’Phe bov’s ! 
mind Avas .slower thain Jacinta’s. I 
He had difficulty gra.sning Avhat ’ 
.some of it meant. 

“Who is the Most High?” he ask- 
ed. “What does it mean, “The' 
hearts of .lesiis and Mary are at- 
tentive t(A the voice of A'our suppli- 

iaicla tried to explain. It Avas 
not wisy. for he would break in 
constantly Avilh other questions. 
Besides, the Avelght of Avhat she 
calls “the asmosphere of the super- 
natural” was still to .sonie extent 
upon (hem boHi. oven after so Jong 
a time. She could not think of 
what to say. Finallv he .said. “Some 
other day! me some other 

lie Availed patiently, but at the 
first bpportimity he began plvlng 
ker Avith new^ questions. 

“Don’t talk much about Hicse 
f.hlngs!” Jnierrupted .lacinta. Vet 
with charming inconsistenev .she 
went on to say that there Avas 
something about Hie Angel that 
made her no longer \Aant to talk- 

sing or play. “I haven’t strength 
enough for anything.” ® 

“Neither have I ” said Francisco. 
But AVhat ot jt? The Angel i.s 
most beautiful than all this. Let 
us think about him!” 

• PresenWy lie din begin to graso 
what the Angel had meant by sa^. 
orifices. From ihai day forth he 
vied with the girls in giving up 
ttle pleasiire.s and .sati.sfacUons fo? 
the sinner.s of the world. All three 
would .spend hours at a time Iv ne 
prostrate on the ground, repe/tlne 
over and over the prayer lhat thf I 
Anpl had taught. , 

This must have Iteen in .Julv or ' 
August, 1910. As nearlv a« Lucia' 
can esiimato, it was prohahiv late’ 
Septemiier or October « hen he fn i 
reared for the third and last time I 
•Again they had been plajing in the ' 
■■cave' at Caheco, while the sheep' 
.strayed o,i the .slo(,e below; and 
after saying their Rosarv as usual 
they were reciting the praver 
unison: ' - 


I arloic. I 
I beg pardon' 

j “My God, I belie\'f.‘, 

I hope.^and I love You. . 

I of You for (hose who do not helicvc 
1 do not adore, do not hope, *md do ' 
not Jove You.” ' 

They had said thi.s hiii a , 
times when they saw the same erv- ‘ 
stalllne light come SAviftly over the 
' valley, and there he w-as,‘ beautiful, ‘ 
resplendent, dazzling, lovering in 
■the air before them. This time he 
held in one hand a Chalic^, and in 
the other, over it, a These 
he left su.'jpended In the air Avhile 
he prostrated himself on the ground 
and said; 

' Holy Trinity, Father. Son,; 
Holy Spirit, T adore You profound- i 
ly and offer You the most preciou.s 
Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of 
Jesus Christ, present in all the ta- 
bernacles of the earth, in prepara- 
tion. for the outrages, sacrileges, and 
indifference with Avhich He Hlm- 
i self is offered. And through the 
infinite merits of His Most Sacred 
Heart and of the Immaculate Pleart 
of Mary, I beg of You t'he conver- 
Sion of poor sinners.’ 

This he said three limes. Then 
; rising up, he took the Chalice and' 
Mhe, and kneeling on the flat ' 
rock, held the AA^hite disk before* 
him, sayln.g: 

‘Take and drink the Body and 
t'he Blood of Jesus Christ, horribly 
insulted by ungrateful men. Make I 
reparation for their crimes and !‘ 
con.sole your God.' | 

They could see drops of Blood 
falling from the Host into the Cup. 

He placed It on the tongue of Lu- 
cia. To Jacinta and Francisca, Avho 
had not received First Commivnaon 
he presented the Chalice, and they 
At the end he once 
JMbre prastraled himself on the ^ 
ground and said the same prayer 

repeated it ^ 

A\ Uh him, Francisco folloA\dng the i 

^eard the! 

th^ A time, I 

' of Peace faded aAvay into I 

, the shimmering sunlight. 

presence of God ! 

on that occasion Av^as so intense i 




Filipino Catholics Urged To Scsk Peace Through 

Special National Novena Proposed 
For Lady Mediatrix Of All Graces 

Kin Isiuodj 
f»» rnllv fnrj 

Ifnmi* of . in'ln\ih ( '.-ii '..olii in h n ' 

th« othfr clny »h*> KIlijMno in gpnnrnl t»» rnnv ifMi 

mor« pr«yf»rA nnfl aRrrtfirre to Rtt.iin prnce thro\n?h ('hrl«t thr 

Th^ month of Mnv han hi^r'n “The unririTifftir'l t'.tih'»ln*K, , 

ap tb^ period for J<'lllp1no Cmhoilrp momlv rMlrlenlii m iho AiThrtlnenpo ^ 
to r**dMlofif<* lhempel^e^ m Oirtj of Mpnlln. h«\p (<>iiPullrd tho Arch-' 
BlW^^ed Virgin through prayerej hl«hnp of Menllii, ydth I ho nlykrt of i 
peniinr* and •Hirtficp. ‘ having apotMul f|r\nMnnK, pr«M*»'^. 

T^.' mani|r.|o ..iiKgiM". • "f":'''* I'',' 

2; »n.l eivlln)! 0.1 Mnv no, lo hi nf .«»• Mi.ihr, M • 

imniMii . I, ploro her powerful mterroasion for 

s ?orour t,aov .vH,.,r.x of 

.0,1 In mfins rndnirlec a« ihe pro | 
Topping the of (Ignrrs to thf r«»nt tirpp; tn h^cpprli ihrniigti her j 
mintfe^fo v\ 'o , M< t Aiwm« \ Qcf- pon-rrful Intcrcpr-tlon norlrl poBoo. 
20n >' ho BfflvM har ^ignAMir** m threatrnrd at the present 

the clrruUr Iptfer t'fforp ah? niat,,|,^^ an.xhei iievat-uiUng war: 
trarU”’ d«gtn on April -®. The fitiniiy and \oiy Bp^cirtlh. 10 
slgnfrh inehifle leitdimt t"**’ ' ontnln peaop nnd cimrUy and good 
and national leaders lik»* Ariing re%P'*rt for 'he law. 

senate rresld^m , atnongi.i mil own hrloved people 

CuonoO. Chl^f Jiifctlie .Manuel V. ir» ilip PtillipiMiie lelamJi. 

Moran. «»'«n'tail*# Snhiim p.idlllM, i • r.nrnui aged bv mir Kind renep 
plo Pedr<^*.a and 5'’*ti?ral Wims Hcv-jn,,,, uhUh tha Arrhbluhop, 
emor Mlgtiel (■’u#d«*i no i^paakhig for Hk o>mi Archdlriceaa, 

The ipnnifp»to ind iin mniplet** promised lo roopwraie. we now ap- 
llft of f.ignn» f-•l^o^^: 

Bishop To lead 
Visit To Antipolo 

Mnnn. m iTAO S.^^TO}^. 

A i..r/Hnn/ Ffisfioft of u hn 

will Irftfl thfl pt t ^fjrinolinn In .4rr- 
iipnln on May 33* A 

M«»na. Kuriim i^aiilna, .\ii.vilifiry 
Biahop of Manila, will lead the 
peregrination tc5 Antinolo on Sun- 
day, May 22. * 

' The percgrlimtion will start 
I from the ArchhiBhopfi House in 
I'asig Roulevard, Mandnluyong, at 
I.'k.’IO n.m. .Ml meinhrr.B of ('atholic 
I lay orgHUlxatioiiB in Manila ami 
jlrarlii'i's and studrnU a1 local ('ath- 
jolir institui Iona ha\> dpciile*! io 
i join the peregrination to Antipolo. 

I •P't'hnp , Cantos will celebrate the 
'maaa for the pilgrims at the .^n- 
, tipolo chui ch. 

! SpeHnl busses will be a\ailab1e 
for those who have no transporta- 
tion facilities. Theie vehicles will 
bo stationed at the. Tlty Mall. 

Further information regarding 
I the religious affair on May 22 
j may be obtained either from .tusto 
‘ N. Lnppx, Tel. 2 h,n oi?; or Pr. Sal- 
vador Aianein, Tel. d-25-2.’i. 

Mnns. !<(inine will lia the gueiit 
s)U'Skrr of ilw Piiv Ttmnana Tladin 
1-imir n\«M P/.nil nnnnri'ow, Siin- 
flav at 1 MO p rn, J - 

Mnns. Santos will speak on ihr Uangors lO LOUPtry 


HTio Inspirprl Ihp vniinnnl no- 
venrt for thi/t month by in*/fnf- 
iiifj ihr (IrrUlnr Irller In all Cn- 
Ihnhtx hPinrp she rode tb her 
dptiih on April 2K. 

, berfi of the Hierarchy with a simi- 
pi-oarh each and all of the mem- j |ar pe»ninn, promising that in all. 

ililngK Mm wishes of ihe nidliiary ! pi CiU ni drhe for more devotion I Cnnn Rv/ kArc Oiio-r/on 
In each o.-f lo.lasllfal lurlhdi. lion I lo Our La.iv Medlalilx of All fli a. °7 MUOiOn 

wi!l he piomplly and esaclh ohc\- iliiring tips monlh nf Mas, 
cd. PubMig this month of which Is helng dedicated especially 
M.U. nmv %0 ituggcal a .spccinl tc-lio the nicssrd Virgin, 
lebrai Idn In honor of Oui'. Mr.‘ - 

diatrlit of all (rincos, whl«*h will cM-|i»on . rumtMi .i Ai«n**i« 
rur on Ihr list of MaA ? M r liHlcvr|M«»' Mnl'sdni Arsnei* .pr*« T EAT! 
that a national novrnn hcglnnlng 


gxnftii anopn . im hm» ai, pkai tu ai coirakb that 
E xnm.i. > aiwavh hi. \ah ari,k ro \oi 

I ML i*r;o 1.1 rr. a.nd >oriTinvM; 


I bepia 


M*tn to. ‘"llrkS I'gei^r# 

Mrflll MS. n-Hr .»» 

MSih ’<*• V»>*t»Or l.»fUHrli»r 
M«Ol St I . I lOMMi-i I I rt! 'Oll^ 

t|«»h SO. InirgMl Ciilrett’. 

p hem Ml. Ornn-sl rh^tBt»irr 

p h»IH iSl. Oeweml P h*'muirp 
I..MK Ml ‘•rm.-h 

I sne »M 

KIPCI «M •|M»»illP« 

I t. 1 iii.lOlt f Olee 

f Jll, I IfMM eiiM I ArtMlMIlPI 

A t 
\ 1 
% I . 


in. Amr.n Hiin.iPii.* 

(III. \i< I 
p./f «i|t \imatl 
lit, MpriiiOnc I'tpii riNi •>• 

4|.l, f)e*ltn of Animn I ''t 

Ml Mf II •»l I' IIP IW MU III 
\ MP I 1 lOX M. 

A I 
I Im 
M » 
M I 
M I 
M I 
'1 f.'. 
M I 
'I I 
Me. » 
I I 
I I 
r r 
p r 




i:iiipiiii'«M IMS I'll 1 * 1(1 
nnsliirerliig rh.T*|i* 
r’t’!, Mr.lMnU*! r-n.-eite* 
:ri. M .rlilne Hhnp 

111, H.-/II I'.MUM' IrnSllU’Mina 
OC, I iiMlnp.prliiB ^Liieilal* 
0.1. MmI(.mOi-«I l.nliai'Sluir 
Ml., hi nr .<4|inp i.llll 
• It. \»li.iiur(| rr fnh. 

Ml, Iprlled 1 hi'rnMuli wi. >. 
1IA. liti, Aluihlnr ne^ipii 
11 .^ Ipttllepl ^felh■lO«• 

■’IS, nirerf < iirieni 

?3.1. ilirrMellitg Ciii'ienl 

111 , n.r. Ttieory 

III, .l(tl. i-Tler. Fnfineerltf 

c.i\ I \ I rn\ rtKgi rat 
I ox ns Eg 

I MiMi‘t MAIM I s.i VI r; PMii.\rj:RiNG 

M.iihrniBlI. 1 
Tgeerx *0 l’tl|ili| 

Mrnrtfi MnorUl* 

Altrrtfi ('onilrii. lien I 
Airersh rVinairitriloa n 

ignltlMI and lirrrafi Rli^tricltr 

Allfttll WHrllnr 

Alnrsft l*r(e».rplanl f 
ilrc'isfl PeHerpl*e» M 

tHHsMttiee AtF Tetta 
rl. ri^ni.Mi*. 

r siHk RAaie PhMi«t 

rmft gfcr ^Heii 

C|^£t PrariPe 

^ Wlglfp ^^»«>UalMinp 

|U V - ■ ' ’ tJld 
■ii||&vp|i'.« MilpSHen* 

ftTrln i^jita aT.rt fr.fffr rrmrArirta 

n^gh* *ti>np Pr flire 

.r(i V iTaalLa 
anfl Tlifflirt MaOi.iruHr* 

m loP'-ri iM‘ u iMMMTivr 'ifciiAvir rom^rii 
Prif.lpira »»f l.'lri pfjflir 


e.%ip' A niM-t ' 
l^pa*e*if#rj Irtmiif**’, , Tlpeerr 

Aianfril ^ rif.>ni.<i!r ' fhmry 

ft|lM«. ri'lw 

I'r.fU .n‘A l•|•.p>aN•a 


»■' • Mf'’.' »«*s-a Aiffil ISfh 

Ml aaMBiia f»«r. ihi. firat la thr fa«rlh •<??«/ 

rkWioiMiM orn\ AMvntliini 

► . . .llMl.tN t'll.o r...inp 
p t^topnef I la| l*ll..l Pmirtn 
p, . iMmI V'eipi*c« f«i |itloi« 

fp . / !• ; I, , f|«|i *in> 


I'ileic.u g|tl,«.. Ai fi». 

Trf 1 lii :x 

i ... . .... 

Ml a Virini ia I., de Aranft* HciflSr Pa 
pat Medni 

on fiondsv, Mhv A'nd, and onrllngiMr Hancaf.* AiOaaa, Jr Pf'A 

I M Alai 

a groat g< ffrrni cninmimlon 

, to |w crown* I Mr I lid* 

Mr. \ntnni<* A>eii||a 

• inn Kpirlerip Harceinn 

i Vie* Prai. LSflMn 

on .Vlnnd^l^■, .Mav ijli'h, to 
hd l)V a groat g. nrrni t 
I nil over tin* iKlnndi- a : Mav .‘Ust.ii^,,, 

Ithe f»vi-l of one Hidv McrliHl i ! V I Mi . FliM nniimaiin 

o( ,n „n„i,i m„y - .HHM 

poworlul appeal lo Almighty t.rMl, jr,ai„iMn n. o.quit 
OHnorllillv when offciod hv a whnlo|Mr oa'iriinan rrnsi 
nailmi In of Hie gooCn of 
ll'-’^ven. i'nfMaf 

••nr I HIM se. fii nil IhcKO thingx, M r . Me [•’•e KifCem 

... 1 r \ ... Ij.. I 'Ir. OifSnrio Saiiini Eapli IM 

mu ! foliMW 'If lend fir>oiii Kx. d- Cn.inilfft ri'rada 

Irncl'v nnd ho niisdlem In whiit-i rmineil nf the I'aMietie vni 
over rundiiiou- mnv he Inipouod in Ml»« Mnnnfi* oav - Pif a r \\ t 
'Olic dlo(..<e, Inn, nm\ w c lug I 

An hblihop-, R' diM|iv, rtiul I’ls i.'cifJ cuiKrrft Prfa. veH.irnal 

Arto.loMi Ilf Ihe i’hdilipllin liioriir*: lil.iai'en 

. hv (o li iihU' H movi’Micni In Vour ^ Kr'sKi of p* 

i f MpnclIvr. iflMc eeo for apoelul i|(i„,ig 

ilotix nod d.illv niMi 1 if IrnHons diii-iMiv. Carina tiliado 
in thie monlh of Mn;.. Mnv i Mr. .M»'v Kaoirhalc 

HrffMc she nirt hf'r tragic 
dciith nn Ihr load to Bnirr 
on April 2K, Mrg. Aurora A. 
Qiicztin Kignrd a priition to 
all thr rathnlicF of the Phil- 
ippinoK, urging Ihoni to hon- 
or thr BloAFed \'irgin in a 
special way during the 
month nf May. 

The .•''poclal honor, acctvrd- 
ing It) Ihe petit ion. may be. in 
the form of prayer, penance 
and sacrifice. 

.\pparently, MrB. C^nezon, 
who lil<e her late husband 
•ifnisB I had devole<l lier life in the 

\\i jfiei \ ice nf the lulipino pnojilo, 

ala*-- Pat.'r.n dopply tile danger.^; 


Papal Knighi 
f’emptrolllr. CWO 

U P go I nr' her nnd n-k for. HmI. Li.riei l a n Papsl Knish 

fHinllv lu ni tn nin‘«lno'lt^ br”'!*’’*: 1 Mr mrarcln ledrama - - - . ....... •— K,it hai- .iiirit will 

rre-md, nii.irini'n loiiv Bnriir|rr=i, i Jiiaiics M«m'H Hrand Kniilii, QilOZOn Wanted a drive for, ;bBvanr»p. hei »ipiriT VIII 

-n ,Hn 

iii-’Mi mid Hint Inns of i|io t iock. to, (haia 1. dt Ixibragat 

1.0 ttriVii'd nerni'dinp lo tho dovo 'pnn Kugrnin f.ope» 
inn nnd iHuveniptue of our hro- 

thron: nnd an Anilpolo, PeftBfrnn- 
rln. niul Mminvuig. nr,, nr. 

■\Se oHm’ oiif flllnl ohrdlonce 
iinci pooporMHon to tho Hlornrchv 
for tho fiilfllinnii of su«l) n P'o 
irnm. In n fhoiild hr npprmo- 
►d. fnr A Mav dpdl.’nt^d FOlpmntv 

Mr. .Tuatn I/ipar Papal Kpight 
I Mr*, hula R I/oren»«-laf Vice Prea. 

Mr. PiMo I/*rsn?.o -Panal Knight 
.Mr AnrJra* V f.'jarra--Prea 2nd §u»i 
firti Ftrrnllff lion 
.Mr. hnriqii** f>rnsnd*i l.umha 

* ‘‘spal Knight 

.Mr. UsnuH MaiVM f 
Mr, yirmte Mara^igan 
Mr. Nnrberio Mavn 
SfC. .Inaa Meltv 

l'|S lAJiun of Mar’ 

... , SJI 

(0 Olxf Ii#dv Wllh and mMi- Hr. Riiharinr Msndms Pra» eshfi'iB 

M. MoHni Pres. OsrtPst 


world, and wpecdnlly In omp c 
I nnd.” 

Mi)j. Am urn A ginv.un 
Momhai^ of L'ongrlpi^g 
lion. .1. MhVinnn t?tmnro 
jjnn. <r.'~nr IiOfie*ims 
Finn. Kci’Jinuflo l^nprr 
Hem, noniiiipu rfigniilgnii 
Mi-mlin”: of Hi»» .hidlplnry 
Hun NlhiiiiH Muritn 
Hon. P. M inmlPtirin 
Hon. Will Mmo J'’« rln 
ilon. AIfniHo Kvllk 
Mull. A Ip In l.nhrailor 
Hot! .lose Mn Phredna 
lion, f.iilA P. TorroB 
Mur ( otti ido flfltTloH 
tihrr'i nf till) KxomiHvP 
.Wfth'UM »rid;p,'! 

• hr 

H 'li v| 1 im»l' 'tt' , dr. 

irMUtiiM or (Miioi.ii unf.Axix.x 

Cnunoll. Ek'A— . 

Fr. Mariano Ni Ji fon wirn, OFk> -Dip. Pig 
l.’ninn de fi. Anmnlo 
nr. Klsno Oisnulval Knight of ft. Gr»* 

Aifv, Krsnrisoo Oriigsi, Jr, 

Mlaa Marin Pairorlnlo Pa« Adrtlorn- . 
Conimandar Chick Pamnn* ' i 

Any, .learn; Tar/ tea, 1r - FTaruMrg Rt- / 
nalan. « FAP 

.Mr. Jilto A. PuU)r Papal lAlfht | 

Mil. Minna R. Pelaai 
yiv NgrrUo Plmrntfl I 

Sir KlgOnmnda Pninmver ' 

Mr. Anfonin I'riein 

i .Mr. Jlurmincgiiiin n Ravet rmi , (MAt 
I Mr rranrlacn Paiinr BallUlr ^^A1 
I Knight 

I Mon I’nullno Mirandn Sari'iiOhu P»l> 
gpfii. dr la SoiHM'ina Ordsn .MlllUr ds 
' Alalia 

,lh;it hourly Ihrealen 
Country— like the danger of l only Power who enn gram ii‘ 
Isocial, the danger ofj — fi-nm ('hrist the Lorrl. who' 
social injustice, and the dan- can refu:se nothing to 

ger of war. | BiegMcd Mother. 

I Above all thing.s, Mrs.' Mis. Qusioti wsg killed m 

- TFnlcr triHaascrc. hut her spirit w" 
'neace She wanted her non .•mPr’«tsrn which muAl 

pie to ask for peace from theK * 


I am th€ Lady of tht Rosary 
Men must amend their lives 
^and ask pardon for their sins. 
They must hot continue to offend 
Our Lord who is already deeply 

offended'' Continue to recite the 
rosary everyday 


It has never been more timely, 
more fitting, to have the family 
rosary recited in every home than 
in this month of May We urge 
all not to fail to say this wonderful 
prayer every day in honor of Our 
Blessed Mother, Our Lady Me- 
diatrix of All Graces, to whom 
we are dedicating our prayers, 
our devotions, our sacrifices du- 
ring this month of May 


This space is donated by the 

Unlveittily of Sfo. Tomas 
’(The Caiholic University of the Philippines) 


When Felipe Bueneamino had been shot, end lay dyinf, he wrote on the 
windshield of the car, in his own blood : "Hope-God." He said the rosary all the 
way to the hospital, and his last request was for a priest. 

Felipe died well. 

Most of us die well. Whenever there is a call for heroic action, we respond. 
We ore not afraid of danger or of death. We proved that during the war. We 
die like men, courageously, calmly, praying to the Virgin and to her Son. 

When we see a danger, we face it. But there is one danger which we nei^er 
face nor fight, which some of us don't see, end some of us try to ignore. The 
danger of a godless Philippines-a communistic Philippines and a eommunistis 


How to prevent it? 

With proyers, penances and a new way of life-a new way of life richer in 
spiritual and material benefits for the great masses of the people. 

The Blessed Virgin, in her oppeara nces, which are a special gift to us, says 
thot we should fight! She wants justice, prayer and penance. She wants it 
now, while we are living. She is not coivtent that we should be heroic when we 
die. If we are brave in war, why not now? Why should we not live as beautifully 

as we die? 

If in the heat and dust of the day we were as honest, os selfless, as cou^ 

ageous,asnobleasweareatdeath-ifwe prayed now as we P'’®^ 
would change the face of the Philippines. We would prevent the 
World War III. We would end the current civil strife which caused the death 
of Felipe. We would be men, worthy of the Virgin, worthy of the nation. 


Aiul-----Cotholie Alumni — If anyone is to answer this request of the Virgin/ 
it must be we. If we don^t answer, no one will. 

(Spoce sponsored by the Ateneo de Manila) 

Child Of Mary Unit Presents 
Plans for Carrying Out Drive 

Proposals \v6re presented the other day to the, Laym^en’s Con^ittee 
for May Devotions by the Child of Mar>* from Sta. Thei'esa’s College 
in connection with the implementation of the nation-wide campaign for 
peace through the Blessed Virgin and Christ the Lord. 

According to the letter addressed | ‘ it is for this very reason that 

to the committee, the Sta. Theresa’s I I ''. rde .vou as one of the many 
College Child of Mary proposed the Cattiohcs who I hope, will not turn 
presentation of Radio Family Ro- \ to such ^ 

Lries. the propagation of the fa- thankful that besides the pointers 
milv consecration of to the Imma-iyoV. Published m the local daily 

culate Heart of Mary, the Prose- 1 ® hkvinFidine very influential per- i 

cution of the cam^paign for peace the pdvnef^ of making some sons handling the committee whose; 

until Its aim is fully attained, an^; ^ aim Is to curtail practices that truly 

the spreading of the devotion of : i mahe me disnleases our Lady? Their work 

2. The message of Out*. Lady of 
Fatima and Our Lady :Medlatfl^ 6f 
all Grace (is expressed in the 
circular notice of thi Lipa appari- 
tions) is the same. It is threefold, 
namely, Prayer, Penance, and indi- 
vidual or family conseci'atidh. to 
the Immaculate Heart of Maty. 
With regard to periance — I would 
make this suggestion. Portugal wa^ 
saved from revolutionary elements 
because her Catholics heeded the 
call for penance and abstinence 
from dances, movies, immod^t 
dresses and every pleasure and ; 
amusement that would endanger ; 
the morals of our youth. How about | 

i Bishop Santos 
i Rallies The Clergy. 

the First Five Consecutive Satur- 
days as found in Fatima pam* 

The letter follow^ in full: 

"First of ail, I wish to express 
my best congi’atulations to those 
who were responsible in launching 
a drive for peace. Indeed, we are 
m gi'eat need of such efforts as an 
all out spiritual drive for peace 
and your appeal which appeared in 
the Manila Chronicle calling all 
Catholics to a crusade of prayer 
and penance was most welcome in- 
deed. We Catholics ar^ called upon 
to respond, heart and soul to that 
call our Lady’s appeal 
from Fa Tima has grown very ur- 
gent in view of the present chaos 
in a vorld that, seems to go far- 
, ther and farther away from Christ 
\ and His Divine teachings. We 
1 know even that such an appeal has 


"1. For the radio family rosar\’ 
—how about mentioning this imten-i 
tlon before recitation among other 
intentions, “For the conversion of 
Russia” this being the express wish 
of the Holy Father. To explain this 
most important intention, you per- 
haps laiiow that in our Lady’s ap- 
peal at Fatima, she asked that the 
Holy Father consecrate Russia to 
her Immaculate Heart. That was 
quite an understatement of Our 
Ladv and from some church au- 

displeases our Lady? 
would be to get in touch with or- 
ganizers of dance parties In school 
snHetv club unlts and 

fraternities, society club units and 
the like. Publicity, I think, can do 
much to ask woman not to wear 
immodest dresses, explaining the 
moral Implications of such a prac- 
tice; an appeal can be rhade to 
Catholic girls to exemplify modesty 
In dress. 

"3. With regard to the Family 
Consecration to the Immaculate 
Heart of Mary, parish Catholic ac- 

thorities. we gather that she was ‘j tion groups rnay be asked to work 
really asking for prayers In order j its propagation in the same 

— 1 way that they spread the enthrohe- 

that Russia may be converted and ment of the Sacred Heart, 
after be consecrate to her Imma- «* 4 ^ ]vfay i request also that the 
culate Heart by the Holy Father, campaign be not confined only to 
The importance of this sugg^tlon the month of May but for an inde- 
may be well realized if we take ac- finite period of time until the aim 
count of the fact that the conver- tg attained? 

Sion of Russia is- the change of ah Havniion which is 

i grown morp m^-anin^ful for UR F!-,ideodo^ menacing the wdrld at pr^ f«r 

i lipinoR bprauRp of ihe recent Incirt-' under the haine of Commun- 'ery effective for the rtme for 

in liipa. Carmel. 

ism. to our own Christian ideas. 

peace is spreading the devotion of 
the first five consecutive Saturdays 
vs hich may be found in some of the 
Fatima pamphlets being sold at our 
Catholic book stores. 

"Pure and spotless must the vic- 
tim be that the sacrifice may he 
acceptable.” These words of .Jose 
Rizal, naturally come to our minds 
in thl.^ hour of our national be- 
reavement. For Dona Aurora, a 
vlelim of our fratricidal hatred.s, is 
Indeed a pure and spolless martyr. 

Divine Providence, has willed to 
demand from our countjw the 
precious life of our citizenry. 
u.s hope and pray, that this our 
great loss will serve the great pur- 
pose of opening the eyes and touch- 
ing the hearts of all our nationals, 
that thi.s fratricidal strife may he 
put to an end. 

Doha Aurora, will be remember- 
ed by many nol)le deeds, but 1 like 
to l/elieve that our posterity will 
consider that her appeal to the na- 
tion, through the Catholic Hiei’ar- 
chy, for a month of May dedicated 
to our I^ady Mediatrix of all Graces 
hollowed with prayer.s and penan- 
ces, is her .spiritual testament to 
her beloved country, and as such 
the most significant of her good 

With the .sacrifice of her life in 
the altar of her country, her ap- 
peal acquired a very poignant 
I meaning. She had to die a mailyr 
I of our fratricidal strifes, for us to 
: realize that we are facing a great 
; -national cri.sis, which demands 
from all of us, more prayers, more 
penances, and a new way of life, if 
this our beloved country of ours 
is to he .saved. 


"kn the midst of all nur present- 
day n.'dlonal and International ca- 
tastrophes — the threat to our Holy 
ReligioTT, the fear of another glo- 
bal "vvar, the lack of peace, charity 
and goodwill among nations andj 
peoples, and the utter lack of i-es- j 
])CCL for the law anrl ordf’i’ — We j 
(tannot helf) hut call agatn on > 011 ,; 
through this Circular Letter, in or-: 
der to rally for more prayers and | 
sacrifices with which to offer atone- j 
rhent to Almighty God and bring 
down to earth His infinite bless- 1 
Ings and graces. 

"We can do this moH effectively ! 
through Ma^y, our heavenly Mo- ; 
Iher. I 

"This month of May there- > 
fore, offers us a golden oppor- 
tunity to rededicate ourselves 
to our Blessed Mother and storm 
Her maternal heart, with true faith 
and filial devotion, for Her power- 
ful mediation before the throne, of 
the Most High. We need Her pro- 
tection very urgently. We are grate- 
ful for the Innumerable signs of 
i love and protection She has given 
i us in the past, and we feel confi- 
dent that the same will not be de- 
; nied to us at the present time, if 
i we would only ask them from Her. 

' "For this p'^rpose, AVe ask you 
now to celebrate the whole month 
of May Avith your parishioners in 
honor of Mary. We suggest a spe- 
cial Novena to end on May 31st, of Our Lady Mediatrix of all 
graces, Avith general Holy Commu- 
nions for children and adults. Then, 
too, the Queen of May Avould be 
glad to receive our family rosary 
devotion, our mortifications, sacri- 
fices, and imitation of Her virtues, 
particularly her purity and obedi- 
ence to superiors. We shall offer 
Her all these, and even other forms 
of devotion Avhich you may deem 
pr6.per, for the Intentions mention- 
ed aboA'e. 

"May Mother Mary, the Queen of 
Peace and Mediatrix of all graces 
bless and preserv'e our Country 
from all eAdls. 

Feati Radio Unit 
To Legion Of Mary 

Feati Tech Radio Mobile Unit^ 
has been placed at the disposal of’ 
the Legion of Marj^ for the pur- ' 
pose of disseminating religious and 
cultural programs at different 
[plazas and parks in Manila and 
neighboring communilles. j 

I 'I'hi.s i.s another feature* of tlie • 
[May devotions under the 'uuspii-e.^. 
! of the lavnien’s committee. 

■jdio Rosaries 
Prayed Daily 

Radio Rosaries are being prayed 
everyday over Station DZPI. Be- 
ginning with Mons. Santos, Auxi- 
liary Bishop of Manila, the Rosary 
has been prayed every day bv 
different Catholic p’er.sonaJities. 
among those are the following: 
Mr. Andres Decipida, Dr. Sal- 
vador Araneta, G. Santos Espiritu ■ Pilar Gonzales, Eusedio Gu- 
tierrez, .lose Ei'estcLn, .Jose de 
lo.v Santos. Amonio f Ibert. Anas- : 
tasio Tonga, RafaOi? Baltazar. 
■Juan Villanueva, and ’Jose .San- 
dejas. , 

' A > - 

All Catholics ! 

To a Crusade of proy^er and pen- 
ance to heed the last appeal of Doha 
Aurora A. Quezon, a martyr of law- 



Thot the Philippines has received and is receiving 
from Our Lady Mediatrix of all Graces many graces to 
which it is our duty to respond; 

That the Blessed Virgin Mary is inviting the whole 
world to a life of prayer and penance, so that peace 
throughout the world may be truly attained, 



By joining every day during the month of May the 
Rodio Family Rosary that will be broadcast over Station 
DZPI from 6:15 to 6:30 a.m.; 

By performing daily acts of mortification and pen- 

By attending the novena in honor of the Blessed Vir- 
gin Mary in our respective parish churches, 

By receiving the Blessed Sacrament on May 31st, the 
Feast of Our Lady of Mediatrix of all Graces, and by par- 
ticipating on that day in the diocesan consecration to Our 

By going on a Pilgrimage to one of the shrines of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary; to Antipolo on May 22; 

By making every day of our lives more selfless, more 
sympathetic to those lets fortunate, and more In conform- 
ity with the ways of true Christianity. 

Heoi- fh« MaUer Regina Program from station OZRH on Tuesdays and 
Thursdays at 9:15 to 9:45 the Philippine Ave Maria program from station DZPI 
on Saturdays from 3 to 3:50 and the Amateur Hour on Fridays from S-15 m 

During May read the daily columns "Loose Petals" In the Manila Times 
the "Mary-Go-Round" in the Manila Chronicle, the “Sign in the SIty” in «,-! 
Evening Chronicle, the "Ave Maria" tn the Evening News and "Ana Dar.„l 
Lipa" in the Bagong Buhay. ® """S 

Spread the^ movement among your friends; write your suggestions to fur- 
ther the campaign to "Laymen's CommiMee, May Devotions", c/o Catholic Or- 
ganiiotoin, 360 San Rafael, Manila. 

THIS IS A DRIVE. A drive for proyer, for penance, for sacrifice. Ultim- 
ate, It it a drive for peace. And we are asking peace from the only Power" 
Who tan grant It — Christ, Oor Lord, Who can refuse nothing to His mother 

This space is sponsored by — 


of the 1949-50 School Year. 





(Day Classes) 


* Two-Year Spocial Course: VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE (for 

Non-High School graduates) 

* Two-Year Advanced Course: VOCATIONAL AGRICULUTURE 

* General Academic High School (Four Years) 




ENGINEERING offered with the cooperation of the FEATI 

June 20— Registration for school yeor, 1949-1950 

July 5 — Classes begin for college and vocational courses and 
high school. 

The only private agricultural school in the Philippines 


announcing the opening 

lementary and 

June 13th 

All Collegiate Courses: 

(also for Non-High School graduate) 

(One Half Kilometer from Bonifacio Monument) 
Victoneta Fork, Malabon, Riial 


In France more thon a century ogo. Father James Dujarie founded the 
Brothers of Saint Joseph to set up trade schools and schools of agriculture. 
This was the beginning of what later on came to be known as the Congrego- 
tion of the Holy Cross, which in time invaded the U. S. and Canada, and estab- 
lished the famous Notre Dame University in Indiana, ond the no less famous 
Oratory of St. Joseph of Bro. Andre in Montreal. 

Moved by the some spirit to contribute to an integrated education of the 
mind and heart, FEATI Institute and Arancta Institute have been founded. 

We know that our work is just in its very beginnings, ond for from the high 
goal that we have set for ourselves. But it is time that we define the goal. 

If we could impart to our student not merely a technicol trade and werdly 
wisdom, but mere importont still, if we could mould his character to a life of 
virtue, in an atmosphere of love and concern for his neighbor. . . 

If we could Veoch his henrt to the end that he will always love our Most 
BJesscd ^'^irgin Mary os h's rye Mother in heaven. . . 

If he leaves our portals fired with a burning desire to lead the life of an in- 
teorai Cotholic, animated with on aposto*ic zeal to bring our country back to 
our God . . . 

If these our dreams could come to fruition ... 

Then we can be satisfied that our two Institutes are contributing to make 
our beloved country a better place to live l-i that our work is being blessed 
fey God! 


Paterno Building; Sfa. Cruz, Manila Rizal Avenue Extension, Malabon, Rlzal 

C'^tr’log wIM 

Freedom Speaks 


Ht Hf ^ 


* * * 



Special to the Chronicle 

C’AB\NATUAN, May G — The lirsl. nieml)«'r of the 
notorious link band of Quezon killers caplun-.l ;ilivo 
by Ihe C’onstabularv yesterday revealed how Ahs. An- 
, rora Quezon and her party could have escaped dvilU 
had there been close liaison between the anibusluo-/ 
outposts and Colonel Viernea, commander of the Iluk^ 
in the ambuscade. Viernes was at the time, se\oM*al 
hundred yards behind the outi)osts. 


The fiipilvo, I’udro Maiiuiitan. .Manantan estimated that tliere 
"fi, ail eHcnped loiivlri from the were around 200 well armed 
\iu*vu Vizcaya provincial jail. Iluks in the vicinity wivjtm the 
V. ! ■ jtrlllHtI by f’r liivoHi lRaior.4 Quezon ambuscade occurred, 
fiillowim, hlH capturo yo.sterduy There were several clvillau cup- 
inorii nr. ai i he foi wind ' ommand tlves who were hoinjj used a« 

I ptiM*. .uinowliere in norihorn Hi- pack carriers and cooks. Those 
7 il whtMfl flrlillng raged during clvlllsns were taken near barrio 
Oil- past three days. Calaanan the previous night 

where they also collected rlca 
and some casli. 

Immediately after the ambush, 
the band proceeded eastward to- 
wards Rlzal whore half of the 
nnoibor daylight 


1’hc nisi of Manat un's 
mpniK revoaled that the Hula; 
ucV'ir JiiicmiiMl to .iinbiidi the 
Qitoaon puny Thr. arnbUMliorn 

! • .. 1 • |w < • r ^ I ' h’y « - fV'- ■ ■ t» r- irsiftWIj o#^ . 

'll.. ...imi 11 . llloy * 61,1 S''n>'l> 

■ -liliiK ml fi'nlKlii anil |iHaa«n. I”* * ’ ** • 

-1- ini ka wlikh (hay aflcr the Quezon ainliiisi.n, In. 1 he 

*1 lioliJ.iiii I'tir eiiali, clolliln< anil 

it II II II I tin 

I IHSI QM X'lN t.111. 

• t.ii.lMM. /*'■. <11 iC »|trd 1 

fi.ll fii-mlt*i i.t III, n ,i,,i 
1 il I - *J <1 1 r »IHi I ‘III. I M 1 • I 
nl'*M it A<l a 1 • <t. >, .> 

• I Ml* V'< It f r i|i ill. I i;{ti.ij^ j 

QmiIIOm Lltiri 1 

t*c IrMiM tiid il li , , 

' ' 1 lu. 


R ^PUilU:n ALIVK PpJio Ma- 

• Mvi. I f»ttm NuevA Viicey*. wa* tha 
i<iU» it ‘.luszon lullsri av*# cap* 

. f-’ii. « u M.-.iibunl vli»4 »fai 'pd 
Hr ttr.Te y-iilPtclay imn IIIMf 

' t ti r-»| !i! , wliiia molt of tli3 

- 'r, tiir lY«t man. With 

fl'iitl*. ’I'lUMt-.u “> now being iiied 
M ■ ■ • c ntiimdc:. (Chconl- 

Other half stayed In barrio Ta- 
male, several kllometors west of 

infiniicd provions Manatuu rovouled tbiU during 
• »P“f . ihei. .Mayor Poncliino IiMi-- following days of Intensive 
libido LliDiited to the Jinks nianhnnt conducled by the gov- 
Hon L aliool, Dudtt Auror.i is erament forces, the group which 
hi ; ' Bill ,M;;yor Jtorimrdo wuk ^vas left behind at Taniulo lioied 
■I Mid only bv the outposts who, ^ small creeks and dense 
iplMi-.nily without orders from „„dQrgrowi h. eating nolliing bu/ 
Col. Vlmno‘1. ^unod firing ui roots and frnfts. 

• if.. 

tlio veblHoi for fuar of bcin« t),© pr; raid on tills hidoout 
lllrsl fliod upon by rlio PC ah- f„or days ago caused heavy ca- 
■ <*ii It) iho jMcp-. folluwinn the ^„nUioH nniong lliem. SInco then, 

• at of Mia.'Hi. Mavui lifi - y^f|Jre ordered to disperso to- 

mil do. Marpi Aurora Quezon and <vnrdH the lowlands In small 
•jIkIiI nllinra wero klllsil. groupu. .Manntan was captured 

Manantan staled that (’ol. tryln« to foire u funnorj 

f VImtiimh wiis remomifrallnp. wji.oi ^oar UUal to give him fond. j 
I h»* knew that iho ambiiHlioJ pur- Invesilgatoru snw' itiiii, M.inan- 

( *y Incliiiled Mru gueron. He- mp tailooed with Imiigos, 

voral olliei Ifiik offlcer.4% \vor»« 
angry with the outposts ftir fir- 
ing Ml .'lilt imily (Uler hearing I tie 
4lioi]t of Mnyoi MiMiiurtln. 

. ' I... , 

: Si 

= 3 ^ n * - S 2 V .. 3 

e =* 

^ 3 ,o "O «C oj o 

Ij - " . s - e 

ctZ Si 
^ s J QJ 

? 2 ,g a a i 'g £ = ? W C C ' 


£.S£ §if.j3 -g d fi S-dS'^ as 

li IsSll 





JLctlcr# lor thU column must not exceed 800 words, 
^eprtvscd tn these letters do not necessarily reflect the opinions 

- - ^ Ttv«i rtC^Ci. 

mventng Cm oiwcus a7id thij fmblication 


of the 

assumes no responsibility for them* 

Five members of the 
House of Representatives 
demanding in a resolu- 
tion the resignation of In- 
terior Secretary Sotero Ba- 
luyut and Brigadier General 
Alberto Ramos of the Cons- 
tabulary. The reason is — 
they <the Secretary and the 
General) failed to restore 
and maintain peace and or- 
der thereby causing the am- 
buscade and killing of the 
Quezon family. From the 
context of the resolution, ap- 
parently, the ambuscade and 
murder of Mrs. Auroia '1 j- 
2 ?on and 11 members of her 
party is blamed on Secreta- 
I'y Baluyut and General Ka- 
mos. Now, addressing one’s 
sense of fairness — Is this 
a justifiable accusation? 

The death of the most be- 
loved Ladv of our country 
undoubtedly angered every- 
one who possesses innate 
sense of justice and natural 
abhorrence for lawlessness. 
They feel the brutality oI 
i.he ambuscade and hate the 
treachery employed in the 
murder. They condemn the 
savagery of the misdeed and 
c4-y with pain for the con- 
temptuousness of the sin. 
Yet, Mrs. Quezon’s death 
and that of her 11 compa- 
nions should be attribute '' to 
no fault of any itnlividiial 
public official, much less to 
any one who personally nou- 
rishes genuine esteem and 
affection for her, like See. 
Ealuyut and Gen. Ramos, 
but onlv to those wh^ per- 
petrated the most sinister of 

Mrs. Quezon ^)cd. a vic- 
tim of a foul and savage 
deed — savage deeds which 
ordinarily occur in ries 

refuted tO be haven of ci- 
Hization. How many mur- 
ders of that kii.d lake pTac# 
in England? There are 
plenty, hence, Scotland Yard 
has always plenty to do. 
How many assassinations, 
brutalities, and other con- 
temntibJe crimes occur al- 
most dailv in New York, 
Ch'-cago, San Francisco, and 
other big and important ci- 
ties in the United States, or 
in France, etc? Yet, do peo- 
ple ever sa 3 f that there is no 
peace and order in England, . 
America, or" France? Do 
brother public officials and 
especially members of Con- 
gress ever demand on that 
account, the resignation of , 


any member of the Cabinet 
of such countries, or their 
President or Prime Minister? 
And why do we have to do 
it in the young RepvMic of^ 
the Philippines? 

That there is a big num- 
ber of lawless elements in 
our country is and should be 
an admitted fact. Likewise, 
that the problem is the con- 
cern of the whole govern- 
mental machinery should 
be admitted. There 
should be co-operation and 
coordinated action in solv- 
ing the question among all 
public officers and func- 

If I may suggest, I should 
say that the primary cause 
of the lawlessness should be 
determined, so that once 
known, remedies thereof may 
be applied for by means of 
legislative action. For in- 
stance, let me ask. Did 
these lawless people or some 
of them become dissidents 
because they are discontent- 
ed and unhappy and 
their grievances are not 
heeded to? If this is the 
cause of their being lawless, 
then Congress can surely do 
something to stop their state 
of discontentment. Or, do 
these people or some of 
them continue to be lawless 
because they cannot expect 
any more amelioration under 
our present penal system, so 
they had to stick to it? Or 
still another, do these people 
or some of them, continue to 
be lawless because they have 
no alternative but to be so? 
Or, are these people or some 
of them profess to be law- 
less because pursuing other 
doctrines of government and 
acting under pressure from 
foreign propagandists, they 
have undertaken to harrass 
the adherents of Democra- 
cies to gain followers and 
adherents of their own ideo- 

If anybody is to blame for 
the Boncabong massacre be- 
sides the perpetrators of the 
abominable crime, it is not 
only Secretary Baluyut or 
General Ramos who assumed 
their respective offices bai'e- 
ly three months ago, but it 
should be the entire govern- 
ment machinery including 
Congressmen, for failure to 
give what it is due the people 
it is bound to seiwe. 

REQUIEM MASS — Representatives of the American Red Cross were among those who 
the requiem lkiaB» given by the Philippine Natio nal Red Cross in memory of the late Mr 
rora A. Queson, PNRC chairman, who died in an ambuscade last April 28 alang 
bong-Baler Highway. Photo shows Ernest Dunl ap, American Red Croiss Field Dir 
PHILCOM, tendering his condolence to Nini and Nonong Quezon, orphaned 
Left to right: Mr». Manuel Lim, Justice Manu el Lim, Nonong Quezon, Nini Qu^ 
sephine Ryan, ARC social worker for the 10th Gen. Hospital, and Harold A. 

Director of tha Veterans Administration. — (PNRC Photo) 


. 7 

20 ciw 63 PAGES « bews-36 


VOL IV, NO. 191 



,re ] 



k 1 

gga Mass Novena 

■Hiss® For Quezons Set 

Jhsi JoD Spsjcxki 

On Mt. Gninicet 

>'t >< >« >< 

Diversion Try Seen 

Suicide Huk defenders of Mount Guiniat in Nueva Ecija seek to 
divert Rovemment attention from the main dissident force of 600 
men which are fleeing the province, the Evening News correspondent 
in Cabanatuan reported today. 

CABANATUAN. Nueva Ecija, — — 

May 7 (ENS).— Constabulary By IS AG ANl: V ALMONTE 

'troops under cover of Held guns WITH PC PUNITIVE TROOPS, 
are closing in on the rooftop of CABANATUAN, N. E., May 7. 
Mt. Guiniat where Huk head* ^Twelve Huks were slain by a 
quarters and an armorv are re- composed of PC and civilian 

portedly located ' guard troops when they surprised 

20 dissidents along the banks of 
Observation planes yesterday ' Umiray river. Infanta, Qiie- 
reported that difect hits were 

A requiem mass in honor of ! 
Mrs. Aurora Aragon Quezon, Miss [ 
Maria Aurora Quezon and Philip 
Buencamino, EH, will be held at 
9:45 a.m. tomorrow at the San 
Miguel Pro -Cathedral. 

.Mass For Mrs. Quezon 

A requiem mass will be offered 
by the Club de Damas de Manila 
for its late honorary president, 
Dha. Aurora A. Quezon, at the San 
Beda church, at 8 a.^. May 10 

scored by cannons on a Huk hide 
out on Guiniat killing some 20 


The engagement, w'hich took 
place the other morning accord- 

outlaws and forcing the survivors ^ 
to abandon their lair. 

The remaining Huk installations ^hitr^rvinl f ^ 

the fusillade from the government 

on Guiniat are under heavy shell- 
ing as troops of the 94th PC com- 
pany under Capt. Tommy Misa- 
yah and of the 11th PC company 
under Capt. Lauro Margate pre 
pared to close in on 

te^itory. ^ 

Retreating Huks. which include ray area. However, the Huks are 
several women, have left traUs of believed to have transferred 

their headquarters somewhere 

troops. A few were able to escape 
to the other side of the river, 
however, it was stated. 

PC forces were report- 
edly ordered to check the smug- 

blood behind them as they earned 
aw^ay their casualties. With a 
strength of some 200 men the Huks 
are preparing a last stand atop 
their mountain ^itronghold. 

>« • 

The Huk force on Mt. Guiniat, 
according to military observers, 
is obviously on a missio^ of com- 
mitting the bnlk of government 
forces to the area in an eff<ni to 


A group of seasoned Dumagat 
tribesmen led the PC to the l£^r 
of the Huks, supposed to have 
been used by the guerrillas of Ber- 
nard Anderson during the occu- 
pation. A cOi’don has been estab- 
lished around the area to fore- 
stall any more .smuggling. Re- 
port«J here also disclosed Huk Su- 
divert attention from the main premo Luis Taruc is hiding in the 
outlaw body of some 690 men vicinity, 
who are desperately trying to find 
an exit from the province. 

This main outlaw group has re- • 

portedly divided itself into several 
units to facilitate movement. One j 
unit was observed heading for Za- I 
' ragoza, another towards the Pe- | 

?fiaranda-Papaya sector while other I 
.small bands are lying low for an ^ 
opportunity to swoop down on de- 
fenseless barrios to haul away a 
loot of food and supplies. 

Constabulary commando bands 
have been dispatched to effective- 
ly meet the Huk strategy. 

The present punitive campaign 
has been placed under the over- 
all command of Lt. Col. Napoleon 
Valeriano. The designation of Va- 
leriano has been radioed to all 
government forces in the field. — V 

ERS CAUGHT.— Pedro Manan- 
tan, 26-year-old escapee from 
the Nueva 'V^izcaya provincial 
jail, was the first of the Que- 
zon killers to be caught alive 
(Continued on page 13) 

Hongkong Mass 
Sung For Mrs. Quezon 

HONGKONG. May 6 (UP) . — : 
Msgr. Henry Valtorta, bishop of 
Hongkong, officiated at a requiem 
mass for Dona Aurora A. Quezon 
and other members of her family 
who were massacred by outlaws in 
the Philippines last week. 

After the mass this morning, 
Valtorta recalled his long acquain- 
tance with Mrs. Quezon who was 
married 31 years ago in the Cath- 
olic cathedral here. 

A large group of Filipinos and 
others attended the mass. 


(NOTE: Views expressed in this coliunn arc those of th« 

writers and do not reflect ours. Contributors are reouested 
to Kive their correct names and addresses but these names 
may be withheld from publication upon reQuest.) 


ACHILLES L. AY ALIN, Manila. — A cold-blooded 
and premeditated murder against the well-loved 
Quezon, Buencamino and San Agustin families, has 
just been perpetrated. The wanton knaves who 
F>€rpetrated this unthinkable Nueva Ecija massacre 
deserve damnations. Our government, through its 
armed forces, should once and for all eradicate 
this kind of lawlessness so that the people will real- 
ly feel that it really cares for the security of every 
human being, and to prove that it is strong and 
capaljje enough to safeguard our own homeland. 

MAY 7, 1949 

Doiia Aurora’s Bungalow 

By Paciencia Torre-Guzman 

Photos by Espinosa Studio, Baguio 

T here is one photograph we 
would have liked to include 
in this double spread feature 
of the Baguio residence of 
late Doha Aurora Aragon Quezon 
whose .violent death lies heavy still 
in the hearts of a people who have 
grown to love and honor her as 
they did her husband. The pictuie 
we refer to is no less a portrait 
of Better living than the best 
iAiotograph of the most e^fluisite 
home. It is a CEtndid shot of chub- 
by, gurgling, ciirly-haired 15- 
months’ old “Pongoy.” as his 
young mother, Nini, calls Philip 
IV, kissing his grandmother. This 
photographed, when we saw it. 
occupied a choice place on Doha 
Aurora’s dressing table. 

To our niind, this picture best 
symbolized the tender yet strong 
bonds of love with which Doha 
Aurora drew the members of her 
faniUy to her. Her success as a 
public figure side by side with her 
husband was only a reflection of 
her success as a mother of model 
children and as the hub of the 
family circle. Until her death last 
week, Doha Aurora was full of life 
and living and plans for country 
and home. 

D Of^A AURORA’S Baguio home, 
constructed only recently to' re- 
place the one which was des^oyed 
during the war, is hot just aho&er 
vacation home. In it are family 
heirlooms, prize furniture of pre- 
war vintage, dearly beloved family 
photograplis. We could imiagine 
what it would feel to live in a 
house like this where every piece 
of furniture has a story to tell, 
only now, anything that they had 
to say would merely be so many 
slivers in the heart for those who 
imve loved and r&p^ted the Lady 

of the Manor. 

The Quezon bungalow is of the 
patio-rancho type which cuts a 
gay, light-hearted silhouette in the 
sim. It is on Legarda Street, away 
from the ain of carnival activity. 
This district we have grown to 
think of as the Santa Mesa 
Heights of Haguio. 

The bmigalow has been sensibly 
laid on level ground, not on ter- 
raced glades which makes coming 
and going a strictly huff-and-puff 
business. For all this sanity, the 
bungalow has nbt lost the ad- 
vantages of a scenic view all 
around. There are the pine-covered 
hills at the back, the Burnham 
Bowl now turned cariiiValistic, the 
city proper out front, and the 
beautiful establishments perched 
on distant ledges to right and left^ 

A white-balustraded open patio 
hugs the front part of the bunga- 
low and provides hearty welcome 
to all callers. A bright gMden para- 
sol shades tables and chairs which 
are arranged most informally on 
the patio. Shining red floor re- 
flects ‘Tongoy’s” carriage and as- 
sorted playthings as well as bloom- 
ing pots cf petunias, roses, rtiil 
floras, and allied flora. This ter- 
race has been the setting for many 
family snapshots taken by the late 
amateur photographer and iiews- 
paperman, Philip Buencamino m, 
tile man ‘Tongoy” incoherently 
but lovingly referred to as **Da- 

It would not be fair to leave the 
terrace without making mention 
of the natural mountain stones 
which hjive been set and mounted, 
much like pearls and amethysts, 
on the store abuttment of the fire- 
place and on the twin pillars or- 
nately guarding the main doorway. 

Nini and Philip and ’’Pongoy” 

who stuck to us at the terrace 
while our photographer messed it 
up, were now ^relieved by Mrs. 
Quezon herself who graciously 
helped set things aright in the 
living room before the camera 
bulbs flashed. 

From the doorway, we beheld 
to our right the meticulously ar- 
ranged main living room. Over by 
the window corner stands the 
grand piano complete with its em- 
broidered Spanish mantilla, flow- 
ers, and a two-leafed frame hold- 
ing a photograph of Do5a Aurora 
as a yoimg matron and a portrait 
of President Quezon in his young 

THE fireolace looks incidental 
* but verv functional. It has been 
tucked in among the built-ins and 
proudly holds on its maritel shelf 
the towering sculptured image of 
the Sacred Heart. The built-ins in 
this fnstance was built out of a 
felt need. In this home of treasures 
and relics and souvenirs, built-ins 
are architectural surprise: 

The livitig room furniture com- 
posed of four huge pieces struck 
us as soniething so rare as to be 
available these days. Mrs. Quezon 
explained that it was the very 
same .set they had in the Stat^; 
Here was a lesson in. care and pre- 
servation: the royal blue brocade 
upholstery and the shining wopden 
arms and piping did look as if the 
set' only came with the house. 

The life-size studio portrait, of 
the late President smiled down at 
us from its niche on the right wall 
as we passed by through the fabu- 
lous archway to the dining room. 

In the dining room, Mrs. Quezon 
took pains to show us the painting 
of Philippme fruits, the only ob- 
j^t salvaged from the burning 

Pasay home at liberation time^ tt 
was saved, Mrs. Quezon told us, bs^ 
a Swiss gentlemen who rolled u^ 
the painting in a bamboo tube 
and carried it with him all the way 
to Switzerland and then to the 
States to restore the painting to 
the Qiiezons. 

A striking arrangement in the 
dining room is the bay window fit- 
ted with leather upholstered seats. 
At the center is the six-seat dining 
table ^uiit in the clsissic manner, 
All over the living • and dining 
rooms are Igorot hand-carved ob- 
jects, presents from grateful 
friends. v 

Mrs. Quezon took us to her bed- 
room to show us the well-planned 
altar occupying Srabtitfally all of 
one wall. The “Lady of Fatima,” 
which she had ordered made re- 
cently, reigned over Her altar. On 
the night table beside her bed was 
a book about the “Lady of Fati- 
ma.” Rooming with her was her 
grandson, his crib neatly arranged 
alongside Dona Aurora’s bed. 

The bungalow has three other 
rooms for the rest 6f the family 
and an efficient kitchen on the 
backside. The garage adjoins a 
corner of, the terrace. 

Even as we write this, the very 
day Doha Aurora and Baby and 
Philip were ambushed near Baler, 
the shock of their violent death is 
almost a physical pain. It was not 
so long ago that we were all out 
in that bungalow in Baguio, talk- 
ing so freely and so intimately as 
if we were life-long friends. Now 
it makes one feel so insecure, so 
anchorless, so much like a puppet 
of fate. But life is like that: after 
the disgust; at the violence, the 
grief at the death, one feels re- 
signed and brave enough to go on 
dearly remembering a;nd living. # 

*4»i7inn^. jfi 

BcMh ambrdlm, amootb- floor and kolBitnido fldiac auifce vide ter* j 
aee Itat (or ttaOea,^ Cbrone taraitai^ Vetted ?**»*■ edi mm eoior. 

.. 'y 

Porlrail of a 

Gracious Lady 

By Vicente B. Garcia 

Tfce srean did not rob Mrs. Qneion of her charm and vitality as thesb 
pictures taken before her death and before her marriage demonstrate., 

T oday, only eight short days 
after the mortal remains of 
Mrs. Aiirora Aragdn Quezon 
had been gently laid to rest 
beside her husband la the family 
plot at the Cementerio del Norte, 
there are those of us who, lost 
♦nee again in the routine of work- 
aday existence, have quite forgot- 
ten the object lesson which her 
tragic death should have for us. 

To those who were not fortunate 
enough to have known Mrs. Que- 
zon personally, it is perhaps dif- 
ficult to keep her memory alive, 
to take her passing as a deep per- 
sonal loss. But to tho^ who knew 
her, who looked on her as **the 
most revered woman in the Phil- 
ippines,” who mourn her passing 
as much as they mourn the death 
of the things she stood fo?— things 
like decency and compassion, use- 
fulness and an abiding love for 
fellowmen — sorrow is a living 
thing. They mourn and remem- 
ber. . o 

There was nothing complex 
about Mrs. Quezon- As friends re- 
member her, she was ^n exceeding- 
ly unaffected, iheredibly humble 
person. Tliere was neither pose 
nor sham about her, and she had 
little patience with those who put 
on airs. 

A young woman, whose associa- 
tion with the Quezon dates as far 
back as her grade schc^l friend- 
ship with Nini, likes to tell this 

One late afternoon, after a hard 
and exhausting day, Mrs. Quezon 
decided to go up to her room and 
rest. She left explicit orders that 
under no circxunstances should she 
be disturbed. 

A few minutes later, an influen- 
tial politician ranking high in 
government councils drove up in 
his low-numbered car and sought 
an audience with her. He was a 
very important person and the 
maid was understandably at a 
loss. Finally, she went up to Mrs. . 
^ezon end asked whether she 

opportunity and the excuse to as* 
same snobb&h airs, to discard,. 11^ 
so many pieces of old rag, such 
of her acquaintances as cpuld not 
conceivably be of help to her. But 
she did nothing of the sort. Her 
friendliness and concern for the 
less fortunate among her friends 
grew even more marked.' 

If she made a fetish of helping 
the underprivileged and needy# It 
wasn’t because a woman of her 
soctal position and prestige was 
expected to do so. There was, in 
fact, not the slightest tinge of 
condescension on her part. She 
did what she did out of genuine 
desire to be of service. 

Why should an ailing woman, 
beginning to bend under the 
weight of her 61 years, shoulder 
so heavy and responsible a job as 
the chairmafi^iip of the Red Cross 
board of governors? Assuredly 
not for the money. She was 
wealthy enough not to have any 
fiscal worries and, besides; her 
position did not draw any remu- 
neration. Why. then, unless it 
was because she realized that with 
her experience, background and 
personal influence she could do 
good to thousands upon countless 
thousands of her countrymen? 

That Mrs. Quezon’s personality 
affected all those who had come 
In contact with her, Is amply de- 
monstrated In the case of Dr. Mer- 
cedes Grau-Santamarla, professor 
at the University of Santo Tom^ 
whoso biography of Mrs. Quezon' 
is soon to be published. 

Writes Dr. Santamarfa: ‘T can 
never forget the time when Mrs. 
Quezon granted me my first per- 
sonal interview. She was dressed 
In grey-blue, a color which set 
to advantage the silvery tint of 
her. wonderful hair . « . How gra- 
(Please turn to page 30) 

would receive him. Mrs. Quezon 
said no, she was sorry, but could 
he please come at a later time? 

Not long after the departure of 
the politician, a group of three or 
four barefooted farmers knocked 
at the back door and diffidently 
asked to see Mrs. Quezon. They 
had a serious problem, they told 
the maid, and Mrs. Quezon was 
the only person who could be of 

The maid, remembering her or- 
ders dismissed them without fur- 
ther ado. ’They were leaving 
when they heard Mrs. Quezon’s 
voice calling them back. She had 
heard them and come down, her 
weariness forgotten for the mo- 
ment, to see what she could do. 
After a while, the farmers, faces 
alight and eyes shining with grat- 
itude, left, their mission accom- 

But this tale can be topped by 
another one, this time related by 
her one-time secretary at the 
Philippine National Red Cross 
where Mrs. Quezon held office as 
chairman of the PNRC board of 

A woman, 60 years old or there- 
abouts, walked in one day. Her 
plain cotton dress, run-down 
shoes and tired air all smacked of 
genteel poverty. On a slip of 
paper, she wrote her name and 
asked that it be brought to Mrs. 

At. the time, the Red Cross was 
engaged in a fimd-raising cam- 
paign and Mrs.. Quezon was busi- 
ly presiding over a conference. 
But she took one look at the slip, 
hurriedly excused herself and 
rushed out and warmly embraced 
the woman. It turned out that 
they had been classmates at the 
Philippine Normal School some 30 
years before. Mrs. Quezon had 
not forgotten her lowly classmate. 

^ Quezon, it was the easiest 
thing for Mrs. Quezon to bask In 
the reflected glory cast by her 
famous spouse. More, she had the 

may 7, 1945— YflB EVENING NEWS 


Portrait of a (jracious Lady 

(Continued from pare IZ) 

tioas she wbs and how refined! 
The years, to from robbing her 
of her vitality, had merely made 
her more charming than , ever. 
She had a youngness, a joyous* 
xiess that time could' not crush. 
And 1 basked in the soft warmth 
of her cordiality, content to watch 
the flash in her eyes and listen 
to the unusually fine timbre of her 
vc^ee, . 

That ‘•fine voice” was seldom, if 
ever, Imown to rise in anger. It 
had a soft, musical quality about 
it And character. When used 
in singing her restive grandson to 
sleep, it was soothing, tender: 
when addressing a massed 
audience, it Instinctively com* 
manded attention and drew re* 
meet; and when telling a creepy 
^ost storyy-a pastime Mrs. Que* 
zon was partial' to of a moonless, 
windy night— it took on a vivid- 
ness that sent her young listeners 
cowering under blankets. 

IMHEN Mrs. Quezon smiled, her 
eyes crinkled up Into a smile, 
too. And they would crinkle even 
more deeply when she spoke of 
the pranks of her children when 
they were kids. ”Baby did this 
and that,” she would say, or “Ninl 
was such and such.” 

The reminiscent gleam, how- 
ever, would give way to something 
suspiciously like moisture when 
the talk veered to her late bus* 
band and she started summoning 
her earliest memories of a hand* 

FAGS 3# 

some, brilliant law student who 
‘ was 11 years her senimr. 

“He would take me on his lap,” 
she would say, “and tell me fas- 
cinating stories about a big, walled 
city called Manila.” 

She would say, “It was he who 
financed my Mhooling at the Nor- 
mal School, but it was a joke on 
him because illness prevented me 
from graduating/* 

The little matter of' a Normal 
school degree bothered neither of 
them for ve^ long, though, for 
Mrs. Quezon was to earn subse- 
quently, on the merit of her dis- 
tinguished achievements in vari- 
ous fields, three honorary doctorate 
degrees from thr ee se parate insti- 
tutions: UST, PWU, and Mary- 
grove College of Detroit, Michi- 

Always an avid resuler, Mrs. 
^ezon, sometime in her teems, or- 
ganized what she grandios^y 
called the Baler Reading Circle 
^ and Library— a small collection of 
books which she had painstaking- 
ly accumulated during her student 
years. The townspeople, at that 
time just beginning to learn the 
rudiments of gngUsh, were ah- 
lowed free use the libarry. and 
there must have been q[aite a 
scramble for them. 

No doubt, the Baler library was 
among the first of its kind In the 
Philippines. It was probably on 
this basis that the entire ooBee- 
tion was turned over to the Ma- 
lacafian library in 1914. It was 

not until ^more than 20 years latar 
that Mrs. Quezon, as the wife of 
the first president of the Philip- 
pine Commonwealth, was tp fol- 
low her books Into the palace by 
the Pasig. 

■■ROM the pretty, bright-eyed, 
■ book-hungry child of the sleepy . 
town of Baler to the quietly com- 
petent First Lady at Malacafianu 
and on to the distinguished wom- 
an who met an unexpected death 
on a provincial highway, was -a 
long, long journey that had more, 
than its share of triumph and 
glory, gall and tragedy. 

There were the wonderfully idyl- 
lic days when the dashing Senate 
President and the shy, former li- 
brarian promised to love, honor 
and obey each other at a ceremony 
performed at the American Con- 
sulate in Hongkong on December 
14, 1918. T^here were the halcyon 
years when young Quezon's polit- 
ical star continued to rise; the, 
bitterness and frustration when, 
the couple's third daughter, Luisa 
Aragdh, caught sick and died after, 
a life of less than a year; the sat*^ 
Isfying sense of fulfillment during* 
their occupancy of Malacafian; 
the harrowing years of exile dur-. 
ing the (Pupation, climaxed by 
the feeling of Irreparable loss 
when President Quezon passed 
away at Saranac Lake.' There, 
too, were the bitter-sweet, chal- 
lenging post-Liberation days when, 
the bereaved family tried to re- 
cover their bearings In an un- 
familiar land of smoke and rub* 

It was a long trail well wortb 
travelling. |#| 

;Scmd^y May 8, 19455 

IN MEMORY OF MRS. QUEZON— With Mrs. Nini Q. Bu«a. 
camino and Nonong Qu«xon, only surviving members olf the 
Quezen family present, a requiem mass was offered hj the Phil- 
ippine Red Cross for Mrj. Aurora A. Quezon, its Jala chair- | 
mao, in the San MigueJ Pro-Cathedral yesterday morninf. The j 
iwo Quejtan c.hildren, N?.u'l aud Nonong, are seen in the pie- J 
lea;ring the chttrch wT'h Or, J. H, Yanzon, PNRC znaaag- j 
Directly behind and Mrs. On. | 

I Large Group of Friends Attends 
Requiem Mass Said for Mrs. Quezon 

A large group of frleud»t and relatives of the late Mra. Aurora 
A. Quezon attended the requiem mass offered in her metnor/ ye»- 
"erday morning at the San Migual Pro-Cathedral hy the Phillpplae 
National Red Crosa board of governors. 

Mrs. Zenaida Quezon-Buaaca- 
mino and Nonong Quezon, auryl- 
ving membors of th« family, 
were present alon^: with high 
government officials, foreign di- 
plomats and hundred of othara. 

The mass started at 7:30 a.m,, 

, with Rev. Rufino J. Santo* auxU 
) liary bishop of Manila, offioiai- 
I ing. Rev. Fr. Forbes J. Monag- 
j han delivered the < 51110 ^ 7 , After 
I the mass, Nini and Nonong Que- 
zon, Justice and Mrs. Manuel 
' Tiim and Mr. and Mrs. Gabriel 
A. Daza thanked those who at- 
tended Lim and Daza are acting 
chairman and 8ecretary-trea,su- 
rcr, respeefively, of the PNRC 
board of gi»vernors. 

Necrological service* for Mf.s. 
Quezon v/ill be held tomorrow at 
Malacanan social hall, from 
8 to 9 p.m. Prosit lent Qnirino 
will deliver the principal eulogy, 
while tlic speakers will be Ivistice 
Lim and Mrs. Irinidad F. Le- 
. garda, president of the national 
federation of woman’s dubs. The 
rites, which are under the aus- 
pieces of the Phil''*i>ine National 
Red Cross wdl ' ^ broadcast on 
a nationwide radio hook-up. 

I PNRC Necrological 
Service On Monday 
For Late Mrs. Quezon 

The board of governora of 
the Philippine National Red 
Cross will hold a necrological 
service for Mrs. Aurora A. Que- 
z«)U, the late chairman of the 
PNRC. The service will be held 
at the social hall of Malacanan 
Palace on Monday evening. May 
9. at 8 o’clock. 

The complete program fol- 

I. "Death of Ase" 

by Grieg — Manila Sympho- 

Conducted by 

Prof. Bernardino Custodio 

II. Prayer — Rt. Rev. Msgi*. 
Vicente Fernandez 
Domestic Prelate to Hia 


III. "Elegy" by Massenet — 
Miss Juanita R. Javier, 

Lyric Soprano 
At the piano, Prof. Julio 
Esteban Aiiguitn 

IV. Eulogy — Mrs. Trinidad 
F. Legarda - 


National Federation qt Wo- 
men’s Clubs 

V. Chorus 

“Dies Ire" and "Lacriinosa" 
(from the Requiem Mass) 
by Mozart — Ainihaii Mu- 
sical Society and Manila 
Chamber Music 
Accompanied by the Manila 
Symphony Orchestra 

VI. Eulogy — Dr. Manuel Lim 
Acting Chairman 

Philippine National Red 

VII. "O Divine Redeemer" 
by Grounod — Miss Jua- 
nita R. Javier 

Lyric Soprano 
At the piano, Prof. Julio 
Esteban Anguita 

VIII. Eulogy — His Excellency 
President Elpidio Quirino 

IX. Response — Dr. Victor 

X. "Liebestod" 

(From Tristan and Isolde) 
by Wagner — Manila Sym- 
phony Orchestra 
Conducted by 
Prof. Bernardino Custodio 




This Week 

Sund<y Maqazine of The MANILACHRONiaE 

may a, 19A9—VOL. IV-No. 18 


^ hZr 

■ W^- 

■'-ia*' elrJaeTs*' 


- ^ 





WHILK she lived, Mrs. Aurora Quezon- was active in 

social work. She ha<l hlentitiod her.self with the rhiilpplne National Ke.l Cross as chairman of 

its many luiid raisin« eanipaif?ns. 

MESSAGE i*ja§ 



lELL them 1 am Viernes.” 

SHK U'A^^ wlierever there was need for selfless service: ainoii^ the teacli- 
ers, jiiirse.N, I he writers, the wellare workers, the lawyers and the iloctors. 

Yes, you are Viernes. You are a 
little god with a great big gun 
on your hip. Originally you had 
a Cause with which few of us, 
considering ourselves decent, had 
quarrel; but you have grown big- 
ger than your cause and now you 
are Viernes and you boast of wo- 
man-killing. Off and on there is 
drivel that “it was not the Huks.’* 
No, it very likely was not the Huks 
as an organization, but certainly 
it was some of the Huks in an or- 
ganization running amuck for lack 
of leadership control. Definitely 
it was Viernes, so proudly claim- 
ing credit for his armed prowess... 

Down here in the lethargic low- 
lands, Viernes, there is a moral 
and mental evasiveness which 
avers we didn’t do it, you didn’t 
do it, “they” did it... “they” 
indicating the imaginary margin 
for banditry. Thus we play pol- 
itics with the devil. Thus we 
avoid saying anything nasty about 
the likes of you lest we ourselves 
get a bullet in the back. The word 
for this, of course, is cowardice, 
the language not having changed 
since the days the guerrillas scout- 
ed for and held the camps you 
now use. But a people can beco^me 
only so afraid, Viernes, then no 
more; once the saturation point 
is reached, you will still be Vier- 
nes, yes, but the people will be 
The People. 

Though we of small stature 
cannot answer for a nation, each 
human, in the name of humanity. 


can answer for himself, and by 
that token I for me. You acclaim* 
yourself one of the "little people** 

— the exploited tenant, the under- 
paid laborer, the nameless men 
and women in millions as against 
the unjustly favored few. As one 
of the “little people,” you have 
spoken with blind and final hat- 
red in the merciless murder of 
Mother Quezon, Baby, Philip, Ber- 
nardo, the others I may not have 
known personally but whose lives 
were equally precious. Nor have 
their numan rights been more 
savagely denied, than the Aves 
of men, women and children slain 
in hloodv continuity through four 
years of pretended peace. 

Think you. Viernes, that all the 
“little people” are you? How about 
me. and the millions like me? We 
have known labor in the fields, 
dishwashing in restaurants, the 
picking and packing of fruit. We 
are the little people, too, come 
earlier to maturity perhaps than 
you. Perhaps our fight for the 
same things is longer and harder 
but, God give ii« stren.gth to keep 
it so, cleaner. We reason with 
ideas, not with bullets. Bullets 
are for defense against aggres- 
sors, not for our brothers, not 
for the few truly noble in an ad- 
mittedly contemptible landlord 
class, certainly not for those 
hundreds of simple. Ignorant, 
struggling workers men like yon 
liaved killed as atrociously as your 
ambush of Mother Quezon and 
her party. For yours has hard- 
(rbiitimied on (») 


U oiitnuM*(j from | 

V fv*^d it.s«ll a Class war, Vier- 
ifH. .tVjust a war. shuotiiig blind. 
M«>re Tor The, establishment ot 
our own et:o than the <ause of 
he workers. By what you have 
lone for your own brutish satis- 
acrion, you have lost most of the 
;auis made by labor and peasant 
luons throughout the country. 
nc*h by inch, ‘two steps forward, 
•me step backward*', they were 
vetting somewhere. You have 
>bbed them of gains. . and 
vvhat have you substituted? 
i« unremitting enmity, resistance 
vcive and passive, contempt of 
'undreds of thousands .of people 
.0 which the “big shot ’ class is 
a small iiid not very admirable 
imrcentage. T. who never loved 
he tenant system, have nowhere 
u> go now. for I hate the likes of 
vou as much as the cacique and 
nis usurious wife. . . Essentially 
oil are the same kind, both of 
)U abusing power, he the power 
money, you the power of a gun. 
<>u re both ruthless, both cruel, 
}.>ih violently egoistic. I hope it 
'ives you surprise to discover to 
whom you are blood-brother. 1 am 
even willing to admit, while claim- 
ng neither of you has the right, 
^hat you^ VTernes, dispose of your 
ictiius swiftly while your land- 
'nrd-brother in vicious inhumanity 
Kills by a slower process. 

In your ego. you natuxally think 
>ou accomplished your ambush 
^11 by your little self. .Vever will 
ou realize that the landlords and 
he tycoons are your real com- 
'Munders. that it is less inconven- 
!» uce to them to have you fighting 
iiut dying in the hills than driv- 
ing them to their wits' end 
with strikes, court cases, fairer 
laws. And they do not weep 
«>o greatly nor at long length 
>ver Mother Quezon’s death, 
for she was your friend more than 
heirs. Believe me, they are even 
(leased that you have made this 
iiorrible deed that finally gets the 
field action against you that they 
hemselves have never been able 
o" marshal. Where they lie. 
Mother Quezon knows this, Baby 
knows it, Philip knows it. and if 
rhe dead can weep, and this I 
wish 1 did not know, they weep 
for you. Hesitating on Nini's 
iloorstep, fumbling for words of 
vomfort. needing to receive as 
give it, I cannot find the kind 
word of explanation. I cannot tell 
her why this had to happen, why 
a maniac by the name of Viernes 
takes pride in slaughter, why the 
grieving is short-lived. For what 
you have done to Nini. which 
equals what you did to all the rest, 
i hate you. Believe me. you can 
n<*ver hate me as 1 hate you. And 
hating you, I bless the memory of 
Colonel Roberto Mata who hunted 
down and killed in a cornfield one 
of us who committed highway rob- 
bery; 1 cherish the memory of 
Colonel Leon Z. Cabalhin, who 
tried and executed a rapist; I am 
even humble before Marking 
whose headquarters was not only 
a guerrilla military school and 
hospital but also a reformatory 
where he personally by a combi- 
nation of persuasion and force 
made his followers into “gentle- 
man .fighters or I’ll break your 
;oddani head." i might quarrel 
with his language but never with 

.: Quezon were alive, be would' 
rip down the fence, toss the sit- 
ters to their sides, talk votes with 
voters, say it with bullets to kill- 
ers. Por rrime, corruption, for 
the distressing bad behavior found 
in the highest offices in the land, 
he would turn this our beloved 
country upside down to set it 
right again. .-Viid it would not have 
needed the death of .Mother Que- 
zon to pinpoint the raging of a 
1 ‘ivil war. .\iiybody’s violent and 
unmerited death would have suf- 

Who first fought for Social 
Justice? Who went to you un- 
der the burning Pampanga sun. 
through the .Muiloz floods, to the 
farthest outposts to see you, hear 
you. help you? Who had long 
conferences with that other great 
man. Pedro Abad Santos, and for 
hours stood before a hundred 
thousand of you at a time in sim- 
ple. honest debate? It was neither 
politics nor patience; it was for 
love of you. 

He knew about the creek dam- 
med by a rich man to make a 
fishpond at the expense of living 
water for hundreds of your fa- 
milies along the dried water- 
way. . . He knew about the caci- 
que’s usurious wife and the 10- 
(^eiitavo bottle of mercurochrome 
she debitted against you for P2.- 
00. He knew how insufficient 
your share of the crops and, too, 
how barren the earth for so many 
mouths. . . I know he knew, for 
he allowed me to study reports 
meant only for him and his Ca- 
binet and to study them only un- 
der Vargas’ watchful eye lest I 
make off with one he would him- 
self study further; many times I 
studied until 11 o'clock or niid- 
night in Vargas' .Malacanan of- 
fice. And who was I? — just a 
r-ub reporter, for a long time with 
more of a haircut than a name, 
yet even I could ask this great 
man questions, even I could 
quench the thirst for knowledge 
with a President's secretary my 

.VoLie of us was too humble for 
his attention, neither you nor I. 

.\8 he helped an ignorant, eager 
girl, so did he valiantly help you. 

He knew that what you wanted, 
the familiar but barren land un- 
der your feet, was at best an emp- 
ty heritage, so he pointed you 
to new land, to virgin land, and 
he loaned you the money to go, 
gave you NLSA supervision, fo- 
cused national interest on you. 

Do you think the landlords were 
happy to have him ease you out 
of your bondage? He stood strong 
and alone in his humanity, and 
for this vou slew his family. 
Your own revered Pedro Abad 
Santos would cry out against your 
savagery. Wherever the gentle 
old bachelor lies in his hero’s 
grave surely his heart must ache 
for his political children who have 
become wliat'? 

All Ihrough a great President's 
years of service. Mother Quezon 
helped her husband and in that 
capacity was our first, and last, 
T.ady of the J^and. Wherever 
there were those in service to 
country, she was there, not in self- 
glorification but in assistance to 
Him and to them... among the 
teachers, the nurses, the writers, 
tlie welfare w’orkers, the lawyers. 

SHE read «*l the speeche.s she ha<l to deliwr in the course of 
work, bat she elo(|uent In Tagalog. Above, .Mrs. Pilar 

Lilli ami Viiiba.s.sador (’arlos P, Ftoniiilo form part of her 

the doctors. . . and among the fac- 
tory workers rolling cigars by 
hand, the students timidly choos- 
ing a walk of life, the moUiers 
in the nuericulture centers, the 
workers w’ho had built the 
bridge. . . ever among the poor, 
to whom she gave her life, only 
to have it taken by force. 

Baby was the girl who should 
have been a boy. For her who 
is dead and cannot herself ask. in 
what way did Baby harm you? — 
by blasting public indifference to- 
ward the lepers' misery? sweat- 
ing for funds for the Ylac slum 
schools? cramming law into her 
head, the better to carry on her 
father’s work? a fragile body, 
driven by an untiring spirit? 
Baby's sharp tongue and cutting 
wit were only for us i n u r- 
ed to it, understanding and lov- 
ing her for it. Never did she jab 
at you, to whom she was fiercely 
loyal. It is even possible that she 
was a friend to me because she 
considered me one of you. “Hi,” 
she would say, “How’s Yay the 
Underprivileged? Madrigal still 
overw'orking and underfeeding 
you?” And if I mourned my fi> 
nancial state, she would jibe, 
“Don’t be stupid! Strike!” 
Though the years, I was grate- 
ful for her frankness, for her 
rough, unpitying, challenging 
friendship, for her equality and 
because once, when we quarrelled, 
and she stamped her foot and 1 
stalked out in anger, when I 
reached the office she was on the 
telephone to apologize. . . 

Philip, too, is dead. What dra- 
matic irony that you butchered 
him. For Philip and Baby were 
your open door to a half-million 
hectares of free, virgin land... 
Only one other person knows what 
Baby and Philip knew — that 

there was a place for you to go, . 
land for you, a new start. That 
person is Judge Barrera. He 
knows. Ask him. ^ 

Jt started in the time of Pres- 
ident Roxas, the time when peo- 
ple, despite atrocities, gave you 
the benefit of the doubt. They 
c!ould not see what Roxa.i saw 
then, that the language you un- 
derstand is the language of vio- 
lence. They had no quarrel with 
your cause, and only a doubt as 
to your methods. Fatuously they 
thought that secretly 'siphoning 
you out of congested areas, spirit- 
ing you away under the noses of 
the soldiers, leaving them with 
nothing to fight and thereby sav- 
ing their lives too, would rescuse 
you from the circumstances of in- 
justice and hunger which justi- 
fied your desperate rebellion. 

It was so agreed. Baby and 
Philip would let you know if and 
when... 1 would point where. All 
your problemms were being con- 
sidered — food, tools, instruction, 
tree medicine, schools, markets for 
your produce, immunity frpm the 
past. . . 

It is your friends you have 
killed, your friends more than 
mine, more than anybody's. You 
snatched a necklace, and lost a 
loving heart. You tore a jewel 
from the one ear in the Philip- 
pines that would still listen to 
.vou. You poured bullets into frail 
Baby at the dawn of a legal career 
for the underprivileged. YoV ’ 
mowed down a man who called 
out to you. not for himself but 
those who defended you where 
you could not defend yourselves. 
There is little loss In hating you- 
you itaiinot <lo worse to your ene- 
mies than you have done to vout 
friemls. — jf. 

A r 'I’HK' nu'iiKU'iul rites held in honor of her late husbaml, she occu|ij[e4j 
the wime stage with Presiilent EI)>ldio Quirino and Senator .\ i <*lim>.’^* 

; . 

The youth in the photo, Pedro 
Panantan, 26, of Pozorrubio, Pan- 
^asinan, allegedly confessed he j 
took part in the tragic ambush |- 
of Mrs. Quezon and her party 
late last month. He was arrested 
I by PC operatives in barrio Sta. 
Barbara, San Jose, Nueva Ecija. 
Note chained wrists and le^s as j 
insurance against his getaway. 

La Salle Requiem Mass 
For Quezon Tomorrow 

The board of directors of the La 
Salle Alumni Association will spon* 
sor a requiem mass for the souls 
of Mrs. Aurora Quezon. Baby Que- 
zon and Philip Beuncamino III to- 
morrow, Mondayt at 8 o'clock a.m. 
!at the college chapel. 

All friends and relatives of the 
deceased ^re Invited to attend. The 
late Buencamino III finished his 
high school course from the La 
Salle College 

1 0 Huk: 

As Joint Force 
Combs Sierras 

Member Of Ambush 
Captured, Confesses— 

8 Victims Rescued 

(Photo on page 14) 

Special to The iLAMTiA TDIES 
JA, May 7.— Ten Huks were mowed 
down with gunfire and killed along 
the banks of the Umiray river by 
i a joint PC-civilian guard force com- 
bing the Bongabon-Baler border 
Thursday, a belated report received 
here stated. 

The government troops intercept- 
ed a band of 20 Huks as it tried to 
cross the Umiray river. Ten were 
verified killed following close-range 
firing. The rest of the group, shed- 
ding their clothes and in spite of 
their wounds, .swam acrass the river 
to the opposite bank and melted 
in to the dense undergrowth. ^ | 

Intelligence reports received in' 
Infanta. Quezon, said that the dissi- 
dents had cached a quantity of 
arms and ammunition somewhere 
in Quezon which, according to the 
same report, were landed by sub- 
marine. Efforts, to plot the location 
of the cache of arms have so far 
proved fi’uitles.s. 

Meanwhile, it is believed that the 
dissidents have moved their head- 
quarters from the Sierra Madre 
mountains on the Quezon sidp short- 
Iv after the massacre of Mrs. Que- 
zon and 11 other members of her 

A group of Dumagat natives who 
know the terrain in Infanta have 
been g'liding government troops in 
the location of hide-outs. The 
Umiray river area .‘served as head- 
j quarters for the Anderson guerril- 
I las that saw action during the oc- 
! cupation. 

While efforts to locate the di.ssi- 
dent hideout have so far been in 
vain, the entire Umiray' area has 
virtually been marked “off-limits,” 
with government forces on a con- 
stant*^ patrol of the surroundings. 
Intelligence officers have not given 
up hopes of locating the cache and 
believe that some Huk runner 
might one of these day.s try to scout 
about the area to see if the stores 
can be safely recovered. 

Another report states that Luis 
M. Taruc, Huk .supremo, is in hid- 
ing somewhere near Mt. Susong T)a 
laga which is part of the Sierra 

tions in dif 

erj government opera- 1 
......o ... Jifferent areas in Nueya 

Ecija have been coupled with a re- 
vitalized counter-intelligence .sy.s- 
tem bv state forces in an attempt 
to account for the ambush group 
that brought tragedy to Mrs. Auro- 
ra A. Quezon and 11 members of 
her party late month. 

First to fall in the PC dragnet 
was Pedro Panantan, 26. of Pozor- 
rubio, Pangasinan who was appre- 
hended by operatives at barrio Sta. 
Barbara. ‘San .Jose, Nueva Ecija 
Wednesdav. The bedraggled-look- 
ing vouth allegedly admitted parti- 
cipation in the Quezon ambu.scade. 
A tattoo in his right arm reads: 
“Money or life.” 

Under PC custody at present, Pa- 
nantan- is being used by the PC 
to guide the constabulary to. Huk 


Another Huk being used as an in- 
former is Commander “Stalin” who 
is attached as undercover man for 
the 87th PC Compam.y in Dinalupi- j 
han, Bataan. t 

While PC combat troops are busy * 
in the quest of the Quezon ambush 
group, other bands of dissidents 
have taken advantage of the ab- 
sence of PC forces in otlier areas 
and pounce on defenseless commun- 

At 9:30- Tliyrsday night, a Huk 
band entered barrio Kalickid Este, 
near the landing field in the out- 
skirts of Cahanatuan. All male in- 
habitants of the barrio were lined 
up in Japanese fashion in a clearing 
while the i’ 4 ist of the dissidents en- 
! tered the houses and carted away 
food stocks, clothes, and jewelry. 
After the. village Avas looted, the 
hand pi-cx'ccded in the direction of 
barrio Tabuating, Sta. Rosa. 

Spei'ial to TIio M.VMtA TIMK.S 

CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, 
May 7. — Pedro Ramos, barrio lieut- 
enant of Tabuating, San Leonardo, 
and four others Wove kidnaped by 
an unidentified armed group of 
men at 11 o’clock last night, ac- 
cording to Santos Bernaldo, chief 
of- the telephone department in this 

AiTi. jo, who made inquiries 
about' the five men at PC headtiuar- 
ters, said Ramos’ kidnapers were 
riding in a jeep. The whereabouts 
of the five men is unknown. 

Meanwhile, police inve.sligat ion 
on the shell explosion in Aliaga 
this morning which killed a boy 
and seriously injured three others 
revealed the shell was probably 
left by PC troops Avho^ shelled a 
(Huk concentration, last night. 

MorJfo vnnc^p. 

Bereaved Home 

The Oiezon house on Gflmore Avenue, is hushed in grief 

N owhere may one find a keener 
and more profound concern over 
the sudden death of Mrs. Aurora Que- 
zon than in her own home at Gilmore 

Ave. now draped with quiet while • 

the remaining members of her house- 
hold accept their lot in silence. 

Occupied by the Quezons after their 
return from the States, the house has 
seen many a change. In these photos 
one finds testimony of the simple, 
ouiet life that its occupants led. Mi^. 
Quezon us^ to have her room on the 
second floor but finding that she was 
suffering from a weak heart, she roov- 
^ to another room on the first 
bringing vidth her thd large 
of her late husband (photo on right). 

This room gives further evidence of 
the pious life that she led. On a bed, 
immediately after the massacre, a book, 
‘‘Our Lady of Ught,’' was found, pres- 
umably b^ause she had been reading 
it until she left for the fateful trip 
to Baler. 

Because their grief may 
helped but not forgotten, Nini and 
Nonong Quezon expect to have a f^ 
of their relativ^^ with them in the 
future. The former atmosphere of the 
Quezon house at Gilnwre may not 
again be recaptur^: the bereaved ones 
may only look forward now to finding 
solace among the things that remind 
them, as nothing else can of a sim- 
ple happy life with the departed ones^ 

Mrs. Quezon left the first-floor sola (above) rug. Piono ond Amorsolo pointing of the de- . 

cozy with simple rattan furniture on o purple ceosed and her sister .Nini comr^'^nd the room. 

in the Quezon home 

Prayer and flowers were daily ritual 

A portlcn of her room shows o number of books she k^t, largely a collection of re'tgious 
clossics. Wordrobe in bockground contcins some of Boby's dresses which vKMjfd go to the poor. 

Images of the Sacred Heart, Immaculote Conception, Saint Theresa and Saint Veronico oc- 
cupy sides of the oltor, where mosses were often said and before which the Lady prayed. 

Under fromed portrait of her late husband, Doha Aurora — following vow — offered flowers 
in lorge and small bouquets. The ritual was followed with fresh florol offerings each doy. 

p' Mrs.. Quezon olso placed daily bouquets, stonds on 

B^e end offer bedtime, »(? soid long proyers befotb this imope.| 

\jt 3Wamla! ©imje 


PC Rounds Up 
NE Suspects 

Officials Flee Lknb 
As Corrison Leoves 

to rhm MAJfILA TB<FJ4 

CABAXATI’AN, Nueva Ecija, 
IVfav 8. — Further intensifying in* 
t/'lligenc^ Y'.’ork in connection with 
the 0.ie7on ambush, Lt Fidel 
Amante, assistant intelligence and 
investigation officer of the Nueva 
Ecija command, early yesterday 
morning picked up six men of 
barrio Sicsican, Talavera. suspected 
of having given aid to Huks. 

Those picked up are at present 
detained 'for questioning. It was 
also gathered intelligence officers' 
are looking for relatives of Identifl-- 
ed commanders of the group which 
ambushed Mrs. Quezon and her 
party late last month to check up 
the possibility that jewelry and 
other valuables taken from victims 
might have been turned over to 

Five other suspects taken in the 
otlier night at barrio Tabuating, 
San Leonardo were released yes- 
terday after they were screened. 

Board Member Sixto Lustre laud- 
ed the members of the Nenita 
I I 'nit for the human treatment 
I accorded to tbe five suspects dur-j 
' ing the investigation and for! 
promptly releasing the five when; 
found to be law-abiding citizens. 

The Nenita Unit last night gave' 
the “Sire treatment" to Huk-infeVt’ 
ed ar^s of barrio Rajal,- Sta. Rosa 
with machinegun and mortar fire. 
With barrio La Fuente as spring- 
board, Nenita annored columns 
fanned out in a three-pronged 
drive with a Huk concentration 
as the objective. 

The town officials and promi-l 
nent residents of Licab yesterday ! 
afternoon fled to other places for 
their safety following the withdra- 
wal d£ the PC detachment station- 
ed there. 

This was the story brought here 
last night by Licab Police Chief 
Antonio Gorospe. He conferred 
With Board Member Lustre who 
•wa.s ^acting governor in the absen- 
ce of' Gov, Juan O. Chloco, and 
apprised him of the situation in 
his town. 

Gorospe reported Municipal Trea- 
surer Sotero Garcia fled to Tala- 
vera bringing with him the town’s 
funds for safe-keeping. The town 
vice-mayor and councilors likewise 
sought haven in the neighboring 
towns-. The mayor’s wife and three 
policemen moved to Quezon town. 
Mayor Honorato Viardo left for 

dUEOn Servioes UJe, Jhe fisDfila 
At Faiaoe Today 

<Vie\^8 expressed by writers In the 
column, are their own and do not ne- 
cessarily reflect those of the Mtnlla 
Times. Due to space reqnlroments, con- 
tributors aro advised to limit their let- 
ters to not more than 200 words. Letters 
should bear the real names and address- 
see of the writers, but they may be 
withheld from publication at their own 

President Quirino leads the 

nation today in • honoring the 
late Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon. PNRC 
chaii'man, in necrological serv- 
ices at 8 to 9 tonight at the Ma- 
lacanan social hall. 

The chief magistrate will de- 
liver the principal eulogy with 

Dr. Manuel Lim, acting PNRC 
chairman, and Mrs. Trinidad F. 

Logarda, National Federation of 
Women’s Clubs president as the 

other speakers. 

President Quirino will arrive 

sometime today by plane from 

Baguio with the cabinet mem- 
bers. High government officials, 
members of the diplomatic corps, 
social and civic leaders. and 

oMiers are expected to attend 

I he necrological service®. Nini army chief of staff. The people 

Quezon, lone survi. must condemn such false repre- 
Quezon family, wil| sentations made by the adminis- 

a^o be present at the ceremo^ tration to the public. 

^ I hope Congress demand an in- 

Tonlght’s rites, sponsored by vestigation of President Quirino 's 
the PNRC board of governors/ and General Castafieda’s state- 
will be broadcast by remote coni ments and why they were made 
trol over a nation-wide hookut amidst disturbed conditions in 
though the combined facilitiel Central Luzon.— AUGUSTO DEL 
of stations DZFM, D2RH, DZPl] ROSARIO, 18 Int. Legarda, Sam- 

DZMB and DZAB, while movie paloc, Manila. 

studio LVN and Movie Tef 

will, take reels of the proceedings, ^ t i 

Included in the necrolo^icpii ^ 
ceremony is a solemn muf cMi, ^ combined AFP-PC punitive 
program featuring Juanita R it including tanks, planes, and 

vier, famed lyriS soprano, who instruments of war, 

win sing "Elegy" bv Massanct started an all-out offensive to 

and "0 Divine Redeemed’’ bv murderers of Mrs. Que- 

Gounod. She will be ac6ompanied “Baby,” and 10 

on the piano by Professor JuUo Party. 

Esteban Angulta. Chorus “Dies question 

Ire” and “Lacrlmosa” from the should be tracked 

Hequiem Mass by Mozart \vill 

also be rendered by the Ami- accounted 
han Musical Society and M^a '®'^ aim these tanks and 

Chamber Music with the accom machmeguns carefully, 

panlment by the Manila Svm- “ uncommon that on 

phony Orchestra. The MaMlat?®"^ occasions our government 
Symphony Orchestra wlU play aribjected the people 

before and after thp •nmeyr-sm i ^ Central Luzon to a bloody ordesl 

Deceitful Propaganda 

In a recent fireside chat, Pres- 
ident Quirino announced that one 
of his achievements in the first 
year of his administration was res- 
toration of peace and order 
throughout the country. 

Maj. Gen. Mariano Castaneda 
in a statement he made upon his 
assumption to office as army chief 
of staff boasted that the Huks had 
been annihilated. , 

The brutal massacre of Mrs. 
Quezon and party belies the state- 
ments of the President and the 

For Mrs. Quezon 

i Hundreds of people including 
I government officials, foreign 
j diplomats, social and civic leaders, 

; and» business executives, converged 
' at the San Miguel Pro-Cathedral 
Saturda}'- morning to attend the 
mass, sponsored bv the 
Philippine National Rod Cross 
board of governors, in memorv of 
Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, late PNRC 
chairman, who died in the ambus- 
cade last Aj)ril 28 along the Bonga- 
bong-Baler highway. Nini and No- 
nong Quezon, ioine survivors of the | 
Quezon family, also attended the I 

The requiem mass started at 7:20 
with the Most Rev. .Rufino J. San- 
tos, D.D. Auxiliary Bishop of Ma- 
nila, officiating. Rev. Fr. Forbes J. 
Monaghan, S.J. deliverod the eulo- 
gy. After the -ma.<fe Nini and No- 
nong Quezon, .Justice and Mrs. Ma- 
nuel Um, and Mr. and Mr.s. Gabriel 
A. Daza acknowledged those who 
attended with gratitude 

before and after the program'. 
Dr. Victor Buencamino will 
give the response on behalf of 
the survivors of the Quezon fa- 

The numbers on the 


perhaps to avenge the failure of 
their assigned tasks to restore 
peace and order. The forces of 
the law. may find It very easy to 
revenge an innocent, and seeming- 
pro^am ly uncooperative people who are 

Manila Wednesday to get firearms 

from the department of the inte- C •> 

rior. He needed the arms to equip aforap^ahledi bf 

a force of civilian guards he Is Manila ^-nlphonyf Orchestra: 
organizing to ward off Huk attacks 
in his town. 

M fonows: “Death oY Asl” so bera^sroT^ar.*"^^ Ty can 

burn their houses and machine- 

^stic Prelate of His Holiness, cent and joute people, there can 
"Elegy** by Massanet to be sang be no eoJk ^an 

by JuanlU R Javier, L>t1c so- intelligefMKi 
prano, who will be accompanied “violence ifeei 
on the piano by Prof. Julio Es- ZALO C 
teban Angulta; eulogy bv Mrs. panga 
Trinidad F. Legarda, NFWC pre --^^ — ~ 
sident; chorus "Dies Ire" and 
"Lacrimosa" from the ' Requiem 
Mass by Mozart by the Amihan 
Musical Society and Manila 

lawlessness. As one 
^ .fleer of the law said, 
legets violence." — GON- 
GAiLANG, Apalit, Pam- 

Board Member Lustre promptly 
made representations with Lt. Col. 
Angel Magallanes, provincial 
commander, to assign another PC 
detachment in Licab. It was gather- 
ed Lt. Alejandro Agustln withdrew 
his detachment from Licab as per 
schedule and that a unit of the 
92nd PC Company would relieve 
him. For some reason, however . 
the replacement from Baler must! 
have been delayed. 

euIogA’ by Dr. Manuel Lim. act- 
ing PNRC chairman; "O Divine'l 
Redeemer” by Gounod to be sangj 
by Juanita R. Javier; eulogy by I 
President Elpidio Quirino; res- 
ponse on behalf of the Quezon 
family by Dr. Victor Buencami- 
no; and "Liebested” from Tristan 
and Isolde by Wagner to be play- 
ed by the Manila Symphony Or- 

With Gov’t TrooDs ^Quirino To Lead Nation In Honoring 

Mrs. Quezon At Necrological Rites 



— PaRC 10 



Troops Arc KiM'alhnl From 
Sierra Mndre; Cnmpnic;ii To 
Assume 'Tactical’ Phase 

Dll ir 


(WnAXA'I'I'AN. Ahiy 8. — THie 
tcn-<In\ fip. i ill inns in llio 
juny!'’ nc 80 S ol N'lova l-.cijn’:-. 
S.I..U .Mpclros UA;-. cnlli d oil nck- 
( li llovunR roc. i|it ttf in) dli- 

,,!u- I not Is t.i.n ilio lunluislu rs 
•I V\ Qur/on ;im) Iht I' li’i} li.'id 
rilho!’ iTMcfn il Ihu hnd 

holut Hi' in ilu ir impon* ir.'dilc 

V ii iou mils of i!: • Philippino 
c ons' I'Pulii! > iiiul o/ il ' IMiilippino 
Triviv nil* r**>vv ro.'liiv; i ‘ mporiirily 
pripVn HAiv 10 ipsunni'i; positions 
u : ’-m< fl In iiml- r inrilml 

..III ; . I lyns hy LipuI. Col. 

>. ,p.4oon ValcriMno. t" vail com 
j it jjnvoi mnonl Uv. p n.s- 
if-MPd !# the mmihunf for th- 

Tlip now (U'cHion ni'i i\ p<l nt 
m llv' ooui'\‘ j’f a (vnirrcnop held 
yeslvjilav In Cal.; l ulwccn 

j (.'nl V'liln imiii ; lul liis [udd office rs 
' iml'onr ti'U' c fit* ialn of flm 
cnnstnbulary pryvnu'inl coniinnnd. 
r\i), V'alcrlano, v.lin pro.‘’idrd ot 
1 ii«‘ I’unfrrtrnv. infw. nictl unit 
comniaoil* ' ib«i il»o l ofcnt or- 
dc i ' e -dini; for c nn -olitiHl ion of 
A.: cf.r.invnd v ; • Imctl at cffoc- 

I V; iN -nitinn r.l •-l•v■’:'•’;rtrnt poll- 
li. IN a! j dl tlm dcci- 

- '.n i.a hi. Ia ndijuarii i s to lil* 

: Mit iV'.v and nui Hu- d the norm 

o ‘.ndirnior and duiirs of iom- 

; ti>' pniti'o or(fiirii:;ati 'ns. 

C\d. V'nlcrinno as.siKnrd the 
%uiii'iis cnminundH committpd to 
ard i-Hukliolahap camp.aiprn to 
•s.jrinns i.'icUcnl aria'’ AilhoiiRli 
n;;' r; *ionnl r* '.dniM ions pi'dilhil 
i . ’•.T.ition of llip disfir d' ion of 

Returning troops also di.sclosed 
that at least three men were seen 
falling into the nearby Dalagot 
I creek after they were hit by con- 
j stabulary bullets. However, the 
soldiers, exhausted and hungry af- 
ter the all-night march and all- 
morning encounter were too pre- 
' occupied with servicing their vehi- 
cles which had bogged down to 
verify the casualties inflicted on 
the outlaws except in the imme- 
, diate vicinity of the fighting. 

I This morning's encounter is the 
I first scrape in w'hich the erstwhile 
! Nenita men figured in this prov- 
I ince. Disgusted with their wide 
I sweep through the Sierra Madres 
above Panlabangan from which 
they returned late yesterday, they 
|urgc‘d their ofticers to lead them 
out again voon. 

SOMIAVIII.IIK IX Till: SIERRA M.\I)RE. An aimoird car of 
the reronmii*' iinco troops (Nenll'i unit) piislips Us way through 
JuiiKlp nimilry cast of IMarJklf, oJf Paiilahangan, Niu va Eeija, ns 
n.h. I III. min i s of Ih.* Imttalloii eomiml Irpni ovnlnre surrounding 
tPiiilovy. (I'hase (urn to p.igr 10 for other photos of TC troops 
In th«‘ s.i iTits.j 

With tears rolling down lier ' knowm as the Skull unit, gave due 
cheeks, roni/.oii told C;-2 in\o.sli- 

gntor.s how her husband was 
briilen iij^ heyemd rerogniiion and 

Reports on the encounter elec- 
trified the entire encampment of 
the battalion combat team. Mo- 
rale has climbed up another notch 
and every unit has expressed ea- 
gerness to get into action. 

In connection w’ith the stepped 
up PC drive to stamp out dissi- 
dence here Lieut. Col. Valcriano 
ordered known contact men of the 
Hukbalahaps in this vicinity 
picked up for questioning. Opera- 
tives of the battalion fanned out 
last night and placed under arrest 
the following: 

Lope Calneufun Dai.gdican, a 
resident of Tabualing, San Leo- 

Nlcanor Lazaro y Arquero, of 

Franci.sco Rosetc y Pascual, of 
San Ricardo. Talavcra; 

Mariano Agunot y Espiritu, of 

ercdil; to fl.xcrs of ihc Philippine _ ^lavinno Ortiz y Fernando, of 
Air Force one of wliose fiilols Tabuating, ban Leonardo; 

Inter shot, drawn and quartered 

spolted and helped direct the at- 

belore her eyes. 

She said .she and her husband 
were in a truck bound for Pnnta- 
bangan whh'h was held up at 
HiiriJi-hak. where I he road follows 
I the Cadyon dry brook. The Huks 
look her *iloni: when sin- refused 

Carlos Francisco y Daquis, Ta- 
buating, San Leonardo: 

Pedro Ramos y Hipolito, Tabua- 
ting, San Leonardo; and 
Felipe Mendoza y Hernandez al- 
so of Tabuating, San Leonardo. 

After a cursory investigation at 
the intelligence section of this 
command the suspects W'cre turned 

i»i llOM}) 


III- * •n 
r, Cl od‘!i» 
-unt nm.-M 
1 p^vdv 



• 1.1 



• >n. 


(if 1 

.iciupy (he 

fonn Jinv 
* (II ; of 

Two platoons in two truck.s left 
this command post at T-.K' p. m. 
yc.stcrday with directions to as- 
sault a Iluk concemralion at T’ar- 
men, a harrin i a.-,t of Zm af^ozn. 

Taking a circuitous route the com- 

ji. I ..uiii; ...M U Mil- over to the Nueva Ed ja provincial 

sought shelter in a wooded area ^ 

for the nifc'ht Kivmg food and other 

■ _ , , . supplies to the Huks operating in 

Meanwliilc, an oi mored column i vicinity. At least one of the 
under the personal command of ^iispccts held roportodlv entor- 
Licut. Col. Vnleriano - w . ■ 

ihe I iM -Toulei . 

. .hi't-.m tumbul If. .1 ppc-I up 

M- - Ural 1‘piTn n,- ;: iun ia r . nd 
I' VL ■ 4 d :;:|i h 'u* e r 

FU'iiib r,nd w> f of riil'an.'ituim. 
poUMcUd . I lul: ( ‘.ix i td^.nioii re- 
|.OiUd • lii.d II Iht? bend ol (he 
l ot.o rl\* i nl llfijjil, Sla. 

An rolunui pcisonnily 

b d : i-i. '. iilf’i luno cut tliiouKii 
'III- (0Un!r\ lond wc.Mwiiid cl Sin 
ScNn and laid down jiucidicicrv 
Ml ' along ific (lank of the /oni> 
f.iv vjou: ly pijifatinl'.d. lie cider, d 
‘. :d InicpK u( (’ I'omji'Miv |o pit b 

M.uibviudi. juid ailjiek (he out' 
liiv.f: lr<iin llic Kill', 

Mlltoujyh Ihc iHuelc wik cuiTis d 
out as fsirdliip; t,i dulc, the 
i lid:'. . dliiT Il.tfl Jvfi thi’ aien be- 
bar ill. /. uj hour or hud lain low 
>*" ■' I * Mild r\adcd Ihc fool 
i" I* IMI hire: ihi. ipdi (|,f. aivp. 

Ml '.nv. 111 !. , nn {uiunied «‘oluniii 
Urt Ic ' Ul. It. nilgai rvu,-. iMivhcd 

out '.'llc/nM aitfl V.ifli t},,. 

cl |.M,.; Jc.'OM find joMlirl 

M'"’rnlb.:. d' i,. d v.iHi (h, 

l( /fi|ioia!> (i.dira adrnlni leii(l 
'"-'die, 1,1' idi.’iiiflufMd 

‘'•'inhsMd. ,, (.,] ,,| bnibm 

"••M-leni )|„|; ,y;ni||;.;. 

,h p,,. p, pf 

'•M|<"raf ( IdiM;:. 

cl fh( Illil jjj.jji . IJ.J. 

le ‘llnl'''* 

"I- lUriV' '''V ..i.-mbi>r.i 

niiwad Mtt. fpriiircil 


. She revealed that the holdup 
gam: was coiiiiio.^ed of ilio com- 
I posiie ;a|iiiidronf: led hy link com- 
mandei’s (’aballei-o and Luning- 
' nim', and that her husband was 
killed hy an executioner of the 
Kuhdu iqiiadi’on. .She said 
was released last nighi at .Snn 
Pascual, 'J’alavcra. and that the 
outlaws reliicd to a nearby barrio, 
i The battalion combat team 
I heaflquartet.% nieilcd ils comnifin- 
(loes lor a mid on the /:ang esii- 
mnled hy C.’orazon at about 500. 
(7ol. \’aleriaiio indicated he would 
lead the patrol to avenge the kill- 
, ing of the man who belonged to 
bailnlion combat team. 


I H. The nocturnal raids that, this 
,'Uitflt has been launching against 
Ihikland's bastions in Nueva Eci- 
t‘« paid off wjlh rich dlvlflendfi I his 
^ mornhiK when the rcconnaifisonrc 
I troop, PC, lYirncred a .'40-man out- 
br.nd near Mangltll in /.arn- j 
J'o/a which il loulcd in a fKe-linur 
•nnaintiT. , 

I S( \i.|i links Wire reported ' 

bilicil. I'hi ci.iiimnndnf .•■ came oul 

'■i i|u < Kpe iiti cd'iicd. 

I’rov b if.ri'., 

'11^ and thick' .'ii M i qufinllii oi 
llukljfihdiap ami v i(iimuni<d tloni- 
: nieiii), v.iTc vcizrd b\ Urn i Qidlng 
.'f'^wtahnhuy pnrK afAP ih^ out 

the .L'cin loj. ixapoicon vnieriano remnants of the group of 

probed iho abandoned ba.;r.os and .he parly ot 

probable biding places alonR tbc -|,,5 Qi,p 2 on on Ibe Baler road. 
Cahanaluan-Zaiagoza highway 
until heavy fire from mounted .50' 
caliber guns. Armed forces of the 
Philippines artillery units laid a 
harnigo around the irca through- 
out the night. 

Flu.shed out of their customary 
r» fuf:e. the Hiik grouf) was sighted 
pa^^iiing the flunk of the bivou- 
i acked men of th<* .second platoon 
of the Rei’on which was cem- 
i mnnded by First - 3nt Tran- 
iqiiilino Obicnida ‘^bh .'ida ord. r-.l 

Prosldcnl Qultino leads tlie 
nation today in honoring the late 
Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon. PNKC 
chairman, in nccrcJogical services 
at 8 to 9 tonight at tlic Malacahan 
social hall. The chief executive 
will delhcr the piincipal eulogy 
with Dr. Manuel Lim, acting 
PNRC chairman, and Mrs. Ti inid id 
F. I..ognrdn, Federation 
of Women’s Club.s president ns, 
the other speakers. 

President Quirino will urrh'C/ 
sometime today by plane from 
Baguio with the cabinet members. 
High government officials, mem- 
bers of the fliplomatic corps, rorinl 
and civic leaders, and others are 
I expected to attend the necrological 
services. Nini and Nonong Que- 
zon, lone survivors of the Qinvon i 
family, are e.xpected to be pTvsent 
at the eeremonies. j 

Tonight’s rites, sponsored by . 
the PNRC board of governor-, | 
w’ill be broadcast b> remote cen- 1 
trol over a nation-wide hookup 
through the combined facllllies of' 
stations ^DZFM, DZRH, DZPI, 
DZMB,^ and DZAB, w'hile movie, 
stmlio LVN .nul M..\ i.'-'j'.-e will 
I take reels of Hu pi-ococdinga. 

Included in il.r nccroloiucul • 

I ccrcmonv i:> a soUmn n. usu al 
I progrmn fcaiiuiir; JunniHi li. .fa- 1 
I Ai.r. lyric sopiitrio, v. bo woll 
"Elegy” by M.- -nncl and ' i.) I'n-i 
j \ ine Redrrnu r ’ by CJounod. .Sim 
will be accornp.anied on the piano 
by’ Professor Julio lLtrl>an An- 
guita. Clioru.s "Diua lu ” and ‘T.a- 
crlmosa” fmrn the R.-rjuitiii 
by Mo/.aii will a) «> b<‘ ivmleix.-d 
by ibe Amiban Mu-iiril Sfriui;, 
j and M.iml.'i OmMit i-.’ .Mu-ib* wiH’ 

! (be ncroiniirinimcni hy Hie M mil l 
Sympbuny ( »rc 'f’lie M.uiila 

, S.v tiiplionv Oiili 'Mi.T Will il’i.' he- 
Rto and all* ' iln* ji. i.i'i. i.i Dr. 
BucncMmino wHl gi-. -• He r .pon-e 
on behalf c.l tb.r ;:'ir\i\(;is *.! !b 
Quezon family. 

Tile minilKi-- on Dm pro litir. 
are as follow.; Iienlh of A •• 
by’ Grieg to be played l»y Die Ma- 
min Symphony Orclic i.'a eon- 1 
ducted by Prof. Bci narillAo Cii.s- 
todio; prayer by Rt. Rev. M., r. 
Vicente*- Fcinandez, pupal domes- 
tic prelate, “Elegy” by Ma.ssanel | 
to be sung by Juanita R. Javier, 
lyric soprano, who will hi* necom-, 
panied on the piano by Prof. .Tulio'' 
Esteban Anguita; eulogy by Mrs. ; 
Trinidad F. Legarda, NFWC; 
president; chorus “Dios In ' mul ' 
■‘I.iacrimoHa’ from the Keiiulem 
Mass by Mozart by the Amilinn' 
Musical Society and Manila (limn- 
ber Music, accompanied by tiu' 
Manila Symphony OrehC‘^tra; 
eulogy by Dr. Manuel Llm, actln,' 
chairman: “O Divine Retleciner’ 
by Gounod to bo sung lyv Junnii;i 
R. Javier; eulci^y i»y ITcMdent 
Quirino; response on behalf iM the 
Quezon family by Dr. \ ieim Ibien- 
camino; and “Lieliesiod” from 
Tri.-’tan and LsoUIr- by Wayner to 
lie played by the Manila Sympl one 

i S :: -S S 

u - ® ii ? 

o a; -P o ^ § 
S 5 -2 fl a 3 
.'H ^ ^ a 


- S ^ 
1C p." .. 
c ^ >. ^ 
ft o ^ 

^ a . n n 'O f? . 

- ^ ^ o- y s F 

“ tS 2 ^ 'O c: S "• 

P 4 * I 

' § - 4 :: 5 a ‘8 s , 

1 s ;s 1 1 !:• § .3 1 3 1 


•C 2 ^ ^ 9 ^ ^ * 

0) "5 2 ^ a e 

l/uVfi Were .'irat ten'll, 

l'A.>H|.(j jijjfj jubll'.iyi 

i b' oniud (d He* (mij: 

1 fhe 

,nn allnck which took the di.«>si- , 
[d' lMs hy surprise, 

^ The biller fighting -hat lusted 
1 for over live hours ::::w the Huks i 
‘attempting to withdraw unvards 
Santa Rosa when (hey lound their 
retreat soulhu.irdK to (he Chico 
ri\i*rs wa>; denied to them by the 
fiu.t platoon led hy Lieutenant 
Stv<'nno de xTe.^UH. 

( ibli nlda s (roop.s were ri poi tod 
so flo^e to the enemy tbai D»ey 
could Ik III the angui. hcd Ci i : of 
Ihe (iiiflaw: hit hy FC hnllei'. 
tiling Ihc «hlik- AllhouKh only i-reeii Huk.^ wer. 

verified killed, PC troop." of iw 
Rm oii ‘.wiKir llin- many more j 
wer* either .•seriously wounded or 
kilbd They -aid *v’r: fluw ^uw 

n numhei ol divuhled db;; ident?; 
h‘'inj; pulled out t.. the line of PC 
fire iindn < ^ r ol their comiadc' 

own bullets. 

AT RKQI IKM M.ASS SA'rVRDAY. Klnl Que7.un-Bucncainlmi 
and her brother, XiTaon^, kniMd Mblr hy nkh* at r<’qui'*m ni:tNN mUiI 
^atiirduy moniirig tor their mother, .’^Irn. Aurora \rugoii ijiie/on. 
:il Ihe San .^ligiid pm-catliiMlral. High gn\ *>i Miii'iit «df(ei:il’ 
nil inlmrs ol jh * dtplnmatlc c:orp .. i'hlllpplni Ri i| aftirhilv 

and incinbiu . id ..uiom rnminniilDi's in Manila ;iH»Mubd iln rif 
NpoiiMHni In Thi I'MK for it*, lut# rhiilrmuii, Uidlni of MuK 
amhuiJi. » 


Gov*t Troops Hunting Huk Ambus hers 

foo(L from civilians. Bottom, left photo, government troops exploring known Huk 
{evritory somewhere i/i the mountains to the east of Pantabangan. Bottom, right 
photo shows part of wild country covered by government troops in sweeps through 
Sierra Madre in quest of ambushers of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon and members of 
her party. 




VOL IV. NO. 192 



WASHINGTON. May 9.— Since 
the end of the war the US press 
has been publishing nearly every 
day dispatches and special arti- 
cles reporting civil warfare, bandi- 
try or wanton shootings in the 
Philippines. The total effect of 
these stories has been to give the 
average newspaper reader the im- 
pression that the Philippines sadly 
lacks peace and order and that 
the government of the indepen- 
dent republic appears unable to 
place lawless elements under con- 

This impression may be wrong, 
but it is the general Philippine 
picture that has been created in 
recent years in one American mind. 

It recalled reports that the Phil- 
ippine Government had balanced 
its budget, that several major in- 
dustries were back to prewar level, 
that 1948 exports were valued at 
$320 million (as compared to 
1947’s $265 million) and that ele- 
mentary schools had 3.8 million 
pupils (double the prewar enroll- 
ment). The Sun concluded reas- 
suiingly: “Shocking as is the 

murder of the family of a former 
President and national hero, the 
incident should not lead those un- 
familiar with the situation to jump 
to the conclusion that the new re- 
public is in a state of anarchy.'’ 
The New York Times came 
much nearer to expressing the 
American people’s feelings than 
the Baltimore paper. In its edi- 
torial, “Philippine Outrage,” it 
greeted the ambush murder of Mrs. 
Quezon and companions “with 
grief, horror and disappointment.” 
The Times grieved for losing 
“some good friends.” Its horror 
stemmed from “the senseless de- 
pravity of this sort of outrage.” It 

If previously there was any doubt ' could not see any “conceivably 
m the American mind about lack sane motive” for the slaughter. If 
ord^, the great tra- there were any. reason other than 
f greatest in robbery, the Times surmised “It 

p stwar Philippines that -has re- could have been only the desire to 
the country has strike terror by the most wanton 
wiped out that doubt. and ruthless destruction.” 

The senseless killing of Mrs. 

The Times’ disappointment 
arose “from this blow to our high 
hopes that law and order had been 
fully restored in the Philippines.” 

can people. President Truman's . 

immediate eommeet “auifni .a.. ! end of a cruel wars lawless aft' 


Manuel Quezon and her daughter, 
who were both well known in the 
United States, and several others 
was a severe .shock to the Ameri- 

Mrs. Quezon and her children 
were always near the President. 
Giving up almost any sort of a 
good time for themselves, the Que- 
zon womenfolk organized Wash- 
j ington Filipino women and their 
American friends to do Red Cross [ 
work regularly. Manuel Jr. (;“No- j 
nong”) attended school and made 
excellent grades, to the great pride ' 

of his father. 


Before leaving the Philippines in 
1947, I went to bid goodby to Mrs. 
Quezon. When I asked her whe- 
ther I could* do some chores for 
her in Washington, she told me 
to convey her best wishes to a 
large number of people, mostly the 
little people with whom she had 
been associated in wartime Red 
Cross work. When she heard Ma- 
ria Aurora upbraiding me for not 
having visited them more often, 
she kindly told “Baby” that she 
knew I had been tied down by my 
official duties. 

immediate comment — “awful ter- 
rible” — when he was first inform- 
ed of the tragedy expresses cor- 
rectly the reaction of the people of 
this country. 

The news came too late for the 
morning newspapers, but most 
people going to work heard it over 
the radio before leaving their 
homes. The late morning and ear- 

Despite President Quirino’s first- 
reaction doubt that the Hukbala- 
haps could not have killed Mrs. 
Quezon because she was so much 
loved by them, they were played 
up even in the earliest stories. Sub- , 
sequent reports stating that Huk- 
balahaps had been identified as 

Iv afternoon n«nP^ Tn 
Eastern cities cartied handler head- ^ 

lines of the Quezon deaths. i “°n-commumst sympathy for 

rrii_ „ 4 -v. i. ! fhc Huks in the US. 

The killing was the one story I Americans 

emanating from the Philippines I that 
since the war that was talked ! J?® v ? 

about by people in the streets. ® "Quezon and oth- 

Not even the death of President 

ers to have been sacrificed in vain. 

Quezon himself, I understand, 

fHxr Quirino’s political 


aroused more sympathy for the _ ^ ^ , 

Philippines and her people than f *®“P‘ 

this later tragedy that has fahen 

upon half of the family surviving i mication of an alleged 

^ inability of the Government to 
maintain law and order, as a like- 


The sad news needed no edito- 
rial comment. The moral or les- 
son was too obvioUs. Forty-eight 
hours after the news was receiv- 
ed ip the US, only two of the large 
city newspapers in the East found 
it appropriate to say something 
editorially about the tragedy. 
There really was nothing much 
one could say. 

ly turning point in the long fight 
against lawless elements. They 
believe tbat the people fully sup- 
port him in the all-out war he has 
begim against those defying the 
law of the republic. He certainly 
has the best wishes of the Ameri- 
can people in his campaign, the 
outcome of which may make or 
break his administration and his 

The Baltimore Sim hastened, in . 

an editorial entitled “The Filipinos ' ° “ Political future, 

Have come Par Since the Occupa- |ciose range during their stay in 
tion, to assure ite readeis that Om Washington after their escape from 
tragedy appears to Philippines will never forget 

crime and IS not indicative of devotion to their countirs 

lous dissension that might serve ^ and to each other. Know- 

retard Philippine recovery. Un- 
til this episode, “there have been 
striking evidences of the willing- 
ness of the Filipino people to ac 

ing how ill President Quezon was, 
Mrs. Quezon saw to it that her 
children so acted always that they 
. would cause him not the least wor- 
cept r-esponsibility and prepare for . or anxiety. That President Que- 
the day shortly when funds from Izon lasted as long as he did after 
the United States will cease to i his nearly fatal illness on Corre- 
flow in and the country will haveigiqor was due in a large measure 
to stand on its own feet,'" said the j to the tender care he received 
San. Ifrom his ifamily. 

The great Filipino heroine is 
Maria Clara. But this admirable 
fictional character, glorified in 
song and legend, does not hold a 
candle to Aurora Aragon, Quezon, 
the woman whose life, love, suffer- 
; ings, triumphs and death have im- 
measurably enriched the patriotic 
tradition of her country. 

In due time history will give her 
proper place among the all-time 
greats of the Philippines. The glo- 
ry that was hers was not all -re- 
flection from the great political 
star that rose from Baler and 
burned out four years and nine 
months ago and Li whose honored 
and beloved memoi*y she was mak- 
ing a pilgrimage to the old home- 
town when she was mercilessly 
mowed down. History will make 
known that many of those times 
Manuel Quezon faltered, it was the 
great woman by his side who fur- 
nished him the courage and the 
faith to carry on his good fight 
to a glorious conclusion. 

Because of her striking physi- 
cal and temperamental resem- 
blance to her father, “Baby” was 
the national favorite to perpetu- 
ate the Quezon tradition. Early 
in life she demonstrated an in- 
tense consciousness and great 
pride in her Filipino nationality. 
How far she would have gone had 
tragic fate not caught up with her 
in that pilgrimage to Baler, her 
people would never know now. 

I first met Felipe Buencamino 
in in battered Manila early in 
1945. He joined our Office of 
War Information and did splendid 
work as a reporter for our wartime 
paper Free Philippines. He and I 
became veiw good friends. He had 
become one of the most promising 
young men of the country when 
he was slain on the pilgrimage to 
the birthplace of his father-in-law, 
of whom he was a great admirer 
long before he was married to 
Maria Zenaida (“Nini”) Quezon. 
He always had a nice word for 
every instalment of The Last Days 1 
of Manuel Quezon which I wrote ' 

for the Philippines Free Press. 

Preparing for priesthood, “Nb- 
nong” will likely be able to bear 
the tragedy better than his sister, 
.who, in one blow, lost mother, sis- 
ter and husband. Rarely does such 
great loss come at one time to one 
so young. 

REQUIEM MASS in memory of the late Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, 
sponsored by the PNRC Board of Governors, held at the San Mi- 
guel Pro- Cathedral Saturday morning was attended by prom- 
inent persons including the high government officials and for- 
eign diplomats. Shown above are Most Rev. Rufino J. Santos, 
D.D., Auxiliary Bishop of Manila, who officiated at the mass, for- 
eign diplomats, and Nini and Nonoiig Quezon, lone survivors of 
the Quezon family. (PNRC Photo) 


Malacanan Rites For Mrs. Quezon 

Tonight To Be Broadcast, Fi 

President Quirino leads the nation today in honoring the late 
Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, PNRC chairman, in necrological services at 8 
to 9 p.m. at the Malacahan social hall. The President will deliver 
the principal eulogy. Dr. Manuel Lim, acting PNRC chairman, and 
Ml'S. Trinidad F. Legarda, National Federation of Women's Clubs pres- 
ident, will be the other speakers. Quirino arrived today by plane 
from Baguio with the cabinet members. 

High government officials, mem 

bers of the diplomatic corps, social 
and civic leaders, and others are 
expected to attend the necrologic- 
cal services. Nini and Nonong 
Quezon, lone survivors of the Que- 
zon family, will also be present at 
the ceremonies. 

Tonight's rites, sponsored by the 
PNRC board of governors, will be 
broadcast by remote control over 
a. nation-wide hookup through the 
combined facilities of stations 
DZAB, while n^ovie studio LVN 
and Movie-Tec take reels of the 

Included in the necrological 
ceremony is a solemn musical pro- 
gram featuring Juanita R. Javier, 
famed lyric soprano, who will sing 
“Elegy” by Massanet and “O -Di- 
vine Redeemer” by Gounod. She 
will be accompanied on the piano 

Mass For Bernardo 

Mass will be said for the repose 
of the soul of the late Mayor Pon- 
ciano A. Bernardo on May 11, 
at eight o’clock in the morning at 
the Kamuning Parish church on 
9th street, corner H. Avenue. 

The Capital City Planning com- 
mission^^ the mass. 

by Professor Julio Esteban Angui- 
ta. Chorus “Dies Ire” and “La- 
crimosa” from the Requiem Mass 
by Mozart will also be rendered 
by the Amihan Musical society 
and Manila Chamber INJusic with 
the accompaniment by the Ma- 
nila Symphony orchestra. The 
Manila Symphony orchestra will 
play before and after the pro- 
gram. Dr. Victor Buencamino 
will give the response on behalf 
of the survivors of the Quezon fa- 

The numbers on the program 
are as follows: “Death of Ase“ by 
Grieg to be played by the Mani- f 
la Symphony orchestra conducted 
by Prof. Bernardino Custodio;^ 
prayer by Rt. Rev. Msgr. Vicente*, 
Fernandez, Domestic Prelate of 
His Holiness; “Elegy” by Massa- 
net to be sung by Juanita R. Ja- 
vier, lyric soprano, who will be 
accompanied on the piano by 
Prof. Julio Esteban Anguita; eui- ; 
ogy by Mrs. Trinidad F. Legarda, | 
NFWC president; chorus “Dies ' 
Ii'e” and “Lacrimosa” from the 
Requiem Mass by Mozart by the 
Amihan Musical society and ►Ma- 
nila Chamber Music, accompanied 
by the Manila Symphony orches- 
tra; eulogy by Dr. Manuel Lim, 
acting PNRC chairman; “O Di- 
vine Redeemer” by Gounod to be 
sung by Juanita R. Javier; eul- 
P&y by President- Elpidio Quirino'- 
response on behalf of the Quezon : ' 
family by Dr. Victor, Buencami- f - 
no; and “Liebested'^ from Tristan h 
and Isolde by Wagner to be played : - 

by the Manila Symphony orches- : 

I tra. 

^ - .'i 




PC Intelligence Agents 
Pick Up Huk Suspects 

CABANATUAN. Nucva Ecija, 
May 9 (ENS). — All government 
forces fighting: against Huk 

mountain positions were with- 
drawn today by Col. Napoleon 
Valcriano, head of the punitive 
foi^e against the killers of Mrs. 
Aurora Quezon. 

It w as held that objectives had 
been attained, with Huk rem- 
nants having escaped shellfire to 
the lowlands. Troops were or- 
dered to return to their respec- 
tive headquarters for a short rest 
before launching attack on Huk 
positions in the lowlands. — V. 

CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, 
"May 9 (ENS).-^There has been a 
lull in fighting in the Bongabon- 
Baier area indicating a regroup- 
ing of government forces prepara- 
toi-y to launching another phase 
of the punitivfe operations against 
the Huk murderers of Mrs. Que- 

Meanwhile, intelligence activi- 
ties of the constabulary have been 
intensified, aimed at getting a clear 
picture of Huk positions and of 
the reported dispersal of the am- 
bush gang out into the plains los- 
ing themselves among the i-ural 
folk. No confirmation of this lat- 
ter report is available but suspect- 
ed Huk agents have been picked 
up by constabulary agents in the 
lowlands for intensive questioning. 

Lt. Fidel Amante, assistant in- 
telligence and investigation offi- 
cer, and his men picked up six 
persons at barrio Sicsican, Tala- 
vera Saturday suspected of aiding 

Another group of five Huk sus- 

pects was taken into custody by the 
Nenita Unit at barrio Tabuating, 
San Leonardo, but were relea.sed 
after being grilled. Tlie Ne- 
nita unit is headed by the famed 
officer, Lt. Col. Napoleon Valeria- 
no. Board Member Sixto Lustre 
commented favorably on the fair 
treatment which the investigated i 
persons received from the consta- 
bulary. < 

The five San Leonardo suspects 
gave their names as Lope Catacu- 
tan, Plavfano Ortiz, Carlos Fran- 
cisco, and Pedro Ramos. 

The town of Licab, near the 
Tarlac border became a ghost town 
Saturday when residents left the 
town upon learning that the con- 
stabulary detachment there under 
the command of Lt. Alejandro 
Agustin has pulled out. The peo- 
ple were afraid Huks might take 
advantage of the move and attack j 
the town. 

It "was learned later that Agus- 
tin’s detachment was to be re- 
placed by the 92nd PC company 
coming from Baler. Only Pohee 
Chief Antonio Grospe and two of- 
his six policemen were left in Li- 

Municipal treasurer Sot^ro Gar- 
cia was reported to have fled to- 
wards Talavera with treasury 
funds. Councilors moved to the 
neighboring towns of Santo Do- 
mingo and Quezon. 

Licab Mayor Honorato Viardo at 
that time was in Manila to see In- 
terior Secretary Sotero Baluyut 
about arming civilians to bolster 
the town police force. — V. 



Freedom Speaks 


, Necrol©«jk®il Rites For 


A BIG CROWD OF Salur'day morn. 

Shown above are Most Rev. Rufino J. San- 
ciated the mass, Nini and Nonong Quezon, only 
family* and foreign diplomats. (PNRC Photo) 

f fh- late Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon 
"'*7Ji,iary Bishop of Manila who official 

to4. D-D 

.surviving members 

Prer=denr Elpidio Quirino leads the nation today in honoring 
th- late Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, PNRC chairman, in necrological 
.sTviees from 8 to- 9 tonight at the Malaeanan social hall. The 
Piisident will deliver the principal eulogy with Dr. Tdanuel Lim, 
‘acting PNRC chairman, and Mrs. Trinidad F. Legarda, National 
Federation of Women’a Clubs president as the other speakers. 

in tho necrological 


ceremony is a solemn musical 
program featuring Juanita R. 
Javier, famed lyric soprano, who 
will sing “Elegy” by Massenet 
and “0 Divine Redeemer’’ by 
Gounod. She wdll be accompa- 
nied on the piano by Professor 
Julio Esteban Anguita. Chorus 
“Dies Ire” and “Lacrimosa” 
from the Requiem Mass by Mo- 
zart will also be rendered by 
the Amihan Musical Society 
and Manila Chamber Music 
the PNRC Board of Governors, with the accompaniment by the 
will bo broadcast by remote con- Manila Symphony Orchestra, 
trol over a nation-wid-e hook- Dr. ^Victor Buencamlno will 
up through the combined fan- give the response on behalf of 
lities of stations DZFM, DZPI, the survivors of the Quezon fa- 
DZMB, and DZAB. while movie | mily. 

studio LV.N and Movie-Tec :■ oOo * 

take reels of the proceedings. 

President Quiiino will arrive 
sometime today by plane from 
Baguio with the cabinet mem- 
bers. High government of- 
ficials, members of the diplo- 
, matic corps, social and civic 
; leaders, and others are expect- 
ed to attend the necrological 
services. Nini and Nonong 
Quezon, lone survivors of the 
Quezon family, will also be 
present at the ceremonies. 

Tonight’s rites, sponsored by 

of the Quezon 

r , 




PRESIDENT QUIRINO (right, top photo), adivering his eu- 
fog" It ^ho nrcroiogicd serdco, for Mr. Aurora Quezon a 
Mdacafian last night. Other, in the picture 
to right: Vicky Quirino, Senate Pre.iaent Cuenco, Speaker Pe 
rez, Mr,. Trinidaa F. Legarda, Dr. Victor Buencamino and 
M«r Vicente Fernandez. Below: portion of the audience. 

Third from right i. Nonong Quezon, one of two .urviTing mem- 
ber. of the family of the late Pre.ident Quezon. 

Quirino Leads in Eulogizing 
rs. Quezon at Palace Rites 

Stating that the world has shared the Filipino people's sor- 
row in her tragic death, President Flpidio Quirino, in his eulogy 
for Mis. Aurora Aragon de Quezon, last night, said that she was 
the rock of refuge and of strength to many a Filipino leader 
heset with the burden of the people's problems. 

President Quirino was the^ Justice Lim, speaking on the 
I principal speaker at the necro- 
logical services for Mrs. Que- 
I zon held last night at Mala- 

humanitarktii work of the Red 
Cross to which Mrs. Quezon was 
linked until the time of her de- 

: M}H IICIU ic*ov 

I caha.i social hall under the aus- parture, said, “Wherever the 
pices of the Philippine National j Red Cross is, she will be. Where- 

Red Cross of which sh^ was the 
chairman. High government of- 
fic' Is and their ladies and pro- 
minent citizens of Manila at- 
tended the ceremony which was 
broadcast by the different Ma- 
nila radio stations. 

Dr. Victor Buencamino de- 
livered the response remarks in 
behalf of the Quezon family. 
Other speakers of the evening 
were Hr. Manuel Lim, acting 
chairma.i of the Philippine Na- 
tional Red Cross, Mrs. Trinidad 
F. Legarda, president of the 
National Federation of Women’s 
Clubs, and Rev. Vicente Fer- 
nandez who offered the prayer 

ever disaster strikes, grippin^ 
Its victim with physical suffer- 
ing and penury; w'herever in- 
justice is committed and the 
rights of men are placed in jeo- 
pardy; \Ylierever there is hunger, 
and strife and misery; wherever 
the good life is threatened and 
human ghouls attempt to per- 
vert the will of justice and equi- 
ty, Mrs. Quezon, as if she were 
alive, will be there, leading the 
way. Dona Aurora is our sym- 
bol, our inspiration." 

“Aurora Quezon's death Is 
truly a national loss," said Mrs. 
Legarda. “If those of us today 
revere her, the future genera 

other prominent persons. 

President Quirino recalled that 
when Mrs. Quezon acceded to be- 
come head of the Red Cross, she 
gave formal confirmation on her 
own right of being in fact the 
! mother to her people. She did 
! not merely lend her name to thej 
' cause. But, said President Qui- , 
rino, she labored mightily, doir|^j 
yeoman service like everyone else 
j who belong to it, and providcu 
1 the Red Cross most abiding ins- 
^ piration. 

President Quirino asserted i tlons of Filipinos will exalt her 
fhft Quezon the great man and ^ as one of the greatest benefac- 
that p..,pater be- , tors of our people In her own 

leader, I right, for her noble life and lov- 

orWhs Quozorthe woman and ' lag deeds will forever be a stinw 

wife. According to him, Mrs. 

Quezon had ahvays risen to the 

ulating source for Inspiration 
and emulation. We, her un- 
worthy successors, can build no 

V^uezou Jiau * , v i .r t Wt OTUiy SUCCeJsoUi », lyunu. 

occasion in the most helpiul memorial than to coiiti- 

• • J. - J <w%/x4* TY^lTI/'l nPinO^ X ... 1 . n o 

nue the work that she has start- 
ed and to try to follow her 

Among those present at the 
necrological services w'cre: No- 

spirit, and did not mind being 
dragged along up or down as 
her husband's career had brought example, 

him higher or lov/er in the na- 
tional esteem. 

Mrs. Quezon, according to ncLiuiwg,i\,.tkx — 

President Quirino, was not only' uong Quezon, one of the two 
the fi’*st of the First Ladies of, survivors of the Quezon family; 

^he land but in her own right.! government officials, mem- 

she was simplv grand. He said bers of the diplomatic corps, eo- 
that the dignity, wisdom and gial and civic leaders, and ma^ 
grace with w^hich s=he carried 

her responsibility t;o + 

after the death cf 
Quezon were accid . 

they came as the 

lifetime of responsible, 









Messages of sympathy over the 
death of Mrs. Quezon and her j 
companions were received this 
week in Malacahan from United 
States Attorney General Tom C. 
Clark and Vincent Sheean, the 
noted writer. 

■ The text of Mr. Clark’s message 
follows : 

“The great tragedy suffered by 
the people of the Philippines in the 
untimely death of Mrs. Quezon and 
her daughter arouses the deepest : 
sympathy of Americans every- 
where in the loss which they have 
sustained and abhorrence of the 
cruel and violent circumstances 
which attended it. The many 
friends of the Quezon family here 
in Washington feel a deep sense 
cf personal sorrow. My sincercst 

Sheean’s. letter, which was ad- 
dressed to Private Secretary Fe- 
derico Mangahas, said in part: 

“We have all been shocked here 
at the murder of Dona Aurora 
Quezon, her daughter and those 
who accompanied her. It is a 
dreadful thing. I only have one 
other thing to say, which is that I 
thank God that Quirino was not 
there. I feel sure that he is re- 
served for decisive services, not 
only to the Philippines but to all 
of us.” 

I Msgr. Vicente L'ernandez, papal domestic prelate, offering a prayer 
j for the repose of the soul of Mrs. Aurora Aragon Quezon at the 
I necrological services held at Malacahan last evening. Standing 
I behind him, in silent prayer, are (left to right) Justice Manuel 
I Lini, Miss \ ieky Quirino, Prc.sident Quirino, 3Irs. Trinidad F. 
I Legarda and Dr. Victor Buencainino, Bottom panel shows Nonong 
Quezon, cabinet members, diplomats, congressmen, representatives 
of Philippine and U, S. armed services and prominent residents 
who attended the ceremony. 

Quirino Praises Late Mrs. Quezon 
As ^Greatest Woman In Her Country^ 


TOKYO; May 9 (AP)— Memo- 
rial services for the late Mrs. 
Aurora A. Quezon and her daugh- 
I ter Maria Aurora Quezon will be 
held in the general headquarters 
chapel at the center of Tokyo on 
Wednesday, the Philippines mis- 
sion announced today. 

Bemabe Africa, chief of the 
mission, will deliver an address 
at the services honoring the me- 
mory of the widow of former 
President Manuel L. Quezon. Mrs. 
Quezon, her daughter and 10 
others w'ere killed April 28 when, 
bandits ambushed a caravan in 
which they were traveling north 
of Manila. 

President Quirino led the na- 
tion last night in honoring the 
late Mrs. Aimora A. Quezon, chair- 
man of the Philippine National 
Red Cross, in necrological ser- 
vices held at the Ivlalacahan social 
hall. The services w’ere broad- 
I cast over five radio stations on 
I a nationwide hook-up. 

The President praised Mrs. 

! Quezon as “the greatest woman 
' in her countr\ .” Speaking of her 
! work in the Red Cross, President 
Quirino said: 

“When she undertook to head 
our National Red Cross, she sim- 
ply acceded to giving formal con- 
firmation, on her own right, of 
being in fact and in truth, mother 
to her people. She did not merely 
lend her name, great as it w'as, 
to the cause. She labored mighti- 
ly, doing yeoman service like 
everyone else who belonged pD it, 
and provided its deepest, most 
abiding inspiration.’' ^ 

The President added: Our peo- : 

pie may no t now know who w as 

( the greater, Quezon who was the 
! Father of his Country, or Aurora 
j Aragon Quezon, the truly sgn- 
bolic Mother of hef. race. But 
history will record them both as 
life greatest benefactors of this 
^ generation, and Mrs, 
her greatest woman m her coun 

President Quirino spoke of the 
“inspiring influence” of Mrs. Que- 
zon with reference to the career 
of the late President Quezon. He 
said: “Mrs. Quezon eventually 

became the rock of refugee and 
of strength to many a Filipino 
leader beset with the burden of 
the people’s problems. That she 
did all these quietly within the 
private sanctuary of the home is 
a grateful fact and commentary 
on the womanhood of this coun- 

Manuel Lim, acting PNRC 
chairman, and Mrs. Trinidad F. 
Legarda, president of the Na- 
tional Federation of Women’s 
Clubs, were the other principal 

Among those present at the 
necrological services were: Mrs. 

Nini Quezon-Buencamino and No- 
nong Quezon, lone survivors of 
the Quezon family; high govern- 
ment officials, members of the 
diplomatic corps and social and 
civic leaders. 

A prayer for the repose of the 
soul of Mrs, Quezon was said by 
the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Vicente Fer- 
nandez, domestic prelate of His 
Holiness the Pope. 

Dr. Victor Buencamino gave the 
response on behalf of the sur- 
vivors of the Quezon family. 

The musical numbers in the 
ceremony were rendered by Jua- 
nita R. Javier, famed lyric so- 
prano, the Amihan Musical So- 
ciety, Manila Chamber Music and 
the Manila Symphony Orchestra. 


A requiem mass sponsored by I 
the capital city planning commis- 
sion will be said for the late 
Mayor Ponciano A. Bernardo to- 
morrow at 8 a. m. at the Kamu- 
ning parish church on 9th street, 
corner H. Avenue. 

Members of the family, officials 
of Quezon City and of the Univ- 
ersity of the Philippines, and 
friends of Mayor Bernardo are 
invited to attend the mass. 

By special arrangement with 
Mrs. Ruby Mangahas of the U. P. 
conservatory of music, a requiem 
song will be sung by Mrs. Cele- 
rina Cayabyab with Miss Andrea 
Ofilada accompanying her at the 


BilTlctin Staff Member 

CABANATUAN, May^ 9.— Hast- 
ily evacuated Hukbalahap en- 
campments thaRhad been set afire 
were all that units of a battalion 
combat team found when they 
reached the outlaws' stamping 
grounds at the Munoz, Talavera 
and San Jose areas last night. 

Units of the provincial constab-j 
ulary command and Philippine 
army struck in nocturnal opera- 
tions following the tactics of Col. 
Napoleon Valeriano, overall cam- 
paign commander, but encountered 
no dissidents. Abundant traces 
of Huks who apparently had fled 
in haste were found by the gov- 
ernment troops, however. 

Battle-tested reconnois- 
sance troops of the combat team 
executed a daylight push yester- 
day to Mataas na Kahoy and De- 
linquente in Talavera, but the elu- 
sive outlaws had left the area. The 
immediate vicinity, including Ba- 
sang Hamog, a notorious Huk lair, 
was bombarded all night, however, 
with artillery and .50 caliber ma- 

Based near Baloc, Santo Domin- 
go, a battery of 75-millimeter guns 
poured between San Jose and 

This softening process was be- 
lieved to be the herald of the final 
phase of operations. This week 
may see a full-scale offensive with 
all units participating* in a single 
coordinated blow. BCT headquart- 
ers assumed strict silence starting 
today in the interest of security. 

Col. Valeriano had been con- 
ferring hourly with his staff and 
officers of other commands and 
with operatives, presumably on the 
strategy to be employed in the 
coming push. 

Meanwhile, nightly raids by the 
Nenita outfit continued unabated. 
It was believed that the Huks 
were losing contact with their 
sympathizers in the towns. 

With the current operations in 
full blast, Huks were said to be 
hard pressed for food and other 
supplies with the result that they 
might be forced to a showdown 
soon. ' 

Governor Juan Chioco and your 
correspondent motored to Licab 
this afternoon and found only 
few residents in the town. Mos 
of the people had evacuated b 
neighboring towns. \ 

The governor advised the few! 
remaining residents to stay despite 
the withdrawal of PC troops from • 

;he area.; He promised to send 
a strong patrol to protect Licab 

The remaining Licab residents 
said they were expecting a Huk 
attack momentarily' since the 
withdrawal of PC troops because 
of reports that the dissidents 
were poised to strike from Ga- 

Many policemen had abandoned 
the town leaving it unprotected. 
Licab Vice Mayor Jose do los 
Santos and Municipal Secretary 
Nicanor Enriquez were the only 
officials left in the town. 


Bulletin CoiTcspondent 

CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, 
May 9 — Around 1,000 heavily 
armed Huks under the overall 
command of Col. Jose Dimasalang 
de Leon and Major Jose Taguian 
were encircled in barrio Gabur, be- 
tween the towns of Licab and 
Aliaga, it was learned today. This 
spot was considered the most 
^ strategic Huk hiding place in the 
'' marshy lowlands along the Cliico 
, river coming from Candaba 
' swamps. 

I Strong government forces until 
late this afternoon were subject- 
I ing barrio Gabur and its outskirts 
j to light mortar and machinegun 
' fire. The strategy was to burn 
the tall talahib grass and thus 
drive the Huks into the open. 

The dissident groups under De 
j Leon were believed to have been 
I increased by Huks who had es- 
caped from their mountain lairs 
as a result of the strong consta- 
1 bulary attack shortly after the 
j ambuscade of Mrs. Aurora A. Que- 
I 2on and her party. 

! The biggest Huk-PC battle was 
expected to break out tonight or 
tomorrow with Col. Valeriano dis- 
patching more reinforcements to 
the field. 


(Special to the Bulletin) 
CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, 
May 9— Nueva Ecija Hukbalahaps 
and their satellites were becom- 
ing more reckless as governnient 
forces intensified their anti-dissi- 
dent drive in an effort to crush 
both the Huk and the PKM organ- 
izations for the immediate resto- 
ration of peace and order through- 
out the country. 

Lt. Col. Napoleon Valeriano, 
new over-all commander of Nueva 
Ecija, had been emjdoying the 
most effective tactics in pursuing 
the outlaws ever since he assumed 
his post. At the same time intel- 
ligent officers have been closing 
in on the heels of suspected PKM 
members and other persons be- 
lieved to be aiding the Huks. 

Six alleged PKM members 
were charged with rebellion in an 
information filed this morning by 
Fiscal Emilio Cecilio with the local 
court of first instance. 

Charged were Crisanto de Leon, 
• Pedro Estanislao, Inigo Atendido, 
Alfredo Rivera, Pedro Martin and 
! Inocencio Valdez, all residents of 
barrio Sicsican, 'Talavera. 

The accused admitted their 
membership in the PKM organiza- 
tion when investigated by a group 
of PC intelligence officers headed 
by Lt. Fidel Amente. They ad- 
mitted also that since last year 
they had been supporting the 
Huks under Commanders Melen- 
cio, Tagumpay and Cruzet Logo, 
all operating on the northwestern 
side of this province. 


(Special to the Bulletin) 

— A Philippine constabulary relief 
unit subjected Mount Banutin and 
its vicinTTiel to heavy shelling" for 
several hours last night following 
reports that an undetermirted 
number of Huks wearing red rib- 
bons had been seen prowling in 
those areas. 

According to the reports, the 
dissidents were heading for Pag- 
sanjan and Lumbang. All PC 
troops in both towns were alerted. 
PC soldiers at Pagsanjan concen- 
trated at the churchyard from 
where they shelled Mount Banu- 

Results of the shelling had not 
yet been reported. Another in- 

that Huks had been seen retreat- 
mg towards the remote barrios of 
Cavinti as a result of the opera- 
lions of the government fqrccs. 

Sljje Jllatiila 


(pMAlckni Qmion a (Jolai 

^y JORf; 

On rh? i.omb of our h^loved Iparl- 
pi’. President Qtj»Eon. it Is inscribed , 
hp ''a? Mip "Farh^r of Social ! 
Jusnoe." I/Pt lie again hCai* his 
voicp. I quotp from flis birlhday 
spppch in August of 1908: “Ii is 

ihc duty of the S’aie, not only to 
ke-’p order, administer justice anri 
safeguni'd individual rights anrl 
properr\ . but also to promote the 
people’s welfare, assuring to every 
oip* an equal economic opportuniiy. 
wholesome living conditions, a 
ihance to work for a decent liveli- 
hood, fair share in the fruits of the. 
country's mai'^'ria] progress, and' 
the pnjoymen; of a .standard of liv-; 
ing in accorrlancp wi'h ihp basir. 
needs of splf-ropeciing inteJligpnt , 
men. aoTbirjon is >o ?’^■p to, 

Filipino the opportunity to'; 
acquire through toil his necessiiies I 
in food, clothing, and shelter, toge-‘ 

ther w i*h reasonable comforts, and 
a Ipisuro which wd] permit cuUu-i 
ral spif.impj-Qyp^^i and a partici- 
pation in tlip blessings of an on- 
lightened civilization. I should like 
to give to all our countrvmen so- 
cial .security in youth a.« well as 
in olri age, for them.selve.s and their 
families.” ■ 

He started to lay t-he foundations 
of this enunciated policy, but the: 
outf)reak of the war and his sub-’ 
sc(|Uont untimely death slowed! 
down hi.s .social legislation program.' 
It a sad fact that since liberation, I 
nothing fundamental in labor legis-l 
lation has been adopted iv our I 
country. I his jg the root cause 
or the deep and widespread unrest 
which the government ha.s fori 
three years been trying fo solve ' 
n Ph rorc«.^ when the" consensus* of ! 
opinion is' that it can oe settled 
only in one way. — the Quezon wa>- 
— by a bold and far-reaching 
cial legislation. I 



Social Reform 

Here is a decisive and broad- 
gauged program of social reform: 
Foster the settlement of the public 
domain on a large scale: let at 

least fifty million pesos from the 
•Central Bank be loaned to actual 
homesteaders. Cut opt the red- 
tape in the acquisition of public 
land. Overhaul the tenancy law, 
which has' bean turned into a noose 
around the tenant's neck. Let the 
State buy the large * haciendas in 
Central Luzon, partly on the install- 
ment plan and partly m exchange 
for public lands,, and then let the 
government sell such estates in par- 
cels on installment to the tenants. 
Let the law determine a minimum 
wage, and provide for a swift way 
of fixing decent living Tvage, so as 
to lessen labor disputes. Graduall}' i 
build up a social security systeni I 
that will protect the population in 
case of sickness, old age, accident, 
unemployment,^ and orphanhood. 

The Central Bank 

The Central Bank will finance 
government and private projects. 
But such financing will not. solve 
the people’s unrest unless social le- 
gislation is effected, at. once'. Why 
establish factories that will pa 3 V 
starvation wages? It is thus possi-| 
ble that, through the Central, Bank ' 
the business barons maj’' continue 
to exploit, the masses, and on a big- 
ger scale at that, thanks to the gov- 
ernment’s assistance. 

The Muted Voice 

President Quezon’s muted voice 
can be heard in the quietude of 
the national conscience. Let us 
hope that it may stir up our law- 
makers, of all parties, to’quick and 
constructive action. Though the 
persua.sivp accents of his eloquence 
have been stilled, there i.q a .so- 
lemn force in that silence of the de- 
parted leader. / 

^Bernardo Requiem 
Mass Tomorrow 

A requiem mass, ^sponsored by 
the Capital Cit.v Planning Commis- 
sion will 1>2 said for the late Ma- 
3 'or Ponciano A. Bernardo on 
"May 11. at 8 o’clock a.m. at the 
Kamuning Parish Church on 9th. 
Street, corner H. Avenue. ' 

The family of the late Mayor, 
officials of Quezon City, officials of 
the UniversiU' of the Philippines, 
a<nd friends of Mayor Bernardo are 

Through arrangements made with 
Mrs. Rub5" Mangahas of the U. P. 
Conservatoiw of Music, Mrs. Cele- 
rina Cayabvab will sing the re- 
quiem song accompanied at the 
organ by Miss Andrea Ofilada. 

Press Club Condoles 
With Quezon Family 

Special lo The MANIL.V XI.MES 
BACOLOD, May 7. — The Negros 
Club yesterday passed a resolu- 
tion of condolence expressing the 
club’s profound sorrow over the 
death of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, 
B^y Quezon and Philip Puenca- 
mino III, at the hands of dissident 
assassins. The resolution stated 
that Doha Aurora's death \.as a 
‘‘gi'eat loss to the nation.” Copies 
of the resolution have been sent 
to Manuel Quezon. Jr. i.i .Alanlla. 
Club president is Rodolfo Garbaiv 

Puirino Pays Tribute 
To Dona Aurora . 

In a ti-ibuif paid to Mf.>. .Aurora 
Aragon Quezon during the necro’.o- 
,gical .scrvicp.-^ in .Malacahan last. 

1 night. President Klpidio Qalrino 
-.'^aid that it was Mr.s. Quezon ^vho 
served an in.spiratlon that gave 
ifrliit to the social ju.stice policies 
I of President Quezon. 

“Quezon, the great man and 
learlei’, became the greater 
of the inspiring influence of }Irs, 
Quezon, the woman and wife,’’ Mr. 
Qiiirino saUt 

He added that Mrs. Quezon 
eventually became “the rock of 
refuge and of strength” to many 
a F’iliplno leader beset with the 
burden of the people’s problems.. 

“Aurora Aragon Quezon was not 
only the first of the First L.adies 
of the lanri. In her own right, s'ne 
” a.r 11' • •, ahoT' T 1 

rino .said. '’Dvery one of us' feels j 
the poorer becau.«e of her death. I 
All of ou!* people and our posPe-i 
rity ■will be richer because she has i 
lived.” I 

Mr.=. Trinidad F. Legarda, presi-j 
dent of the National Federation 
■ Of , W omen’s Club, also praised 
-Mjrs. Oupzon a great representative 
of he:* sex in the nation building. 
Mrs. Lcga-.-da specifically mention-,' 
ed the '’.-ork cf the deceased as a 
patron cf art, and her fight ic."! 
justice and equality threu^n her! 
own example- of living aiid treat- 
ing all from all walks ofi 
life With equality. ‘ i 

Dr. Manuel Lim, another speak- 
er, cited the many humanitarian! 
worlTs of Mrs. Quezon, especially! 
with the Philippine National Rcd^ 
Cross, of -w-hich'^he was the guid-- 
ing hand. 

Dr. Victor Bucncamino gave the 
response for the family. 

La-t night's necrological services 
which w'ere broadcast, in a nation- 
w’ide hookup over all local stations, 
included solemn musical selections 
by. ?Iiss Juanita R. Javier, lyric 
soprano, accompanied b\* Prof. ".Ju- 
lio Esteban Anguita; choral ntun- 
bers by the A.mihan Musical So- 
ciety and the Manila Chamber Mu- 
sic Society, with the Manila Svm. 
phony Orchestra, conducted by | 
Prof. Bernardino Custodio, assist-' 
ing; and selections by the MSO. ' 

Freedom Speaks 



Flag at International Mart at Half-Mast 

THE PHILIPPINE FLAG flying atop the International Trade 
Mart in New Orleans being lowered to half-mast in simple cer- 
emonies in memory of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon, who was am- 
bushed recently in Nueva Ecija. In the picture, left to right: 
Alvaro Barretto, administrative assistant in the Philippine con- 
sulate; Consul Jose Moreno (lowering the flag); Vice-Consul 
Renata A. Urquiola, Miss Beatriz Bacustes and A. C. Laforteza. 

i^osidofences 6si 
IQyezan’s Deatl 

1 Messages of sympatliy over 
I the death of Mrs. (Quezon and 
her companions were received 
this week 'in Malacaflan from 
i United States Attorney Ceneral 
I Tom C. Clark and Vincent 
j Sheean, noted writer. 

The te.xt of Mr. Clark’s mes- 
sage follows; 

"The great tragedy suffered 
by the people of the Philippines 
in the untimely death of Mrs. 
Quezon and her daughter 
arouse.s the deepest sympathy of 
Americans everywhere in the 
loss which they have sustained 
and abhorrence of the cruel 
and violent circumstances whicli 
attended it. The many friends 
of the Quezon family here in 
Washington feel a deep sense 
of personal sorrow. My sin- 
cerest sympathy.” 

Sheean'.s letter, which wa ;4 
addressed- to Private Secretary 
Federico Mangahas, said in 

"We have all been shocked 
here at the murder of Dona Au- 
rora Quezon, her daughter and 
those who accompanied her. It 
is a dreadful thing. I only 
have one other thing to say. 

' which is that I thank God that 
j Qiiirino was not there. I feel 
j sure that he is res<»rved for 
1 decisive services, not only to 
the Philippines but to all of 

VOL IV. NO. 193 

TUESDAY, MAY 10. 1949 


Division O/ Quezon 
Ambush Spoils Told 

CABANATUAN. Nueva Ecija, May 10 (ENS).— The jewelry of 
the late Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon went to a Hukbalahap leader 
bearing the nom-de-guerre of Luningning when the members of 
the ambush party divided the spoils of their bloody deed. 

>€ X 

This was the revelation of Corazon de los Reyes, 23, widow of 
Cpl. Patricio Delag of the 2nd PC 

; light tank company who was exe 
cuted by the Huks, as she limped 
into the command post of Capt. 

Tommy Misayas, commanding of- 
ficer of the 24th PC company in .. 

the town of Rizal in this prov- he ,s speeding up the work 

ijicg before the rainy season starts 

next month and bog down his 
motorized units. 

»< X X I 

CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, | 
May 9 (ENS). — Col. Napoleon Va- j 
leriano, overall commander of the 
punitive expedition here, indicat. , 

Here is her story: 

She was in company with her 
husband and Cpl. Eugenio Arreola 
of the 94th PC company. They 

freight trucks ambushed by a band ^^^ch^ne guns. _ 

of 50 Huks oh the road to Panta- 

passengers of money and jewelry, 

He disclosed that his men are 
on a 24-hour patrol of isolated lo- 
calities with armored cars mount- 
were among the passengers of five guns and 50- 

Mt. Guiniat was finally yield- 

bangan on April 30. Arreola was outlaws. No data on 

killed by the Huks who relieved all are available, however. 

About 60 huts used as barracks 
were found in the area and 
The outlaws then took Delag burned by the constabulary, 
along. She pleaded to them to let Documents left by the Huks 
her husband go, and clung to him showed that the place had been 
all along the way from the scene used as training camp for Huk 
of the ambuscade to barrio Masi- 'ecruits with 600 undergoing their 
way where Delag was executed l^st graining period, 

kempei fashion. The camp, it was gathered, was 

Despite her entreaties to them to under the supervision of a certain 
let him go, they ordered her to Ramson, who belongs to the staff 
follow them. She called their at- Dimasalang de Leon.^ The oc- 
! tention to her pregnancy. The cupation of the camp was credited 
Huks nevertheless forced her to Moro constabulary fighters. — V.. 

She was with the Huks march- 
ing day and night in an effort to 
evade government troops who had 
j started the search for the attack- 
■ ers of the Quezon party. 

She declared that in one of 
their conversations she overheard 
the outlaws talk about how they 
divided the spoils of the aml^ush 
attack on the Quezons. 

There was some talk about a 
certain Luningning getting Mrs. 

Quezon’s ring and one, Kulafu, 
getting Maj. Gen. Rafael Jalan- 
doni’s signet ring. 

She heard that Luningning and 
Kulafu left the gang later and 
sneaked through the PC cordon 
encircling Mt. Guiniat. 

The widow also revealed the 
hardships suffered by the outlaws 
in the punitive campaign. She 
said .she saw 20 Huks killed when 
an artillery barrage levelled down 
26 Huk barracks at Mt. Guiniat. 

She saw outlaw casualties buried 
with military ceremonies In Ba- 
sang Hamog but that many of the 
Huk dead were left behind covered 
, with cogon grass as the outlaws 
were unable to take them along 
because of the rapid advance of 
PC forces towards, the Huk posi- 
■ tions. 

She said wounded Huks were 
brought to an undisclosed hospital 
atop Mt. Guiniat. 

When the pursuit was getting 
hotter and the outlaws presumab- 
ly could not afford to allow the 
captives to slow down their speed, 
the widow was released last Sun- ! 
day night at sitio Basang Hamog. 

Taiavera, with the admonition 
never to marry a soldier again. 

— V. 

Pays Tribute To Mrs. Quezon 

While “everyone feels the poorer 
because of her death," yet ’‘our 
people and our prosperity will be 
the richer because she has lived," 
President Quirino said in his nec- 
rological speech during the memo- 
rial services in honor of Doha Au- 
rora A. Quezon given by the Phil- 
ippines National Red Cross at Ma- 
lacahan last night. 

Former Associate Justice Manuel 
Lim was another speaker at the 
gathering that was well attended. 

The President said in part: 

“Mrs. Quezon, devoted and at- 
tached to her husband as she had 
always been all her life, human 
enough to feel the immeasurable 
loss for her beloved husband’s 
demise, summoned all the courage 
and wisdom that she could muster 
from her heritage and determined 
to continue her husband’s life 
struggles while she lived. It was 
she who had seiwed as the lever 
that had gauged the course of her 
husband’s public life. She had sta- 
bilized and steadied his movements 
and convictions as he had embark- 
ed upon his aggressive and com- 
pelling patriotic endeavors at the 
height of his strength, power and 
influence as leader of his people. 
The husband’s vicissitudes of for- 
tune in his great battles of life 
had made him turn his eyes upon 
the lot of the common man. But 
it was she who had touched and 
softened his heart and made him 
champion the cause of the masses, 
the underprivileged, the underfed. 
President Quezon’s social justices 
had been Aurora Quezon’s inspira- 
tion and passion. 

“But great as her influence had 
been, she had never abused it to 
further a justifiable personal pride 
when she knew that grave pro- 
blems of state were involved. She 
had asked nothing for herself. She 
had never suggested that she 
would be sharing the criticism or 
glorification of her husband’s con- 
duct even if it affected her feel- 
ings or dignity as the mother of his 
childi’en. Nor had she minded be- 
ing dragged along up or down as 
her husband’s career had brought 
him higher or lower in the nation- 
al estimation. She had always 
risen to the occasion in the most 
helpful spirit. Because iar and 
above her realization of some of 
her husband’s failings in his hu- 
man adventures, she had had ab- 
solute confidence in her husband’s 
devotion and respect for her, 
which she undoubtedly had in- 
spired by her conduct and her 

prayers. Quezon, the great man 
and leader, became the greater be- 
cause of the inspiring influence 
of Mrs. Quezon, the woman and 
wife. And Mrs. Quezon eventually 
became the rock of refuge and of 
strength to many a Filipino lead- 
er beset with the burden of the 
people’s problems. That she did 
all this quietly within the private 
sanctuary of the home is a grate- 
ful fact and commentary on the 
womanhood of this country. 

“Aurora Aragon Quezon was not 
only the first of the First Ladies 
of the land. In her own right, she 
was simply grand ! The insuperable 
dignity, wisdom and grace with 
which she carried her responsibi- 
lity to the nation after the death 
of President Quezon were no ac- 
cident; they came as the nature 
flowering of a lifetime of respon- 
sible, devoted and fulfilled com- 
radeship. When she undertook to 
head our National Red Cross, she 
simply acceded to giving formal 
confirmation, on her own right, of 
being in fact and in truth, mother 
to her people. She did not merely 
lend her name, great as it was, 
to the cause. She labored mightily, 
doing yeoman service like every- 
one else who belonged to it, and 
provided its deepest, mast abiding 
inspiration. Our people may not 
know now who was the greater, 
Quezon the Father of his country, 
or Aurora Aragon Quezon, the tru- 
ly symbolic mother of her race. 
But history will record them both 
as the greatest benefactors of this 
generation^ and Mrs. Quezon an 
the greatest woman in her coun- 

“The world has shared our peo- 
ple’s sorrow in her tragic passing. 
Those of us who knew her well can 
most truly sa/: to know hei;^ was 
to respect her, to admire her, to 
love her. No longer shall she ^ace 
the halls of the land which were 
wont to be exalted by her en- 
nobling personality; no longer 
shall welfare institutions feel the 
touch of her kind heart and hand. 
No longer shall these Palace halls 
be dignified by her handsome and 
queenly figure; no .longer shall 
these walls receive the impact of 
her gentle influence. No longer 
shall this atmosphere, which for 
many years she had enlivened with 
her wisdom and charm, be per- 
meated by her spi^f-of racial 
honor and pride — as'' nbodiment 
of the noblest type^^f Filipino 

. ^ 




Mrs. Quezon Honored 
in II08OS Sur Rifes 

Special 1o (lie rtironicle 

VKIAX. J locos Sur. May 10 — 
Necrological services for the late 
Mrs. Aurora Quezon was held 
^ Saiiirday niorning at the provin- 
cial capiiol hall, under the joint 
auspices of the Ilo<-os Sur prov- 
incial government and the Ilocos j 
Sur-Ahra chapter of the Philip- j 
pine National Pied (’ross. , 

liulogies were delivered by Lt. | 
Col. Pedro Dionisio. in behalf of ' 
'the Armed Forces: Mayor Ma- j 

: riaao Formoso, in behalf of the I 
; Ilocos Sur Mayors’ League: act- j 
ing Fiscal Alfredo Lava, for the i 
provincial goveimment: and Mrs. j 
Agustina C. Faypon. for the ‘ 
Ilocos Sur-Abia chapter, PN'RC 
and Women’s Federation of the 
, province. 

P^elix J. Aragon, managing 
editor of the Nortli .Star and a 
relative of Mrs. Quezon, ;>;ave 
the response while Father Godo- 
fredo Albauo performed the in- 
vocation and benediction, i 

Musical numbers were coiitrl- ’ 
buted by Prof. Carlos Reyes wbo 
played “Elegy” on the organ,: 
Jesus Reyes who sang “Ave Ma- ; 
ria,’' Johnny and Bernerdo Na- ! 
varrete who rendered a vIoUu 

1 duet, accompanied on the iiiano 
by their sister Catalina, and the 
I Northern Higfi School choir 
I which sang ‘‘Rock of Ages 
; while the public made the floral 
offerings. — m.r. ^ 

Wilson Passengers 
Requiem Mass For 
Mrs. Quezon 6 ^ Party 

A requiem mass was held re- 
cently on board the s. s. Pres- 
idont Wil.son en route to San 
Francisco for the repose of the 
souls of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon 
and her party. The mass, which 
was officiated by an American 
Catholic priest, was held 
through the initiative of Mrs. 
Pilar P. Balagtas, who Is on her 
way to the United States. The 
ma .«»3 was attended by those on 
board including a large group 
of Filipinos. 

Among those who attended 
the requiem mass were Mr. and 
Mrs. Vicente T^egarda and niece, 
Aliss Tanhunting. Dr. and Mrs. 
Paterno Chikiamco, Dr. Manuel 
Ouisumbing and sou, Manuel, 
Jr., Dr. Lui.s Z. .Gonzalez, Dr. 
Filipina.s Victorlo. Dr. Luz Ca- 
nanpan. Mr. and Mrs. Carlos Zu- 
lueta. Marla Luisa Garcia, 
Eduardo Vlaplana. Jos© Abad. 
Mrs. Juan del Rosario and 

Requiem Mass 

A requiem mass, sponsored 
by the Quezon City unit of the 
YLAC will be said on Sunday, 
May 15, at 8:45 a.m. at the 
Sacred Heart cha*i;3l in Kamu- 
ning, for "he repose of the 

souls of the late Mrs. Aurora 
Quezon, Maria zVurora Quezon 
and Philip Buencamino III. ^ 

All members are requested to 
attend in uniform. 


Wednesday, May 11, 1949 

AfrUa P€sys Tribute In Tokyo 
Memorial Rifes for Mrs, Quezon 


When a Hiik hand assaulted , 

Carranglan sometime in February, T0K\0, May 11 (Al ) Memorial 
Manantan was kidnaped. He services were held this afternoon m 
said he was impressed into the Potior of the late Mrs. Aurora A. 
and joined the 7th baitalion Q'''’">o!?^ late Pres- 

. ident Manuel L. Quezon and their 

Huk Prisoner Gives Details 
Of Quezon Massacre Near Baler 

Special to TTie MANILA TIMES 

CABANATUAN, May 10.— The complete story of the 
ambuscade last April 28 which resulted in 
the death of Mrs. Quezon and 11 others, was 
j told to the provincial fiscal yesterday by 
! Pedro Manantan, who participated in the 

The 2B-year-old Huk declared that the 
ambush band did not know beforehand 
■ that Mrs. Quezon was with the party. “The 
'i first car in which .Doha Aurora was riding 
was machine-gunned when it tried to turn 
i back lU'on being stopped liy our compan- 
‘ ions,’' ■ ^ said. He himself fired four times 
' at tlv 'Quezon car with his Garand. 

( , r^r ihp holduD. there are civllian.s giving aid to 

The real Ptirp ) ' the organization in Ihe form of 

- Manantan rxpla , ‘ ammunition, food.s and medicines. 

clothing and foo<.lstuffs. He Hue to this disclosure, the PC {unit was disbanded, which explain-! 
caiH 'that the pari icipating Huk Intelligence unit of this province ed why he was picked up alone hy ! 

been given instructions redoubled its effort in pinning ‘the PC in Sta. Barbara, San Jose. 

held at 

under Major Paredes. With Man- - A ' 

Umgov. Rizal as their base, they daughter Miss Maria Aurora Que- 
periodicallv made raids. The services were held pi 

Manatua'n stated (hat he w.s headquarters 

with the band which held up 

^ around 100 vehicles in Punc^an, The gathering was addressed by 
I Carranglan before the Holv Week, the honovable Bernabe Africa, chief 
re.sulting in the killing of a PS of the Philippine mission in Japan, 
man. His second raid was made He said “we are gathered here this 
I when the 7th battalion assaulted afternoon to pay homage to the me- 
• Mataas na Kahoy, Cabanatuan, mory of Mrs. Aurora Aragon Que- 
three days later, when he .said Ihey^on, wife of the late President Ma- 
killed a municipal teacher. The oucl L. Quezon, and her daughter 
next job he was in, he said, was Aurora Quezon who, together 

the Quezon ambuscade. with 10 others, were slain in an 

He disclosed further that the ambuscade in the morning of April 
planners of the holdup at the 28. 1949 by heavily armed bandits 
Bongabon-Baler border were Major '''as on her way to her 

Paredes, Colonel Ramson, Majoi of Baler iti Quezon pro- 

Uwaywa.y, Major Marzo and Comi'Tnce tojunvell a marker desigiiat- 

manders Liiningning and Aladln 

After the ambush, he said, ihe^'v 
separated and regrouped in IVfan 
lungoy on April 30. 

From Manlungoy they move< 
down to Valle, Talavera, wherf 
they began a const ant. flight, due to 
PC operations. He stated that his! 

ing the spot where her distinguish- 
ed husband was born. 

“The country was shocked by 
that awful tragedy. In her death 
the nation lost a national leader 
revered by all. irrespective of party 
or religious affiliations, for her 

patriotic labors on behalf of her 
people in war as well as in peace. 
She it was who inspired President 
Quezon’s lifelong struggle for inde- 
pendence and final statehood for 
his country. During the enemy 
occupation of the Philippines she 
liverl quietly with her family in 
the United Sfate.*^ sharing with her 
illustrious husband the burden of 
carrying on the fight until the en- 
emy was driven away from her 
native land and the democratic way 
of life restored to the Filipino peo 

“President Quezon died without 
seemg the liberation of his coun- 
try. Mrs. Quezon, insLoad of retir- 
ing to seclusion of private life, was 
actively engaged in the reconstruc- 
tion of hqr- war devastated country 
and in the ajuelioration of the suf- 
ferings of her people particularly 
war veterans. At the time of heV 
death she was the president of the 
Philippine Red Cross and memSer 
of various other welfare and charit- 
able organizations. It can truly be 
said that she lived and died for 
her country." 

Hv ^‘their re^jperUve commanders ' tlown Huk .sympathizers who' 
rlav to hold lip vehicles for are considered more dangerous 
badlv needed siippbe-s. than known enemie.s. 

* ...... 1 Relating his per.sonal circiim- 

ances, Manantan stated the fol- 
road fired si- lowing: He was born in Pozorru- 
the motorcade. Pangasinan, sometime in 1923. 

WbAn the first car attempted to 
ge^ away, he declared, the Huks J^tances, 
deployed along the 
miiltaneously * 


Tfter a ■while." he continued, “we During his early teens his parents 
firinsr and our companions, moved to Banganan. Ar-tao, Nueva 
i.'.t Vfiooi-f. approzoh^i ^•i:', whPre he greu' , 


'w.r.etiv Wiik officers, approacnen 'i/.Lava, wnr-it- .F up. Sorne- 

rnosui n <.ta,Mod relieving the »hne last year before he broke Jail 

ine cars H „^oney and va- in Nu^va Vizcaya, be was sen- 

victims oi fenced to fi\ e >ears imprisonment 

luablo.s. ^ ^.evelaiion Manantan for Illpgnl possession of firearms. 

Anotnei ;nvo>ligation was From there, be hit Cananglan. 

made mn i bein?:: vipplipd Nue\a F.ei ja where Im landed a 

that the nv sntnp civilian Job as hoi--phn\ jn Ihe liome of 

’vl'h aninni.ii' 

Carranglan ma'or to whom he 
no» pal bi.s r>M-i. 

Mass For Ambush 
Victims Tomorrow 

The National Campaign Organi- 
zation for the Antipolo Church 
Reconstruction will offer a reqiem 
mass tomorrow-, Thursday, at 7 
a.m. at the Church of St. "Therese 
of the Child Jesus, Carmelite Mo- 
nastery, No. 4 Gilmore Avenue, 
Quezon City. 

The requiem mass is for the souls, 
of Mrs. Aurora Aragon Quezon,; 
Miss Maria Aurora Quezon, Philip 
Buencamino III, IMayor Ponciano. 
Bernardo, Lt. Col. Primltlvo San 
Agu.stin, Lt. Col. Antonio San Aus- 
tin, Juan Molina, Pedro Payiimo 
and all the officer.s ami elisted 
men who w’ere killed In the recent 
Quczr'n anibu-rp«lp. 


Africa Extpls Mrs. Quezon In Speech 
At Memorial Services In Tokyo 

TOKYO, May 11 (AP)._ Memo- 
rial services were held this after- 
noon in honor of the late Mrs. Au- 
rora A. Quezon, widow of the late 
President Manu^ L. Quezon and 
Uieir daughter Miss Maria Aurora 
! Quezon. The services were held 
at the general headquarters cha- 
pel here. — 

, The gathering wa^ addressed by 
Minister Bernabe Africa, chief of 
the Philippine mission in Japan. 
He said “we are gathered here 
this afternoon to pay homage to 
the memory of Mrs. Aurora Ara- 
gon Quezon, wife of the late Pres- 
ident Manuel L. Quezon, and her 
daughter Maria Aurora who, toge- 
ther with 10 others, were slaift in 
an ambuscade in morning of 
April 28, 1949 by heavily armed 
bandits while she was on her way 
to her hative town of Baler in 
Quezon province to unveil a mark- 
er designating the spot where her 
distinguished husband was born. 

“The country was shocked by 
that awful tragedy. In her death 
the nation lost a national leader 
, revered by all, irrespective of par- 
I ty or religious affiliations, for her 

patriotic labors on behalf of her 
people in war as well as in peace. 
She it was who inspired President 
Quezon’s lifelong struggle for in- 
dependence and linal statehood for 
his country. During the enemy 
occupation of the Philippines she 
lived quietly with her family in 
the United States sharing with 
her illustrious husband the burden 
of carrying on the fight until the 
enemy was driven away from her 
native land and the democratic 
way of life restored to the Filipino 

“President Quezon died without 
seeing the liberation of his coun- 
try. Mrs. Quezon, instead of re- 
tiring to seclusion of private life, 
was actively engaged in the re- 
construction of her war devas- 
tated country and in the amelio- 
ration of the sufferings of her 
people particularly war veterans. 
At the time of her death she was 
the president of the Philippine Red 
Cross and member of various oth- 
er welfare and charitable organ- 
izations. It can .truly be said that 
she lived and died for her coun- 

As American Editors See Us 


The shocking 
XTLIPINO murder of the 

AMBUSH widow and daugh- 

ter of the first 
President of the Philippines and a 
group of prominent E’ilipinos by 
unidentified “bandits” was a sense- 
less act. Most western readers 
will assume a political motivation 
for the attack, especially in view 
of immediate newspaper attempts 
to link the attackers with the 
Communist-tinged, outlawed peas- 
ant organization know^i as Huk^ 

However, it would be a mistake 
to put the incident into the frame- 
work of w'orldwide ideological 
conflict without concrete and con- 
’ vdneing proof. President Elpidio 
; Quirino at once stated that he 
4 thought the killers were simply 
‘ bandits, not “Huks.” Or they may 
have been a little of both at the 
same time, as some of the “guer- 
rillas” during the war were as 
much old-fashioned brigands and 
desperadoes as they w'erc heroes 
and resistance fighters. 

The tradition of banditry is 
; strong in most countries of the 
; East, w'here a poverty-stricken ‘ 
‘ peasantry faces minimal conditions ' 
; of life. The Philippines is making 
iprogi’ess in ameliorating the lot 
of the peasant, and has made even 

better progress in promoting re- 
spect for law and order. But the 
wartime resistance movement, 
which put a premium on lawless- 
ness for patriotic ends, and the 
attendant disorganization of civil 
life resulted in an unfortunate re- 
vival of brigandage and terrorism, 
which has not yet been completely 
eliminated. ! 

In such cases, motives are sel- 
dom purely “political,” as the term 
is understood in the West. To 
think of irresponsible gangs to , 
malcontents in terms of a tightly 
knit, Moscow-directed party is to 
be very naive. Disbanded and dis- 
possessed Huks are more likely to 
find their philosophy in their 
markmanship than in Marx. — 
Boston fMassJ Christian Science 
Monitor, May 2. 

! Dr. Poling Blames Reds For Quezon 
Massacre In Report On Orient T our 

— A noted churchman reported to- 
day on his return from a six-^veek 
fact-finding tour through the 
Orient that a vast communist 
outflanking movement is being at- 
temp^ted in Asia. 

He blamed Communists for the 
killing of Mrs. Aurora Aragon 
Quezon in the Philippines. He 
said “it w^as an insphed killing.” 

Dr. Daniel A. Poling, Philadel- 
phia religious leader and news- 
paper columnist, was sent by 
President Truman’s committee on 
religion and w^eKare in the armed 

! Speaking at a breakfast today, 
Poling said: 

“Communism is promising China 
what General MacArthur and his 
administration has given Japan — 
land and the means of earning 
a living.” He said the answer to 
communism in the Far East can 
be found in the U.S. policy of 
“patience with strength” in 

Europe. He urged a broadening 
of that policy to cover the Orient. 

Police attributed the assassina- 
tion of Mrs. Quezon, her daughter 
baby, son-in-law and many others 
to communists. 

“It is clearly evident,” said Dr. 
Poling, “that the murder of Mrs. 
Quezon was an inspired killing. 
The group’ under Luis Taruc, sup- 
remo of the Huks, has been 
seeking land. The communists 
have taken advantage' of that 
situation, in their determination 
that there shall be no amnesty. 

“I think it will be shown it 
was they who blocked the road 
before and behind when Mrs. Que- 
zon was ambushed.” 

Poling, now chaplain of the cha- 
pel of the four chaplains, said 
he narrowly missed going along 
with the Quezon party on their 
ill fated trip. He had troubled 
rearranging his schedule. 


The national campaign organi- 
: zation for the Antipolo Ghurch re- 
construction will offer a requiem 
mass at 7 a.m. tomorrow at the 
j Church of St. Therese of the Child 
* of Jesus, Carmelite Monastery, 4 
Gilmore Avenue, Quezon City. 

The mass will be said for the 
repose of the soul of Mrs. Aurora 
Aragon Quezon, president of the 
board of directors of the Antipolo 
committee and of those who were 
killed in the recent ambuscade in 
Nueva Ecija: Maria Aurora Que- 
zon, Philip Buencamino, III, Ma- 
yor Ponciano Bernardo, Primitive 
San Agustin, Antonio San Agus- 
tin, Juan Molina, Pedro Payumo 
and officers and enlisted men with 
Mrs. Quezon’s party. 

Services For Mrs. Quezon } 

CEBU CITY, (By Mail).— The! 
memory of Mrs. Aurora A. Que- 1 
zon, who was slain April 28 in a ' 
Huk ambuscade in Central Luzon, 
together with her daughter and' 
son-in-law and nine others, was 
honored last Friday afternoon at 
a necrological services held at the . 
PC recreation hall. i 

Orations were delivered by 
Cebu Chinese Consul Wel-hsien- 
'Tsung, Spanish Consul Juan Roz 
^naza and American Consul 
James Henderson. 

Other speakers included Tirso 
Uy Tengsu in behalf of the City 
Red Cross Committee, Dr. Feli- 
mno Cruz, representing the Red 
^oss. Acting Mayor Arsenio Vi- , 
llanueva in the name of the city | • 
and Acting Governor Honorato 
Hermosisima in behalf of the ^ 


Gregorian Masses 
•For Mrs. Quezon Offered 

Gregorian masses for the family 
of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon are be- 
ing- offered by the Centro Escolar 
* university at the San Bsda church. 
The masses are said at 6:30 every 
morning and daily evening rosa- 

ries for the deceased rre being 
conducted by President Carmen 
de Luna. 

Africa Lauds 
Mrs. Quezon 

TOlCTfO, May U_(UP) — 
Philippine Minister Bernabe 
Africa said today at memorial 
services for Mrs. Aurora A. 
Quezon and 11 others killed in 
the recent Xueva Ecija massacre 
that “it can be truly said that 
Mrs. Quezon lived and died for 
her country.'' 

‘‘The country was shocked by 
that awful tragedy," Africa 
said. "In her death the nation a national leader revered by 
all, irrespective of party or re- , 
lig-ious affiliations, for her pa- 
triotic labors on belialf of her | 

■ people in war a.s well as in peace, i 

"She it vva.s who inspired Pres- 1 
I ident Q'lezon’s lifelong struggle 
; for independence and full nation- 
hood for his country. During the 
enemy occupation of the Philip- 
pines she lived quietly with her 
: family in tlie United States shar- • 
ing with her illustrious limsband 
the burden of carrying on the 
; fight until the enemy was driv- 

■ en away from her native land 
and a democratic way of life re- 

. stored to the Filipino people. 

“President Quezon died with- 
out seeing the liberation of his 
country. Mrs. Quezon, instead 
of retiring to the seclusion of 
private life, was actively en- 
gaged in construction of her war- 
devastated country and in aine- 
; lioration of the sufferings of. 

her people, particularly the war 
1 veterans. 

1 "At the time of her death she' 
j was president of the Philippine^ 
I Red Cross and a member of va- 
rious other welfare and charit- 
able organizations." 

The services were held in the 
army headquarters chapel cen- 
i ter. 



PC COMMANDO UNIT GUARDING NE ROADS—One of the PC commando unit* which Lt. 
Col. Napoleon Valeriano is effectively using i n nocturnal raids against Huk concentrations 
alon^ the highways in Nueva Ecija. Note one of the 50 caliber machine guns with which 
these highly mobile motorized units are armed. These commando raids are how rendering 
Nueva Ecija highways safe from Huk ambuscades, besides minimizing further threat of Huk 
attacks on defenseless towns and barrios. — (Chr*>*>icle Photo by G. A. Ciiizon) 









Quezon Killers 
Accused in Court 

Vets Indignant 
Over Ambuscade 

Special to ihe Chronicle 

CABAXATUAX. May 11— Fit* 
top Huk commanders head- ' 
e l by Colonel Maurlcio Razoa j 
alias Ramzon’. were accused of I 
multiple murder lu a complaiat I 
Ciled with the justice of the j 
peace of this town for the cold* 
blooded murder of Mrs. Aurora | 
A. Qur-on and 11 members of | 
her party along the Bongabou- 
Baler highway last April 28. 

' The complaint was filed with 
A-he justice of the peace of this 
town, by L.t. Fidel Amaate, as- 
sistant intelligence officer of 
the Philippine Constabulary 

The defendants In the multi- 
ple murder complaint were iden- 
tified by Pedro Mauautan, who. 
In an affidavit before the PCs, 
gave his version of the Quezon 
party massacre. 

He Identified some of the de- 
fendants hs Colonel Razoa, Col. 
Alexander Viemes, alias Stalin, 
Majors Paulino Viernes, alias 
Llwaj’way, and Crisanto INIarzo, 
Commanders Guerrero, Viray, 
Langit and Aladln. All the de- 
fendants except Manantan, W’ho 
was Included In the complaint, 

I are still at large. 


i Manantan, It was believed, 

' will plead guilty to the charges 
filed by the Philippine Consta- 
bulary authorities. Government 
witnesses cited by the PCs In- 
clude General Rafael Jalandoul 
and other surviving members of 
the ambushed Quezon party. — 

Showing deep indignation over 
the murder of Mrs. Aurora Que- 
zon, widow if the late Manuel 
Quezon, the Cebu veterans speak- 
ing through Cebu Veterans" Le- 
gion Chapter Commander Jose 
Ponce declared that they “are 
willing to volunteer in a punitive 
expedition against the killers of 
Mrs. Quezon to avenge her 

Ponce said that the Cebu con- 
tingent can easily be made up of 
four regiments and an indepen- ! 
dent battalion. 

The Cebu guerrilla volunteers 
need not be paid for their ser- 
vice* in the campaign, the chap- 
ter commander pointed out. 

Meanwhile, necrological ser- 
vices in memory of Mrs. Quezon 
will be held tomorrow at tha PC 
Recreation Hall at 4 p.m. 

Funeral orations will be deli- 
vered by Consul Wei-Hsien 
Tsung of China, representing the 
local Chinese cojnmunity, Juan 
Ros Arriaza, Spanish consul on 
behalf of the Chinese community. 
Consul James Henderson, Amer-1 
ican consul in Cobu, representing i 
the American community, Act- 
ing Governor Honorato Hermosi- 
aima in behalf of the province of 
Cebu, Acting Mayor Arsenio Vi- 
llanueva, representing the city, 
and Dr. Feliciano Cruz, local 
Red Cross administrator. 

Gregorian Masses | 
For Mrs. Quezon 

Gregorian masses for the fam- 
ily of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon 
are being offered by the Centro- | ^ 
Fscolar University at the San 
Beda church. The masses are 
said at 6:30 -every morning and 
daily evening rosaries for the 
deceased are being conducted by : 
President Carmen de Luna. •! 

The death of Mrs. Quezon Is 
deeply mourned by tha Centro j 
Escolarinas, she having been « 
one of the hoard of directors • 
of the University. Her last and j 
memorable In the school's acti- 
vities was the recent March | 
commencement exercises .where ; 
«ha pinned the most distinguish- ' 
ed alumnus award on Dr. Con- 
cepcion A. Aguila, CBU execu- 
tive director and dean, graduate 

A requiem mass for the souls 
of Mrs. Quezon, her daughter 
“Baby,” and her son-in-law, 
Philip Biiencamino III, will be 
offered by the Aaoctaclon de 
Dam as Filipinas tomorrow mor- 
ning. Friday, at 7 o'clock at the 
Settlement House on Canonlgo, 
Paco. All members are request- 
ed to attend. 

! o 


1 5 Known Huks 
In Murder Rap 

17 Die As Dissidents 
Sto 9 e Raid On Sibul 

Fifteen known members of the 
Huk band who took part in the 
infamous ambush of Mrs. 

A Quezon, her daughter- Bab},, 
Her son-in-law Philip, and nine 
o.hors on the Bongabon-Baler 
h’>hwa^- on April 28, ha\e been 
made defendants in a charge for 
multiple murder filed in the 
Zurt oi first instance of Xueya 
FeVia: Of the 15 accused, only 

one,: Pedro Manantan, is in cus-. 

tsodv., I 

r-; ■■ i-dajG«»rront. 9 sironjET? 


rs-s'iUi&g in the .tea.n of 
,.,viliane four tempora^r] 
nolVcpmen, anri five Huka. Of, 
six civilians ivounded. ^two; 
n,- :f)iee rotght succumb 
Avounrts sustained during t e 

In Qu<?zon province | complaint filed wdth the local passengers and killed Mrs. Auro- 

morning, seven Huks court of first instance by Lt. Fi-ira A. Quezon, Maria Aurora Que- 

ia a clash with the PC In ttie Amante, junior intelligence 

zon, Mayor Ponciano Bernardo, 

Mauban hills. investigation officer of this 

In Laguna seven other men pi-ovincial command. 

Felipe Buencamlno HI, Lt. Do- 
minador Arabejo, Capt. Primitive 
San Agustin, Maj. Antonio San 
Agustin, Pedro Payumo, PC Cpl. 
- ‘ • Almarines, Pfc. Brigido 

Bay ^puvides^^rpach a ohe^with V'3 alias ‘Langit," Guer-i Prosecution witnesses include 

As p *1 rero, Douglas, one with the alias! Maj. Gen. Rafael Jalandonl, re- 

PC chipf continues ‘‘Pablo,'' another with the alias! tired AFP chief of staff, a. ad .Dr. 
w tour thr and Huk Pvt. Pedro f Eduardo Quisumblng, among the 

his personal tour or tne c<^^^n 1 Ti^^Tr^^rc in amhush. Cant. 

survivors in the ambush, Capt. 
Burgosino Fausto, Capt. Olimpio 
Manalang, and Cpl. Silverio Ray- 
jmundo, PC escorts at the time 
1 of the Incident. 

HukS'tcd ^.“nTra-I Manantan, 

Luzon with the main purpose of AVith the exception of Manan- 
coordinating the current all-out tan who was arrested several days 
PC drive. large. 

General Ramos, Gov. Jose B The criminal complaint was 

r.ingad and Maj. Benjamin San ti mainly supported by the written^ ^ 

llan of Pampanga yesterday con confession of Manantan who the K6qUI©m 

ferred at San Fernando on the other day disclosed before the Tornorrow 

reacLivaiion of civiiiaii guards .to provincial fiscal the participation lomoiiuw 

help carry on the fight against ; 0 f each of the accused in the mas-| The Asociacion de Damas Fili- 
Ihe Huk hordes. sacre of Dona Aurora and H pinas will offer a requiem mass 

others in Bongabon. 

for the souls of Mrs. Aurora A. 

CABA?,UtUa!n Xue^ Quezon. Miss Mada Aurora Que- 

.May IJ -ffteen Wentlfied mem- zon and Philip Buencamlno III to- 
hers of the Huk band which am- unknown, on April 28 morrow, Friaay. af 7 a.m. at tlie 

‘h Bongabon, “with evident pre- Settlement House at Canontg'i 
,®dTf^"°c"i^.^e‘d and treachery" ambSsh. street. Paco. 

way ryere today charged with vehicles loaded 

multiple murcier in a criminal 


^ All members and friends of il' 
idecea.s'^d a’*e urged to attend. 

Pontiff Sends 
His Condolences 
On Quezon Tragedy 

Pope Pius XTI was among 
those who sent messages of sym- 
pathy to President Quirino on the 
, death of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon 
, and her companions, it was learn- 
ed^ in Malacafian last night (May 

other early expres.sions of con- 
dolence also came from Supreme 
Uourt .lust ice Frank Murphy and 
fonuer Governor FrancKs Burton 
liaiiison in the United States. 

Spedal to The MANIIA TIMHA 

GVMACA, Quezon,— Memorial 
services honoring Mrs. Aurora 
Aragon Quezon and Tvho 

died her^ bf^ld here* 

last w eek under th*e ‘"combined 
sponsorship of the Municipal 
Council and the Eastern Quezon 

During . the services, a resolu- 
tion of condolence was approved 
the citizens of this town in, 
honor of the late First Lady and ; 
her companions. “ ! 

Visit Your 



— ^Page 2 





Masses For Quezons 

Gregorian masses for IMi's. 
Aurora A. Quezon and members 
of her family who died in the 
Nueva Ecija ambuscade are said 
e\'ery morning at 6 o’clock at San 
Beda chapel. Mrs. Carmen de 
Luna, president of the Centro Es- 
colar University, is sponsoring the 
masses. Mrs. Quezon was a mem- 
ber of tJie CEU board of directors. | 

(Special to the Bulletin) 

CABANATUAN, May 11.— Fif- 
teen Hukbalahaps, identified as 
' ambushers of Mrs. Aurora A. Que- 
zon and members of her party last 
April 28, were charged with mul- 
tiple murder in a criminal com- 
plaint filed with the local court of 
first instance by Lieut. Fidel 
Amante, Nueva Ecija Philippine 
constabulary command intelligence 

Indicted for the ambush are 
Mauricio Razon, alias Ramson, a 
member of Huk Col. Jose Dima- 
salang de Leon’s staff; Huk Col. 
Alexander Viernes, alias Stalin; 
Huk Majors Crisanto Marz’o, Pau- 
lino Viernes (alias Liwayway); 
Huk Commanders Luningning, 
Guerrero, Viray, Langit, Aladdin, 
iMulong, Douglas,. Pablo, Sagasa; 

: and Pedro Manantan. 

All the accused, except Manan- 
tan, are still at large. The com- 
; plaint was supported mainly by 
the sworn confession of Manantan 
w^ho testified the other day before 
the provincial fiscal, admitting his 
participation with the other ac- 
cused in the killing of Mrs. Que- 
zon and 11 members of her party 
along the highway between Bong- 
abon and Baler. 

Manantan, the only one among ; 
the accused who is under deten- : 
tion, is expected to enter a plea 
of guilty on hiij. arraignment. Pro- ‘ 
secution witnesses include ^Gen. 
Rafael Jalandoni, Dr. Eduardo 
Quisumbing and other members of 
Mrs. Quezon's party, and members 
of the constabulary escort includ- 
ing Capt. Burgosino Fausto, Capt. 

Health Resort Is Ravaged; 

Defenders Mowed Down 
By Rampaging Outlaws 

With government forces en- 
gaged in tracking down in Nueva 
Ecija the savage killers of Mrs. 

Aurora A. Quezon md her party, 
a well-armed band^of Hukbala- 
haps descended ‘on peaceful Sibul 
Springs Tuesday night and in a 
four-hour killing and~ looting 
rampage exacted a heavy toll 
in human lives and booty. 

They left in their wake eight 
murdered civilians, including two 
children, four special policemen 
killed in action, and seven wounded 
residents of the health resort. The 
outlaws carted avfay over P20,000 
in loot. Casualties among the 
Huks included a dead commander 
and four members of his murder- 
ing band. 

In Nueva Ecija, the constabula- 
ry indicted 15 people, including 
notorious Hukbalahap leaders, for 
multiple murder in connection with 
the ambush of Mrs. Quezon's par- 
ty last April 28. All the accused, 
except a captured outlaw who con- 
fessed to his participation in the 
murders, are stDl at large. 

Brig. Gen. Alberto Ramos, chief 
of the constabulary, and members 
of his staff who were in Pampan- 
ga yesterday, authorized yester- 
day the reactivation of civilian vo- 
lunteer units to help government 
forces stamp out the Huk menace 
in Luzon. These volunteers, how- 
ever, will be under the control of \ 

the PC, and not of the provincial 
; governor or town mayors, as pre- . 

I vicusly. 

I In Laguna, meanwhile, six men 
buying pigs were suspected of be- 
ing government agents and were 
captured and cruelly tortured by 
100 Huks. One of the captives es- 
caped, The fate of the five others 
was unknown. 

Freedom Speaks 



NFWC Mass Offering 
For Quezon Family 

The National Federation of 
Women’s Clubs is offering a re- 
quiem mass for Mrs. Aurora A. 
Quezon, Maria Aurora Quezon 
and Philip Buencamino III on 
Tuesday, May 17, at 7 o’clock in 
the morning at the San Miguel 
Pro-Cathedral. The officiating 
priest will be Most. Rev. Rufino 
J. Santos, D.D., auxiliary bishop 
of Manila while the eulogy will 
be delivered by Very Rev. Wm. 
Materson, S. J., president of the 
Ateneo de Manila. 

Sponsoring organizations in- 
clude Asociacion de Damas Fili- 
' pinas, Ateneo Alumni Associa- 
: tion. Club de Damas de Manila, 

1 Girl Scouts of the, 

' Knights of Columbus, Manila 
Women’s Club, Phil. American , 
Assn, of Washington, D. C., Pihl. i 
Assn- of University Women, 1 
Young Ladies AsSn. of Charity, 1 
Young Women’s Christian A.ssn. 

The musical numbers will be 
rendered by the Amihan Musical 
Society and the Manila Chamber 
Music Society, 

r> , ■ - 

10 CENTAVOS A COPY ★ ★ edition] 

VOL IV, NO. 196 FRIDAY, MAY . 13, 1949 19 NEWS RAGES 

Aug. 19 Set 
Aside As Official 
Quezon Day 

The lower house honored the 
memory of the late President 
Manuel L. Quezon this week by 
making August 19, his birthday, 
an official holiday designated as 
I Quezon Day. 

Reps. Tomds B. Morato and For- 
tunate Suarez of Quezon province 
jointly sponsored the bill, which 
wili go to the senate for concur- 

Two other bills also granted life 
pensions to Trinidad Rizal, only 
living sister of the Filipino hero 
and martyr, and to two living 
daughters of revolutionary Gen- 
eral Licerio Geronimo. 

Rep. Eduardo Barretto (L, La- 
guna) successfully pushed through 
his bill for a P500-monthly life 
pension for aged Dona Trining. 

Barretto declared this is a be- 
lated acknowledgment of Dona 
Trining’s invaluable revolutionary 

The Laguna solon recalled that 
Dona Trining risked her life to 
obtain gunpowder from Cavite and 
Manila, and she mixed this her- 
self for use by the “revoluciona- 

She also spent her personal 
funds, he added, for those wound- 
ed in battle. 

Dona Trining was awarded two 
gold medals, one by President Qui- 
rino. and another by the Women’s 
civic assembly. 

Rep. Lorenzo Sumulong (L, Ri- 
zal) obtained passage of his bill 
giving PlOO monthly pension to 
each of General Geronimo’s im- 
poverished daughters, Concepcion 
■ and Rosalina. ' 

j The late revolutionary lieuten- 
I an'i^general, Sumulong recounted 
badly defeated the Spaniards at 
the Puray battle in the Montal- 

ban mountains. 

^ At the start of the Philippine 
revolution, he was chief of opera- 
tions for the northern provinces. 
Later, General Luna made him 
general in charge of the third bat- 
tle zone embracing Manila and 
surrounding provinces. 

It was General Geronimo whose 
army, encamped at San Mateo and 
Marikina, encircled American 
General Lawton’s forces, resulting 
in the death in battle of this fam- 
ous American officer. 

Freedom S^oks ■ 


Gregorian Masses 
For Mrs, Quezon 

Gregorian masses xor tiie fam„ 
31y of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon 
are being offered by the Centro 
Escolar University at the San 
Beda church. The masse.s are 
said at 6:30 every morning and 
daily evening rosaries for the 
deceased are being conducted by 
President Carmen de Luna. 

The death of Mrs. Quezon is 
deeply mourned by the Centro 
Escolarinas, she. having been 
one of the board of directors 
of the University. Her last and 
memorable in the school’s acti- 
vities was the recent March 
commencement exercises where 
elie pinned the most distinguish- 
ed alumnus award on Dr. Con» 
cepcion A. Aguila, CEU execu- 
tive director and dean, graduate 

A requiem mass for the souls 
of Mrs. Quezon, her daughter 
“Baby,” and her son-in-law, 
Philip Buencamino III, will be 
offered by the Asociacion de 
Damas Filipinas tomorrow mor- 
ning, Friday, at 7 o'clock at the 
Settlement House on Canonigo, 
Paco. All members are request- 
ed to attend. 

'VOL IV. NO. 195 THURSDAY. MAY 12. 194? 19 NEWS PAGES 

Observes Requiem 

May 12 )ENS). — ^In the requiem, 
, mass said Saturday morning in 
the Roman Catholic church here 
' under the auspices of the PNRC 
La Union chapter honoring Mrs. 
Aurora Quezon, Rev. Mons. Ansel- 
mo Lazo delivered the eulogyi 
during which many people wept. 
— MMC 

Mrs. Quezon Praised At Tokyo Rites 

Visayan City 
Pays Tribute 
To Mrs. Quezon 

CEBU CITY, May 12 (Special) . 
— A fitting tribute to Mrs. Au- 
rora A. Quezon, late PNRC chair- 
man, was paid by the Cebu com- 
munity at the necrological serv- 
ices held recently at the Philip- 
pine constabulai-y recreation hall, 
this city. 

TOKYO, May 11 tUP).— Philip- 
pine Minister Bernabe Africa said 
today at memorial services for 
I Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon and 11 
others killed in the recent Nueva 
Ecija massacre that “it can be 
truly said that Mrs. Quezon lived 
and died for her country.” 

“The country was shocked by 
that awful tragedy,” Africa said. 
“In her death the nation lost a 
national leader revered by all, ir- 
respective of party or religious' af- 
filiations, for her patriotic labors 
on behalf of her people in war as 
well as in peace. 

“She It was who inspired Presi- 
dent Quezon’s lifelong stnaggle for 
independence and full nationhood 
for his country. During the enemy 
occupation of the Philippines she 
l^^ed quietly with her family in 

the United States, sharing .with 
her illustrious husband the burd- 
en of carrying on the fight until 
the enemy was driven away •from 
her native land and a democratic l 
way of life restored to the Filipino 
people. ’ ! 

“President Quezon died without | 
seeing the liberation of his coun- | 
try. Mrs. Quezon, instead of retir- 
ing to the seclusion of private life, 
was actively engaged in construe- j 
tion of her war-devastated coun- 
try ^nd in amelioration of the 
sufferings of her people, particu- 
larly the war veterans. 

“At the time for her death she 
was president of the Philippine 
Red Cross and a member of var- 
ious other welfare and charitable 

The services were held in the 
army headquarters chapel center. 

Acting Governor Luis Espina 
of Cebu delivered the principal 
eulogy. Other speakers at the 
ceremony were: American Consul 
James E Henderson, Chinese 
Consul Wei-hsien Tsung, Spanish 
Consul Juan Roz Arriaza, Acting 
Mayor Arsenio Villanueva of Cebu 
City, Dr. Feliciano K. Cruz, Cebu 
PNRC administrator, and Tirso 
Uy Tengsu of the Cebu Chinese 
chamber of commerce. 

Musical numbers were rendered 
by Prof. Pilar Blanco -Sala, Mrs. 
Loreto Laraquel-Victorino, Prof. 
Dolores Kapungan, Prof. Teofllo i 
Abellon, Vicenta Osmena, the 
Abellana high school students, and 
the Philippine constabulary band. 



NFWC Mass Offering 
F : /- Quezon Family 

File National Federation of 

nii-n’s Clubs is offering* a ro- 
q -i-'m mass for Mrs. Aurora A. 
C * ‘^uu, Maria Aurora Quezon 
au l Philip Buencamino [II on 
Tuesday, May 17, at 7 o^clock in 
th- morning at the San Miguel 
i: : j-Cathedral. The officiating 
in ^'st will h: Most. Rev. Rufino 
J. Santos, D.D.. auxiliary bishop 
oi Manila while the eulogy will 
b ' delivered i.y Very Rev. Wm. 
Miieraoii, S. .1., president of the 
A ,*neo de li'anila. 

Sponsoring organizations in- 
■Ctii.le Asociacion de Damas Fill- • 
pinas, Atenco Alumni Associa- 
tion, Club de Damas de Manila, 
0»rl Scouts of the Philippines, 


Daily Masses Held 
At CEU For Quezons 

Gregorian masses for the family 
I of Mrs. Aurora A, Quezon are be- 
ling offered by the Centro Escolar 
Ilniversify at the San Reda church. 
I The masses ace said at 6:30 every 
j morning and dally evening rosa- 
|ries for the deceased are being 
conducted by President Carmen 
de Luna. 

YLAC Requiem Mass 
For Quezons Tomorrow 

Members and friends of the Sta. 
Mesa Unit of the YLAC ^re re- 
quested to attend a requiem mass 
to be held tohiofrow, Saturday, at 
6:30 a.m. at the Sta. Mesa Church 
for the souls of Mrs. Aurora A. ' 
Quezdii, Miss Baby Quezon and 
Philip Buencamino III. 






Calling All ('atliolics ! 

To a Crusade of prayer and pen- 
ance to heed the last appeal of Dona 
Aurora A, Quezon, a martyr of law- 


Thnt riiilippirtes lias rerrired aud is rrrtMvins from 
Our hady Mediatrix of aU Graces many graces to which it 
is our duty to respond: 

That, the Blessed \ irgin Mary is inviling the whole 
world to a life of prayer and penance, so tliat peace througli- 
oiit the world may he truly attained, 



By joining erery <lay during the moiitli of May the Radio 
Family Rosary that will be broadcast over Station RZT*! from 
«:15 to «:e‘JO a m.: 

}5y performing- daily acUs of mortification and i>cuance; 

Bj' attending tlie Requiem Mass for Dona Aurora A. 
t,^uezon and her coinpmilons who died in the ambuscade, to 
be «aid on Saturday, May in all the Parishes; 

By attending tlw? uovena hi honor of the Dlonsed Virgin 
Mary in our rcspeetlvc clmrclies; 

By receiving the Blessed Sacrament on May 31st, the 
Feast of Our Lady of Mediatrix of all Graces, and by par- 
ticipating on that day in the diocesan consecration to Our 
Lady, hi be said by the Hon. Manuel Moran, with Bishop 
Saul os presiding, at the Pro-Cathedral in Ran Miguel, Manila, 
and hroadcn.'it by remote control to all of the churches in 
the Philippinc.s, at 6:00; 

By going on a Pilgrimage to one of thii shrines of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary; to Antipolo on May 22; 

By making every day of oiir lives more selfless, more 
sympathetic to those Ic'ss fortunate, and more in conformity 
with the ways of true Christianity. 

Hear the Matter Rcgind Program in English from station 
nZRH on Tuesdays af !f:dO to iO p.m. and Thursdays at ^:15 to 
0:Ji5; the Tagalog Matter Regina program from station DZPi 
Saturdays from S to 3:50 and the Amateur Hour on Fridays from 
3:15 to 9:00 

During May read the daily columns *'Loose Petals*’ m tne 
Manila Times, the *'Mary-Gc-Round” in the Manila Chronicle, the 
''Sign in the Sky” in the Evening Chronicle, the "Come what May” 
in tjf,e Evening News and "Ang Daang Lipa” in the Bagoiig 

Spread the movement among your friends; write your sug- 
gestions to further the campaign to "Laymen’s Committee, May 
Devotions”, c/o Catholic Organi::ation, 260 San Rafael, Manila' 

THIS IS A DRiy A drive for prayer^ for 
penance, for sacrifice. Ultimately, it is a drive 
for peace. And we are asking peace from the 
only Power Who can grant it — Christ, Our 
Lord, Who cmi refuse nothing to His mother. 

• > • • V,- / .• .*• Vi's aV/t't'j'y'kViV.’.'iiV.vX*'' 

2' his space is sponsored by~^ 


the insular life assurance CO 

Philippine guaranty co., inc. 






— Bu William Thomaa Walsh 

“Her Rosary, preached by Saint Dominic, overthrov the Manichean 
heresy that would have destroyed European society. It kept both faith and 
the love of freedom alive in Eire for centuries. It won the battle of Lepan- 
lo, where Christendom was saved fi*om Moslem domination. It was under 
her special protection that Coluinhus set out to discover our western world, 
changing the uainc of his flagship fa*oin Mariagalante to Santa Maria; and 
every night, as flush came over the 'ujichartefl and terrifying waste of the 

Sargasso Sea, his sailors would assemble on the decks to sing her vesper 
hymn ; 

Iwly Queen, mother of mercy. 

Our life, our siveetness and our hope. 


American Catholics followed this tradition in placing their country uiuler 
lire protection of her Immaculate (.on cej)lion. And let no one imagine that 
any sort of Brave New Woihl will he able to efface her memory! For at the 
end of lime, before the consummation of this world, there will appear in 
he.ayen — or has it already appeared V — the sign foretold by Saint John 
in his Apocalypse: 

“A woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feel, and on 
her head a crown of twelve stars.^' 

No one who believes in God and the im mortality of the soul should 
find it incredible that the Mother of Christ, the incarnate God, should 
have revealed herself to privileged persons at various crises in human 
affairs. Several of these appearances have been established beyond any 
reasonable doubt — notably, in modern time, the apparitions to Saint 
Bernadette at Lourdes. But why should she have appeared in Portugal in 
1 J17, and in such a deserted and inaccessible place as the Serra da Aire? 

It takes all day to get to Fatima, some ninety miles north of Lisboa first by 
train and then by bus or taxi; and when one arrives, there is not much to 
see but a vast moor with sparse vegetation for lean sheep to nibble, ami a 
few wretched villages (by American standards) where humble peasants ‘ 
scrape a bare existence out of a dry reddish soil. 

Well, first of ail she appears where it pleases God, and her ” 


Space donated by 




Drive for Peace Through 

Bishops Rally Behind Apparition^itness Talks 
Campaign; Letters In Interview with Writer 

Christ Wins Support 

Received in Manila 

The hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church in 
the Philippines has rallied hehind the cami»aigii ini- 
tialed recently to have the Filipino people seek peace- 
through Christ the Lord. 

Scvi'nil letters riuiu hinlUM' 
.•11 «i\or the <MMiiitr> h.iso htnu 

h\ ihr In . ini-M*. •••mi 
inifri’ on .Muy dototions. • 
of r.oholh* Wclfure in iiil/u 
Hot*. Sun Hnfnel mr(»H 

Tho drive Mlurt«Ml with u man 
Ifi'sOt it • :i«'4l Iasi K liv i| . 

hi nd« i»i Hip Mo lotio (’ioIimIi.- ■ i 
pniiiXiitlnnp ungltiu: ilu- I'iliiiiiio 
prt'itlf In K'^iO'ruI for iimrr- | ra> 
rrn nnrl • in- rli' '»•(»« to •otniii pf!nr< 
IhrmiRli the Lord .It-u Chi I-' 
Tho inaiiif<:>sto sni-r'r n-d 

• lirriHl Movona boRinnim!; Sun 

dnv. May lil?, and ■ n<lliii; ,n 
May '’.n. lo In- follitvw-d hv .« 
gront «‘om»nnni«*n tiM mmi- tuf 
riilllri'lno" on Mav '>1 fur On- 
r.ady of ModiatrU .1 All C* u . 
Vmior lny. Mu' I '« n 

nnnivor »o‘v m Hm firi* 

Mon nr Oiii Ladv t,f r<itli-i,i 
Tho drive Ih oxi 'timi m - ion 
III Inlorost 

Among Mo) hl-lmpv .'hn Inik.- 

• ,N jirr- rnd mil iiniM'f’i t .,i ihi 
drl\n !ib Kio j * ij h\ (Im man 
Ifnnto tOY \»vliMdii>p llUpO-' 

10 \ I . (»r I’fbn. Ill li Ip \ r 
xn a of I.ipa, Mttiir. IPH'i < - .1 
Suntif.. ntiMlIiMy hiwitMp ,0 si(,t 
iilln Itb hop -lullo A Kn -tl' 
Ilf Till* bllar.m HI -h«tit 
Mntlil.’tgn n| (.itiKH4«M Mni 
III ii.-'f.i nr nf llai;Ml Ml dmp 
lin ni*n»; 4*1 riu a« . r? ; . .md 
Mb'liop Cti":: •' "i .In 1 

Mislni.i Ror.i]4K .-aid in p.u t In 
I li t-- U-M »*r 

••I am wry imuh ilelinhiml m 
.l\4> m\ Ip iha'i innv 
' M'l'ni wlin h will stir< ly h' liu* 
.mvMl ttu bleSRillRH nf Cnd. I 
iM.ini-i- r.i alv" von m\ full i.m- 

I'l-iiliOM „nd will r(n \vhill''\"f 

' vou (!•' ;uv til makn iliis mom*- 
• ; ' ! < H ninpliSli' -lll.-ri- % I Iii av 
iliil In 'Town 'Vnrk V'lUl 

I'll, I irjionitluii 4'1 alt I ’at linllcR 

•I tin L i.iiiil-j ” 

‘Im;^ Uniinn .1 Siiulnn salil 

' .n I ivi.: 

I *'\\’4 linpf .uul pvuv that niir 
l^»•I'\l■n|y Mntln'v fi'nlii liol 
■ Ml- 'inn ir hr-awn will d«'i;;n m 
I'* ir niir pi.v nift and •nppllrii 
'h-ll-. fi4i vvnihl pi’Ui n. and Ih.i! 

Ill- ■ a 'id pctiroi«M‘M will 

'imil ilii-'-ii rh her tlin i>lnfiitinn 
• >l (liv till- .1 lt^l 1< n. Him nliv nh- 
IniniM- Inr l|l(' wblllo Wnllfl 

ill Umii' Mim'-'Icm ” 

I I'pi'la I lin II -il nf Igll'T^ n| 
the ni;iMiii-«ito v» ;is .Mi -i .\iirnrn 
\ (MK'/na. wh.i iiffUml hm- vIl 
r :if 11 1 !• In I III- i-l ! iMI I 1 r l«o I nr lin 
‘<*t-n 1 1ll* i.i'*i n-riaii* df'iith pn 
April :'N Till' m:-,!i"; : iimlmh- 
in.'tiliiii; I’Milinllr and iitiiinnal 
!: r dn ' !il<n .\i llllg I cn.ltn Ml n 
lili'lil M.iilaiin .lO‘n-4 ClO'In ) 
rhii| limii.c Miiiianl \ Mman 
s-(4. 1 ,-i j,-i, . Sahllin M'ldlllii. I'in 
1*1 - . M I Old (‘1 ii i iil M.oik Uuv. 
n' ' .vi I i|n| f ipidm iin, 

Apparition Witness Talks 
In interview with Writer 

1 1 w ai" ill i ; ■ 

r,:i?,0, liiM I hoi 

dl! fin- Kll III 

-hin<J IIIK .lint.-. . 

' - ‘ V n. f| i III , : - 

■ d ■ d 

iinoii* ■ 

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;ili* .ml 

•M r ih 

|il IV h re 

«!lr n- • 

- lllinn 

' I 



i-ii i 


ir Ir 

Old I 


; if hi » I. 

lll ld' il 
f to » 

tp.i mil 

a 1 1" 




(Continiiod front pa^n ft) • 
word. “I cannot be absolutely 
sure of that, "benauRe I was not 
in any ordinary state of mind 
during such an experieiu-e. and 
tliero was suinelhing so inti- 
mate, so interior, so intense 
about the apparition of the An- 
gel and uhai hu said and did. 
Mat I believe it wa.s like the real 
experience of roceiviiiR 

- Dm a , Siidm . at Vilm. m ar 
imnv rsing wdli Si.sliT Maria 
I .Mnndpv .fulv ir». MM<5. Slu 
ami mdy v. a-, |n» .Im tli--- 
aiul non I n I 111 m mil.' w In n 

. M . I MU' • ' mil .1 . ' pipin' 

-. M vv • (,, r (I,.. I II .;irv III 1 hr 

Hill II iMir l.iiilv bad had tl*i> 

■ u i fH» It di>4 I'M 

iffilii t .mil lliom.’' ’ II'- 
ill' III! - fj, \\nli I niiiH'hlcvmi 

\V II h I I. lllMp I <»f I'i /ii* . 

, -.41 I'oiiiiiiuomii III 

I . .. tlld I -c4p '•* 

: dliMMi III .1 \ i.iloil of " M 
„r fm nlviliy HoM 

I ‘mniiiiipioii L fViMi h 

.^hi . : . ' 'I Do the rlKb' 

I tiiihiH' 'I i'O |mg' IM 

“'riie Angel’s words had an in- 
tensr-e and overpowering quality 
a supernatural reality, that could 
'lOt he forgotten. Tliey «e<»mpd 
to engrave themselves exactly 
and indelibly upon the memory. 
It was different with the words 
of Our Lady. I could not be 
sure that overy word was exaci 
It was raiher the sense that 

undcM’stood Into words. It is unt 
easy to explain this." 

“Our I^ady showed you many 
souls going lo hell. Mid you get 
Iho impruHsion frmn her that 
more soiiIh are fjamned Minn 

Thi-i amiisi'd her a little. 

. „ , - , , , . ‘‘loaine to me. and I put what J 

church, for I fell the eoniaet of . — - >- r. I 

the Host.’’ 

“Did you see Our Lord in Um 
year 1927?” 

“Twice.” The aimwer vv;is 
prompt and maiior-of-fact. 1 wuk 
not permlltod to iiucKiion hm- as 
to what lie said, ,\or was 1 
nllovvpfj to ask about the coiivor- * 
sal Ions slu* has had with Our' 

Lady slneo lit IT. Ir is well | 
known that lli.*re h.ave been sev- 1 
cral Buch apparlijmis. ^ 

An-onling In Him \n/ 4|:i 1 - ,, 
lima, piiblishml a‘i ,Hir 'ihrin.i. 
the Blessed Mothm sai.l tw arci 
I'l lier epll. .»n Heceipher I 
192r»- "lamk, mv iliip.»hf»‘i 
iny Jlnart sumniiule.J vvlHi ihu 
thoin.i with whirh iiugnoefiii 
men woimd il by Hodr bla.-.phu 
mips and inlqiHtlcs. Vmi. at 
Juust try lu coDBoli^ -me. and an 
noiim-e that I promiso to UHalHt 
at the hour of death, vviili Hib 
grai-es nere -inry for .salvuflon 
all iho'^p who. mi the firm Hal 
Ullluy-l nf five cniisemilive 
mmiHis. eonfesp. receive I Inly 
I 'ominnnlon. rnclie part of mv 
Ifoaurv, and keep nio compaiiv 
for a qiiaiU*r of an buin- nu*di- 
hifiriK (Ml Us nivsteilcK with ilu' 
inlcniiun of offcilpK m«* ii.para 
Hon<r ruiri-M iiuole iIiIk 
known, and M luiu given gioat 
Impetii.t to the hnniai'iilale Heart 

The Imervle’w coiitJiiued 

“Wh.Mi von ipported the w•m•d^ 
of Hie Angel and of Oiir’Ladv 
did yon kIvu Hie exan words as 
thev wore spoken, or mih Hi.. 

Heijorttl anna*.' 

K of C Muntinlupa 
Picnic Postponed 

“The Knights of Col'.nnbui, 
Manila Council No. 1000, 
have postponed their May 122 
family picnic to Muiitiniupa 
in order to enable members 
and theii families to parti- 
cipate officially in the Arch- 
tlioceso of Manila pilgrimage 
to Antipolo on the same day. 
The date for the picnic vill 
be announced later.” 

most abandoned.’ Is that cor- 
rect’.’ ” 

“No, it is not," she replied p(j- i 
sitivcly. “The correct form is ; 
the one 1 have w-ritten m my ac- 1 
count of t.hc apparition on July 
IJ: ‘0 my Jesus, imrdon uh, 

v.Tvv those Hiat vverr going down. 

I didn't sec that werp 
going up” 

“Docs tho staliiu In the shrine 
at Cov.n (la frl.n look like the 
r.;i(lv voij saw lliHro?" 

“N'o no! much. I was disap- 
' poiniod vvhon 1 srw it. For one 
' Ihing, it was loo gay. too n’egro. 
When I saw Our i.ady hIio was 
inoro irisio, or rather more c"*ii 
pusr.loiiuic. But it would be li" 
poHsIblc lo dOHcrlbe Our Ladv 
and It would bo Impossible 
make a Htatirc uk beautiful 
?b** Is” It'fl the room 

inomoni and returned with a 
small in of Our I.adv on some 
sort of Irausiiaront plnstlc mnte- 
lial. Mu' most '.iiuple and un- 
Hdornod 1 had Hoon. and handed 
It to nu' “Tliifl is tlu* piclure 
that (‘omos nenrest to what T 
saw . ■ she said “Our f.ady seem- 
(-•d Id 1)0 mud(‘ all of light, and 
her gurmmit-'; were also. There 
vva*-' no bordc'r of gold, no orna- 

in many books nhnut Fatima 

••] I and onvc us from the fire ul 
hell; diaw ail souls Lo heaven 
cepeciall.v those in mosl need. ’ 
“Have you ever read the work 
of Saint Teresa of Avila‘2" 1 ‘vu.< 
thinking especially »»f Die des- 
criptions of uncreated liglit in 
the Libru vulo.. 

"No. F’arl.s of them were read 
to us in the refectory." 

"Have you had any rev-lation 
fiuni Onr Lady about the nd ol 
the world?’' 

"1 cannot answer that p.ics 
o I lion." 

*• , "Some pe*rsons believe llml -la 
a I cinlii’s \i.sion of a per.s.'cii'co 
Pope lefenvd to some ))articulai 
Pontiff. Some ht-licvc He* pies- 
ent Holy Father was the one sin 

"Jacinta said it wa.- a I ope. 
There was nothing to in. Heal ( 
anv particular Po|>o." 

“Why did you say nulliing 
almiit the Angel of Peace for so 
manv vear.s?" 

"Nobodv told me to. 1 urn uu 
dcr obedience. The priest 
whom 1 mentioned it at the tiiiv 

flic iMuver Our Lady asked you 1 told me not to speak of A igain. 
to say after tiie decades of tliell never did until the Bishop told 
rioHurv l.s given in some such i me to write everything wown. 
form U 9 Huh: ‘O my Jp«us. par-' She explained the different 
don our Bins, nave ns from the 'effects of the apparitions tin- 
rire of hell, have inerev on tho, Angel and of Our Lady in terms 
Hoiih III Purgatory, esppclully the ’ very similar to those she hud 

tin III, L- alld BlH')».To7 
collcctlon.s w'crc clear and 

' ’‘The Angel left us feeling ex- 
hausted helpless, overpowered, 

■ and SVC remained lost to every- 
thing for hours. Our Lady al- 
ways made us feel light and Joy- 

Finally we came to the imjior- 
taiit subject of the second .luly 
secret, of which so many <iiffer- 
ent and conflicting versions nu'.c 
been luiblished. Lucia mnde H 
plain that Our I.ady did not ask 
for the coMHCoration of thv umUl 
to lici inminciilato Heart, What 
.(he demanded Hpecially was the 
con.secrntion of She did 

not coimnent, of course, *)n I he 
fact that I’ope Pin- XII hud con- 
•n ialcd the world, not KnaMti. 
u> the linmuculab- Heart -m one 
• pccial day. If ihii is done, tne 
(•rror.* of Unssiu will qinad 
through every country in Hu- 

"Dov’a this mean, in your <»in- 
nion. that everv counliy. w.thmii 
.v(e|)tiun, will he overcome liv 


it wm. plum that dn left 'hat 
Dm Lady' wlrhe,-' Imd pd > I 
-t .mi led out. P.’opit muD 
,.v tie l(»i''ary, pcifnrm 
lo - mwkr lip five f U st iiUwV< 
.III,' rommuninm . pniy fm <l«' 
Ijnly Fulher. 

Anniversary of 

First Apparition 

C ova da Iria 
Pilgrimage Is 
Told by Writer 

Lady of Fatima's 
Is Celebrated 

1st App arition 32 Years Ago Yesterday j Virgin Vindicated 

At Mass Gathering 

W \\ \j/ 




'! V 

llif- r 

’iltni- Min! 

t ! -.n;* 's trivwnph 
• vhouiil hi* n- 

i :.JT :‘"oniorabl“ ai.-.i 
Ok -:;IV I ;. - «M h M'!m- Sf- 
\Vf»rl.» War ^va^: n -or. ajui 
i*rr:. - nc woM Hnde.-.-iro'-ul 
- iui- ■ horri’.j's they 

•‘(1 l-vij -avocl. A!’houi;i, r;ih\ 
»v : fUifl in - luoni- 

a » ; *\V(» o;- nj.-:i-Q ta-iu 
I- * I j j L* Jit i »i 

! da Iria It iive nuuUv^ to 
1.'' of Aloiom a 




On;- I 

rersit] f*r iij.. 
iT‘;Jir.v. ;•> -Kv.oi th 

A 1»ul U lU’< • -t - 

.iih](- of hat demon- 

i*tr:i!;ou rano* i*. Of in -'umo 

iaotion pii-un-o-; I saw two 
nioii.ljv; a' lh“ F'ishop’-; 

in lodria The expaii^o of 
lda«-k hoohiiii:; amlo-ella.-- tin* 
I'orlumioo- pr.'latrs and the 
. Ihtpal Ntnu'io nuinhly rIandiiiR 
in n>«j lain, the tlmps;inds ui>- 
o?i tha tlmnnands of handknr- 
ohiofs that npirored like the 
wMvr^ f\' a white nr the 

‘O iniuiUK ralih^ angels 
hf.aOn:. the wind -there was 
.npu‘thiiie nnikcard-of , aMiu)st 
a l>i)<'alypt i<- in the inagiiitudo, 
the ’v*rvor and >\\r i>alienre of 
that irodigions host. Por pa- 
laHols oj ;• must go l»acU to the 
s iiildren of Israel singing wiili 
Moses in the wiiderness. or the 
inerli^'va! ernsad^rs sloniting 
back at a I'ope Trban IT or a 
Staini I^ouis, “If is the will ef 

O! the rnatsading enthusiasm 
cl tliai uily .-image, mo. I obtain- 
ed some pualitativp idea, a’ 
hast, from tho one I afiendod 
Mie ‘.>llov/ing July; for the pat- 
tern is much tile same month 
a mouth. ('>n the twelfth, the 
roaflv are full of pietn rc.s(|ue 
groups. jm.*n pr«.‘donc ' 'lu-l 
VP«,)sl of them poor. P»y niglitfall 
tlc.y are .s. altered over the 
great h(»\\ 1 of the ('ova da Iria. 
tindiug plares to hif<-h their 
hiirrc.- or h*ty down (Ihmt poc'ks. 
-o p;i,r. fo rest. Loav<* of ton.gli. 
hrowu bread and bottles of 
nine aie drfiwn f^’orn wirker 
‘ ‘ <s. earthen water-bottles 

uas’sed around or replenish- 
ed at a lUM.v well. bJank'et.s are 
oreu 1 on the dry gi’onnd nurler 
' *• or (*a rrascj icd ra trees 

I! a;i old woman slo . o ;.,h 
\ ir i toward the cha]>el on 
b'o'** tid ■hb'»'^ffing Vn<?es. T’)‘*re 
;» st fi 13 t<^d raa."’anl is warTu»»i;> 

-Yeur ui’vat, the 
lervor of your prayers, the 
thunder uf your acclauiatioiis. 
all the holy entliu.siasin which 
vihratevS without cease in yoiiV ; 
hearts, and finally the sacred , 
rite wiiicli in this moment of ! 
incomparable triuinpli has just j 
been performed,” said the Pope. i 
“call to Our mind another mul* ! 
tihide innumerably greater, 
other crie.s of worshij) far more 
ardent, other triumphs yet more 
divine, another hour solemnly 

eternal, tlie endless day of etor- 
' iiity whey the glorious Virgin, 
those who labor iu tlm fields Ij triuinpliantly entering the Uea- 
ami (liink uotliing of wjilkiii.g j Homeland throiigli Uie 

lifty miles to lionor llm .Mother • blessed choirs of Angels, 

of God. ' "’as rai.scd even to the Tlii-.hie 

On th.. nun-niug of the thti- | ''.'e Most of ri.tly Tiinity, | 

teenth, tiflc,- a hunthle hroak- „ ^ 

fast of dry hrentl wlierovof ihev 

?lept. the peoplo torn, onothe, '’"'f"','"'; J'"' . 

in-occssion. which toll.iws the seated “t the tight Itaml 

some route to the highway amt ' ' "'® “f .Vses. 

then...! hack to tho hasilica ' ‘'f'' L-ni- 

ver .^0 And the King saw that 
she was truly worthy of .surh 
I lionor, glory and empire, be- 

^ Ol 700,000 People 

This time the white statue of 
Oil!' L:ujy oj- Fatima has been 
taken i-e\ ♦uviitl y from the clia- 
!• '!. and is hoi u at the head of 
the volnmn on the shoulders of 
si.x sturdy nien; while im front, 
leading this second crusading 
onny in the full glare of riu 
i>iimuier heat, walk the Archbis- 
hop of Fvora and the Hishop ol 
Loina. Hon goes slowh 
, and painfully, with stiff and 
iS\\olIen kiiee.s. an ungainly bu' 
i figure in crimson and 

i goul. Ay lie finally climbs tlie 
' 'tei.s of tlie basilica he is smii. 
nig gracioii.sly. and f/ew can 

nn gallant 

N I ad>‘^^ revoiv to 

IVriiapy the moving ol [j 
:‘il the s.eiios is the one just '• 

bftwoen the iligi, aml'tlie 
noonday Benediction. In a spe- 

cial place roped off for them 

the sick are waiting 

(guise more filled with grace, 
more holy, more beautiful, more 
dj^’ine- incomparably more so 
thnn the greatest soiiit.s and the 
•suldimest aiigely: Ijecause she 

the first-born dmightrj 

of the Faflu.T. pure Mother of 
the M ord and bride of the Kolv 
Gho.sf, because .Mother of the 
divine King, of Him to Whom 
from her maternal womb th- 
,or.I Cod ;;ave the Uu-otio of 
Uayid and ovpriantine: Kinpship 
Ml the lloiisG Of *.Iai*ob: fie Who 

Himself nroclaimcd to have re" 

ear'th^ n’ ‘VI'"’'''*’ 

eaith— U p the Son of (};„j 

crees for Hi.s heavenly Mother 
of IIhs"K\'ng|j”>'i,f^ t»«.P^sty 


for this moment, some on stret 

ting patiently r‘|.oi)hels. of Apostles and tl-i',. 

Linmp rm stret- ' tVT.S. nr • 

■ In?’ Mf Confessors and* Virg 

(hers, some in wheel-chairs with j *'"he acclaims her Queen rr^- 

It- veil and earth nwwt 

nurses, some hobbling on cru 
dies; paralyzed children in the I most worthy Queeii of TiVl' 7r'n; 
:,r,v,o nf mothers- the blind, the Hni 

«od earth, most glorious. I 

arms of mothers; the blind, the 
emaciated. A priest descends 

verse.... the light shining In 

from the basilica carrying the j| the sky amid the tears of this 
Sacred Host in a monstrance. |[ exile.... 

A’d who are able fall on thei» 

“Vou, by crowning the image 

PICTURED HERE ia the image of the Lady of Fatima, whose 
first apparitio.n took place in Portugal exactly 32 years ago 
yesterday. “She selected three innocent children to be her mis- 
sionaries in carrying to the whe Individual cry out b«‘Uvocu 
prayers and penance in order stvoi lies their ov.u hop*.* and 

ing world.'’ 

wife ami 

, some soup for his 
I roihlren over four candle^-, 
Nv'ui. b h t^hiekk- fro- ' 'be breexe 
^viHi his ’ ' his sombrero. 

All Lhv- « rowd are Nvell sup- 
piled yvilh such tapers, each en- 
circled with a paper guard, b.^ 
.ten oVl'H-k rbf - -nicls ot tln^-^. 

' tinv orange-tinted lamps are 
^burning as the pro( e.s.-non be- 
gins to form; tli“v look «lvange- 
F dim and ethereal as the UiH 
immn hi"’’ v in tho east, 
ing tiio Terra v.itli eartliO 

Mow ili(‘y have assumed the 
order and form of a long strag- 
gling procession Hint slowly 
M;(ives 111 ) the hill toward ti'c 
luaiii highway 'riie resonant 
voice of a priest is lio.-ml on a 
loud speaker, leading in the Uo- 
sai'v. 'riioiisanri.s of voices high 
and deep, male and female, res- 
pond with a tluiiulerous and 
passionate rhythm; “.Santa lUa- 
ria, ma.s de Dens, rogai por nos 
p<*eadoi'(*s agoi-a e na lioi-ii da 
iK.ssa ' 

The li(‘ad of tho procession 
has reaclir-d (be top of tlie bill, 
has turned and is coining down 
another road towmrd the basili- 
ca. The slow nia.iestic pace, tlie 
daiuing of innumerable light.s. 
Uie boar.a* and tlironty voices 
conv(;y ail overpowering impres- 
si on of an 

F.u ions, sometimes with 
b(*?irt breaking oh^; “Lord, we 
adore you I” '‘Tjorrl. we love 
you’” ‘Mrsn.^. have mercy on 
US'. I>ord. yon '•'•u cnr>- no if 
you will! • \cn. II ■• ( voices 
f'm to belong to lusMei' and 
li(.:irlier time', than ours. The> 
fouK' foni) thr* plain of Frdrae- 
h'li). from tlo' walls of Jericho 
ml C'oie :ant inopb- a nd the 
livid;; of Tunis, like the pulse.- 
,.| I’ailli .and of human persoii- 
ality bis'aKiiig tlnonch the im‘ 
(lioi^iity :nid reel menral ion of a 
1 11 avid no age. 

The columu of lights tit'all> 
dissohes at the hasili'-a. The shnviy fnisii tlivir way 
inside to attend I'a'iiediction, 
.imL tlien to form in long cues 
bv the vi»nfessioual boxes, i*a- 
ticntly waiting to tell tlndv sins 
. .so that tliey can reveive Holy 

knees as he passes between the j'Of Our Lady of Fatima, signed ^ 
rows of the duciitcs and holds 
It up b(3fore tho^face of each 
imploi-iug tho I>ord to heal and 
to n'stoj-o. I will not attempt to 
(icscribo faces, those ey(3s; 
there are no words for such 
love, hoi/e, (]('sperat ion. adora 

a.s it was a document of faith 
in her supremacy, . a loyal suh- 
inission to her authority, a 
filial and constant correspond- 
ence to her love. You did yet 
. more; yon enlisted as ernsad 
ers in the conquest and recon 
I quest, of Tier Kingdom, which 
I is the Kingdom of God. that is 
to .say .yon hound yourselves 
' before heawii and earth to 
, love hor, to venerate her, to 
' serve her, i.o imitate her, so 
that witli her blessing .vou niav 
. better serve fh(3 Piviue. King'; 

; end at the same. time yon bound 
: yourselves to labor that she 
figure or Our Lady has p-assed . may be loverj, veneralod, and 

At last if i.s finished, and the 
vtaluc Is being borne back to its 
ulare in ihe small cliaiml. All tlu* 
iH^oplp wave their handkerchief.^ 
I’P and down in farewell. The 
•‘ffovt is (reineiulons; it is more 
eloffuent than all the shouts and 
I he final Avea, But wlien the 

the multitude quickly inelU 
away. Only a few small group;: 
are still gathered here and 
there. Still fewer have taken ; 
rile trouble to follow tho statue 
to its home. There they are. i 
kneeling about tlie humble ',! 
I iiilding, s'till muttering their !! 

j served all around you. in tlie 
family, in society, in the world.*' 
: Luri.i V’lsits Fatima After ’'J 
; Years. 


Sis' ei' 

\isi(.s Fatima .\ltcr 
2r, Years 
Pores (The 


love and their petitions — || Maine of Lucia, only .surviving 
of them women, and very poor '! ^vitness (»f Pbuiimu may have 

i - ' ii 4 .ti v lLcV\ IT 

lieard the Holy Father's words, 
but she (lid not see the ‘demon- 

w miitK Mvnv IV Kuiciiiois over ineir iicaris i (uu not see the dom 

r’?-, ‘ .yuong „.o.„ o„ i .u-ati,,,,. „ w«s a 

? o:’( 

ii-juiip.g a •'Miliar 

• , -o the iiifijiite 
'-be wind comes 
■ >i- (rn;i! r ! k- far ufc-an and 
\v“-G'vi, nimnitaiM 

fliikor uiaiily. yet 

but «>f prayer, n lurst of cnisa 
eb r;: lumring the light of 
Mi!-ou;rb I he darkner - of a bos- 
til(^ world, fearless of time and 
death, certain of trin’nph. What 
.-an 1 ' '-i'-t t!ic e v oict's and foot- 
;lepc (d y: Merday and of tomor- 
r(;\v ? 

Hot ween *ii'' m.vs'vrieu of ^he 
Rosarv I he 'marchers fling Hw* 
Avc^ of Iboir fa corile hymn to 
the the luetallic sky: 
few A trexe de IMaio 
N'a (bna da Iria 
A par'c(‘)| i>i ilba uda 
,\ \'irgen .'Ma.-in. 

v e . -\ ve . A V e .Maria! 

\ve. ' ve. Ave I'-Iaria! 

rs. th(- songs, tlu^ exclamations 
truth ! coiitinm.* through the ni.ght. Hal 
at two in tlie iiiorning lUiUiy 
thousands have aliamdy di.-i>os. 
ed themselves for- slet'p. Around 
every trees. around tlo* w(dl. 
around tlio concrct(* iilatform of 
tli(* chap(d of the a i paritiuns-. 
oip s( I's them lying prone it> 

circles, the heads toward the 
(‘enter, the bare feet of women 
and Hie iiohnailed boots of men 
grofesrinoly toi’iuing the p(u*i- 
meters. Here under one blanket 
I voting peasant and his 

I iider two or three others 
are Iniddled. a man and a wo- 
rn.^ u ."id their foni- children. A- 
inert on the breast of 

her slcP])iMg moGier. AH art 

siraiKT Iv sil'iit and motioulos. 
Ill the d^aiiilikt; slnuibe- - 

-Inly 1 f paw Ti Olimida. the 
inotluM- of Francisco and Jacin- 
fa. eanie.stly saying her llosary. 

Such, on a iiiucli grander I 
scale and despite tlie rain, must | 
hav'e been the atmosphere at | 
the greatest of all tlie pilgrim- ! 
ages, the one on May 1.1, 191G. 1 

May 20. that she arrived, witlu 
the Mother Provincial of her 
oi*dei-. at Cuva da Iria. She had 
as an untutored girl ot 
tourteen. siio returned a calm 
and poised woman of thirty- 
nine. Most of the countryside 
ivas unchanged. But her brown 



jrs ajipa- 
i (UH7), 
jary with 

ind is HO 
that He 
/lio of- 
Id cer- 
.... and 
3 for us 
His Ui- 
3al. true, 
way to 

lo(j than 
ave been 
s of oiir ; 

her ap j 
)rld ' 

ted three i 
her mis- 

[11 to fhe 

ige. ask- , 
mauve in ; 
n to tho ‘ 
essage of 
in 19'IG 
in Ger- 

is Jesus 
hout Me. 
g.” And 
nite oiir- 
God, 8up- 
itual and 
And the 
r prayers 
y to Him 
e Ble.ssed 
^ame v.’ay 
»!o pc nance 
jin graces 

I that our 
ffrom her 
, — . . deign to 

:^ayers afld supplica- 
—’•<1^ jxQP^ce. and that 
mauees will 

breby oh 
Iworld the 

eyes opened wide with amaze- 
Ml that day. too. a.s a climax. | nieiu when she looked down 
tne three-quarter-of.a-million ; ^hat had been the wilder- 
PiJgrnns lieard the voice of the | of Cova da Iria. It was 
\ icar of Christ .speaking from 

w i ft 

Rome; ami the force of all his 
words teiKh'd to lieighteii the 
a modern Cru 





partly inclosed by a wall. From 
two majestic gates dcscemlcd 
roads that joined at the mira- 
. 'iilous fountain, then ascended 

to the lofty white hasilica on 

■ ilie northern hill. J'lie chapel of Hie new convent of tho Discal- 
:iTParitions had betm completely ced Carmelite nuns from Hnl- 
Jvl'iiiit. '[’() the left was an ini- Siiim. 

posing hospice containing two 
or three chapels, the Bishop’s 
quarters, and a, seminary. ()u 
the oppo.^ite liill workmen were 
laying the mas.sivc foundations 
of another such buildin". 
Ground was b-'ing hroken for 
an Italian seminary to me 
nortlumst. On another lull stood 



Archbishop Is Joyed 
By Move to Honor 
Our Lady Mediatrix 

i A w*v.uiciVinn Michael J. 


J4K .I -T- o i>oHi:irrY 

Archbishop MichaelJ. O’Do* 
hcrty of Manila, in a letter fated 
. May 7 which he sent from ba- 
Kuio to the lay committee on May 
. devotions, expressed his joy ovei 
i the movement to honor Our Lady 
' of Mediatrix of AH Graces. 

. *The Archbishop’s letter follows 

'"“What I read this morning 
about the national Filipino devo- 
tions, in honor of f^ry. Media- 
trix of all graces, has filled me 
with joy. During my recupera- 
tion ill Baguio, 1 have more time 
for prayer and penance -nan i 

■ mv strenuous life in Manila. 

‘Ht is a profound satisfaction 

■ for me to offer my rosaries^, sta- 
. tioiis of the Cross, and 

' lions, in union with my brethren 
in Filipinas for the g'orious m- 
; lentions of your National FiUpi- 
no month of prayer. 
j “May God bless the good work 
: and fulfi. all the desires of His 

beloved people. . 

“Yours cievotecUy m Chnbt. 

Honor the Virgin by fining the 





on Sunday, May 22, 1949 
headed by 

Mons. Rufme Santos 

His Excellency 

Aux Bishop of Manila ^ ^ , . 

who will say the Mass m Ae^Shrine o nlipo o a 

Busses philipp?ne'^^m^ Uni 

1, Taft Avenue m front of t'hiiippme wu 

2. Quezon Blvd. in front of Far Eastern University 

- • 1 ^ 1. 

Make your bus reservation with your parish priest 


guely Mandaluyong 

tifac. d-ur.atcd b:t tin 


Jos*- Co Chlru: 


ImporUr & Exv^rl-r 
Undr- ond Fs“ ' ' 


Manila Bishop Invites 
Brethren to Celebrate 
With Special Prayers 


909 P.recnts. Manila 

V.O; t-SJ-8t 


Auxiliary Bishop of Manila _ 

On the occasion of the 32nd anniversary of the f''St appa 

paiticular fervour and special prayers to oui Heavenly 

As you know, next y«ar. 10 50. < 

will be r.lic holy jubilee /ear. 
and in coiinection with this 
ftventful holy celebration, may. 

I ask our Filipino bretbren to 
dedicate this preceding 
1919 as a preparation for a tru- 
ly holy year in 1950. i 

The eonclitious in whndi Uie 
whole world finds ilsell t'»<l-i’. 
with so inauy and so pressing 

WlUl HU uiou,r -- ’ 

problems demand our vrgeni re- 
rourse to her who is the Mouier 
of our Divine Saviour. “’Vt all 

of our Diviiie Ma>iuiw. vt. , 
limes and in all pefse.ouUmis and ] 
struggles, the Church lad a 

bUUinfn*'- . VTo,.,, Qi-.f1 hMfl 

:;gies, lue 

wiiys recoursed to Mary and had 
always merited her Drote-M.ioir. 
With the confidence of true 

children of Mary, let uv* all 

implore her powerful 
Sion before the throne of Al- 
mighty and Merciful God. c 

know very well that she is tae 
fo-redentrix of our Lord Jesus 
Christ M. ilu: s.aving of man- 
kind; and oiir Cord has put .ti 
her hands the treasures and 
the benefits of the Redempt on 
for distribution amongst be 

faithful. Hence, she is the Me- 
diatrix ol all Graces, because 
all and any grace that we rectuve 
from God come to us thiough 
the intercession of Mary. 

Auxiliary Bishop of Manila 

Dili it Gml has been ami is so 
.nercUul ' o manluud H’’’ vm-"' 
„er intciression n our favoK 
yel we must not. '1’ ? J, 

is inl'inilely ju»t •" intlntnih 
chastisement to those who o t- 
Cond .Him. And 'ho woHd 
taiiily has offended Him • ‘ 

aplenty! It is ,fP' 

10 atone and to 

vine Justice if we ''"'''li'ach'ieLd’ 
and lasting peace V- 

And thore^ is no olhei vay it 

tone and to' placate God tliaii ^ 
^•ough prayer .and penance , 
these two things have been 
the continuous demands of our 
messed Mother in all her ap 
naritions before the world 

In Fatima, she selected three | 
;nnocent children to be her nns- 
iionarles in carrying out to the [ 
whole world her message, a.-di - 1 
iug for prayers and penance iiij 
jrder to bring salvation to Uit 
mtfering world. This <>* 

\ers has been repeated in i.i'io 
wnen she appeared to Ba. bara 
Reuss at Ptattenhofen In Ger- 

Praver Is needed, for as Jesus 
Christ' has said; “Without Me, 

* voii can do nothing. And 
Ml rough prayer w'e unite our- 
selves intimately with God, sup- 
plicating for our spiritual and 
temporal necessities. And the , 
more God will hear our players | 
when we elevate them to Him j 
through our Mother the Blessed j 
Virgin Mary. In the same way j 
IS prayer is needed, also penance j 

• Is necessary to obtain graces', 
fropi God 

We hope and pfay that our 
Heavenly Mother from her 
throne in heaven will deign to 
hear our prayers and supplica- ^ 
lions tor world peace, and that ' 
our sacrifices and penances wilD 
merit through her the placaLiuu, 
of divine Justice, thereby ob 1 
taiuiug for tlio whole world the 
, divine IMercies. 

A Marian Thought 

She M Ihe cornersK»ne of a 
U, make Christ better known-more ilceply lo>eU 

honestly served— through Mary. 

She loved Mary ami her people, “her own itt c peo 
lhal she laid down her life for them. 

So lived and died as a pillar of the Catholic Church and 
a model for all Filipino laity 

Aurora Aragon de Quezon 

Hence, the Laymen’s .Committee on 
„H*ul, emu sing their recpicsl through the Ordinaries, h 
h«-ured all Parish ’Priests in the Philippines to say a Re<iuiei 
mI" h. .heir parishes on Saturday, May 28th, for the repose 

«»f the souls of 

Aurora Aragon d«‘ Quezon and the other members of 
her party who died on April 28, 1949. 

... and we ask the faithful to participate in this mauifes- 
talion of love and gratitude to this wonderful woman who 
worked so faithfully for our Lady. 

His Excellency, Bishop Santos, has approved this re- 
cpiest, and will say a Solemn Requiem Mass at 7:00 A.M. on 
Ma> 28, at the Malate Catholic Church. 

Sitace donated hy 



fidelity and surety company 




By William Thomas Walsh 

One of the strangest and most beautiful stories I 
was enacted from 1916 to 1920 in the hdl coun ry called Serra 
da Aire in the geographical center of Portugal. Three shepheru 
children’ the oldest ten, the youngest seven, reported six times m 
1917 that they had seen a Lady made wholly of light, who stood 
a small tree, spoke to them, and vanished. On the last occasion, 
the presence of 70,000 people, she performed a startling miradc to 

,f wt.,1 fh. children ..Id, T,.o of Ih. l.Bl. 
di.d m ohildhood, •• ah. l.,d forolold. T.m. h.. 

prophecies thus far: The Bolshevik Revolution, which began soon 

after; the horrors of World War 11; the rnenace that Marxism offers 
to the entire world at this moment. The Lady said that ber wishes 
were obeyed, she would convert Russia and there would be peace. 
If not, every country in the world would be scourged and enslaved. 

The third shepherd is still living. She is Sister Maria das Dores 
(Mary of the Sorrows), a lay sister of the‘ Institute of Saint Dorothy, 
just forty years of age. - 

The message she has lived to reveal is that of no ordinary La- 
dy. It comes, I am convinced, from the Queen of t^aven and earth, 
whose beauty, power and goodness have been the theme of prophets 
and saints for thousands of years. She is that maiden of whom Isa- 
ias wrote, “A virgin shall conceive and bear a son ... the one of 
whom King Solomon asked, “Who is she that cometh forth as the 
morning rising, fair as the moon, bright as the sun, terrible as an 
army set in array?” U was to her that the angel Gabriel said. Hail, 
full of grace! The Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among wom- 
en!” and she replied “Henceforth all generations shall call me bless- 

’ Space donated hy 


Join in the Consecration to the 
Immaculate Heart of Mary, on May st 

During the apparition of Fatima, ^ entire world. As the three 

beads, recommending Uieir feiwcnt rcci a i^diant form standing over the 

children looked on they suddenly beheld, n he^ i^ 

BehoU my Heart, encircled by the .h->rn, ">*; 

thni.t therein at every moment by their blasphemy and ...Rrat.lude. You 
at least, try to console me, and tell them .hat I to at the 
hour of death, with the grace, needed for salval.on, «h°ever. on the 
First Saturday of five consecutive mon.ns. shall confess and 
Liy Communion, recite five decade, of the Rosary, and 
pany for fifteen minute, while mediating on the fifteen of 

of makinc reparation to me. 

Rn«»rv. wi 

Ronie has give.. st.iki.ig p.'oof of its desire to ThJ“Ro"a.-v and Ihe 

maculate Heart of Mary by consecrating the world .to it. The tiosaiy ana 
Immaculate Heart of Mary are more than symbols of devotion and life. Our 
Lady repeatedly indicated them as the means whiiih God has appointed to bring 
contemporary society to the feet of Christ. 

Thev are objective and concrete expressions of a divine injunction, definite 
means specified by a personal God to counteract and destroy the wave of ^nivei- 
sal impiety threatening to engulf the world. They arc the sign of Satan s defeat 
and the glorious promise of our triumph. 

At six in the evening on Tuesday. Mav :*,l. the AiTlicliocese of Ma- 
nila will be formally consecrated to the Blessed Virgin, in answer to 
the request she made at Fatima. The consecration ^11 ake 
niultaneously in all the churches of the archdiocese of Manila Jt ^ ill 
be broadcast by remote control from the, \\heie Moiisig 
nor Santos, auxiliary bishop of Manila, will preside. Similar ceremo- 
nies will take place, at the same time, in all the dioceses of the nation. 

This consecration is not meant to be a mere formula of vvjrds; it will 
be a solemn pledge, reverently made by all the Catholics of the nation, 
in answer to the touching pica of the Virgin. 

Space donated by 



"BeMer Publicity 
For Pi Proposed 

The unbalanced publicity of 
♦he Philippiuea in American 
I newspapers is hurting the couu- 
try, as good 
stories about 
the country 
are seldom 
carried by 
them, said A. 

M. Macleod, 
executive vice 
of Soriano 
and Company 
upon bis arri- 
val yesterday 

A M. >lucleod He said 
that during 
his stay ill the United States he 
failed to read about the good 
points about the Philippines and 
the Filipinos. He said the gov- 
ernment should do something 
about it. He was away for two 
months on a combined business 
and pleasure trip and returned 
ou board a Philippine Air Lines 
])C-(5 plane from San t’raucis- 

Macleod emphasized that the 
only time one reads something 
about this country is when the 
news is bad. Items about cala- 
I hiities and violence give the 
average people in the United 
I plates the idea that there is 
r,othing here but trouble, he 

He pointed out that there is 
business recession in America 
today and a decline in consum- 
ers’ income. Witl\ the coining 
down of prices, there has been 
a certain ajnount of unemploy- 

Jose Zaide of the Philippine 
Consulate in San Francisco, on 
the other hand, disclosed that 
tliere is at present a growing 
interest among Filipiuos in the 
West Coast in the national af- 
fairs of the Philippines. 

He disclosed that there are 
now 14 newspaners published 
by Filipinos in the Pacific 
Coast. Where they used to play 
up scandals and other harmful 
news about the country before, 
Zaide said the papers have 
changed their editorial policy 
beginning this year, using only 
stories which are favorable to , 
the country and the Filipinos. 

Touching on the brutal slay- 
ing of Mrs. Aurora Quezon, 
Zaide said that immediately 
after the news vras broadcast 
and carried by the papers, the 
p vailin." sentir^'^nt was one of j 
indi.gnation. r 



The Families of the late 




wish to express ibeir profeiund apprecia- 
tioB and thanks to all those who sent flow- 
ers, messages of condolence, attended the 
funeral or otherwise expressed their sym- 
pathy in their hour of hereavement. 

Class 1947, College of Law, Umyer- 
«ity of Santo Tomas will offer a Requiem 
Mass for their late classmate Ally. Maria 
Aurora Quezon, her mother Dona Aurora 
Aragon Quezon and her brother-mdaw 
Ally. Philip Buencaniino 111 at the U.S.i. 
Chapel, tomorrow May 15, 1949 at 8:00 
A.M. Members of the class and professors 
are expected to attend. Friends and rela- 
tives of the family, and the Public are cor- 
diallv invited. 


associated press 



united pREsa, 




The Families of the late 






mass fc 

wish t. express their profound oppreerot o n « ^ ^ 

all those who sent flowers, messages o ■ 

tended the funerol or otherwise expressed th y P« 

in their how of bereavement. 

The lart 

Aurora A'.R?by” Quezon, and 
Aurora ?Tt sponsored 

Philip Buencannno 
by the ^.id today at the 

Risal, Will church. Masses 

San Juan Pf 12 and 13. 

were offered on ^ 

^ Another wquiein ma^ 
three ambuscade^^ Quezon City 

sponsored tomorrow at 

h f H»rt 

aVii" ?;rSi«r* '»? 

Patrons and memoe 

YLAC units and tne^ ^ 
deceased are exp 
the masses. 

Ijjt JlahiXa ©tme^ 

May 14, 19^ 

The Closs of 1947, College oi Law, University of San- 
to Tontos will offer o Re.uien, Mess for the 
of their classmate, Atty. Maria Aurora Quezon; her mother 

Doha Auroro Arason Quezon; and her ‘’-t‘, At^ 

' 111 of the U S.T. Chapel tomorrow (MO; 

.. .. ... 


fomlly on. 

, Requiem Mass 

1 A requiem msss, jS 

the Quezon City trnu ot 
will he ea'd oft SUftdhy. May 15, at; 
8:45 a.m. at the Saored Heart chapel' 
in Ktmufttng, for the repoee of the 
souls of the late Bofta Aurora Que- 
zon. Marla Aurora Quezbn and Flu- 
,Up Buencamlno III. All members 
'are requested to attend. 

Cds, JAc /p£oph 

a’lcws cxprosRca by writers in the 
roliimn, tlroso'^of iho "Mciiila 

nue to space requirements, con-1 

i ^.rof 

1 wilhlicld from pultlicalion at tlielr owu 

; reqnest.) • 

Whose Fault?. •, . 

Card oS Thanks 

The Families of the late 




*1,1. K «pr.« rt'i' 

,h„ ..«t ««««, .t con.,l.n« au.nded fu«™l or 

The imUmely demise of 'Uts. 
\iirora Aragon QiieJKm • hnd her 
coinpa.nions has. made .it paanU 
tiiat tlie government' bas faxlea in 
its efforts to maintain peace and 

°!.-^!^GovepnQr- Chiocor-** of -Kye\*a 
Eclia has boon asking President 
Quirlno for detail of more Cons- 
talmlafv , forces, hut his reiiuest 
has iieeii turned down on the 
ground that there was no noces- 
sitY for .such detail. 

President Quirhip, In one of his 
flrc-sich.* chats which he deUveicd; 
}>v-. radio- to tlio people, nicntlon- 
ud as i)uc of the achleveihems-of 
1 hi.s administration the., estahlish- 
ment of peace ami order in the 
1 unlire hreadlh of the country, as- 
i Ruring the people of their safety 
i from the attacks or molestations 
of KUhviM'sive or criminal element.s. 
It Is this assertion of President 
Quiriuo which Killed the. people 
to a sense of security. 

I vuulure to state if It 
v/ere not for such assurance from 
the President, Mrs, Quezmv would 
not. have dared to go to Baler on 
that fateful day via the »lissldeuls 
infested and danger Kones.— PA- 
lAlON V. (ATATtMP.EPv. Secretary 
CiMieral. 'NafionaliFta Party. 

4ii 3 

Preedow Speoki 




‘Washing:ton D.G. 

May 6, 1949 

XJgh! for this balmy Washins:- 
ton weather. Now I know why 
the weather is such a favorite 
topic of conversation. Two flays 
ago it was cold and rainy. Then 
yesterday and today the tem- 
perature zoomed up to seventy- 
five and ninety as predicted .by 
the ~ weather-man. Never know 
what clothes to put on. And 
with this awful heat comes the 
terribly disturbing spring fever 
for aged people like me — hay 
fever they call it. It is com- 
posed of a splitting headache 
Which no amount of aspirin or 
migrain tablets can do away 
with, plus continuous sneezing, 
but no cold. So you just feel 
like crawling into a wee bit of 
a corner and die. You just have 
to wait until that feeling pas- 
ses, that’s all. I can see that 
what they say about catching 
fever generally after your sec- 
ond year in .Washington, is true. 

Last Tuesday was the Re- 
quiem Mass given officially by 
our Embassy for Dona Aurora, 
at St. Matthew’s. This was the 
same cathedral where the body 
of her late husband President 
Quezon ^lay while Mass^ was be- 
ing said in his honor five years 
ago. And we could see that 
Father Ortiz who preached the 
sermon and v/ho was the Quezon 
family chaplain all throughout 
the war, was visibly moved by 
her death. A lot of friend.s of 
the Filipinos were there. Arch- 
bishop O' Boyle was present. 
Ambassador Cowen came in 
striped pants and black morn- 
ing coat. The very popular 
O'Neal family came in early. I 
sat with Louise McNutt who 
told me her parents were then 
in Manila. The Richard Ely s, 
Weldon Jones and his wife, and 
, the Wayne Coy s were around. 

' And a lot of Congressmen and 
Senators, who knew the^ Que- 
zons were present. You’d be 
amazed at the very great num- 
ber of admirers Doha Aurom 
had in this country. At the 
various embassies I’ve gone to, 
they ask mef about the tragedy. 
And even people who don’t know 
the family personally, feel very 
deeply for N:ni and Nonong. 

So you want to be a diplo- 
mat’s wife! Well one thing 
you should do before coming 
over is to practice the art of 
niggling. For many a time at 
cocktail and tea parties, you get 
into ibe funiiest prjiaicament. 
A ve w nice person is introduced 
to you and naturally extends 
her hands to shake yours. If 
: dining wm 

you ar- lit ...V. ( 

na;'taki i^r ox you. tt-a 

chatting around, there Is where 
your problem begins. For with 
a bag dangling over one arm, 
the indispensable pair of glQVcs 
held in hand, the cup and sau-^ 
cer, plus the sandwiches and 
the cookies which your ever at- 
tentive hostess insists you help 
yourself with, you just find it 
hopeless to stretch out an empty 
right hand. So you have the 
choice of eating your whole 
sandwich, in which case it would 
be impolite to talk, or plopping 
the sandwich into your half- 
empty tea cup which I am told 
is immensely rude, or simply 
ignoring the other person’s out- 
stretched hand and apologizing 
lamely. Ho-hum for the com- 
plicated rules of etiquette. One 
pratically has to be an octopus 
I think. 

Yesterday I found myself in 
the sorry predicament of having 
to attend two “must” engage- 
ments, The first was an early 
twelve o’clock luncheon in honor 
of a very dear Dominican friend 
who was leaving for home, and 
I had accepted the invitation 
more than a week ago. And 
the other w’as a luncheon invi- 
tation for one o’clock given by 
Scuora Maria de Martinez Var- 
gas, the Bolivian Ambassadress. 
Xnd by rules of protocol an Em- 
bassy invitation especially an 
intimate one like this where 
the only guests were Bolivian 
Embassy wives and a foreigner 
who was myself were asked, 
should come first. For once I 
really appreciated the marked 
punctuality of the twelve o’clock 
luncheon. For I dashed like 
mad from one place to the other 
and made it just in the nick of 
time. Thank goodness the Boli- 
vians take their time like we *lo. 

And if I told you how we 
whiled away the time after 
lunch, would you believe me? 
The enormous living room of 
the lovely Bolivian Embassy 
was cluttered with head blocks 
and ironing boards. For while 
we chatted and enjoyed each 
other’s company, eight busy 
pairs of hands were sawing 
away and creating hats. You 
can’t imagine how entertaining 
it lb to make our own hats, or 
to re-do old ones. And to mold 
and fo’.m that Philippine buntal 
straw was a chore the ladies were 
eage . rcr. J5o Mrs. A hello who 
doesn’t know' it yet, will have 
the honor of wearing a hat 
fashioned personally by the Bo- 
' livian Ambassador’s wife. 

h\ fl. IJi riltt z 



^lie ^‘ami^ies the iule 



to express their profound appreciation and 
thanks to all those who sent flowers, messages of 
condolence, attended the funeral or otherwise 
expressed their sympathy in their hour of be- 



0 ^- 


Prominent Artists | 
To Sirio at Ret]uiem i 
Mass for Qnezons I ; 

A. solemn requiem mass offer- 1 
ed for the late Mrs. Aurora Que- i 
zon. Baby Quezon and Philip ; 
Bueiicamino III will be held on j 
Tuesday. May 17, at 7:00 a.m. : 
at the San Miguel Pro-Cathedral. i 
Most Rev. Rufino J. Santos, D.D. 
Auxiliary of Manila will ! 
officiate and Very Rev. Wm. 
Masterson, S.J. president of the 
Atenoo de Manila will deliver | 
the eulogy. 

The musical numbers will be | 
furnished by Amilian Musical i 
vSociety and the Manila Chamber 
Music to be accompanied by the 1 
Philippine Constabulary Band 
under the direction of lUajor 
Jose Cariilo. Mr.s. Nelia Maualo ! 
Concordia will render a vocal I 
solo “Liberame” by Marcelo 
Adonay and the Amihau Musical 
Society and the .Manila Chamber 
of Music wdll sing the chorus — 
‘'Dies. Irae” and “Lacriniosa" 
from the “Requiem Mass by Mo- 
zart. Prof. Jose Coroiniuas wdll 
render another vocal solo. 


The organizations sponsoring 
this mass are: Asociacion de Da- 
mas de Filiplnas, Ateneo Alumni 
.A.ssocialion. Club de Damas de 
>Ianila, Girl Scouts of the Phil., 

Knight of Columbus. Manila Wo- . 
man’s Club. National Federation 
Women’s Clubs, Phil. Amer- 
ican Assn, of Washington, D.C., 

Phil. Assn, of Social VVorlcers, 

Phil. Assn., of I'niversity Wo- 
men, Young Ladies Assn, of 
Charity, Voung Women’s Christ- 
ian Assn. 

The National Federation of 
Women’s Clubs is in charge of 
the arrangements, with Mrs. 

Emilia Q. de liim us overall 
chairman and Mrs. Marie H. 

Tambuatco, chairman of the mu- 
sical numbers. Usheretts will be 
the members of the NFWC Jii-„ 
nior Women’s Clubs, and the 

Rehearsal of ihe musical mem- 
bers with the Piiil. Constabulary 
Band will take place tomorrow'. 

May 16, at 5:00 p.m. at the Es- 
coda Memorial, 


^ J/l£ fijwph 

(Views oxpie.vscd by wiftei.s in the 
coliiimi, are their own and do not ne- 
<-e.*?.snriIy reflect those of the Me.nila 
'rimes. Due to .spare renniremenis, con- 
(ributor.s are advised to limit their let- 
ters to not more tlian 200 word.s. I,etterM 
slioiild bear the real n.*inies and 
ses of the writers, but the.v may be 
withlield from piiblirallon' at tbelr own 

, Signal Warning 

The murder of Mrs. Aurora Que- 
zon together with some of those 
in her company is an iiTeparanle 
national lo.s.s. "it serves a signal 
warning lo the government that 
there is much yet to be expected 
in the present campaign for peace 
and order. 

As a result of this most heinous 
crime, the people have arrived at 
a conclusion that the links are not 
e.sseniially fighting for reforms but 
also on depredating innocent and 
patriotic people. In view of this, 
all law-abiding citizen.s, casting 
aside political prejudice.s, must 
rally behind the move to w’ijie out 
'di.sorder and gang.stertsm. 

qNie government forces, in spite 
for the huge outlay for peace and 
order, cannot be depended upon 
entirely to succeed in its objective 
of maintaining peace and order 
throughout the country without 
'the civilians offering their much 
‘needed help. The latter are alwaA's 
jin' a better position to identify the 
had element.s of the community 
• and they can do a lot of hel]) by, 
jpoi-nUng" out to the pri^per author-1 
jilie.s the pen-sons or whereabouts! 
of the evil forces. It is therefore 
I incumbent upon us aU,‘ peace- 
loving and law-abiding ciU'/ens of 
this voung Republic, to unite as 
one in the crusade against disorder 
and gangster??!!!! throughout the 

country.— ’rn'<> C. R.AMIRRZ. Jr„ 
h’ap Ka.steni VnUersity. ' - 

MAY 15, 1949 



associated press 




MAOTLA bulletin, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 16, 1949 

Civic Organizations 

_ deWer an eulogy. Musical 

Offering Masses Fnr be contributed by 

g masses tor the Amihan Musical Society and 

yjuezons Tomorrow Chamber of Music society. 

The sponsoring organizations 


Various social and civic organijare: AsoclZ'de DamafS 
za .ons of Manila will offer a re- ' nas. Ateneo Alumni TssLwtn 
quiem mass at 7 a.m. tomor- Club de Damas de Maniir nn’ 
Miguel pro- ; the Philippines, Knights 

cathedy for the late Mrs. Auro- i ch.h Womln’s 

Club, National' FederatiOT'“’of 

Assn. of Washington, D. C. Phil- 
.u i,T .• “'““'isva oy *PP*ae Association of Social Work- 

the National Federation of Worn- fpi Philippine Association of 
en-s Clubs. .University Women, Young LadlL 

- of Charity and 

Women’s Christian Association ® 

ra A. Quezon, Miss Maria Aurora 
Quezmi and Philip Buencamino 
ill. The service was arranged by 

en’s Clubs. 

Msgr. Rufino Santos, auxilia- 
bishop of Manila, will officiate. 
The Rev. W'iJliam Masterson, 
president of Ateneo de Manila, 





★ ★ 



NO. 198 

MONDAY, MAY 16. 1949 

Noting a strong ti-adition of 
banditry in most Far Eastern 
countries, the Monitor warned: 
“To think of irresponsible gangs 
of malcontents in terms of a 
tightly knit, Moscow-directed 
party is to be very naive. Dis- 
banded and dispossessed Huks 
are more likely to find their 
losophy in their marksmanship | 
than in Marx.” | 

The reports from Manila log- 
ically suggested to the Star that, 
the assassins were members of the 
Huk movement, which is directed 
by communist Luis Taruc. “It is 
^ therefore not necessary to con- 
I elude that the order for the am- 
j bush was explicitly given by Ta- 
I rue himself.” the Star said. “But 
I its aim was in line with the Huk 
policy of violence and terrorism... 
Perhaps the revulsion of public 
opinion against this wanton kill- 
ing .. . will enable the government 
to deal more decisively with this 
endemic threat to the nation s 
peace and stability.” 


Justice Lim Prefers 
Serving PI Red Croii 
To Entering Politics 

The responsibility that rests on bis shoulders as acting ohak* 
man of tho Philippine National Rod Cross, following the deatii of 
Mrs Aurora Quezon, mfikcs it impossible for him to enter polibics^ 
Justice Manuel Lim said in hia letter to tho Chronicle the other 



Evening News Correspondent 

In the same Washington cathe- 
dral St. Matthew’s, where requiem 
high mass had been held previ- 
ously for two Philippine Pres- 
idents since 1944, the Rev. Pacifico 
A. Ortiz, S.J., wartime personal 

chaplain to Manuel Quezon, del- j ^as explicitly given 

ivered a stirring eulogy to the 1 himself.” the Star said 
widow of the first President of the i aim was in line with tl 
Philippine Commonwealth. The 
eloquent youthful Father Ortiz 
had come down from Fordham 
university in New York to blame 
all Filipinos for Mrs. Quezon’s 
death. To hipi she was “the vic- 
tim of our senseless strifes, our 
petty rivalries, our selfish ambi- 
tions.” , ^ ^ 1 . ' 

At the same time, through the 
very poor acoustics of the cathe- | 
di’al. a soft but sharp slap at the 
Philippine government ^ ^ 

heard. “Respect for government 
can not be 'given,” said the Je- 
suit. ‘'It must be earned. And 
the price is justice.” 

In belated editorials on the 
Philippine tragedy, the Christian 
Science Monitor (Boston) and the 
Washington Star played up the 
Hukbalahap angle. The Moni^r , 
saw no political motivation m the 
• senseless kUling of Mrs. Quezon 
S and others and said it would be a 
i mistake "to put the incident into 

i the framework of ‘ Itor 

logical conflict,” while the Star 
I iwinted out that the ambush was 
I no chance hold-up. 


Justice Lim's letter reads in» 

‘‘The metropolitan dailies 
last May 13 mentioned my 
name, among others, as one of 
ttiose Selected 
in the national 
convention of 
, the Liberal 
Party (Avelina 
Wing), among 
whom would fi- 
nally be chosen, 
the p,*jrty's sen- 
atoriat, line-up 

, . . for tbA 

t • elections. MucTl 
as I value tba 
party’s proffer 
M. LIM 'and the honor 
that accompanies it, circum- 
stances and events as have hap- 
pened, now militate against th« 
possibility of my entering po- 

“The preponderant factor 
weighing against th'is pos.sibiI- 
ity is the fact that Dona . Au- 
rora Aragon Quezon, late 
Chairman of the Philippine Na- 
tional Red Cross, has just pas.s- 
e(^ away. Upon her death, the 
responsibility of stowarding 
this massive humanitarian or- 
ganization automaticaly devolv- 
ed upon my shoulders. Tlw 
chairmanship of the Red Cross/ 
even if in an acting capacity, 
is a call to duty that I cannot 
shirk, much less abandon, until 
after such time as Mrs, Que- 
zon’s successor, shall have bcea 

“If Mrs. Quezon’s passing 
created a vacuum in the nation- 
al sphere, all the more was >t 
felt by the Red Cross which sho 
so ably served. As PNRG Chair- 
man, Mrs. Quezon was irreplace- 
ai?le. I frankly admit that the 
Lomptation to serve my country 
politically is great. Yet acceding 
jto that desire would mean ro- 
Jinquishing a task a.s vital and 
important as any other national 


— ■ ■ — m 

Masses to Be Said 
For Ambush VioKins 

i ’■S'luest of the 

I Ilollo.Antique chapter, 

I a series of requiem masses will 
' be said for Mrs. Aurora A. Que- 
I Zen and her companions, 
, throughout ali the churches of 
the Jaro diocese, on May 20. 

The diocese comprises the 
four provinces of Iloilo, Anti- 
que, Capiz and Romblon. 

Mrs. Quezon was the chair- 
man of the board of governors 
and the executive cominiljtee of 
the PNRC and was mainly res- 
ponsible for the growth of this 
organization since its indepen. 

EXPowtuT pRocst^ U^ 







—The Philippine legation has 
scheduled a high mass to be said 
Monday morning in memory of the 
late Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon. 

Philippine Minister Narciso Ra- 
mos extended invitations to offi- 
cials and dignitaries headed by 
Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs 
Arturo Mane, the Papal Nuncio 
Cardinal Miguel Fieta, Archbishop 
Luis Copello of Buenos Aires and 
other ranking diplomats. 


Women's Clubs 
Offer fAass For Quezons 

A solemn requiem mass offered 
for the late Mrs. Aurora Quezon, 
Baby Quezon and Philip Buenca- 
mino III will be held today, 
May 17, at 7 a. m. at the San Mi- 
guel Pro-Cathedral. Most Rev. Ru- 
fino J. Santos D.D. Auxiliary 
Bishop of Manila will officiate and 
Very Rev. Wm. Masterson, S. J. 
president of the Ateneo de Manila 
will deliver the eulog}’. 

The musical numbers will bej 
furnished by Amihan Musical so- 
ciety and the Manila chamber 
music to be accompanied by the 
Philippine Const, band under the 
direction of Lt. Jose Campana. 
Mrs. Nelia Manalo Concordia will 
render a vocal solo “Liberame”. by 
Marcelo Adonay and the Amihan ‘ 
Musical Society and the Manila 
Chamber of Music will sing the 
chorus — “Dies Irae” and “Lacrimo- 
sa” from the “Requiem Mass” by 
Mozart. Prof. Jose Corominas will 
render another vocal solo. i 

The National Federation of I 
Women’s Clubs is in charge of the | 
arrangements, with Mrs. Emilia Q. i 
de Lim as over all chairman and ! 
Mrs. Marie H. Tamhuatco, chair- 
man of the musical numbers. 







* n 

ass Sckdiiled 

For Mrs. Quezon 

The Manuel b. Quezon Educa- 
tional Institution operating the 
MLQ School ol baw and sister 
colleges is sponsofing a requiem . 
I mass for Dona Aurora A. Que- 1 
• zoii on Saturday, May 21, at 
7:30 a.m. at the San MiguOl Pro- 
Cathedral. His Excellency, Ru- 
finu Ji Santos, D.U., Auxiliarv 
Bisnop of Manila will officiate. 

The Centro Escolar UniversH,v 
chorus and orchsetra under th« 
direction of Prof. Antonio J. Mo- 
lina will furnish the music. 

'Prof. Asuncion L. Lopez will 

sing “Ei Penitente" by Eslava; [ 
She will be assisted by the C.E.U, } 
Orchestra. Prof. Basilisa Geronl- ’ 
mo will be the accompanist. ! 

WASHINGTON REMEMBERS.— A requiem high mass was held on 
Mav 3 at the Cathedral of Saint Matthew in memory of Mrs. 
Quezon, her daughter, Maria Aurora, and son-m-iaw Philip 
^■encamino in. The presence of high-ranking American officials 
besides a large number of Filipinos and other friends showed the 
Lep affection and esteem in which the Quezon family was held 
hv the people of the Cnitcd States. Pictured above .as ‘hov left 
the church are CS Aniba.ssador Myron M. ^ 

bassadoi Joaquin iW. Eiiz.aide and I Haj. Gen. .Mbert M. Jones. 

ttONGOT tribesmen (shown above) have trekked aU the way from 
the mountains on the Nueva Ecija-Nueva Vizcaya border to offer 
their .services to Pantabangan Chief of Police Epifanlo Gonzalez 
as guides for government forces now in an intensive hunt for the 
killers of Mrs. Quezon. (Photo by I, S. Valmonte). 



Huk Admits 
Ambush Guilt 

Peace Justice Hears 
Suspect; Town Raided 


rABAWTl'AN, Nurva Ivija 
Mny JK_Huk Pvt. Ppriro Manan 
tan picked up Fomptime ago fol 
lowing the Quezon ambush, thi; 
morning in court admitted hi: 
part icii>a lion in the ambush-slav 
ing of Airs. Aurora A. Quezon au(i 
]T others at Rongal^on last monih. 

The 2f>ypar-old link, during ’he 
jU'climinary in\ est igation l>y 0<- 
hanatuan .lu^tico of thf J'*'ar'e 

f.’ro'jojui t'a<-lhi«- appoar-vl vma''tcc-, 
ted ly- the gravity of the charge 
of multiple mui'der filed against 
him and 14 others. 

The com I house \\a« jaiupacked 
by people curious to \viinf*sa the 
proceedings as m*c 1I as to S'^e the 
uncouth young man whose ragged 
! figure became familiar to newspa- 
per readers all over the country 

The m^yor appealed to the gov- 
ernor for reenforcement of the, PC 
detachment in his town to ward 
off another possible Huk attack. 
He reported some 200 Huks swoop- 
ed down on the town at 7 Sunday 
night driving the people into a 

A joint PC-police force of 40 j 
men gallantly defended the gov- 
ernment barracks but the Hukfe 
stayed away from the vicinity of 
I the barracks and devoted their 
! time to sacking the houses. 

I During the orgy of plunder last- 
ing for three hours, the dissidents 
[made a total haul of 65 sacks of 
i rice, 62 carabaos, cash, jewelry 
land clothes whose aggregate va- 
• lue has not been estimated. Dur- 
ing the exchange of fire, three 
civilians and a Huk were wound- 
ed, according to the mayor. 

The same morning another band 
raided barrio Saverona looted 70 
houses and kidnaped Claudio! 
Gapaz, a high school student. Ga- 
i paz’ bullet-riddled body w&s later 
found in an isolated place. 

CAN, May 18. — A civilian was kill- 
ed several Huks were believed kill- 
ed or wounded in two Huk raids 
i n the barrios of Pasongcallos and 

Tondo YLAC Unit 
To Hold Mass For Quezon 

A requiem mass for the repose 
of ‘the souls of the late Doha Au- 
rora A. Quezon, Maria Aurora 
“Baby” Quezon, will be said at the 
Tondo Catholic church om. Sunday, 
May 22, at 6:00 in the morning. 
The mass will be officiated by 
Mons. Jose Jovellanos, vicar gen-* 
eral and spiritual adviser of the 
Tondo YLAC unit which will spon- 
sor the mass./ 

* All officers and members of the 
unl:t are enjotoied to attend and 
come in uniform. 

since a m eek ago. 

Huk Commander l)(uigla«;. one 
of the accused. wa.« killed i*ercntly 
.in barrio Valle. Talavera when 
the village was snl»jected to heavy 
.shelling by Col. Valeriano’s Xeni- 
ta VnU. according to an uncon- 
firmed report. 

Before admitting his guilt be- 
fore Judge Cadhit and Fiscal Emi- 
lio Cecilio, the prosecutor, Manan- 
tan was reminded of his consti- 
tutional right to avail himself of 
the services of an attorney. The 
Huk, however, replied he was 
ready for the preliminary investiga- 
tion without benefit of counsel. 

Accordingly, the judge reman- 
ded Manantan’s case to the court 
of first instance. Manantan was 
denied bail. 

Maj. Gen. Rafael Jalandoni, re- 
i tired chief of staff, AFP, and Dr. 
{Eduardo Quisumbing, two of the 
J survivors in the ambush and who 
were earlier listed as prosecution 
witnesses, failed to appear at the 

Meanwhile, Mayor Romualdo 
Estillori of Talugtog today report- 
ed to Gov. Juan O. Chioco that 
two large Huk bands sacked nis 
town Sunday night and on the 
morning of the same day raided 
barrio Saverona carting away one 
I of the biggest hauls bagged by 
I Huks in recent weeks. 

Pick), San Rafael, this province last 

A group of iiukbalaliap.s attemp- 
ted to attack the UOth PC detach- 
meiu at barrio Pulo about tJ o’clock 
last night. When the Huks were 
20 meters from the detachment/ 
the constabulary fired machine- 
guns in their direction. The Huks 
retreated in different directions. 
Blood stains were found in the area 
this morning. 

At 10 last night dissidents un- 
der Commander Magpayo raided 
barrio Pasongcallos, San Rafael 
killing Nicanor de Belen a civilian 
and -taking away three carabaos 
owned by De Deien. 

Lt. Alfredo M. Gonzales, com- 
manding officer of the 90th PC, 
ordered the civilian guards of San 
Rafael to conduct 24-hour patrols 
for the protection of the clWlians. 

The six constabulary companies 
under the overall command of 
Major Crtspino M. de Castro con- 
tinue operations against the Huks 
in the outlying barrios of Nir- 
zagara.v, San Rafael, San Ildef'hso 
and San Miguel. 








('Special to the Bulletin/ 
CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, 
i May 18. — One of the Pluks re- 
sponsible for the ambuscade of 
Mrs. Aurora A, Quezon and her 
party last April 28 pleaded guil- 
ty to a charge of multiple murder 
, when arraigned this morning be- 
fore judge Gregorio Cadhit of the 
justice of the peace court. 

’ Pedro Manantan, 26, self-con- 
fessed member of the Quezon kill- 
ers, admitted that he was a mem- 
ber of the 7th Huk battalion un- 
der Major Paredes. Among those 
who participated in the ambush 
, of Mrs. Quezon’s party, Manantan 
enumerated, 'were: Col. Alexan- 
der Viernes, alias Stalin; Col. Mau- 
ricio Razon, alias Ramson; Major 
Paulino Viernes, alias Liwayway; 
Major Crisanto Marzo, Major Pa- 
redes, Commander Luningnin'g, 
Commander Aladin, Commander 
Mulong, one Viray and one Sa- 

All the accused were charged 
with the killing of Mrs. Quezon, 
Baby Quezon, Mayor Ponciano 
Bernardo of Quezon City, Major 
Primitivo San Agustin, Col. Anto- 
nio San Agustin, Philip Buencami- 
no III, Lt. Dominador Arabejo, • 
Lt. Diosdado Lazam, Julian Moli- 
na, Pedro Payumo. Corporal Qui- 
rino Ahnarines and Pfc. Brigido 
Valdez; and the wounding of Gen. 
Rafael Jalandoni, Capt. Olimpio 
Manalang and Cpl. Severino Rav- 

Manantan told investigators that 
prior to the ambuscade he and his 
companions had waylaid around 
30 freight trucks and jeeps. The 
ambuscade, according to Manan- . 
tan, planned jointly by Majors Pa- 
redes, Liwayway and Ramson and 
Commanders Luningning, Aladin' 
and Marzo. 

After the ambuscade, all those 
who had participated separated 
and assembled two days later at 
Malungoy mountain, he added. 

In the multiple murder charge* 
filed recently by Lt. Fidel Aman- 
te, intelligence officer of the Nue- 
va Ecija PC command, all the per- 
sons cited by Manantan as having 
participated in the ambuscade 
I were also named defendants. War- 
! rants for their arrest were issued 
[ this morning by Judge Cadhit, 



VOL. IV. NO. 201 

THURSDAY, MAY 19. 1949 

23 NEWS pages 

S>econd Son Sorn 
So ^lini Suencamino 

A posthumous son was born to 
Mrs. Philip Buencamino m (nee 
Nini Quezon) early this morning 
at the Our Lady of Lourdes hos- 
pital. Attending the mother was 
Dr. Constantino Manahan. The 
child is the second boy of Mrs. 

» cr w U * 

Fatcrno Bldg., Manila 


Freedom Speaks 


Bares Huk Plan 

NINI QUEZON-BUENC AMINO fondly Lolda an unfinished beadspread which her mother, Mrs. 
Aurora A- Quezon, started to knit in Manila. *'It is mother’s'^ she exclaimed upon pullingr it out 
of a previously unidantified bag which was one of the ten recovered by the Constabulary from 
the ambuscade acene and turned over to the Red Cross which made the delivery yesterday. In 
picture, left to right, are: Dr, J. Yanzon, PNRC manager, Dr. Jesus Salumbides, Dr. Manuel 
Lfm. acting PNRC chairman, Mrs. Ponciano Bernardo, Nini, Dr. Jose Carillo, and Joseflna Ber- 
srdo. (PNRC Photo). 

Mrs. Quezon’s ' 

Bags Becoverei 

Th^ personal effBcts of Mi’ii. 

,vuiora A. Quezon, Maria Aurora.' 

{B.abyF her daughter, and those 
ut three others who perished in 
Boiigabon, Nueva Kcija, ainbus- 
,*ade April 2S. were deliver- , 
ed bv the Philippiue National 

- m ' U I' IV U VY IX Lnwnja..,- ..w 

R d Cross yes.-rday j Quezon Cilinore residence, was 


A total of ten bags were re 
covered and delivered yesterday, 
two of which belonged to Mrs 
Quezon, one to Baby Quezon, two 
to Mayor Ponciano Bernard!/, 
one to Col. Priiihtivo San 
Agustin, one to Col. Antonir 
San Agustin, one to Lt. D. M. 
Arabejo, while one was identified 
as belonging to Hilarion Nebril, 
driver of Mayor Bernardo. Ne 
bril is one of the survivors. 

One of the bags of black alli- 
gator skin, originally marked 
unknown when brought to the 

Nini Quezon Buencamino at the | 
Quezon residence at Gilmore 
Avenue, Quezon (’it.v- 
miel Urn. acting PNRC chair- 
man. headed the Red Cross ae- ^ 

opening the bag and tenderly 
pulling out an unfinished bed- 
spread W'hich Mrs. Quezon had 
apparently started to knit even 
while in Manila. Presumably, 
Mrs. Quezon expected to finish 
the embroidery in Baler. Another 
previously unidentified small bag 
was also found by Nini as be- 
Iciigiug to Mrs. Quezon. 

U was further learned yester- 
day that the personal effects of 
Philip Buencamino had been 
brought to Manila earlier. Nini 
said that what Philip must have 
lost were his watch, wallet, ca- 
linalJy identified by Nini when n era, and their w'edding ring, 
she opened it, as belonging to | The jewelry of Mrs. Quezon too 
her mother. “it belongs to : is still uurecovered. 
mother*’ Nini exclaimed upon ‘ ‘ 

unit wh\ttv>x;aptured him, also 

revealed Huka’ guerrilla tactical 
plans which were being carried 
out successfully before the cur- 
rent government offensive was 

Mount Guinlat, a low mountain 
peak northwest of RIzal with 
fertile valleys around Iti base, 
was claimed by Sibayan as the 
main stronghold of Col. de Leon, 
overall Huk commander In this 
province. Here, around 1,000 
Huks, including 30 women, were 
leading normal lives until the 
Quezon massacre occurred. 

Around 70 serai-permanent 
barracks were being used bv 
the Huks which were equiped 
with the facilities of average 
homes in the lowlands. They 
even had several radio sets for 
recreational and Intelligence 

The small valleys around the 
base were being cultivated “cai- 
ngin" style for secondary crops 
and tubers. Sibayan revealed 
Col. de Leon had also made plans 
for planting the early rarities of 
palay this coming rainy season. 
Wide areas near the top of 
I the Mount were cleared for dril- 
ling purposes and as play- 
grounds. Col. de Leon always 
takes personal Interest in the 
rigid training of the Huks in 
guerrilla warfare, Sibayan fur- 
ther told this correspondent. 

The capture of Mount Guiniat 
by government forces less than 
two weeks ago supported Siba- 
van’s revelations as around 70 
huts were found atop the strong- 
hold, including the drilling 
grounds and the areas planted 
with- secondary crops around the 

All these Huk mountain lair, 
have been cleared jp by govern 
ment assault troons after tliey 
•were blasted by long range guns 
and heavy mortar fire. 

The remnants of their former 
occupants were revealed by Si- 
bayan to be escaping towards 
Cagayan Valley, together with 
the main bulk of the remaining 
effective strength of other 
squadrons in Central Luzon. SL 
bayan said Col. de Leon is at 
the head of this escaping band 
which was estimated to be 
around 2,000 strong. — GAC 
Special to the Clironiclo 

Nine unidentified Huks, believed 
to be stragglers from the 6th 
Battalion on a foraging mission, 
were surprised and killed the 
other night by a Nenita unit pa- 
trol under Major Mariano Esca- 
lona after a brief fighting. 

Several serviceable arms, pro- 
paganda leaflets and documents 
were taken by the patrol. The 
dissident appeared starving with 
long hairs and tattered clothing, 
indicating the pli?rht of the 
Huk remnants in the lowlands. 

Meanwhile. Pedro Manantan, 
only captured member of the 
Huk band which ambushed Mrs. 
Quezon and 11 other?, yesterday 

...lie tolls all 


'Affaek Try 

SjK'cial to the (’lu’oiiii-Jo 
! CAIJANATUAN, May 19— How 

the intensive government cam- 
paign against the Quezon killers 
unexpectedly cut short Jong 
lange plans of the to lead 

normal lives in their mci. -atain 
j lairs, principally lu Mount (iui- 
j mat, was revealed yesterday to 
I thLs correspondent for the I' 
I time by Mariano Sibayan, a Huk 
• runner of Col. Jose “Dimasa- 
lang de Leon who was nabbed 
lu San Jose after deserting his 
unit three days ago. 

Sibayan. who Is now i.iulm- 
•'•'^bolaon Vale- 
^ famous Nenita 

Mrs. Nini Que^ion Buencamino 
III, only surviving daughter of 
Mrs. Aurora 
to a baby | 
boy early this 
morning at a 
Manila private 

A large group 
of anxious 
friemJs and re-, 
latives were ga 
thered at 

xM:\I to 

Jier sister '‘Baby” 
l^and were 
uine others, in 
f'ade last Ap 


^r bus- 
ig- with 


tola me to pray that God should keep 
and bless us all. 

I was very deeply moved because I 
suddtenly remembered my mother in 
Manila; it was just exactly what she 
would have told me and my mind gave 
a start of recognition, made a brief but 
tender identification between my mo- 
ther and this pious lady quietly read- 
^ ing the life of a saint. 

gajjjy — she hated to be called Baby 
—was the child of her father, whom she 
adored. I have often thought that he 
never married because she never did 
find anyone who could measure up to 
that vivid and gallant genius. She was 
quarreling with him at that time- She 
wanted to go to the front. 

Baby hated hypocrisy and histrionics 
and she meant what she said. “She 
should have been a man,” the Presi- 
dent told me. I could see he was pleas- 
ed with her. If it had been left to the 
two of them, probably he would have 
let her go and he would have gone with 

But to headquarters, it was unthink- 
able. Baby never did get to the front. 
I told her once she had a masculine 
mind. She was frank, uncompromising, 
even ruthless. If she learned anything 
from her father, it was to have a mind 
of her own and to say it out loud. 

In Bataan I shared the same tent 
with Philip Buencamino, who was lat- 
er to marry Nini Quezon. He was the 
aide of General de Jesus, the chief of 
the military intelligence section, where 
I had been assigned. I remember dis- 
tinctly that one of the first things we 
ever did was to ride out in the gen- 
eral’s command car along the east coast 
out of pure curiosity. 

The enemy’s January offensive was 
turning the USAFFE flank and all 
along the highway we met retreating 
units. Then there was nothing: only 
the open road, the dry and brittle stub- 
ble of the abandoned fields, and in the 
distance the smoke of a burning town. 
We turned back hurriedly; we had gone 
too far. 

I am afraid we never got any closer 
to the front lines. Our duties were be- 
hind the lines. We were quite close 
during the entire campaign until I was 
evacuated to the Corregidor hospital, 
and I developed a sincere admiration 
for him. He was a passionate national- 
ist who could not stomach racial dis- 
crimination and I remember him best 
in a violent quarrel with an American 
non-commissioned officer whom he 
considered insolent toward his Filipi- 
no superiors. 

(Plea&F turn UV) 

A perssnal memoir «n the tote Quezons by an author who knew them well. 


B y some coincidence I got to know 
both Doha Aurora and Baby Que- 
zon really well at about the same time, 
on Corregidor. I had met them before 
that, of course, but it was only during 
the first days of that historic siege that 
I had the privilege of more than a 
casual acquaintance. 

I was on Corregidor at the time 
awaiting an assignment from General 
Romulo and President Quezon was kind 
enough to give me a berth in his own 

tunnel. They were days of very great 
strain and tension. The enemy was 
bombing Corregidor continuously and 
the news from the front waj bad. The 
enormous burden of responsibility, to- 
gether with the dank air of the under- 
ground tunnel, made the President 
haggard and worn. 

But I never saw Doha Aurora lose 
her poise. She was a very pious Icdy, 
with a profound faith in God and His 
saints, and X daresay she found in re- 

ligion a secure refuge that even the 
whine of enemy bombs could not pene- 
trate. She had a small chapel put up 
at the end of the lateral tunnel where 
we were staying and there was Mass 
every day. 

The last time I saw her before J 
left Bataan, she was sitting serenely in 
the midst of the chatter and clatter 
of the hospital tunnel, reading the life 
of Saint Elizabeth, Queen of Hungary. 
She smiled when I .said goodbye and 

The •Quezoffs, the lost and the surviving 


ones, have one thing in common: history. They belonged to the nation. 



The Quezons 

(Continuesd from page 15) 

Nationalism was a trait of all the 
wuezons; it is the secret of their great- 
ness. There was nothing personal in the 
eeling for they themselves were ne- 
ver in a position where they might be 
subject to discrimination.- But for them 
it was a matter of principle that the 
ilipinos was just as good as anybody 
else. Even the serene and gentle Doha 
Aurora had this intense feeling for the 
dignity of the race. She insisted for 
instance on the independence of the 
Philippine Red Cross. 

That is a great part of the tragedy 
of her death, and of the deaths of Baby 
and Philip. Surely it is a bitter and 
shameful irony that they should have 
died at the hands of their own country- 
men, whom they loved so uncompro- 

But their death is also tragic because 
it was dealt 4o them by those who con- 
sider themselves the victims of social 
injustice. For the administration of 
Manuel Quezon as first President of 
the Commonwealth was devoted pre- 
cisely to the cause of social justice. 
There is in every man a secret and 
obscure instinct that gives him warn- 
ing of his fate, and it is possible that 
Manuel Quezon had a premonition of 
tragedy that intensified his great crus- 

He came from the poor and he knew 
the blind rage that can blaze in the 
dry and shrivelled hearts of the dis- 
possessed. Perhaps, in the stately halls 
of Malacahan, he foresaw in a flash 
of prophecy that bend in a narrow 
road, the cruel talahib tall as a man 
the thorny forest, the somber moun- I 
tains, and then suddenly the ripping i 
slash of a machine-gun. j 


There are many things that we still 
do not understand about the tragedy 
of the Quezons. Was the ambush in- 
tended for them or for another? If for 
them, to what purpose? Was it to shock 
the country into remembrance that we 
are still at war, civil war? Was it to 
complete the discredit of the present 
administration? Was it pure robbery or 
indiscriminate reprisal? _ 

Luis Taruc was a frequent visitor in 
the Quezon house before he took to 
the field. He had long hours of con- 
versation with Baby» who ad:nired his 
mind and his inflexible will, so rare 
among, the men she knew. 

Taruc has denied that the Huk high 
command had any designs against the 
Quezons and has pledged the punish- 
ment of those- who may have broken 
(Please turn to the next page) 

the “iron discipline” of the Hiiks. The 
local Huk commander has, for his part, 
declared that the ambush was only an 
ordinary hold-up and that he could 

have stopped the massacre, if be could. 

One thing is sure. We can no longer 
under-estimate the emotional drive be- 
hind the peasant rebellion. Most peopie. 

when they heard of the Baler murders, 
asked themselves in sincere confusion: 
But why? How ’ could they do such a 
thing? How could they shoot down a 

lady like Doha Aurora and rob her 
lifeless corpse? She never did them any 
harm. On the contrary, she tended to 

their needs. She begged for them. She 
fought for them. How could they do it? 

People who ask this have never been, 
hunted. They have never starved .and 
shivered in hiding. They have never 
felt that the hand of every man is turn- 
ed against them. But the outcasts ol 
society, or those whom society has 
made outcasts, no longer recognize any 
duties to it. 

Humanity is their enemy. All of 
those who have homes while they lack 
a roof over their heads; who have food 
I on their tables while they must pick 
I the fruits and berries of the forest; 

I who have clothes on their backs while 
their own rags are torn in the under- 
brush; who can sleep secure while the^ 
must start with panic at the sound ol 
every twig breaking in the night — ah 
these are their enemies. 

And they watch for the time when 
they can hit back, briefly, blindly, but 
enough to soothe their wild envy and 
humbled pride; they watch the laborers 
clearing the winding road; they watch 
the bright banners of welcome waving 
in the forbidden towns: — an enemy 
comes, one of the happy and secure — 
they watch the long rich plumes of dusi 
sweeping across the gorges from the 
road — their hand is eager on the 
smooth barrel of the gun — one more 
chance to get back at them, no matter 
who, no matter if the gentle lady in 
the official car is a friend, for they 
have no friends, and so they press the 
trigger. ^ 

In memoricsm 

Aurora A. Vda. de Quezon 
Maria Aurora Quezon 
Felipe Buencaniino III 


Two happy families before three lives were suddenly plucked. Above are the late 
Mrs. Aurora Aragon Quezon and Baby pictured with Nini and Noiiong, Jr, Below 
Nini with her ill-fated husband, . Philip Buencamiho III, and son, Philip IV. 



"I received the shocking news (the Quezon murder) with the feeling that It 
was the news of ihc death of my own mother.” 


’ 'Tt was awful.” 


i ‘*Oiiiy Divine Providence cau ever adequately explain to a sorrowing nation 
I ibc infinite .visdom behind such supreme sacrifice suddenly exacted from 
heroes who had already given too much to a grateful people.” 


**No words will be strong enough to condemn such a horrible crime.” 


; '‘She contributed in her quiet and modest way immeasurably to complete • 
freedom for the Philippines.^ 


biggest crowd assembled for a funeral witnesses last trip of the ill-fated Quezons 


1. Mrs. Aurora Aragon Quezon 

2. 'Miss Maria Aurora (Baby) 


3. Felipe Buencamino, III 

4. Mayor Ponciano Bernardo 


i 5. Col. Primitivo San Agustin 

6. Col. Antonio San Agustin 

7. Lt. Joaquin R. Lasam 

i 8. Lt. Juan Molina ' 

9. Lt. D. Marabejo 

10. Cpl. Quirino Almdrines 

11. Cpl. Brigido Valdez 

12. Pedro Payomo, Quezon family 


1. General Rafael Jalandoni 

2. Capt. Olimpio Manalang 
3., Cpl. Raymundo Silverio 

The lone survivor of the ©nezon car- 
retired Maj. Gen. Rafael Jalandoni, told 
the stunned nation how cold-hlooded 
men mowed down Doha Aurora and 
memlHTS of her party. He escaped 
death by a little less than i miracle. 



I § V ^ 



I cj) ^ 

ill mmmn 



// baler 

\1 BAY • 

Mrs. O.uezoii was a tireless crusader for the underdogs. Photos above show her 
at a labor rally and while doing her duties as PNRC chairman. It w’Os a 
towering irony that she met death at the hands of the very people she loved 
fio much. Map below shows the exact spot where the tragedy occurred 



Jolm the imfhn and the world in mournkif the 

Doha Aurora will ever hold a unique place in 
ATiNiO history as the first lady recipient of the 


Offer ‘Noveny 
For Mrs. Quezon 


t The Catholic omen’s Litt- 
■grue, Mater Dolpfbsa uniyl, of 
Rizal City, wilt]|bfrer a^6voiia 
to the memoryfof the l^e Mrs. 
Aurora A, Que^cin and mijiibera 
of her party w)ao werlh^^illed 
after a Huk aSi^uscade ii||thV 
Quezon-Nueva border. 

The novena ^vilt^^art at 6:30 
a.m. today with a^ jnas a at the 
Mater Dolorosa chui^?^%ij^.F. B. 
Harrison, Rizal- City, -n^ 

end on Friday, May 29. A hlglT 
mass at 6:30 a.m. of that day 
will mark the closing of the 

Members of the family, friends 
and sympathizers of the ambus- 
cade victims have been invited 
to attend. 


* :^A requiem mass will be offer- 
ed- tomorrow morning, Saturday, 
for Aurora A. Quezon at- 

the Sam 3^11 el Pro-Cathedral M. 
7:30 a.m.,' u^er the sponsorsriiitii 
of the Manu^i^^ Quezon 
Upnal Institutiot^^^eralL^^the 
School of fsister 


TheNOantro Escolar l?^iverslty 
choir an?f.mHdiestra conducted 1^ 
Prof. Antonio ^Molina will "yir? 
nish the musiiy’ during the mass. 
Prof. Asuncion L^pz wiU^en- 
der Eslava's “El PegJi^n^;^ a^ 
sisted by the CEU orcl^^sJri’a • 
accompanied by Prof/^as^sa 
Gerouimo. ^ 


I »» Corazon Grau Vinamxeva 

A piece of news that travelled 
gniokly and very fast yester- 
was about Niul Quezon 
Ij^iiencamlno and her brand 
fiOw baby boy, her second. Re- 
!^prt« yesterday were to the 
tjiat she was Installed in . 
!|toom 10, 2nd Floor, of the 
very attractive Our Lady nf 
liOurdes Hospital in Santa Mesa. 
Nlni was supposed to have oc- 
cupied the bosrilal’s best room, 
thd special suite on the third 
floor — if she had had her bab^ 
sooner. This was a couple of 
weeks ago. and at that time the 
special suite received a lot of 
extra attention, v-ns . a change 
of furniture. Dr. Casas himself 
saw to the “decoration" of the 
room. On Hospital Day though, 
the special suite was occupied 
by pretty Tessle Arrastla Brias, 
Enrique Brias’ wife, and baby, 
a girl, who was born in the 
evening of Ibat day. The 12th 
was a good day for the hospi- 
tal — it received first prize as 
t.h« best among The many good 
ones we have in Manila and the 
suburbs today. The prize was a 
big cup doiratfd by Oceanic 
Commercial and of course 
everyone conne'^red with the 
staff w’as harpy about it. 
President Quirino sent a* beau- 
tiful basket of flowers to the 
hospital in congratulation. 

♦ * ♦ j 

We suppose that among the 
countless flowers Nlnl has r*>- 
ceived and. will continue re- 
ceived and will continiine re- 
ceiving for a couple of weeks 
will be a beautiful floral ar- 
rangement bearing the card of 
both Tito and Elvira Manahan. 
This popular couple are good 
friends of Ninl, and also, Tito 
happens to be Nini’s doctor. 

2nd Boy Born To 
Ninj Bttoncamino 

A baby boy, 
family, was be 
day morning tj 


in the I 


no III, only ^ 
daughter of 
^Q uezon ; 
of Fell 

event 21 

days afmrvher 
mother, r 
and hei 
killed with' 

aflne others In a Huk ambuscade 
on the highw’ay to Baler last 
April 28. . 

A la^^-gimup or^™pd3 and 
relatiyiBs^trooped to tlie^^pital 
yesterday to extend NlmMhelr 
inafal suppor t. 








Gov*t Car In Which 
Quezons Met Death 
To Be Preserved 

! The car in which Mrs. Aurora 
I A. Quezon, Baby Quezon, Mayor 
! Ponciano A. Bernardo and others 
I met their death in Bongabong, 
j Nueva Ecija, will be preserved as 
I an object of . historical interest in 
1 the Quezon Memorial, according 
to a spokesman of the Capital 
City Planning commission. 

In a letter to Nicanor Roxas, 
acting Quezon City mayor, the 
Capital City Planning commission 
requested that proper measures 
be taken to preserve the bullet- 
ridden death car. 

The car is an official car for- 
merly assigned to the late Mayor 
Bernardo of Quezon City. 


Mrs. Philip Buencamino, III, is 
resting well at tne Lourdes Hos- 
pital f.ollowiog the birth yester- 
day morning of her second son, . 
Jose Antonio. 

Mrs. Buencamino is the former . 
Maria Zeneida (Nini) Quezon. : 
Her husband was killed in the 
ambuscade in Nueva Ecija lasf j 
month together with her mother, j 
Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon and her j 
sister, Baby, and nine others. ; 
Mrs. Buencamino and her broth- * 
: er, Nonong, are the only surviving 
I members of the family of the late 
I President Manuel L. Quezon. 

' "j 

VOL IV, NO. 202 


ARXEMIO MARTINEZ, 1442 Otis. Manila.— -Mrs. 
, Quezon, whose life was moulded to the highest 
Ideals of citizenship, service and character, died — 
a martyr of lawlessness — to reinforce the impellinf 
drive for peace. The historic truth: “We cannot 
save men from death but by risking it for them.'* 
comes to mind with her tragic passing: for it set 
off the powder for constructive thinking that, be- 
hind and beyond all the turning and twisting of 
intrigue is the all-important fact that the 
FUiipno people are “entitled to life, liberty, etc.” 
Constant vigilance should be the watchword of 
our legislatoi's that they may seize every opportun- 
ity each day to sow the seed for a social order which 
will give our citizens the assurance of peace and 
security in the future. They must labor to this 

The car in which Mrs. Aurora 
A. Quezon, Baby Quezon, Mayor 
Ponciano A. Bernardo and others 
’met their death In Bongabong, 
Nueva Ecija. will be preserved as 
an object of historical interest in 
the Quezon Memorial, according to 
a spokesman of the Capital City 
Planning commission. 

In a letter to Nicanor Roxas, 
acting Quezon City mayor, the 
commission requested that proper 
measures be taken to preserve the 
bullet-ridden death oar. The car 
is an official car formerly assigned 
to the. late Mayor Bernardo. 

Will Preservm 
A^mbttsh Cwr 


Freedomn S^aks 


Paterno Bldg.t 



The car in which Mr». Auro- • 
ra A. Quezon., Baby Quezon, 
Mayor Ponciano A. Bernardo | 
and others met their death in 
Bongabong, Nueva Ecija, will 
be preserved as an object of 
historical interest in the Quezon 
Memorial, according to a spokes- 
man of the capital city planning 

In a letter bo Nicanor Boxas, 
acting Quezon City mayor, the 
capital city planning commission 
requested that proper measures 
be taken to pre, servo the bullet- 
ridden death car. 

The car is an official car for- 
merly assigned to Mayor Ber- 

GSP Alass For "Baby" 


1 ( 

I Wo More Quezon 

Ambushers Held 

Two members of ihe ambush res- 
ponsible for the mas.sacre of Doha 
Aurora-Aragon Quezon and 11 
others on the road to Baler 'we 


captured Thursday and Wednesday 
in Nueva Ecija, M.9niia Ttmoc 

the .Manila Tillies 
correspondent in Nueva Ecija re- 
ported yesterday 

her of the ambush, but that he was 
{assigned a position some 100 yard.s 
I from the actual scene of the mas- 
'sacre. Ca.«:ti)lo was believed, npv- 
ert'heless, to havp been able to give 
the PC Important information -on 
the whereabouts and strength of 
the ambush. 

Antonio Reyes, 21, was captured 
by Capt. Dominador Alo, command- 
ing officer of Company A, First Bat- 
talion, in a sawmill at barrio Sala- 
busob, Bongabon. Investigation 
show'ed that Antonio Re 5 *es was a 
member of the ” ‘ 

Huk ambuscade. 

I However, he declared that before 
•Most of Castillo'.'^ te^^timony was | the fatal ambush he was a sawmill 
devoted to a shocking revelation of, laborer working under a certain 
Jhe torture which Cpl. Patricio Di-; Tomacruz. and that v hhe he was 
Hag of the 1st Combat Team, PC,; taking a bath in Salabusob Creek 
jwa.': made to undergo by the am-, he was kidnaped by Maj. Paulino 

■ bush. Castillo said that the same Viernes alias "Liwayway” and tak-. uaicu i 

Meanwhile Pedro Manant»r the hu°='if 5cerie of the ambuscade, j formation that the accused took 

fircf mlinber^o^^^^ on Apnl 31 Corporal; On the night of April 27, Antonio part In the holdup at barrio Ta- 

^ the au?Lrit^s y "w" captured and shot, but : Reyes continued, he was ordered to buating, Sta. Rosa, in which bov 

^ iufltv n the execution, his ears andicook for ’the Huk band and the scouts from the Arellano Univ, ^ 

captors,: following morning he was given a 

Meanwhile, Lt. Fidel Amante Jr.. 
Intelligence and investigation offi- 
cer of this province, today filed 
with the court of first instance a 
complaint for robbery with homi- ' 
cide against the perpetrators of the 
Tabuating hold-up on the night of 
April 23. Included' in the complaints 
are former Mayor Bonifacio San- 
tos of Sta. Rosa, Commander Ale- 
man, Huk ‘privates Jcaquln San 
Diego, alias Guevara, and one Vil- 

The complaint was based on In- 

i The second biennial girl scout 
-j convention will be opened at 6:30 
la.’m. on Wednesday, May 25 ■with 
' the holding of a requiem mass 
for the late Maria Aurora Que- 
“'zon, at the Philippine Women’s 
‘University chapel on Taft Avenue.- 
, Miss Quezon was chairman of 
the Central Committee, GSP and 
had planned to take a prominent 
part in this gathering of Girl 
.scouts from all parts of the Is-‘ 

The mass ^yill be conducted by 
the Rev. Father Masterson. who 
is a members of the National Ad- 
visory Council, GSP. 

It is expected that all delegates! 
and visitors to the Convention as 


; according to Castillo.— G. 

ty were the victims. The hold-up, 

i Requiem Mass Todays 

I A Requiem Mass frir Dona Auto- 
;ra A. Quezon, sponsored bv the 
I Manuel L. Quezon School of Law 
,and sister coUeges. wiU be held 
(today. Saturday, at 7:30 a. m. at 
the San Miguel Pro-Cathedral 

, Garand rifle. He admitted having it was pointed out. resulted in the , Kmmf^ t - 

special to The MAViLA TiME:s j g^ec^aJ to The MAML\ TIME** I ^ ^ dur- , death of Alejandro Apordo, a PC - . tos, D.D., auxilian^ bishon nf 

rAP 5 i^V\TLAN May '>0-\ CARAVATT^rv'^^ ambuscade although he i enlisted man, during an armed en- ' i nila will officiate of Ma- 

,hU-fme^4Ir^o^-the nii;hufh%et | of Jife ' the o«‘c.ate. 

11 The following, day. while h' 5 : .When bimughUiefore Judge Gre- , .k'- Sll- 


0 . 

Aurora Aragon-Quezon and 11 oth- buscade on April 28 

rAon the ?oad to Baler was cap- ' hind^d^hy' o^her' da'v breV-m^yf -aKJdiP.yihe SoHo Cadhit,“silvino' Ignacio d^l 1'*'“ be utilized as a 




Taken _ 

Colonel Valei iano. B.^niamm f a»- 
liUo. ronfessed tjuai he wa. .a mom- 

man bv .lustice of .he P-we^Gre-.^ 2^ Antonio Reyes wasf men. 

donio Cadhit ■ ' mcluafd in the complaint for mul-' 

. -■ .... ''pi^ murders filed ozainst the 

' . * krn^\n_eufhors the ambuscade. 

in Uie trial , 
nd his com- 1 
the arrest 
by Judge 

4^^ r " ' 

Two Huks Accused 
Of Quezon Slaying 

Spocinl to the Chroi\iclo 

Two members of the hlood- 
thiiwty Quezon killers were 
br^ii^ht today before the jus- 
tice of the peace court on char- 
ges of multiple murder In con- 
lietition wilii the massacre of ; 
Mrs. Aurora A. Quezdln and 11} 
members of her party along i 
lha Bougabong-Baler highway 
last month. 

Accused before the JP court 
for preliminary investigation 
are Benjamin Castillo and An- 
1 touio Reyes. The duo were nab- 
. bed by PC forces near the scene ' 

; of the ambuscade. } 

Castillo confessed to his par- j 
ticipation iu the appalling Que- 
zon massacre when grilled at 
the Ahleriano headquarters by; 
I*C investigators. However, he 
r.aid that he was much behind 
the ambush front and could nor 
give a clear version of the am- 
buscade. He disclosed that Cpl. 
Patririo Dilag of the 1st combat 
team was tortured by the Huks 
I’efore he was killed. Dilag was 
a member of the Quezon escort 
party who was kidnaped by the 

Reyes was arrested iu Salabu- 
' sub where he claimed he re- 
turned after escaping from the 
iriuks while they were splitting 
their loot.- -gac i. 




^MiiiPPim prohkT 




Mananta, 26, of the 8th Huk battalion, pleaded guilty to a charge 
of multiple murder for the ambush of IMrs. Quezon and lier parly. 
Mananta was the first of three links caught in connection with 
the ambuscade. In the picture are Fiscal Emilio Cecilio, Mananta. 
and Judge Gregorio Cad jit of Nueva Ecija. 

3 Ambushers Of Mrs. Quezon Caught; 
Taruc Escapes PC Encirclement 

(Special tQ 

CABANATUAN, Xue\'a Ecija, 
May 20. — Three Hukbalahaps 
who participated in the ambus- 
cade of Mrs. Quezon and her 
party have fallen into the hiiids 
, of the constabulary. 

' Benjamin Castillo was picked 
up yesterday by agents of the 
Ncnita unit at barrio Macapsing, 
Rizal municipality. Last Thurs- 
day, Antonio Reyes, 21, another 
member of the ambush gang was 
I caught by the constabulary at 
barrio Salabusob, Bongabong. 

The first member of Huk band 
of ambushers to fall into the 
hands of the PC was Pedro Ma- 
nanta, who had already pleaded 
guilty to a charge of multiple 

At the headquarters of Col.^Na- 
poleon Valeriano, overall com- 
mander of the current anti-Huk 
, campaign, Castillo readily admit- 
j ted he was with the band that 
.'murdered Mrs. Quezon and her 
: companions. He claimed, how- 
; ever, that he was far from the 
; firing line and therefore cpuld not 
furnish any detail.*:. 

i Antonio Reyes, 21, admitted that 
he was with the ambush party. 

I He claimed, however, that he was 
I not a real Huk .since he was kid- 
i naped last April 27 and forced 
{ to join the squadron of Comman- 
' der Paulino Viernes. 

Reyes claimed he was armed 

the Bulletin) 

with a Garand rifle at the Que- 
zon ambuscade and that he fired 
a whole clip of bullets but aimed 
his gun where he could hit nobody. 


CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija 
May 19.— A 13-year old Huk who 
surrendered yesterday to the Phil- 
ippine constabulary disclosed to- 
day that Huk Supremo Taruc was 
among the top ranking Huk lead- 
ers who escaped entrapment by 
the PC during the operation at 
Guniat mountain. 

Justo Balajadia, of the 8th Huk 
battalion, surrendered yesterday 
to the patrol of the 94th PC com- 
pany under Lt. Mcro Paucan at 
barrio Garambul, Rizal. Recov- 
ering from malaria, Balajadia 
crawled to* the PC outpost and 
gave himself up with his carbine, 
fv, other top leaders of 

the Huks who escaped from the 

were*''pni Balajadia, 

were. Col. Jose de Lecn, alias Di- 
masalang. over-all Huk command- 
|Cr of this province; Col. Mauricio 
^a"asa ^ Ramson, and Major 

noting Huk related that he 
had been forced to join the Huk 
rgamzation at gunpoint by 30 

^ guerrilla warfare and 
utilized as an intelli- 
gence man. 


Freedom Speaks 


llo (right), second member of the Quezon killers to fall into j 
the hanus of the famous Nenita unit under Col. Napoleon Va- ! 
leri ano. He i* being investigated in the above photo at the Ne- 

nita headquarters where he admitted participation in the Que- 
zon massacre. { 

Hurl Dragnet 
As Huks Flee 

Sju*<*ial to t!»e Clirojiirlc 

C A B A N A T U A S. May 2 1 — A 
heavy scieeu of 103 mm shells 
i was thrown the whole dav yes- 
■ terday attross the path of Huk 
Siijiremo Luis Tame and his 
2,v»00 followers who have T>een 
reported conc^nlratiiig in the vi- 
cinity of Carranglau in their 
mass flight to Cagayan Valley. 

Lt. Col. Naxioleon Valerlano 
was personally directing the 
henvy shelling of areas north of 
I (’arrangian where Taruc’s men 
have been observed during the 
la-^t two days. 

C-arranglan Mayor Teodorico 
f Padilla tvold Col, Valeriano that 
Tanic and hts men planned to 
I enter Carranglau for niucU need- 
I e.d supplies before crossing the 
I Bierra Madro and Oaraball > 
! mountains for Cagayan Valley. 

PC atsf.i.h troop.s will attack 
in sevetcl ■"•ttves early thf.s mor- 
ning, the r, iks position.^ having 
beeu reror:edly pinpointed by 
several Kuk captives now under 
the pare c! Col. Valeriano. 
i Other vni:s of govemmeat 
I forces ve^e also dispatched near 
*the Xuena Ecija-Niieva Vkscaya 
^boundary to intercept any Huk 
uuii w} ’ch may escape Col. Va. 
leriano’s r agnet around Car- 
ranglac. oy.cervation planes are 
being n?ed to ob.serve the 
non h ward movements of Taru<! 
and his men. 

MeanwTii.e, further q[ue.stiou- 
ing of Balahadia, the 13- 

ysar.old Euk intelligence opera- 
tive capvc’fed by Capt Tommy 
Misaysh tbe 94 the PC Com. 
pany in Pv.zal three days ago, i 
revealed T?.; iic had been holding ' 
frec(went cr nfereuces of his top ; 
ranking < rnr.manders l7i Mount 
Guiniai month. 

In thif ( rnference.s’ Taruc re. 
j ;p-'ated)y p.’cm iaed the arrival of 
foreign a:d this month in an 
I effort tc build up the waning 
nioralp rf nig followers. 

Paiahadia stated there are se- 
yei’al V?? in Taruc’s outfit, 
tno.'sriy elfh: to L5 years old. 
who arc nsed as Intelligence . 
operat.-re? a? they are seldom 
oorlred ly lovernment authorl. 

. — G A C 

/OL- IV. NO. 203 SATURDAY, MAY 21. 1949 * ★ FINAL EDITION I 


HUK CAPTURE BEING REENACTED— Two soldiers of the fa- 
mous Nenita unit reconstruct the capture of Benjamin Castillo 
(with raised hands), third of the Quezon killers to fall into PC 
hands. — V. 

1 3'JdppshJii 


pRIENDS of Nini Buencamino 
■ who've gone to Our Lourdes 
hospital to see how she and her 
baby were doing say that the new 
arrival looks every inch a chip off 
the Quezon block... Nini’s room 
on the second floor has been j 
turned into a fragrant bower ofj 
all sorts of flower, brought by i 
though -.ful visitors. | 

>« X 1 

Among those who dropped in on 
Nini yesterday were Dona Trining 
Roxas, Mrs. Vicente Carmona, 
Jenny Araneta Neri and hubby, Sal 
(the couple proudly show’ed the 
picture of their baby to other visi- 
tors), Lulu Reyes (who is amused 
at rumors that she intends to en- 
ter the convent). Gin Mata and 
Nena Pamintuan who stayed the 
whole day with Nini. 


2 More Own Part 
In Quezon Ambush 

CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, 
May 21 (ENS) .—Benjamin Castil- 
lo, 22, and Antonio Reyes, 21, have : 

I been nabbed by the constabulaiyj 
1 for alleged participation in the 
ambuscade on Mrs. Quezon’s party. 
There are now three men. the first 
; being Pedro Manantan, • to fall 
into the government di’agnet since 
the punitive campaign aimed at 
! getting the killers of Mrs. Quezon 
j was launched. 

j Antonio Reyes was captured byi 
' Capt. Dominador Alo of the Istj 
' battalion combat team last Wed- 
nesday at barrio Salabusob, Bonga- 

Reyes claimed he is not a real 
Huk, having been forced to join 
the organization and inducted in- 
'! to the ranks of Paulino Liwayway 
I Viemes on April 27. according to 
* constabulary report. The same 
I report disclosed that Reyes ad- 
mitted he was armed with a Ga- 
rand at the time of the ambus- 1 
cade of Mrs. Quezon’s party but j 
j that while he exhausted a Tvhole] 
, clip of bullets he had fired in the j 

When the Huks 'were dividing 
their loot, JReyes stated, he sneak- 
; ed away and returned to the Sala- 
busob mill where he was employed. 

» Benjamin Castillo was captured 
Thursday at barrio Macabsing, 
Rizal town. The constabulary re- 
ported that he admitted his par- 
ticipation in the ambuscade but 
claimed he was 200 yards from 
' the front lines and was unable to 
1 see what was actually happening. 

1 Castillo related how Cpl. Patri- 
! cio Delag of the 1st battalion com- 
I bat team was tortured and execut- 
: ed by the Huks in Mt. Guiniat. 

I Delag was in one of the buses ' 
i held up by Huks belonging to the 
I ambrnsh group in barrio Gambita- 
1 la, Rizal, on April 30. 

I Lt. Fidel Amante, constabulary 
j prosecutor, indicated he will take 
I steps to have Castillo and Reyes 
' included in the criminal proceed- 
ings against the ambush group. 

Amante yesterday commenced 
prosecution for robbery with 
homicide against former Santa 
Rosa Mayor Bo7iifacio Santos and 
Huk chieftains Aleman, Joaquin, 
and San Diego for participation 
in the Tabuating holdup on the 
night of April 25, where the out- 
laws killed Pvt. Alejandro Apor- 

j Santos appeared before Judge 
Cadhit for preliminary investiga- 
tion and although he claimed that 
he was forced to join the Huks he 
admitted he was holding an auto- 
matic rifle during the holdup. — V 

Civic leaders Hold 
Mass For Mrs. Quezon 

With high government officials’ 
and civic leaders attending. a 
requiem mass for Mrs. Aurora A. 
Quezon was held yesterday mor-| 
ning. May 21 , at the San 'Miguel j 
Pro-Catedrai, at 7:30 o’clock,' 
v\'ith iVIons. Ryfino Santos, aui il- 
iary bishop of Manila, officiat- 
ing. I 

The mass was sponsored by 
the regents, chancellor, faculty 
and student body of the Manuel 
R. Quezon Kducational /nstitu- 
tion, with the Centro Escolar I 
I niversity fur/'.shing the orches- j 
tral and choral accompaniment ! 
under the direction of Prof. An-i 
tonio J. Molina. Among those ' 
attending were. | 

Manuel “Xonong’’ Quezon Jr., j 
son of the late President and 
Mrs. Quezon, Dr. Jose P. Laurel, i 
Collector and Mrs. Bibiano T.. ' 
Meer, Director Manuel Carreon , 
Dr Manuel Lim. Dr. Felipe Adria- ' 
no. Dr. Deogr-acias Castaneda. ! 

Dean Herfnenegildo Reyes, j 
: Dean Agustin Alonzo, Dean Luz I 
’ A. Zafra, Dean and Mrs. Leoncio { 
B. Monzon, Prof, and Mrs. Ra- ' 
mon F. Sunico, Dr. J.uis Alandy ’ 
Dr. and Mrs. Anselmo Claudio 
Mrs. Amparo Angara. Mrs. Emi 
lia Ai’agon, Mrs. Enriqueta Ama 
dor, Mrs. and Mrs. Jesus Alven 
dia. Prof. A. J. Molina, Mauricio 
Pimentel, and others. 

The soloists in the CEU choral 
musical offering during the ser- 
vice wej-e Miss Rosy Farol, who 
sang .Santiago’s Ai'e A/arin: 

Li par .Mella. Bizet’s Aff?n/s Dei; 
.•Vmanda Manalo, Bach’s Come ( 
Sweet Death ; and Mrs. .Asuncion 
Loanco Lopez/ H. Eslava’s Pen 


^ome tkin^ -^Lout 

I noiNQs 

The YLAC which suffered a 
peat loss recently is beginning to 

«e>es taking over where Babv 
however, as soon 

the YLAC way, she will carrv on 
her Sister s work \vith this" big 
““"♦abljinstitution. Here’s wish- 
in^.the TLAC morft power. 


associated press 

yHiLiPPiWE PBoeg ^T!!^ 




Memorial Program 

wJ ^ Federation of 

Womens Clubs-of the Philippines 
over radio station DZFM on Wed- 
ne.sday, May 25, from 5:15 to 5:30- 
p. m. will be dedicated to the 
memory of Mrs. Aurora A. Que- 
"Lrinidad F. Legarda, 
NFVVC president, will be the 
speaker. Miss Leonila T. Solita- 
ria. soprano, accompanied by 
will sing 

Canto Patnotico de Maria Clara 




He pmllcfed ili 9 t Ihe upsurge of 1 He also expressed concern over 
(he communist movement 4n the the widespread destruction of 
Far East udJl not affect Australia buildings and churches in Manila, 
whose people,— because of thefr adding that despite the great dam- 

j standard of living, are naturally op 
I posed to communism,, he said. 

•j Cardinal Gilroy called the Phllip- 
j; pines a beautiful country and Avas 
I particularly touched by the hospi- 
jtality of the people as shown in the 
jj rousing welcome extended him. He 
tjaflid of the reception prepared for 
['him that “no w-elcome could be 
[more cordial. I do not feel ^ike 
If leaving.” 

j Whisked around the city in a mo- 
! torcade during his busy itinerarv, 
'the distinguished visitor Avas .sad- 
dened by the destruction caused hy 
I war he had seen, but Avas happy ' 
;to learn that the people have been 

age, Manila is still a “beautiful city 
Avith plenty of Ji\'ely people.” 

The Chief Executive spoke brief- 
I At to his visitor on the program 
of Ills admini.stration, stating that, hi.s term of office is about 
u> expire, be A\'a.s cramming tliing.s 
lo j)ro\e that he has not been “too 
.slow as otlu'r peo[jle would think.” 
The Pre.sjilent told (he cardinal 
that most (if Ihe newspap(=‘rs have 
been unfair to him, all»‘gedly by 
|)laying up ci’ of his 
admini.siration and giving littie 
publicity to hl.s accompli.shments. 
Referring lo the coming election a.s 

Knights of Columbus W'cre on hand 
at the airport to greet the 
church gue.sts. 

Among those at the airport were 

^resident Quirino is shown receivind nf th^ Ti/r.i. • . ^ Consul General Keith Waller, Chi- 

room His Eminence Norman' Thomas cirdina^ G^rn r Chih-ping. 

Australia, who with a nar/x, I Gilroy , of Sydney, j James Meador, first secretary of 

i the President ’vesterdav « courtesy caff on American embassy, Minister 

I Koch PHIBCOM «/^ernoon. Left to right are: Col Joseph jTcodomiro Salas Aguilar of Spain, 

! cahan aide CarH n^i r chaplains, Major Joaquin Hidalgo, Mala- Coun.sellor Rader Soerjanata Djoe- 
i /os, t San- Bishop 

ID jearn mat me people nave been • 

making great strides at rehabilita.- the “day of reckoning.” he expreas- 
Uon. ed the hope that the people will 

Members of the diplomatic corps, ‘eventually vindicate him. 
of the c^prgy and the laity led by ^ .u 

papal knights and members of the/ >hP»; converratioh, the 

. ■ e - • • - Prev?ident cracked a joke on the, 

Ati-tj'alisn • bi!’ 

lAuitralian Cardinal Here 
On Quick Visit, Sees Quirino 

(|ui( l ly uildcd: “I'K .t.-c, (I'Ui't 

iliiiik I am rubbing it in.” He 
requested the cardinal to convey 
his best regards to General Doug- 
las MacArthur. 

The President also recalled the 
vmt last j-ear of His Eminence 
Francis Cardinal Spellman Avho 
i« me tuitfriciiius, jsisnop i " ^ ^ Mm l.'ir'n MM n gue.^t during 

Rufino Santo.s, former Bishop .Manila. He said he; 

guel Olano of Guam, Col. Joseph! reading Cardinal Spellman’s! 
Koch, U.S. Armv chief of chaplain.s, [Itiiemoirs early that afternoon and, 
Rev. Dr. Angel de Bias of Santo, particularly impressed by a 

S'.:?™ ’■ »• - «>• 

S’ !; --t. 

on President Quirino at Malacaftan. Wonnell. M.sgr. James Free- cade led the mests to tL arch- ^ ^ and his 

st art ed as soon as his plane land-i^‘‘^"' Michael Cronin, and's nalLe^ at Mandnhivon J 

ed urn on Philippine soil for the I’l’- Heniw Joseph Kennedy, ,vhere ihrcaiMinal ^ Cardinal Gilroy is the third 

fmst time at the Manila Internation- in fokyo for tAA-oAveeks Greetings o\ er a the churcli to come to 

a Airport at three o’clock In the;'^nd, on he return trip to Sydney, wth Philippine.-. Tim first, dur- 

atternoon. iwill again touch Manila but on v • S j preAvai-. wa^ Hi.s Eminen-e 

for two h.>ups Mt ^ ODoheiiy AAho Is Baguio vaca- j Denis^ Cardinal Daughert^^ an^ 

'i'he r>2-vear-oid affable church ' for his hoallh. _ 

Around five o’clock, the party j 

I iVIUllJ 

During a brief welcome program j t'^o bour.s at most. 

. at the airport, Mayor Manuel de la : o 2 -year-old affa.... 

P uente of Manila handed the di.s-‘ who was elevated lo the i.ff - yy - 

Ungiiishedrluir<:hvisiiorlhekevto'!‘-'“*'‘‘"'“'‘i“' »"ly t«o years ago, ,,r '•'‘® 

the city which, the mavor .said was avoided discussi.nis on political is- t^emontei io del Korte -Avhere 

rhe “symbol of Christian love, the a brief exchange of pleas- ^ wreath at the 

symbol of Filipino ho.spiialitv fo^^nlrie.s with newRmen who inter- Aurora A. Quezon. 
” - • r*- > wh-., ... Of ^ the^ remaining Quezon family, 

- - "O'- •--^4 \Taiii* 

boa. who has been refirsed admi.s- .. ,,, , , y ' , '"t ''"“' rT 

;sion into .Australia lo visit his Avife Leon-Roxa.s who 

(and children, Cardinal Gilroy said nearby mausoleum of. 

j that all he knew'^ about the matter husband. President Roxas. 

I was Avhat he has read in the f)apei\s party then proceeded to ,' 

I He .stated the incident Avas for the Malacaiian to pay ^ courlosy call 
I Australian government to decide President Quirino. During the 
,'but. at the same time, expre.ssed j’‘'^^f^PXfhange of impressions Avilh 

^st year, it was Francis Cardiiajl 

symbol of Filipino ho.spiiality to. 

all foreigners Avho come to the Phil- - 

ippines.” i Of the en.-^e of ,Sgr. Loron.zo Gam- ManiieJ, .Ir.. “Nonong” wa.s 

In response to the welcome ac- ' refirsed admi.s- 

corded him, Cardinal Gilroy assure 
ed the mayor he Avould treasure 
the key always as an “indication 
of the goodness and generosltv of 
the people.” 

'Ca/'dinal Gilroy AA’as on his wav 

I-.-. ..."Il --- 1 

to i’okvo where* hr will attend a*s 1 same time, expre.ssed 

ilie papal legate, the fourth centen- ^ ^ Prc.sidenl, Cardinal Gilroy’ 

•nial celebration of the arrival of St. great interest in Philippine; 

Francks KaA'ier in Japan. He and * 

...... ,,v.. j.i I u.-M 111 1 iimjjj.ine . 

I affair.s. (‘.specially Avith regard t0;‘ 
' the social amelioration program of ' 
the President. 


roy callea on receivad hU dUtmguished 

brief .topoTar Kara- _ axcbanjeJ impre.Mon* 

caller at b.. Uudy pid«ra are (left to 

ana view* in Pbaspptn* ^ ' Quirino aoa BiiKop Rufmo 

to Malacanan. 

Church Prince Here, ' 
Calls on Pres. Quirino 

Communism cannot thii.a in 

lians are contended with of Austolia; in the 

“r^^a'brTef '"e pr,« ,-. M.I. ahan ycster- 

who ^rri.ed 


’pidio Quhtno. Cardinal Gilroy left last night for Tokyo. 

In his short exchange of im- In his talk with newsmen, 
pre^sions with President Qai- Cardinal Gilroy said that m 

He observed that upon hia ar- | 
rival he was struck by die > 
crowded population of Manila, j 
and by the energy with which |, 
the rehabilitation program was 
being prosecuted as shown by 
the new buildings that greeted 
his eye and by the construction 
work projects that dot the city. 

He said it was depressing to 
note the destruction suffered by 
Manila, but it was encouraging 
to see signs of rehabilitation 

In his call on President Qvii- 
rino, the Cardinal was accom- 
panied by the five members of 
his party: Msgr. James Free- 
man, Msgr. James Carroll, Msgr. 
Edward O’Donnell, Mr. Cronin 
and the Rev. Father H. Ken- 
nedy. Accompanying this group 
to Malacafian were Msgr. RuCl- 
no Santos, auxiliary bishop of 
Manila; Msgr. Jose Koch, head 
of the U.S. chaplain service m 
the Philippines; Justo Lopez, 
who represented the Knights 3f 
Columbus here; and members of 
the Catholic orders here. 

At Malacau..u, President Qui- 
rino told Cardinal Gilroy that 
“the newspapers of the opposi- 
tion” are publicizing his every 
movement, adding that he hopes 
! that “in the final reckoning, 
j the people will realize that I 
I am not as slow as they thought.’^ 

I He complained that it has to 
1 he people from other countries • 
and not the people of this coun- 
try who can see the improve- 
> ments made during his admims- 
! tration. He told Cardinal Gilroy 
' that he is diverting the money 
!i Intended for the new capital site 
• at Quezon city for his^ ' 

i bold economic program.” ^The 
: cardinal left Malacanan at o:30 
and proceeded to the University 
' of Santo Tomas chapel where 
he sang a te demn and deliver- 
ed am impassioned sermon on 
the gifts of God to mankind. 


rino, the Cardinal evinced great 
interest in Philippine affairs, 
especially the Quirino economic 
mobilization program and the 
social amelioration plan )f the 
fiTOvernment. He expressed con- 
ceni over the widespread des- 
truction of building.s and cliuraU- 
es in Manila, observing that dis- 
pite the heavy destruction Ma- 
nila is still a beautiful city in- 
habited by energetic peop.e. 

On the other hand, President 
Quirino apprised the primate of 
the circu ms lances under which 
he assuniod the presidency. He 
' said that he -became President 
upon the death of President 
Roxas and that he was rushing 
the administration’s program 
of economic development and so- 
cial rehabilitation to show the 
oeople that his administration 

accept communism will be like 
raconciling God with the devil. : 
In Australia, said the Cardinal, 
the people are leading a high 
standard of living and almost 
every family owns a home and 
a lot. That is why, he argued, 
communism cannot forge ahead 
in Australia. 

Regarding the Gamboa case, 
in which Sergeant Lorenzo 
Gamboa, an American citizen 
of Filipino parents, was banned 
from visiting his family in Aus- 
tralia, the Cardinal expressed 
optimism that a satisfactory so- 
' lution will be eventually arrived 
' at by both the Philippine and 
Australian governments. 

The Cardinal wa^ very much 
impressed by the “beauty and 
dignity of the Philippine Pres- 
. ident's Palace,” which he des- 
cribed as a good example of 

The Lancastrian transport 
plane bearing Cardinal Gilroy 
and his party’ landed at the Ma- 
nila International Airport at 
2:59 p.m. After the reception 
cerembnies, he went to the Arch- 
bishop’s Palace in Mandaluyong he talked to Archbishop 
Michael ODoherty over the 
phone from Bagnio, Then he 
drove to the north cemetery 
where be laid a wreath at the 
tomb of the Qiiezons and then 
proceeded ta Malacaiian. 

oeople that nis aanuuirtGL'aoiv^i c:ru>fu an a -.r- 

has^ accomplished something, be- 1 Spanish architecture. He ob- 
.ri. rkf hi.«i term. <sPT-vp.d that Malacanan certain- 

fore the expiration of hia term. 
The President added that his 
; present plan for the reconstruc- 
! fion of Manila calls ^o^^lie in- 
version of the destroyed Walled 
• City into a site of churches 
which will be a sort of national 
shrine to perpetuate the 
mory of those who were killed 
during fbe war. 

sei-ved that Malacanan certain- 
ly lends dignity to the President, 
and also adds to the dignity of 
the Filipino people. 

j GSP Convention To I 
Hold Requiem Mass 
For Baby Quezon 

Th« S&coud Biennial Girl | 
3cout Convention will be open- 
ed at 6:30 a.m. on Wednesday, 
May 25 th with the holding of a 
requiem mass for the late Ma- 
ria Aurora Quezon, at the Phll- 
i p py 1 n e Women’s University 
j chapel on Taft Avenue. 

. • Miss Quezon was chairman off 
; the Central Committee, GSP and 
had planned to take a promin- 
• ent part In this gathering of- 
Girl Scouts from all parts of tbe 

The mass will be conduct- j 
ed by the Rev. Father Master ; 
son, who Is a member , of the' 
National AdvLsory Council, GSP. 

It is expected that all dele- | 
gates and visitors to the con- 
vention as well as frieiid.s of 
the Girl Scouts will attend. 



★ ★ 


i^OL. IV, NO. 204 

MONDAY, MAY 23, 1949 


She died a martyr! 

She — the gentlest, sweetest and 
noblest of all Filipino women — be- 
came the spotless victim of blood- 
thirsty criminals and met a tra- 
gic end at the hands of ruthless 
misguided men for whom she pro- 
fessed a deep and abiding love. 

Aurora Aragon Quezon — sublime 
woman, great humanitarian, illus- 
trious widow of a great and peer- 
less leader, loving mother of love- \ 
ly children; perennial First Lady of | 
the nation: ardent feminist: inde- ; 
fatigable leader: patron of the 

Arts, exemplary citizen, and shin- 
ing tower of spiritual strength and j 
moral int-egrity — has joined the' 
ranks of the immortals and left in 
our midst an aching void that will 
be most difficult to fill. 

Among h^r many lovable ■ 

ths mos: ou! standing we = her ab.- 
lity to treiu. all kinds of people 
alike, rich or poor, high or low.' 
white or browm. Her greatest as- 
set wa-s her big Christian heart 
which w'as a haven for many who 
were in trouble and sought her : 
wise counsel. We admired her 
level-headedness in mixing with 
the best and the highest of the 
land and not lo.sing the common 
touch. We secretly envied the ease , 
and informality she displayed in j 
meeting her husband’s friends and , 
a.ssociates who treated her as theii- ’ 
peer or even their superior. In 
truth, this epitome of a noble and 
perfect woman was a rare gem of ^ 
our land, a priceless gift to our na- : 

But now she is gone, snatched ; 
away by irresponsible elements ! 
from our midst! We, as the mo- ' 
thers of the race, whose duty it ; 


By Trinidad F. Legarda 

Her Noble Life And Loving Deeds Will For- 
ever Be a Stimulating Source For Inspiration and 
^Emulation, Especially To Us Women 

Our hearts are cloaked with a 
dark pall of mourning for this dis- 
tinguished and grand person whom 
everyone loved, revered and ad- 
mired. We miss her but somehow 
there is comfort in the thought 
that WT can always invoke her me- 
mory and in so doing derive inspi- 
ration from the impeccable life 
that she led while she walked 
among us. 

Tia Nene, as she was affection- 
ately called by those who were 
close t-o her. was a lady of diverse 
and v/ell-rounded accomplish- 
ments. True, she came of humble 
stock and was not privileged to ac- . 
quire a superior education, but she - 
was blessed with the divine gift | 
of a clear, natural intellect which | 
enabled her to rise to the highest |i 
intellectual levels of her time. I 

‘/Editor’s Note: We are vnhlishing this eulogy delivered by Mrs. Tri- 

ntd'd F. Legarda, vresident of the National Federation of Women's 
C'-bs of. the Philippines, at the necrological services held in honor of 
tJv fr[r Doha Aurora de Quezon, her daughter. Baby, and her son-in- 
Phillip Bueiiacamino III, at Malacahan Palace on May 19, be- 
" of many requests received at the NFWC headquarters for copies 
: J -oid eulogy which many consider a masterpiece. For the benefit, 
of those who were not present at the necrological services 
hav.' not heard it, we are reproducing the eulogy in full as it was 
r by Mrs. Legardeid 

is to preserve precious new llvesj 
entrusted to us by Our Creat-or, 
must rise as one person to con- 1 
demn the dastardly deed that 
snuffed out the life of our fore- 
most woman leader and that of her 
young illustrious daughter, bril- 
liant son-in-law and the other un- 
fortunate victims who shared 
their t-errible fate. 

At the same time, we must urge 
and pray that proper precautions 
be taken so that innocent persons 
who might be caught in the cross- 
currents of reprisal will be spared.. 
For we must not only, preach but 
practice brotherly love; and if we 
are true Filipinos we cannot hate 
other Filipinos. We must love 
each other, laugh and cry toge- 
ther, work together, dream toge- 
ther so that the sum total of our^ 
pooled efforts and existence will 
redound to the everlasting glory 
and greatness of our young Re- 

Aurora, the Mother of Our 
Country, has joined our departeds 
leader, the Father of Our Coun- 
try. She who was his beautiful ins- 
piration during his life-time and 
who so bravely carried on his no- 
ble program of social justice after 
his death is now sleeping the sleep 
that knows no waking. By a 
strange twist of irony, the very 
persons for whom she and her hus- 
band labored most were the ones 
who blotted out her existence. 

The shots fired at Bongabon 
were not the first by all means, but 
they were the loudest and had the 

widest repercussions. My friends, '' 
These siiots which claimed such an 
array of precious lives should ' 
arouse us all to the unveiled threat 
of a dangerous new idea whose j 
primary objective is to destroy not . 
only established governments but! 
also leaders of thought and bul- j 
walks of democracy and civiliza-I 
tion. [ 

Aurora Quezon’s death is truly a j 
national loss. If those of us today i 
revere her, the future generations | 
of Filipinos will exalt her as one 
of the greatest benefactors of ourj 
people in her own right, for herj 
noble life and loving deeds will for- i 
ever be a stimulating source for' 
inspiration and emulation. We, ' 
her unworthy successors, can 
build no better memorial than to 
continue the work that she has 
started and to try to follow her 
worthy example. 


Do JJonor W.. Qu 

The next bi-monthly prognam 
of the National Federation of i 
Women’s Clubs of the Philippines 
over radio station DZPM on Wed- 
nesday, May 25 from 5:15 to 5:30, 
p.m. wull be dedicated to the me- ' 3 
mory of Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon. ^ 
Mrs. Trinidad F. Legarda, NFWC < 
presideint, will be the speaker. Miss 
Leonila T. Solitaria, soprano,' 
accompanied by Miss Lucy Nico, 
pianist, will sing' “Oanto Patrio- 


aterrto ManiJa 


Paterno Bldg., Manila 


tico de Maria Clara” by J. Her- 
nandez and “Last Rose of Sum- 
mer"* (from the opera, Martha.) 
by Von Flotow. 

Freedom Speqks 


* ^ * 

GSP Convenlion Te 
Hold Requiem Mass. 
For Baby Quezon 

The Second Biennial Girl 
Scout Convention will be open^ 
ed at 6:80 a.m. on Wednesday, 
May 25th with the holding of a 
requiem mass for the late Ma- 
rla Aurora Quezon, at the Phil- 
1 P P I n e Women’s I^iverslty 
chapel on Taft Avenue. 

Miss Quezon was chairman of 
the Central Committee, GSP and 
had planned to lake a promin- 
ent part In this gathering of 
Girl Scouts from all parts of the 

The wdll be conduct- 
ed by the Kov. Father Master- 
son, who is a member of the 
National Advisory Coimcil, GSP. 

< It is expected that all .dele- 
gates and visUors to the con- 
vent ion as well as frionda of 
the Gill Sreuts v.:ll attend. 

Dtmf- I ^ ~ ' 


Freedoim Speaks 





VOL. IV, NO. 205 TUESDAY, MAY 24, 1949 19 NEWS PAGES 

iiSP Convention 
Jeld May 25-27 

The memories of the late Maria 
Aurora Quezon and Mrs. Leni Ala- 
lO-Rivera, both active members of 
i Scout movement in the 

Philippines, will be honored dur- 
ing the three-day convention of 
• the Girl Scouts of the Philippines 
to be held at the Philippine Wom- 
en’s university auditorium from 
May 25 to May 27. 

Until her death, Miss Quezon was 
chairman of the central committee 
of the GSP. Mrs. Rivera was a 
charter member. 

The convention will open with a 
requiem mass at the PWU, chapel 
in honor of Miss Quezon. The mass 
is scheduled to start at 6:30 a,m. 

At 10 a.m., the opening session 
' of the convention will be held with 
President Quirino delivering the 
principal address. The invocation 
{Will be said by Rev. Fr. William 
Masterson, S. J., rector of the 
Ateneo de Manila and concurrent- 
ly member of the national advisory 
council of the GSP. Mrs. Concep- 
cion R. Gonzalez. GSP national 
commissioner and chairman, na- 
tional advisory council, will preside 
over the session. 

j In the afternoon, starting at 
|2:30 p.m., a general session will be 
'held with Education Secretary 
Prudencio Langcauon as guest 
speaker. His theme will be “Our 
. Responsibility to Youth.” 

I A panel discussion on “Youth 
I Looks at the World Today” will be 
(conducted later. The speakers will 
I be Misses Pilar Lozada, Norma 
'Alampay, Polly Soledad, Ester de 
I Jesus and Mrs. Telly Albert-Zulue- 


PC Memorial Rites 
For Mrs. Quezon 

Special to 'I'be MANILA TI.MES 

San B'jKRNANDO, Pamp., *»iav 
21* — Solemn memorial service foV 
late Dona ALirora A. Quezon was 
held early this morning before aii 
improvised^ altar in the PC head- 
quarters here with the local parish 
priest officiating. A symbolic 
tomb was set up near the altar 
and blessed by the priest. Several 
prominent families here took part 
in the ceremonies. 

Lt. Col. Bn jam in Santillan, prov- 
incial commander of the PC, follow- 
ing the services, entertained pro- 
; minent guests and their ladies at 
the officers’ club at breedcfeat. 

Cowen Will Visit 
Quezon, Roxas Graves 

rs Amba.-^^ador t’owon will place 
wc. aths on the tombs of Pre.-?ident 
L.Ui. /.on. l‘r('>i«1enl Roxas and on the 
toml) of Mr>. Aurora (iue/.on at the 
ri in.-nieiio .\orie this morning. 

'I'lu* Amb;i' “^.udivr will loavr tlie 
.\ni'Mii'a II rinhas''' at a.ui. lie 
will l)t‘ art «)nii>a-VuMi h\ \^inl^Iel• 
'1 liom.i' II. l.orkrii and iiirinhcrs ol 

ihr‘-v stair. 


m. ■ 


U S Ambassador Myron Cowen is shown laying wreaths yesterday morning ai the tombs of (he | 
President Manuel L. Quezon, Mrs. Quezon and the. other deceased members of the Quezon family I 
at the North cemetery, the American diplomat also placed another wreath at the mausoleum of the j 

late President Roxas^ 

Learn Operation of Business Machines 

held recently in honor of the late Mrs. Aurora Aragon Quezon 
at the provincial capitol hall in Vigan, llocos Sur, under tha 
auspice* of the Iloco* Sur-Abra chapter of the Philippine Na- 
tional Red Cross and government officials. The photo abova 
.hows Mrs. Agustina G. Faypon, chairman of the PNRC chap- 
ter and wife of Governor Perfecto Faypon, de!iyerin.g her eu- 



PC Memorial Rites 
For Mrs. Quezon 

Buecial to The T1MK3 


21. — Solemn memorial service ’’or 
late Dona Aurora A. Quezon was 
held early this morning before an 
improvised altar in the PC head- 
quarters here with the local parish 
priest officiating. A symbolic 
tomb was set up near fhe altar 
and blessed by the priest. Several 
prominent families here took part 
in the ceremonies. 

Lt. Col. Bnjamin Santiilan. prov- 
incial commander of the PC, follov.’- 
ing the sei'vices, entertained pro- 
; minent guests and their ladies at 
the officers’ club at breakfast. 

Cowen Will Visit 
Quezon, Roxas Graves 

r.S Amtv).-..ador ('f)Wf'n v.iil pla<-e 
wi-.Mihs on th*‘ tombs of I'l-eddonl 
0\h -.on. ri r-idmt Koxas ami on the 
lomi) of Mi>. Auro*.-. t^u*'/on at the 
rcnwul'M-io h-M moiniiii!:. 

Th'- .\i7lh.t .aim- n II lf;.vn tlic 
\m.-i u-:!u rinl);i-' at s::ln a.m. He 
V. ill i,<. a.-. ompam-Ml i,\ AliniM.-i 

Tilt. Ml..- II. l.ft I.e.' : nd iii'-mlx-rs <>f 
.!„ Kml.a--> -lail. 




Freedom Speaks 


t >!sm. >.•>? v; W 

N. — Necrological service* wera 
:e Mr®. Aurora Aragon Quezon 
Vigan, llocos Sur, under tha 
chapter of the Philippine Na. 
it officials. The photo abova 
chairman of the PNRC chap-* 
cto Faypon, delivering her eu- 

U S Amba,sBadoT Myron Cowen is shown laying wreaths yesterday morning at the tombs of the > 
/ President Manuel L. Quezon, Mrs. Quezon an'i the other deceased members of the Quezon family I 
af the North cemetery. The American diplomat also placed another wreath at the mausoleum of the | 

late President Roxas. _ : 

■K ■ 



associated press 







the GIRI. scouts of the 
Pl^ippines are in the midst of 
thUr biennial convention. About 
three hundred delegates are in 
Manila from the pro\inces and, 
added to the many national exe- 
cutives, leaders and workers al- 
ready here, they make quite an 
imposing green-uniformed assem- 
blage. Focal point of all the ac- 
tivity is the Philippine Women's 
University auditorium. 

Adding a glamoicus touch to 
the outdoorish look of the regu- 
lar uniforms aire the gala green 
ternos with gold -embroidered in- 
signia worn to the many morn- 
ing, noon and night functions by 
such Girl Scout top brass as IMrs. 
Concepcion Gonzalez, Mrs. Con- 
cepcion Gil, the two Mrs. Lims 
(Emilia Q. and Pilar Hidalgo), 
Mrs. Ida Bromfield, Mrs. Trini- 
•dad F. Legarda, Mrs. Marina Var- 
gas and others. Outstanding 
note in this sea of green Ls the 
light blue uniform of Miss Mar- 
guerite Twohy, representative of 
the Girl Scouts world buieau. 

Highlights of toda>’s schcd’ole 
are the GSP aiuiiversary lunch- 
eon with Miss Tw'ohy as guest of 
honor and speaker, closing ses- 
sion of the convention, supper and 
a big campfire ceremony on the 
P^VU grounds. 

President Quirino and his 
daughter, Vicky, who is central 
committee honorary chairman, 
participated in the opening ses- 
sion of the convention yesterday 
morning. The President gave the 
gii'ls a stirring talk on equality 
with men, getting out and doing 
things, taking the lead in civic 
activities, etc. . . and made him- 
self a very popular man. Social 
events featured a luncheonf an 
afternoon reception given for the 
, delegates by Mrs. Gonzalez, na- 
tional commissioner, at the U. P. 
social hall, and a supper followed 
by sci'eening of Girl Scout films. 

Attracting many outside visit- 
ors as well as delegates are the 
extensiv'e exhibits on the second 
floor of the PWU auditorium 
building. Sent in fix)m all parts 
of the archipelago, the articles 
are mostly the work of Girl 
Scout .s and include such things 
as soap sculptui'e. models of com- 
munity planning from Capiz, dolls 
from Ilocos Sur, a dainty hand- 
kerchief aiTanged as a mantilla 
about a picture qf_ Baby Quezon 
' (from a girl in Nueva Vizcaya), 

! finger painting, hemp slipper.s . . 
fgmd we could go on and on. It’s 
I one of the most interesting dis- 
plays w'e’ve seen in a long time 
and fills several rooms. PPwATRA 
' has a table of native-made arti- 
‘ cles (these are for sale), a whole 
iroom is devoted to sports equip- 
ment and camping e.xhibits, and 
the PWU college of home econ- 
omics has a display of table set- 
tings, menus and meals, together 
w'ith nutrition charts. It's really 
w^orth climbing the several flights 
oT stairs. 


rKF-^IOENT QITRIXO, accompanied by Xationnl Commissioner Concepcion R. Gonzalez, passes 
between rows of delegates as he enters the FU U auditorimn , VariraT 

lion of Girl .Scouts of the Pliillppiacs yesterday morning. Behind them is Mrs. , 

Before the opening ses.sion a mass for Miss Maria .Aurora (Baby) Qi^zoit was said in the uni>er^ 
slty chapel. The late Miss Quezon was closely identified with the Girl Scout mo\ement in the | 

! .Islands, 

SUSPECTED OF AIDING HUKS. Arrested recently and nowL 
being investigated by constabulary officers are three 
residents of Bongahon, Nueva Ecija, who have been pointed out 
by members of the outlaw band as among those giving aid to 
the dissidents. In above photo, taken shortly after their arrest, 
the Chinese suspects are (left to right, between PC guards) Tan 
Suy King, alias Ibing, 51; Ngo Hay, alias Cbua, 38; and Lee Hao 
Tee, alias Kiko, 38. 


(Special to the Bulletin) ! 

CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, 
25.— Three Chinese mer- 
chants of Bongabong were ar- 
i rested by the constabulary tociay 
when two Huks, who had partici- 
i pated in the ambuscade of Mrs. 
Aurora A. Quezon and her party, 

; testified that these Chinese had 
I been giving monetary contrib- 
utions to Huk Col. Alexander 
Vienves, alias Stalin. 

The three Chinese were Ngo 
!Hay (alias Chua), 38; Tan Suy 
King (alias Ibing), 51, and Lee 
Hao Ty (alias Kiko), 38. 

The two Huks, who admitted 
j that they were among those 
:had ambushed Mrs. Quezon, vvere 
' nabbed by government operatives 
of the Nenita unit while spying 
I around the PC barracks at Bong- 
■ abong. They— gave their names 

as Vicente Marquez, 27, and Fe- 
derico Catchuela, 21, botluundcr 
Commanoer Alipio Suboi^ of 
Huk squadron Tagumpay. 

The two dissidents said the 
three Chinese merchants had con- 
tributed regularly to the funds 
of Col. Viernes, who headed and 
planned the April 28 ambuscade. 
They indicated also that it was 
possible these three Chinese knew 
of the ambush plans which had 
been plotted and studied many 
days in advance. 

Besides admitting their parti- 
I cipation in the Quezon ambus- 
1 cade, Marquez and Catchuela con - 1 
■ fessed that they took part in the 
killing of Capt. Marcos Abad of 
the 103rd .guerrilla unit some- 
time in 194G. 

They said that during the am- 
nesty period, they both registered 
as members of the PKM organ- 
ization, but rejoined their com- 
rades in the hills immediately aft- 

The Chinese businessmen were 
under close questioning by intelli- 
gence officers of the constabulary, 
No announcements were made. 

% \ 


C-ninufemorating the liOth day 
of ihe death of T.Trs. Aurora 
Aia;:)n de Quezun, Bishop Itul’i- 
no cJantns of the arehdioirese 
^ of .Mnolia has invited all his 
:: ;^a! i dies to offer special ina.;ses 




^ .’'lay 28 this year, accord in-Ji:. 
i to the May De.otions laymen's 

'oni ciittee headed by Hr. Sal- 
vador Aeniieta. 

The iMrcularfzed invitation 
follows : 

nci.:iiise irratitnde Is a most 
noble 4MiTne. We now addre*..» 
tli‘'sa few lines to you and to 
v.n:r parishron-'rs in order to 
incite you lo offer special pray- 
vs n:; suppl'ca'ion to AI- 
m'^lT ' God for th^ eternal re- 
mice of a soul, dnrinrv the earth- 
ly sojourn of whom, our Ca- 
tholic institutions and or^aniz- 
aM.n-.s had received so much 
hein from. We reler to T>o'>a 
Anr«oa Arayon Quezon, the late i 
widow of Presi lent Quezon. | 
'he Piovinp: soirit lieliind num- L 
h rlc.=?s social and sniriuial 
a.r;encies and the personifit a 
tion of the e.\.al,ed virtues of 
Pi I i o i n o womanhood. 

Mav 2Sth will he the dOta 
day of her death, and w'e invite 
all our Rev. Parish Priests ol 
the Archdiocese to offer special 
masses on that day for .such a 
Toaynanimous soul. Let It nor 
be said that tlie Philippine cler- 
e>- are lacking in gratitude and 

VOL IV. NO. 207 

THURSDAY, MAY 26. 1949 


PC Nab 2 More Men . 
For Quezon Ambush 









d All 

iiora. Mav 




ii<'e of th? 


Th- ar 




HiaiiiLi l3 

P. »Ml MO i 



of .Minil.i. 

-rid ' 

: ■•’a' 



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Rnlii j,- 

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r .’ 11 

. M E«’ij i. 


: ’li 

an 1 

T tria *. 

CABANATUAN, Nueva Ecija, 
May 26 (ENS) .—The punitive ex- 
pedition chalked up two more men 
I identified as having taken part in 
the Quezon ambuscade as Federico 
Cachuela and Vicente Marquez 
I were captured by a PC patrol at 
Sabani Estate, Laur, Tuesday, and 
admitted their participation in the 
massacre. This brings to five the 
number of members of the ambush 
gang now in custody of the consta- 

Cachuela and Marquez, question- 
ed by PC intelligence officers, re- 
vealed that Huks are getting aid 
j from Chinese in Nueva Ecija. They 
pointed to three Bongabon mer- ; 
chants as having been giving ^ 
food to Alexander Stalin ViernesT 
Tan Suy King, 51; Go Hay, 28; 
and Lee Hao Tee. 38. These Chi- 
nesd^ have been picked up for in- 
vestigation by the PC. 

The two captured Huks admitted • 
they were with the Quezon ambush 
party but declared they took no 
part in the shooting as they were 
'^"‘rely carried away their sliare of 
loot.— V 

Mass For Mrs. Quezon 

Commemorating the 30th day of 
the death of Mrs. Aurora Aragon 
de Quezon, Bishop Rufiho Santos 
of the archdiocese of JVIanila has 
invited all his parishes to offer 
special masses on May 28, accord- 
ing to the May Devotions laymen’s 
committee headed by Dr. Salvador I 

The archdiocese of Manila is I 
the City of Manila. | 
and the ppymees of Bataan, Bula- I 
can, Cavite, Nueva Ecija, Pam- 
Panga, Rlzal and Ihrlac. 


PablUk«d ETerjr Fridlay as a Sactioa of &ha Maak. 

Honor Mrs. Qw^*zoa 
At Requiem Mass 

A requiem mass in honor of th« 
memory of Mrs. Aurora Aragon 
Quezon, late chairman of the 
Philippine National Red Cross, 
who was killed in the ambush 
recently with her daughter. 
Baby, her son-in-law Felipe 
Buencamino HI and nine, others, 
was held last week at the Baco- ; 
lod Cathedral by the local chap- 
ter of the Red Cross under Mrs. 
Rosario M. Valdez. 

The mass was attended oy a 

large number of government of- ! 
ficialg, chamber personnel and [ 
officials and the public. Com- 
posing the special choir wei^ ! 
Misses Linda Lizares, Bahv and ; 
Linda Liaares, Nena Varela. . 
Eloisa Villanueva, Lily Ochoa I 
and A. Melanes, Joseling Liza- 
res.. H. Lfibaj^en and Ernesto 
Seva. The mass was officiated by 
the Rev. Antonio Fortich. 



Will Observe First 
Monthly Anniversary 
Of~Quezons’ Death 

Tomorrow, the first monthly ’ 

^ anniversary of the death of Mrs. 
Aurora Aragon Quezon, a solemn 
requiem mass for Mrs. Quezon . 
and all those who died with her ■ 
in an ambuscade in Nueva Ecija, ! 
will be said in the Malate Cath- ; 
olic church by Mons. Rufino San- 
tos, auxiliary bishop of Manila. 

President Quirino will attend 
the mass, w'hich is scheduled for 
7 a.m., and the choir of the Phil- 
ippine Women’s university will be 
in charge of the music. 

Bishop Santos has circularized 
all parishes of Manila to offer \ 
special commemorative masses ’ 
tomorrow for Mrs. Quezon and 
the members of her party who 
• perished with her. 






ifaes Fcr fimbushj 
VEdsnts Set Today 

A requiem mass for Mrs. 
Aurora A. Quezon and eleven 
t)lher members of her party 
who died in the Bongabong am- 
buscade on April 28 will be 
held at 7 a.m. this morning at 
the Malate church, with Bishop 
-r r:. _ Rnfino Santos officiating, It 
announced yesterday by 
I the Mav devotions laymen’s 
• ! committee. 

' V President Quiriuo will be 
i“ I present during tbe mass which ; 

■ ^ - I will be one of the last major [ 

^ ' I activities of the May devotions. 

, i It will commemorate the first 

; month of the tragic death of 
. ; Mrs. Quezon and and others. 

Musical numbers will be per- 
: formed by members of the Phil- 
' ; ippine Women’s University 

[ choir. Remedies Corpus-Moya 

=. _ will be the soloist. ' 

T Bishop Santos has circular- : 

I Ized to all parishes in the arch- 
diocese of Manila to offer spe- 
cial masses for Mrs. Quezon to- 
day to commemorate "the 
moving spirit behind number- 
less social and spiritual a.gen- 
cles and the personification of 
the exalted virtues of Filipino 

The May devotions laymen’s 
committee is headed by Salva- 
I dor Araneta. 

By Virginia Benitez .Licuanau 
i'HE GUIM LIFE: Looking ove 
che social calendar, I discove 
Lhat L hardly have anything o 
consequence to say for today ex 
cept tliat today is the birthda 
of the JDiona quintuplets . - 
and even that can hardly be o 
much importance unless to serv 
as an inspiration of some sort t<! 
aspiring mothers-to-be who nia; 
want to put the .Philippines or 
the map. 


It is grim days like this tha 
make me feel the way Crysta 
Koster must have felt when 
was talking with her yesterday 
morning. ‘^This is a horribh 
life," she cried, ".Everybody I 
know is in the hospital . . ,anc 
I am deep down in the dumpi 
...” But she was feeling parti- 
‘•ularly depressed because sht 
had just been to the hospital tc 
sea about the mother of her 
housegirl who was very ill anc 
there, she saw so many people ir 
need of help. “So many in neec 
of help and so few to help them 
...” and that would practically 
sura up tha ills of this old »vorId. 

But for anybody who feels de- 
pressed or discouraged, this bit 
about Nini Quezon Buencamino 
should induce them to perk uj 
and take a less dismal view of 
things. Friends of Ninl cell m( 
that she is getting her tennis 
things ready and just as soon as 
I her doctor tells her that she can 
she is going in for tennis again. 
That is the old Quezon fighting 
spirit standing her in good stead 
in the most trying time of her 
J young life. 

I .n + ♦ 



As American Editors See Us 


The shocking 
PHILIPPINE murder of the 
LAW AND widow, daughter, 
ORDER and son-in-law 
of the Philip- 
pines' first Pres- 
ident, Manuel Quezon, in a high- 
way ambush only 88 miles from 
Manila, highlights once more the 
relative instability of the island 
republic tutored and sponsored by 
the Ignited States. 

Ten other persons were killed, 
10 more wounded, when “bandits” 

; opened up with machine-gun fire 
on a convoy of notables protected 
■ by a Constabulary escort. Mrs. 
Quezon was on a mission of no 
! greater political importance than 
to unveil a monument to her late 
husband. She was a leader of 
the women's suffrage movement, 
but not a political power herself, 
and was more noted for her Red 
Cross chairmanship and her char- 
itable activities than for political 

activity. It therefore seems like- 
ly, as President Quirino believes, 
that banditry and not political 
murder was responsible for her 

It is true, however, that the 
ambuscade occurred in territory 
frequented by the Hukbalahaps, 
the wartime guerrillas who since 
1945, under Communist leader- 
ship, have refused to surrender 
their Japanese and American 
arms to the government. They 
have clashed repeatedly with the 
Philippine Constabulary, and 
their leader, the gentle-voiced 
Luis Taruc, who long denied his 
Communism but finally professed 
A openly, is still at large. One 
of the members of the Quezon 
convoy was Maj. Gen. Rafael Ja- 
landoni, former Filipino chi T of 
staff. He escaped with his life, 
but it could be that one of their 
old military foes was the real 
target of a Huk attack, and that 

the Quezon family murders were j 
incidental. | 

Rebels or bandits, the attackers i 
proved again that law and order 
are not among the legacies we | 
left the Filipinos when they ran i 
up their own flag on July 4, 1 
1946. The Huks are only part* 
of the story. Other peasant 
groups, retaining their war-given 
arms or buying more from i^er- 
ican G. I’s, have found that I 
“living by the rifle” was more re- j 
munerative than toiling in the I 
rice fields- And the government 
has had another thorn in its side 
from the willingness of some Fi- 
lipinos to rob -and murder Amer- 
ican sailors and soldiers in the j 
vicinity of our Philippine bases, 
not a very democratic way, to I 
say the least, of registering pol- 
itical protest. 

It may be that we were not 
very good teachers, after all, dur- 
ing our 50 years in the islands. — 
Lo:meville (Ky.) Courier- Journal, 
April 29. 

Mrs. Quezon Requiem 
Mass Set Today 


With President Quirino oresidinsf. 

■ a requiem mass for Dofia Aurora ' 
Aragon Quezon and those who died ,' 
^with her last April 28, will he said 
iby Bishop Rufino Santos at 7 
o’clock a. m. today, Saturday, at 
the Malate church, according to an 
announcement by the May Devo- 
tions laymen's cornmlttee" headed 
by Dr. Salvador Araneta. The Phil-: 
ipplne Women's University will, 
take charge of the musical num- 

The Sign 
The Sky, 


{SfMce for this column by eourte^i/ 
of the Chrcmicle for the "Mo/ith of 
May'’ roKip*;'a».) j 

Fr»tdoin Spe^fci 

The mornissg after the Pres- 
idlcntial elections in December, 
1941, I found myseH on ibe 
ivay to Malacahan, summoned 
to breakfast by. the man 
whom the people had just re- 
tained in power by an ove,*’ 
whelming vole. Baby met rce 
at the PaUca and accompa- 
nied me on a launch across 
the river to the bahay kubo. 

*‘Daddy beard your speech 
on the air two nights ago” Ba- 
by said, **So he told me to get 
you out of bed early this 
morning so he could tell you 
what he thought of it.” 

“Did he like it?*' 1 asked, 

“You'll find out in a mo- 
ment” she laughed as we 
went up the house. 

Manuel Quezon was in rid- 
ing pants and his nose moved 
in the proverbial twitch as 
he told me “Raul, I want to 
tell you that what you said 
about me the other night is 
the thing I’d like best to hear 
anyone say of mo”. 

We sat down to breakfast, 
the President, Dona Aurora, 
Baby, Nini, No^nong and Mary 
Angara and myself. Manuel 
Quezon was a heavy break- 
fast eater. And he went 
through that one with verve, 
punctuating spoonfuls with 
observations on the election 
results. At one point he made 
reference with almost childish 
glee to the fact that in some 
Visayan bastions he had ob- 
tained more votes than his 
running mate, Visayan Vice- 
President Osmeha. At length 
Jorge Vargas came in with a 
pile of telegrams, and, stand- 
ing rather stiffly beside Que- 
zon as the latter finished his 
breakfast, began to read them 

What had I said about Que- 
zon the night before the elec- 
tion? It had been a final ra- 
dio rally and among the other 
speakers was Jose Yulo. AH 1 
had said was that 1 liked Ma- 
nuel Quezon because he could 
stand up, forehead high, and 
say to the stranger from a 
foreign shore “I am a Filipi- 
no”, a thing which not many 
could do those days without 
sufficient practice, or a pre- 
vious shot of whiskey. 


That is how issues went 
those days. *ManueI Quezon 
dominated the scene and those 
who would speak of him as 
against other men exhausted 
the range of his virtues with- 
out having to go into funda- 
mental issues. He was simply 

THE man and there was no 
use discussing it. . And he 

himself was never concerned 
about hew many votes he 
would get over the next op- 
ponnent. He was more bother- 
ed about how many votes he 
would get over his running 

Manuel Quezon is gone and 
with him went the era of the 
one-man show. Most people 
received the change with re- 
gret, a few with relief. Now 
w© are back to aharper propo- 
sitions like cleac government 
and social justice — and the 
men scrambling for power all^ 
swear that they ar© for all 
these things. 

The test in the present dis- 
pute for supremacy is not the 
party platform but tbe moral- 
ity of the men who would pro- 
pose to carry it out. Among 
the members of each group 
are a sprinkling of honest 
men who could truly imple- 
ment a platform of clean gov- 
ernment and social justice. 
Let us hop© and pray that 
they may come out and among 
themselves organize and pur- 
sue the course that Manuel 
Quezon was able to chart alone 
with his indomitable pcre.on- 
ality — a government for the 
people and new deal for the 
common man. 

DR. A. A. MARAMIS, Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs 

on a goodwill mission to the Philippines, yesterday offered floral 
tribute to Jose Rizal, the late Presidents Manuel L. Quezoh and 
Manuel Roxas, and Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon. Picture shows Dr. 
Maramis laying the wreath at the foot of RizaPs monument at 
the Lunela. With him are Charles Tambu, Harsono Reksoat- 
modjo, Joee Estrada and Wilhelm J. D. Pesik. 

fu A. Maramis, Minister of Foreign Affair, < 

the Republic of Indonesia, yesterday offered floral tH bates to Jo- 
Rual the mte Presidents Manuel L. Quezon and Manuel r!x’ 
and -Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon. , 

In paying: floral tributes to 
I the Filipino patriots and Ma- 
dame Aurora Quezon, the In- 
j donesian Foreig:a Minister was 
I accompanied by members of hi^ 
ffoodwill mission and Jose S. 

Yesterday morning, Dr. Mar 
mis called on former Secreta: 
0 ? Finance Miguel Cuaden 
who is now governor of the Ce 
tral Bank. The call was mac 
on suggestion of Malacana 

Estrada, ProIo7ol\m;:r''rthe I 

Philippine Foreign Office. ’ pi from tl 

1 I^^^^l^PPines for tW reconstru 

- Dr. Maramis was scheduled to | Indonesia. 

r»v.iu:uuieu to I 

pay a courtesy call on Speaker I tuc. t ^ . 

Eugenio Perez at the latteFs i Indonea.aa Minister w 

office at the House of Represen- Secreta 

tatives this n »on. 

A '■'J *iio 

General Charle.s Thambu, ^ 
two local representatives of t 
republic, Mr. Wilhelm Pes 
public relations o^icer, and Hj 
sono Reksoatmodjo, trade repi 

Francisco Araaeta, a Jesuit 

, t^rku« 

' request to her pSp^ 

rv mLv Piaj-er to Ma- 

ry, Mediatrix of All Graces for 
world ^ace and respect for law 
and charity in the Philippines'^ 


^cl<«ed With the circular is 


Of The Evening News story of' 
December 18 on the reportedly! 
m.iaculoite showers of rose petals 
aiound the Carmelite convent in I 

Pi\Kb uonvt^iiiiuii 

Shifted To June 25-26 

The Red Cross convention was 
postponed to June 25-26 by the 
j executive committee of the PNRC 
board of governors in a special 
meeting held yesterday at the 
[PNRC headquarters. 

The PNRC convention, which 
was formerly set on June 11-12 
had to be postponed due to a po- 
litical party meeting which falls 
on the same date and which con- 
flicts with Red Cross plans, it 
was announced by Dr. Manuel Lim, 
acting PNRC chairman. 

One of the important aspects to 
be taken up in the forthcoming 
convention will be the election 
of the successor of Mrs. Au- 
rora A. Quezon, late PNRC 
chairman, and two-thirds of the 
1 elective members of the PNRC 
board of governors. Seventy- two 
delegates elected by chapters from 
i all over the Philippines, all promi- 
i nent in Red Cross volunteer parti- 
cipation, are among the 200 dele- 
I gates and guests expected to at- 
tend the convention. Expected to ‘ 
arrive in Manila a day before the 
I convention, the delegates will hold 
j seminars and panel discussions in- 
tended to thoroughly analyze, and 
resultanlly improve, various ser- 
vice activities of the Red Cross. 



associated PRESj? 





As American Editors See Vs 


An acUv’e Com- 
AMBl'sif OF mupist rebellion 
MRS. QFEZOX within the actual 
‘'dominion limits” 
ot the United States was brought 
shai'p'Iy to international attention 
by ^the ambush murder of Mrs. 
Manuel Quezon, widow of the first 
president of the Philippine Re- 

The wild of machine-gun I 
fire that killed Mi*s. Quezon her ' 
daughter and 11 other persons in | 
mountainous Jemlory nortli ofi 
Manila threw the spotlight on a 
'situation fraught with peril, 
i It coincided with the sweeping' 

, Communist gains that apparently 
j have sealed the fate of Shanghai 
; and emphasized the extent to 
I w’hich propa.ganda and perhaps 
; even financing from Moscow have 
unsettled far eastern regions that 
are of \utal concern to the United 

The ambush w'as carried out by 
meml^ers of a dissident Filipino? 

I group who call themselves Huk- 

They number, according to best 
gtimates. only 10 thousand men. 
But they are well-armed, well-or- 
ganized and fanaticallv devoted to 
their leader. Luis U. Tame an 
avowed Communist. 

Trained in Moscow and indoc- 
trmated with the idea that the 
Philippines still are only an out- 
post of “American Imperialism ” 
iaruc has created an organization 
Which for montlis has provoked 
I chaos and anarchy. 

Every effort short of a “Munich 
I appeasement ’ has beep made to 
placate him. 

FiSito sovernniont of President 
EJpidio Qmrino ottered him a 
cabinet post. United States mili- 
tary and ci\ifian officials posted 
following the granting 
independence in 
^ equally lenient. 


1 ^ ^ .Quirino to order a full- 

, out the “Huk.s,” as they are pop- 
ularly, known. and a lot of blood-' 
sh^ seems to be inevitable 

important as- 
pects of the matter is Taruc’s 
brazen insistence that Communist 
ru e for the Philippines is the onTy 
guarantee against so-called "do-; 

— lu uiuer a luJI- 

scale mintary offensive tc wine? 

mination of the Far East by the' 

Th‘1^ fo.f Britain ‘ 
ihJf ^ precise line as 


the Chinese Communist leader 
whose shore artillery along the 
Yangtze river has deaJt^ lh| 
hea\iest blow to British prestige 
m recent history. P^^^ige 

Communist.s. how- 
o\ er, seem to be pursuing their 
way on more or less tradition^L 

eenL,T ‘j >ntcrnationallv-ac- ' 
rOJ Record, April 30. : 

Isles ol Manj 


Our Blessed Ladq ot Lipa 

iiT'TK Te must be cautious,” 

VV admonished His Excel- 
lency, Bishop Verzosa the 
diocese of Batangas in the Phil- 
ippine Islands. He was only sum- 
ming up the policy of the Eoman 
Catholic Church regarding the 
recognition of apparitions and 
favors from heaven. 

But to the Sisters of the Car- 
melite Monastery of Lipa City 
in Batangas, there could be no 
doubt that the gracious and lov- 
ing Queen of Heaven had once 
more bestowed the favor of Fa- 
tima upon a needy world. Our 
Lady had chosen their convent 
to repeat the message of Fatima; 
she had added a message spe- 
cially meant for the members of 
this chosen community; she had 
left rose petals scattered inside 
and outside convent walls, and 
the perfume of her roses had 
sweetened the air in the convent 
and among the multitudes who 
swiftly gathered, hoping to catch 
some of the precious petals. 

According to an account sent 
out by the Prioress of the Car- 
melite Monastery of Lipa City, 
Our Lady’s visits began on Sun- 
day, September 12, 1948, the 
Feast of the Most Holy Name of 
Mary, at five o’clock in the after- 

There was no breeze that still 
September afternoon, and a 
young Sister walked in the quiet 


garden. She noticed a vine shak- 
ing. All other plants were still, 

SO she went closer to try and de- 
termine the cause of the motion. 
The gentle voice of a womap 
came to her attention, but she 
saw no one. The sweet voice 
spoke to her and told her to kiss 
the ground. Gently, the voice 
told her to eat some grass, and to 
come to this spot for fifteen con- 
secutive days to visit with her. 
Then the voice ceased speaking, 
and the Sister knew she was once 
more alone among the afternoon 
shadows; the vine was still. 

On Monday, September 13, the 
Sister again sought the garden 
sanctuary. Silently, she rever- 
ently knelt before the vine and 
began reciting the Hail Mary. 
As she spoke the words “full of 
grace,” the vine began moving as 
it had the previous day. Sud- 
denly, a lovely lady in pure 
white robes stood before her. A 
golden Rosary hung from her 
right hand, and her bare feet 
rested on clouds about two feet 
high from the ground. The 
lady’s face was too radiant and 
beautiful to describe clearly. 
She smiled down on the kneeling 
nun and asked her to come to the 
garden faithfully, whether there 
be sunshine or rain. The Sister 
addressed her as “Beautiful 
Lady” and asked who she was. 

‘T am thy Mother, my little 


one,” answered the Lady, and 
she was gone as suddenly as she 
had appeared. 

On Tuesday, September 14, the 
Lady was waiting at the vine for 
the young nun with 
arms. Her request was that this 
spot be blessed on the morrow, 
at whatever time the Prioress 
wished, and she forbade the Sis- 
ter to forget the incidents ot 
these fifteen days. Blessing the 
Sister, she vanished. 

On Wednesday, September 15, 
Carmel’s Chaplain, 
lency. Bishop Alfredo Ma. Ob- 
viar, came to bless the area 
designated by the Lady. The 
Lady herself was there, visible 

Q:«ter. Once 

only to the chosen^S^ kiss the 

more she a Bernadette’s 

ground and, * . , gister to 

Lady, again she tol told her to 

eat grass. Then 

take paper and P unity- 

a message for the e 

This was the messag 

My daughters, vplieve in jne 

1. I ask °^.''°“je°n^secret among 

and to keep this a deep seci _ 

3. Come often tojmit 

ShJ. ■ 

bless you all. 

Religious News Service Phot» 

Bishop Alfredo Obviar (ccnfer) 

chapel in honor ot Our La y, * " president of the Philippines, stands 

daughter of President Elpidio Quirino. 



The Lady vanished, leaving 
rose petals scattered about the 
place where she had been stand- 
ing. At five o’clock the same day 
the Sister went back, alone, to 
what was now her favorite cor- 
ner of the world. Again the 
Lady awaited her. This time she 
requested of Carmel that a 
statue of her be placed in this 
part of the garden, and that the 
place be cleared and made into 
a place of prayer. She said to 
tell the community Sisters that 
they must believe, lest they lose 
grace. Before vanishing, she 
said, “I shall always bless the 
community, my child.” 

On September 16, the Lady 
gave her specifications regarding 
the statue of herself. She wanted 
to be described to the chaplain 
so that the statue would be the 
likeness of her as the young nun 
saw her, and she wanted the 
statue to be the size of that of 
Our Lady of Lourdes in the 
cloister. She bade the Sister tell 
the Mother Prioress to have the 
Rosary recited here every after- 
noon during these special days, 
and before disappearing, she ex- 
tended her love to her daughters 
in Lipa Carmel, saying that she 
would always be with them. 

The following days brought 
the Lady to the nun in a special 
motherly way. She advised the 
Sister to be obedient, simple, and 
humble, telling her that the two 
virtues she loves best are 
plicity and humility. One day 
the Lady asked that members of 
. the community be consecrated 
individually to her, according to 
the spirit of St. Grignon de 

To the sorrow of the young 
Sister,>September 26 was the last 
day of the treasured fifteen. The 
Lady came, repeating her coun- 
sels, telling the community 
through the Sister to consecrate 
themselves to her on October 7, 
and that she would not ask big- 
ger things of them, as they were 
her “little ones.” Before disap- 
pearing for what the Sister 
thought was the last time, she 
said she would always bless the 
community morning and evening, 
(Continued on page 63) 


is you go plodding down the road 

Theresa one thing well worth know- 

It doesn^t matter where youve 
**been”— , 

What counts is where you re going ' . 

Theresa just one road worth travel- 

However far you roam — 

Though its narrow, rough, ana au 

That road will take you Home, 

Home! How good that sounds to one 

Who would trudge the roads no more 

And knows that a patient Father 

Within an open Door! 

]So, it doesnH matter where you*ve 
been — ^ 

When the lonesome journeys 

What counts is that you're going 
Home — 

There's a happy Home for you, 

—Paul A. Lewis, O.M.I. 



the Moro people of that place, 
who have made it difficult foi* 
Father to obtain land; so he is 
transferring the school to an- 
other island. . .more complete in- 
formation in the next issue. 

Our Missionaries 

Father O’Brien and Father 
Hamilton are doing excellent 
work preaching retreats at the 
many Notre Dame High Schools 
in Mindanao and Sulu. Numer- 
ous school retreats have^ been 
arranged by Father O’Brien in 
Suragao province. 

(Continued from page 54) 

and she named herself. “I am 
Mary, Mediatrix of all Grace, 
she said, and she was gone. 

Rose petals fell within the 
cells of the monastery on Sep- 
tember 30. On October 3, rose 
petals fell on the staircase, fol- 
lowed by occasional showers 
within the cloister. On Novem- 
ber 11, visitors on the outside 
saw the petals fall there. 

On Friday, November 12, to 
her great joy, the Sister was 
again called to the vine, and 
there bloomed again the beauti- 
ful Rose of Heaven in person. 
Mary, Mediatrix of all Grace, no 
longer smiled, but looked sadly 
upon her little one and commun- 
ity members who followed. 

“People believe not my words,” 
she said. “Pray, my child. Pray 
much because of persecution. 
Pray for priests. What I ask 

here is exactly what I * eo- 
at Fatima. Tell this to *he 

pie. They don't beheve m m 

do they give +Lni to 

the Sisters that I as 

pray and help spread my d 

tion and to do penance for thos 

who don’t believe. When peop 
come to pray and ask foi 
let them ask direct^ of me an 
not through you. These tM 

may now be revealed. This is my 

last apparition on this spo • 
uJy Mediatrix blessed her 
little one and the assembled com 
munity and vanished. 

Our Lady is no longer se®n 
Lipa, but her image is m th 
monastery garden ^ _g 

hearts of her devoted daughter^ 
“Petals from heaven” are Pieased 
and carefully preserved m giate 
ful and reverent memory of her 
inspiring visits to Carmel. A 
cording to the dictates of Ho y 
Mother Church “We must be ca 
tious.” But to the Sisters of tlm 
Carmelite Monastery of Lipa CiW 
in Batangas, there is no douM 
that their Heavenly Mother, from 
their convent garden, has re- 
TTiP.qsacre of Fatima to 


The little Filipino Miss shown on 
the front cover of Isles of Mary is a 
student at St. Anthony’s elementary 
school. Or rather, I should say was 
a student, because the fire, which 
burnt the to>vn of Cotabato, de- 
stroyed the school which is seen in 
the background. Generous help from 
our American friends, we hope, will 
soon restore Catholic Education in 
Cotabato City. (See feature article 
‘'Cotabato Burns.”) 



distress. Your kind offerings 
will be most gratefully acknowl- 
edged and they will really bring 
comfort to the afflicted at this 
time. Address care of Isles of 

(Continued from page 61) 

and had only been in the Islands 
but a few days before his death. 
He was a native of County Clare 
in Ireland, and for thirteen years 
had pursued the ministry of an 
Oblate Missionary in Australia. 
After receiving his Obedience to 
come to the Philippines, he went 
first to Ireland to visit his rela- 
tives and friends for a few 
months; then after a short visit 
to his sister and brother in New 
York City, embarked on the S.S. 
General Gordon to Manila, arriv- 
ing January 29. 

Our Fathers are now living 
with the Marist Brothers in their 
little house on the outskirts of 
Cotabato. They are hoping for a 
finer and more permanent city 
and for the completion in the 
near future of a beautiful new 
church for their homeless people. 
Every effort will be made to have 
a roof and floor in the new 
church by Holy Week, so we ap- 
peal to our friends and members 
of the League of Mary Immacu- 
late at this time for their prayers 
and financial aid. 

This is a serious catastrophe 
and disaster for our poor Ob- 
lates in the Philippine Missions. 
Our Fathers, our students, and 
the good Brothers are all un- 
selfishly giving what they have 
at the present time to alleviate 
the distress of the thousands of 
people — to provide shelter and 

We depend upon the generos- 
ity of our American Catholics 
who have never failed us in our 

I know that you want your 
BOOK GIFTS appreciated — No- 
where in this world will they do 
more good or bring greater con- 
solation, strength, and knowledge 
than in the Isles of MaiT- 

They are needed for HIGH 
Missionaries are begging 
for BOOKS, both spiritual 
and educational. 

for full information. 

If you 
write us 

Address : 

Oblate Philippine Mission 
Oblate Fathers 

P.O. Box 96 San Antonio 6, Texas 


From Philip Bucncomino: A 

messoge spelled in blood 

The Sign In The Sky 


front Moscow. You believe the Church's supremacy over the State on moral 
matters? Hold the Stote's supremacy in all things. 

If you don't/ the big bad wolf will get you. And he will brand you 
with the scarlet letter of REACTIONARY. And v/on't that be awful? 

Ask Judge Guillermo Guevara. 

"Good heavens, Raul, be 

cause Philip is deod you're 9°'"® 

to come out and tell us t a < 

after all, just a, quift, 
young man. the poor dear. 

That is not my story. 

Philip wos nor just a quiet, pious 
vaung man. His aobounded energy 
and the activities in which 
energy found expression were not the 
usual features that one would osso- 
... - ■ y. 

d beside Philip, 
rooters in the 
ship games. I 
^ isputing for the 

argument and 
a debating cup 
dol. At war's 
side him hurling 
e yellow invader 
,d, interviewing 
es for our very 

Mrs. Quezon: Spotless Victim 


"Pure and spotless must the victim be that the sacrifice may bt ac- 
ceptable." These words of Jose Rizal, naturally come to our minds in this 
hour of our national bereavement. For Dona Aurora, a victim of ouf 
fractricidal hatreds, is indeed o pure and spotless martyr. 

Divine Providence has willed to demand from our country the most 
precious life of our citizenry. Let us hope and pray, that this our 'great 
loss will serve the great purpose of opening the eyes and touching the hearts 
of all our nationals, that this fractricidal strife may be put to on end. 

Dona Aurora, will be remembered by many noble deeds, but I like to 
believe that ^ur posterity will consider that her appeal to the Nation, 
through the Catholic Hierarchy, for a month of May dedicated to our Lady 
Mediatrix of all Graces, hallowed with prayers and penances, is her spiritual 
testament to one beloved country, ond as such the most significant of her 
good deeds. 

With the sacrifice of her life In the altar of our country, her appeal 
acquired a very poignant meaning. She had tq^die a martyr of our frac- 
tricidol strifes, for us to realize that we are fqcing a great national crisis, 
which demands from all of us, more prayers, more penances, and o new way 
of life, if this our beloved country of ours is to be saved. 

Following is the lost appeal of Mrs. Quezon for peoce. It wos signed 
by mony prominent Catholic leaders. 

I ^^The undersigned Catholics, mostly residents in the Archdto- 
\ cese of Manila, have consulted the Archbishop of Manila, with the ob~ 
ject of having special devotions, prayers, and sacrifices offered by all 
our bethren during the month of May, in honor of our Blessed Mother 
I Mary, Mediatrix of All Graees, to implore her powerful intercesgien for 
i the protection of our holy religion, which is being so erxtelly perse- 
[ cuted in many countries at the present time : to beseech through her 
I pouierful intercession world peace, which is threatened at the present 

dcasting foi' 
ernment earnest 
iozed, uncertain 

of the Common - 
esident Quezon 
m of social jus- 
fashion in oroto- 
:e up in floming 
of the common 
took to the sub" 
"naturor\ arid 

with which ony orator could bring 
down the house. President Quezon, 
proud that the young should take 
so avidly to his favorite subiect, 
asked that we let him read our future 
speeches for his suggestions. 

It is 0 well known fact that Philip, 
besides being o man of talent, was 
also 0 man of character. It is easy 
to envy talent and to misunderstand 
character. There were those wno 
quickly objected to the way he did 
what he pleased." But the deliberate 
and the thinking admired him tor 
doing what he thought was right. 
Like his great father-in-law, Philip 
followed his conscience and sent the 
consequences to hell. 

This pattern of behavior dis- 
pleased a few of his social ond pro- 
fessional "equals" but met with great 
favor among those who truly counted 
in his estimation— the common men 
the people who will not fight bock 
with words- or with icy ^ 

who, if desperate, will fight back 
with bullets. 

Philip never impressed anyone 
os religious, but then Philip's ^ true 
habits were not known to )ust any- 
one"’. Philip committed sms like 
all of us, but his ever supreme con- 
cern which he would noively reveal 
to me was to confess and return to 
the state of grace. His rosary al- 

lockets, and t-e 
which were 
■li Jost Thursday 
levotion to Mary 

as Philip's 29th 
m at his father's 
ill, Santa Mesa, 
Baby, Nini and 
niy breaking away 
current politics, 
in tones that would 
uninitiated jump up 
j|, the Blessed 

at Lipo and has 
.f us.. What ore 
welcome her ond 

,e?" Philip was 

; of Dona Aurora, 
)d of prayer and 
le the Virgin and 

of Peace; and 

he '"was moking those thoughts his 

Thirty-three days later, on his 

mother's birthday, Philip was dead, 
"riddled with the bullets of men gone 

mod because their fellowmen hod 

forgotten his fother-in-low's injunc- 
tions on social justice and because 
their fellow Christians hod forgot- 
ten Christ's message of love. 

Adiong, the youthful-looking Que- 
zon family driver, was left to live 

during the ambush, because the 
murderers, in on unexplainable 
stroke of charity, thought him too 
young to die. Rushing to the front 
cor when the ambushers hed gone, 
Adiong found Philip lying on the 

front seot, his side dripping red 


blood. Philip smiled at Adiong and 
in his usual confident way said in 
clear, notural tones "Malakas pa 
Qko" — "1 om still strong". To de- 
monstrote his strength Philip said, 
"Tingnon mo"— "Look!", °ad dip- 
ping his finger in his own blood 
wrote on the boeje rest of the front 
seat the words "HOPE IN GOD . 

When they placed him on tha 
jitney for Cobonotuon, Philips 
bloody bonds were fingering his 
rosary and his porched lips were 
moving in prayer to Mory, the 
Mother of God. 

Philip was my closest friend and 
I am taking those words which he 
wrote in his own blood os mes- 
sage which, in his ogony, he hoped 
his family, his friends ond his coun- 
try would toke from the monner 
he ond his illustrious mother- in-low, 
his sister-in-law and other com- 
panions perished that day. 

Long ofter my humon memory 
sholl lose the rich resononce of his 
arotions and the carefree ring of his 
laughter, 1 sholl 

he spelled with his own blood the 
remedy to oil ills and the means 
ta peace in our lond. And I shol 
know the woy he meant those words; 
"Hope in God, hope in His mercy 
and treot your fellow man especially 
■ the common man, the way God wonts 
you to treat him and the way I 
liked to treat him— with love, with 
understanding, with justice . 

A simple little novice at Lipa has 
the same message to say from the 
Mother God. 

MAY, 1949 


: ■/>? ■' •;?/ another devastating umr; and finally and very specially, zo 
ohird-;: penrr and charity and good will, as well as respect for the laiv, 
oirr own beloved people in the Philippine Islands, 

^^Encouroged by our kind reception, during which the Archbishop, 
spcair' -g or his 0701 Adrhdiocese, promised to cooperate, v;e now ap- 
proach --ach and. all of the members of the Hierarchy v'ith a sinular 
p dEov. nrom-'iinq that all things the tvishes of the Ordinary in 
rccUrdnstica! jurisdicti07i will be promptly and exactly obeyed. 
Dvrinq this coyning month of May, may we sugqest a special celehra- 
tiv i iv honor of Our Lady Mediatrix of all Graces, which will occur oil 
th ' 31st of May. TT'.: believe t]:at a national novena beginning on Sun- 
day, ?ilay 22nd» and ending oyi Monday, May 30th, to be crounied by a 
great general communion all over the Islands on May 31st, the feast 
of our Lady as Mediatrix of all graces, would make a most powerful 
appeal to Almighty God, especially when offered by a- whole natioyi 
in honor of the Queeyi of, Heaveyi. 

*‘Of eoiirsC', in all these things, ive must folloio the lead of your 
Excclb'ncics and be obedient to whatever conditions may be imposed 
in (four diocese, but Tnay ivc beg the Archbishops, Bishops and Pre- 
fects Apostolic of the Philippine Hierarchy to initiate a movement in 
your respective diocese for special d^nwiions cnid daily mortifications 
during this coming month of May. May we go further and ask for, 
first, the family rosary in all Catholic homes; second, mortifications, 
sacrifices, visits to the Most Blessed Sacrament and Stations of the 
Cross, to be offered according to the devotion and convenience of our 
brethren; and third, perhaps pilgrimages to the different shiines of 
Our Lady, such as Antipolo, Pehafrancia, and Manawag, etc., etc. 

‘'We offer our filial obedience and cooperation to the Hierarchy for 
the fidlfillnient of such deprogram, in case it should be approv^, for 
a May dedicated solemnly to Our Lady with prayers and mortifications 
for the safety of the Church and its Supreme Pontiff, as well as for 
peace in the ivhole world, and especially in our own land:' 


The following boner appeared in '"World Forces tn Deployment , 

Manila Times: . , . r j 

"Truman asked congress for a tighter control of defense and 
wonted an all-powdered defense secretary second only to him in rank 



Philip Bucncomino: A messoge spelled in blood 

The Sign In The Sky 


"Good heavens, Raul, just be- 
cause Philip is dead you're not going 
to ceme cut and tell us thot he was, 
after all, just o nice, quiet, pious 
young man, the poor dear! 

That is not my story. 

Philip wos nor just a quiet, pious 
young man. His unbounded energy 
end the activities in which that 
energy found expression were not the 
usual features that one would asso- 
ciate with quiet piety. 

In college, I stood beside Philip, 
haranguing hysteric rooters m the 
frenzy of championship gomes. I 
stood beside him, disputing tor the 
school, with studied argument and 
hand-picked phrase, c debating cup 
or an oratorical medal. At war s 
inception, I stood beside him hurling 
radio invectives at the yellow invader 
and, at war's end, interviewing 
liberation personalities for our very 
own paper or broadcasting for the 
Commonwealth Government earnest 
assuronces to a dozed, uncertain 

(n the early days of the Common- 
wealth, when President Quezon 
launched his program of social jus- 
tice, it became the fashion in orato- 
rical contests to take up in flaming 
words the cause of the common 
too. Philip and I took to the sub" 
ject, which was a "natural”, and 

MAY, 1949 

ways jingled in his pockets, and t’-e 
bloodstained beads which were 
brought gock to Mini .lost Thursday 
tell the story of his devotion to Mary 
until death. 

Last March 26 was Philip's 29th 
birthday. At luncheon at his father's 
house in Brixton Hill, Santa Mesa, 
were Dona Aurora, Baby, Mini and 
the family. Suddenly breaking away 
from the topic of current politics, 
Philip said to me in tones that would 
have made the uninitiated jump up 
incredulously; "Raul, the Blessed 
Virgin has appeared at Lipa and has 
Q message for all of us. . What ore 
we going to do to welcome her and 
spread her message?" Philip was 
echoing the thoughts of Dona Aurora, 
who wanted a period of prayer and 
resolution to welcome the Virgin and 
spread her message of Peace; and 
he was making those thoughts his 

Thirty-three days later, on his 
mother's birthday, Philip was dead, 
riddled with the bullets of men gone 
mad because their fellowmen had 
forgotten his father-in-law's injunc- 
tions on social justice and because 
their fellow Christians had forgot- 
ten Christ's message of love. 

Adiong, the youthful-looking Que- 
zon family driver, was left to live 
during the ambush, because the 
murderers, in an unexplainable 
stroke of charity, thought him too 
young to die. Rushing to the front 
cor when the ombushers hed gone, 
Adiong found Philip lying on the 
front seot, his side dripping red 

with which any orator could bring 
down the house. President Quezon, 
proud that the young should take 
so avidly to his favorite subject, 
asked that we let him read our future 
speeches for his suggestions. 

It is o well known fact thot Philip, 
besides being o man of talent, v/os 
olso o man of character. It is easy 
to envy tolent and to misunderstand 
character. There were those who 
quickly objected to the way he "did 
what he pleased." But the deliberate 
and the thinking admired him for 
doing what he thought was right. 
Like his great father-in-law, Philip 
followed his conscience and sent the 
consequences to hell. 

This pattern of behavior dis- 
pleased a few of his social and pro- 
fessional "equals" but met with great 
favor among those who truly counted 
in his estimation — the common men, 
the people who will not fight bock 
with words or with icy stares, but 
who, if desperate, will fight bock 
with bullets. 

Philip never impressed anyone 
as religious, but then Philip's true 
habits were not known to just "any- 
one"'. Philip committed sins like 
oil of us, but his ever supreme con- 
cern which he would naively reveal 
to me was to confess and return to 
the state of grace. His rosary oi- 


blood. Philip smiled at Adiong and 
in his usual confident way said in 
clear, natural tones "Molokos po 
ako" — "I om still strong". To de- 
monstrate his strength Philip said, 
"Tingnon mo" — "Look!", and dip- 
ping his finger in his oWn blood 
wrote on the bock rest of the front 
seat the words "HOPE IN GOD". 

When they placed him on th -2 
jitney for Cobonotuan, Philip's 
bloody hands were fingering his 
rosary and his parched lips were 
moving in prayer to Mary, the 
Mother of God. 

Philip was my closest friend and 
I am taking those words which he 
wrote in his own blood os the mes- 
sage which, in his agony, he hoped 
his family, his friends and his coun- 
try would take from the manner 
he ond his illustrious mother-in-law, 
his sister-in-law ond other com- 
panions perished that day. 

Long after my human memory 
shall lose the rich resonance of his 
orations and the carefree ring of his 
laughter, I shall remember the wov 
he spelled with his own blood the 
remedy to oil ills and the means 
to peace in our land. And I shall 
know the way he meant those words; 
"Hope in God, hope in His mercy 
and treat your fellow man especially 
the common man, the way God wonts 
you to treat him and the way 1 
liked to treat him — ^with love, with 
understanding, with justice . 

A simple little novice at Lipo has 
the some message to soy from the 
Mother God. 



VOL IV. NO. 211 

TUESDAY, MAY 31. 1949 





f^eeUed QSP 

, t i dom m ission er 

Mrs. Concepcion R. Gonzalez 
•was reelected National Commis- 
sioner and chairman of the exe- 
cutive committee of the Girl Scouts 
of the Philippines at the recent 
election officers and members of 
the GSP national council and cen- 
tral committee in connection with , 
the organization’s second biennial 
convention held at the Philippine 
Women’s university. 

The new line-up formed to serve 
the organization for the next two 
years is as follows: 

Mrs. Marina Yulo Vargas, pres- . 
ident of the national council; Mrs. ' 
Zenaida Quezon -Buencamlno, vice-i 
president and international corn-* 
missioner; Miss Helen Z. Benitez, 
secretary; Miss Lourdes Alunan, 
treasurer and Mrs. Eugenia Puyat, 
assistant treasurer. Members of 
^ the central committee are the fol- 
' low'ing: Mrs. Z. Q. Buencamino. 

. Mrs. Pilar Hidalgo-Lim, Miss He- 
len Benitez, Mrs. Concepcion M. 
Gil, Miss Josefina R. Phodaca. 
Mrs. Trinidad F. Legarda. Mrs. 
Concepcion R. Gonzalez, Mrs. Ge- 
ronima T. Pecson, Mrs. Esteban 
Abada, Mrs. Emma B. Araneta, 
Miss Lourdes Alunan. Mrs. Euge- 
nia Puyat. Mrs. Maria Kalaw-Ka- 
tigbak, Miss Pilar Lozada, Mrs. Eva 
E. Kalaw, Mrs. Emilia Guiang, 
Mrs. Marina Y. Vargas, Mrs. Re- 
medies Fortich, Dr. Herminia C. 
Sotto, Mrs. Angelita F. Chipeco. 
Miss Lulu Reyes. Mrs. A. D. Cal- 
hoim, Mrs. Minerva Laudico, and 
Mrs. Virginia O. de Guia. 

, V .= 

- K-